1. bookVolume 4 (2018): Issue 1 (June 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2450-7563
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The Role of Twitter in the First Week of Ferguson Unrests in August 2014

Published Online: 19 Jul 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 4 (2018) - Issue 1 (June 2018)
Page range: 39 - 47
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2450-7563
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The purpose of this article is find out about the role that was played by Twitter during the first week of Ferguson Unrests that started on the 9th of August 2014. As a source base for this work the author analyzes the newspapers, magazine journalism and articles upon the death of Michael Brown to show how local journalists and activists used Twitter to communicate and comment on his death. Through the examination of hashtag usage, the author demonstrates how Twitter has become a powerful tool to start nationwide discussion, as well as how hashtag activism can trigger creation of a new social movement.

Keywords

BARTHEL M., SHEARER E., GOTTFRIED J., MITCHEL A., (2015), The Evolving Role of News on Twitter and Facebook, [online: February 3, 2018], www.journalism.org/2015/07/14/the-evolving-role-of-news-on-twitterand-facebook/Search in Google Scholar

BONILLA Y., ROSA J. (2015), #Ferguson: Digital protest, hashtag ethnography, and the racial politics of social media in the United States”, American Ethnologist, vol. 42, issue 1, p. 4 - 17Search in Google Scholar

BROOKS R., 2015, Hashtags Explained: The Complete Guide to Hashtags in Social Media, [online: February 3, 2018], http://www.takeflyte.com/hashtags-explained, CARPENTIER M. (2015), ‘Things will never be the same’: the oral history of a new civil rights movement, [online: November 27, 2017], https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/aug/09/oral-history-civil- rights-movement-fergusonSearch in Google Scholar

CARR D, (2014), View of #Ferguson Thrust Michael Brown Shooting to National Attention, [online: November 28, 2017], https://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/18/business/media/view-of-ferguson-thrust-michael-brown-shoot-ing-to-national-attention.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

DALY N., 2014, Twitter Chat: Can hashtag activism have real impact?, [online: March 22, 2018], https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/twitter-chat-can-hashtag-activism-real-impactSearch in Google Scholar

DUGGAN, M., ELLISON, N. B., LAMPE, C., AM LENHART, A., & MADDEN, M. (2015), Frequency of social media use. [online: February 3, 2018], http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/01/09/frequency-of-social-media-use-2/Search in Google Scholar

FORTUNE.COM, (2015), World’s Greatest Leaders, [online: February 2, 2018], www.fortune.com/worlds-greatest-leaders/2015/johnetta-elzie-and-deray-mckesson-11/Search in Google Scholar

FREELON D., MCILWAIN C., CLARK M., 2016, Beyond the hashtags: #Ferguson, #Blacklivesmatter, and the online struggle for offline justice, [online: January 3, 2018], http://archive.cmsimpact.org/blmreport10.2139/ssrn.2747066Search in Google Scholar

FUNG B., 2014, Watch Twitter explode along with Ferguson, [online; 26 April, 2018], https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2014/08/14/watch-twitter-explode-along-with-ferguson/?utm_term=.3c0365f02642Search in Google Scholar

GRINBERG E. (2014), What #Ferguson stands for besides Michael Brown and Darren Wilson, [online: November 28, 2017] http://edition.cnn.com/2014/11/19/us/ferguson-social-media-injustice/index.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

JACKSON S., WELLES B., (2015) #Ferguson is everywhere: initiators in emerging counterpublic networks, Information, Communication & Society, vol. 19 2016 issue 3, [online: March 28, 2018], www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369118X.2015.110657110.1080/1369118X.2015.1106571Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

KANG J.C., 2015, Our demand is simple: stop killing us, [online: March 28, 2018], https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/10/magazine/our-demand-is-simple-stop-killing-us.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

LEONOWICZ-BUKAŁA I., MARTENS A., OCHNIO J., (2015), Twitter - narzędzie komunikacji w rękach dziennikarzy, Conference: Interdyscyplinarna konferencja: Język a media. Zjawiska językowe i komunikacyjne we współczesnych mediach, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny, Kraków, 5 - 6 marca 2015; 03/2015Search in Google Scholar

LEWONTIN M., (2016), #Ferguson: How Twitter helped empower ordinary residents, [online: November 27, 2017], https://www.csmonitor.com/Technology/2016/0124/Ferguson-How-Twitter-helped-empower-ordinary- residentsSearch in Google Scholar

