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Survival Study in Pediatric Patients with Medulloblastoma in a General Hospital in Tehran, Iran


Brain tumours are the most common solid tumours that afflict the pediatric population. Me-dulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumour in children, constituting nearly 20% of all pediatric brain tumours. This study is an evaluation of overall survival rate of pediatric MB tumour patients after one year, three years, five years, and ten years according to case studies. From 22 June 2009 to 19 December 2019, a total of 22 patients ranging in age from 1 to 14 years old underwent tumour removal. These patients were followed to determine survival rate. Tumours were classified into three pathological subtypes: The first was classic MB, the second was desmoplastic nodular MB and MB with extensive nodularity, and the third was large cell and anaplastic MB. Patients who were 3 years old or older had a better survival rate than younger patients (log-rank test; p = 0.01). The survival probability in the older children group (55%) was significant compared to the group of younger children (29%). The Kaplan–Meier survival curves of the patients were significantly different. The ten-year survival rates in the average- and high-risk groups were 64.4% and 86.0%, respectively. After a follow-up of 120 months (median range = 60 months), recurrence or progression was observed in 22 patients and 15 patients were still alive. The estimated 10-year overall survival rates for all patients were 49.36 ± 38.33. MB patients’ survival rate was quite good in our hospital. More than half of the patients, most of whom had large cell anaplastic and classic type MB, survived the 10-year follow-up period without any problems.

Zeitrahmen der Veröffentlichung:
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Fachgebiete der Zeitschrift:
Medizin, Klinische Medizin, Allgemeinmedizin, Innere Medizin, Hämatologie, Onkologie