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Analytical Description of Concentration of Radiation Displacement Defects in Oxide Crystals as Function of Electrons or Neutrons Energy

   | 08. Okt. 2022


The main purpose of this work is the description of dependence of the concentration of radiation displacements defects (RDD) induced by electrons and neutrons in garnets, perovskites, silicates, germanates, and tungsted bronzes type crystals (Y3Al5O12, Gd3Ga5O12, YAlO3, LiNbO3, Bi4Si3O12, Bi4Ge3O12, Ca0.28Ba0.72Nb2O6) on the energy of particles by analytical function. The dependences were determined on the basis of calculations made using the Monte-Carlo method realized in the Atom Collision Cascade Simulation program. The results of calculations show that the concentrations of RDD reduced to one impinging particle increased initially with the particles energy and they saturates for the electron and neutron energy above 3–36 MeV, depending on crystal, sublattice and kind of irradiation particle. A wide range of energies for which the concentration of RDD is independent of the energy of particles (neutrons, electrons) makes them potential materials for the dosimetry of high-energy particles. The comparison of the concentrations of RDD calculated for different sublattices as well as for the cases of electrons and neutrons is made. In the case of irradiation with electrons, the relative concentration of RDD of the oxygen sublattice strongly depends on the energy of electrons and the crystal and varies in the range of 10–90%. In the case of neutrons, the relative concentration of RDD of the oxygen sublattice does not depend on the neutron energy and is in the range of 66–84% depending on the crystal.

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