1. bookVolume 15 (2020): Issue 1 (July 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Domestic Violence-Psychological Consequences, the Legal Framework and its Treatment in the Republic of North Macedonia

Published Online: 16 Dec 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 15 (2020) - Issue 1 (July 2020)
Page range: 121 - 141
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In this paper the authors present the psychological consequences of social isolation on domestic violence during the Covid-19 pandemic as well as the legal framework in the RNM on addressing the phenomenon of domestic violence. In this age of globalization and drive for material conformity, family life is quite difficult to cope with. This “war” for material comfort during the pandemic, has strained and stressed many families as a result of the created circumstances. Public safety measures, including physical distance and social isolation, which have also been implemented in the RNM have contributed in making family problems even more pronounced. Social distance and staying at home are very effective in reducing the transmission of Covid-19 virus, but these safeguards disrupt the routines of spouses and families. Domestic violence affects a large number of families, and it is estimated that in times of social isolation, all forms of violence have been inflicted against family members regardless of their gender and age. The most common forms of domestic violence during Covid-19 pandemic in our country are psychological, physical and economic violence. Some countries affected by Covid-19 have seen increases in levels of domestic violence, including violence against children, violence against partners, and violence against the elderly. This paper presents the results of research conducted which highlight the fact that during the Covid-19 pandemic, there has been an increase in levels of domestic violence in the Republic of North Macedonia in the first six months of 2020. The authors give their recommendations on the need for action by state institutions during the Covid-19 pandemic in order to adapt methods and circumstances towards the protection of victims of domestic violence.

Keywords

- Ajduković, M. (2000). Određenje i oblici nasilja u obitelji. Nasilje nad ženom u obitelji (pages 109-114). Zagreb: Društvo za psihološku pomoć.Search in Google Scholar

- Alaggia, R., Regehr, C. & Rishchynski, G. (2009). Intimate partner violence and immigration laws in Canada: How far have we come? International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 32(6), pages, 335–341.Search in Google Scholar

- Hyseni-Duraku, Z; Jahiu, G; Geci, D. (2020). Ndikimet e Covid-19, përvojat traumatike dhe sjelljet e fëmijëve në stresin prindëror, praktikat e prindërimit dhe ndryshimet në sjelljen e fëmijëveSearch in Google Scholar

- James S. House, Mjekësia Psikosomatike. (2001), Publication no. 2, Volume 63, pages 273–274Search in Google Scholar

- Kuiper, J. S. et al. (2015). Social relationships and risk of dementia: A systematic review and metaanalysis of longitudinal cohort studies. Ageing Research Reviews, 22, 39–57.10.1016/j.arr.2015.04.006Search in Google Scholar

- Kobayashi, L. C. and Steptoe, A. (2018), Social Isolation, Loneliness, and Health Behaviors at Older Ages: Longitudinal Cohort Study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 52, Issue 7, July 2018, Pages 582–59310.1093/abm/kax033Search in Google Scholar

- Khullar, B. “How Social Isolation Is Killing Us”. The New York Times (2016)Search in Google Scholar

- Miliša, Z. (2014) Šok današnjice. Osijek: Filozofski fakultet.Search in Google Scholar

- Rohrbaugh, E. (2006). Domestic violence in same gender relationships. Family Court Review, 44 (2), 287–29910.1111/j.1744-1617.2006.00086.xSearch in Google Scholar

- Pearlin, L. I. (1989). The sociological study of stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 30, 241-25610.2307/2136956Search in Google Scholar

- Sterjov, L. Interview with Advisor for Prevention and Protection from Domestic Violence-Ministry of Labour and Social Policy of Republic of North Macedonia, Semptember 2020Search in Google Scholar

- Zendeli, E; Selmani-Bakiu, A; Mickoviq, D; Ristov. A; E drejta familjare, Tetovë, 2020Search in Google Scholar

- Законот за превенција, спречување и заштита од семејно насилство (Official Gazette of RM, no.138/2014)Search in Google Scholar

- Кривичен законик (Official Gazette of RM, no.37/1996)Search in Google Scholar

- Закон за социјална заштита (Official Gazette of RM, no.79/2009)Search in Google Scholar

- Правилник за начинот на спроведувањето и следењето на меркитe за заштита на жртвата на семејно насилство преземени од центарот за социјална работа и за начинот на следење на изречените привремени мерки за заштита (Official Gazette of RM, no.17/2015)Search in Google Scholar

- Правилник за начинот на извршувањето на изреченатa привремена мерка за заштита-задолжително посетување советувалиште за сторители на семејно насилство (Official Gazette of RM, no.17/2015)Search in Google Scholar

- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979)Search in Google Scholar

- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)Search in Google Scholar

- https://balkaninsight.com/2020/04/21/covid-19-dhe-dhuna-ne-familje-kur-shtepia-seshtevendi-me-i-sigurt/?lang=sq Retrieved 2020-09-03Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.slvesnik.com.mk/Issues/d9037c10167b46b4b91a9fc2cf7e3188.pdf#page=49 Retrieved 2020-09-06Search in Google Scholar

- https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/22/upshot/how-social-isolation-is-killing-us.html Retrieved 2020-09-20Search in Google Scholar

- https://rm.coe.int/168064d3f6 Retrieved 2020-09-0610.22271/ortho.2020.v6.i3a.2167Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/covid-19-ns_article-kako-da-se-zashtitime-od-semejno-nasilstvokade-da-pobarame-pomosh.nspx Retrieved 2020-09-11Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/covid-19-ns_article-mtsp-obezbedeni-658-paketi-so-hrana-za-zrtvina-semejno-nasilstvo.nspx Retrieved 2020-09-09Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.mtsp.gov.mk/covid-19-ns_article-zrtvite-na-semejno-nasilstvo-covid19.nspx Retrieved 2020-09-11Search in Google Scholar

- https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25749&LangID=E&fbclid=IwAR2OBhZDtYFpipC_mbC5g7swdnYw63G6nvwNQpG0AeZHjrD6FfsfukpyCA (Retrieved 2020-08-20 https://www.glasprotivnasilstvo.org.mk/en/17-06-2020-cssp-guidelines-to-better-support-women-and-girls-victims-of-violence-throughout-the-covid-19-pandemic/ Retrieved 2020-08-20Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.glasprotivnasilstvo.org.mk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Barane-do-Vlada.pdf Retrieved 2020-08-21Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.glasprotivnasilstvo.org.mk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/urgent-measures-for-protection-of-women.ang.pdf Retrieved 2020-08-21Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.glasprotivnasilstvo.org.mk/en/19-05-2020-overview-of-urgent-measures-and-steps-for-the-protection-of-women-and-children-victims-of-domestic-violence-undertaken-by-the-competent-institutions/ Retrieved 2020-08-25Search in Google Scholar

- https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/violence-against-women-during-covid-19?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIiJeW99796wIVk9eyCh13xgpTEAAYASAAEgKJG_D_BwE Retrieved 2020-09-22Search in Google Scholar

- http://www.reporter.al/izolimi-gjate-pandemise-katalizator-i-dhunes-ndaj-grave-dhe-vajzave/ Retrieved 2020-08-02Search in Google Scholar

https://vijesti.hrt.hr/599707/socijalna-izolacija-moze-dovesti-do-povecanja-nasilja-u-obitelji Retrieved 2020-08-02Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo