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Various Blowing-Suction Schemes for Manipulating Turbulent Boundary Layers


The methodology of efficiency analysis of turbulent flow modification by making permeable sections in the streamlined wing surface with the aim to reduce aerodynamic drag is the principal subject of the presented research. The numerical analysis of the effect of laterally and longitudinally located permeable sections on boundary-layer properties showed the following flow features: (1) the most effective place for permeable surface is an upwind side of the wing; (2) multi-sectional blowing can simply be organised as non-uniform (especially in the case of laterally arranged permeable sections) that brings additional flexibility to change the blowing intensity depending on flight mode and, first of all, on angle of attack; and (3) arrays of longitudinal permeable sections allow to intensify turbulent vortical structures exchange in the lateral direction and improve flow stability to stall. Moreover, due to creating the regular anisotropy of the boundary layer in the lateral direction, this modified blowing technique can potentially have some synergistic properties, which can give the additional benefit. All these effects are too delicate and their experimental study cannot be performed with the use of directed measurements of aerodynamic forces. The comparison of the obtained flow properties with the corresponding experimental data demonstrates an appropriate level of agreement.

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