LUIBRAND S., 2015, How a death in Ferguson sparked a movement in America, [online: March 24, 2018], https://www.cbsnews.com/news/how-the-black-lives-matter-movement-changed-america-one-year-later/Search in Google Scholar

ŁOKIĆ P., 2014, Aktywność polskich dziennikarzy w serwisie Twitter - analiza wybranych przypadków, „e-Politikon. Kwartalnik Naukowy Ośrodka Analiz Politologicznych” 2014, nr XII: Dziennikarstwo w dyskursie politycznym, s. 146, [online: 24.03.2016], http://oapuw.pl/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/e-Politikon-12-2014.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

MANDARO L., SNIDER J., (2014), 300 Ferguson Tweets: A day’s work for Antonio French, [online January 3, 2018], https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2014/08/25/antonio-french-twitter-ferguson/14457633/Search in Google Scholar

MASON P., (2012), Global unrest: How the revolution went viral, [online: December 12, 2017], https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jan/03/how-the-revolution-went-viralSearch in Google Scholar

MCDONALD B., ARCHDEACON C., CHAVAR A.J., (2015), They Helped Make Twitter Matter in Ferguson Protests, [online: November 28, 2017], https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/us/twitter-black-lives-matter-ferguson- protests.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

MILLER Z.J., (2014), Obama: ‘No Excuse’ for Ferguson Violence, [online: February 2, 2018], www.time.com/3606492/obama-ferguson-violence-grand-jury-announcement/Search in Google Scholar

MISTEWICZ E., Twitter. Sukces komunikacji w 140 znakach. Tajemnice narracji dla firm, instytucji i liderów opinii, Gliwice 2015, MOFFITT K., (2014), How to follow what’s unfolding in Ferguson on Twitter, [online: December 12, 2017], https://www.bizjournals.com/stlouis/blog/2014/08/how-to-follow-what-s-unfolding-in-ferguson-on.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

MOROZOV E., 2009, Brave new world of slacktivism, [online: March 28, 2018], https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=104302141Search in Google Scholar

MOROZOV E., 2009, Moldova’s Twitter Revolution, [online: March 28, 2018], http://foreignpolicy.com/2009/04/07/moldovas-twitter-revolution/Search in Google Scholar

MURTHY, D. 2011. Twitter: Microphone for the masses?, Media Culture and Society, 33(5), 779 - 789., [online: December 12, 2017], https://www.dhirajmurthy.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Twitter-Microphone-for-the-masses.pdf10.1177/0163443711404744Search in Google Scholar

R. L. G., 2015, Johnson: Words of the year #BlackLivesMatter, [online: March 24, 2018], https://www.economist.com/blogs/prospero/2015/01/johnson-words-year-0Search in Google Scholar

SANCHEZ R., LAWLER D., (2015), Ferguson: timeline of events since Michael Brown’s death, [online: November 28, 2017], www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/11242108/Ferguson-timeline-of-eventssince-Michael-Browns-death.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

SAWICKA Z., (2017), Wpływ nowych mediów na przemiany polityczne wybranych państw Bliskiego Wschodu na przykładzie Arabskiej Wiosny, Warszawa - Rzeszów 2017, Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania z siedzibą w Rzeszowie10.31338/uw.9788323529958Search in Google Scholar

SHEARER E., GOTTFRIED, (2017), News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2017, [online: February 3, 2018], http://www.journalism.org/2017/09/07/news-use-across-social-media-platforms-2017/Search in Google Scholar

SHIRKY C., 2011, The policical power of social media, [online: March 28, 2018], https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2010-12-20/political-power-social-mediaSearch in Google Scholar

SICHYNSKY T., 2016, These 10 Twitter hashtags changed the way we talk about social issues, [online: January 5, 2018], https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2016/03/21/these-are-the-10-most-influential-hashtags-in-honor-of-twitters-birthday/?utm_term=.3100c9513887Search in Google Scholar

STATISTA, (2017), Number of monthly active Twitter users worldwide from 1st quarter 2010 to 3rd quarter 2017 (in millions) [online: February 3, 2018], https://www.statista.com/statistics/282087/number-of-monthly-active-twitter-users/Search in Google Scholar

SZEWCZYK M., 2017, Pop-ewolucja czwartej władzy, Nauki o mediach i komunikacji społecznej: Krystalizacja dyscypliny w Polsce. Tradycje, nurty, problemy, rezultaty., ASPRA, Warszawa 2017Search in Google Scholar

TUCKER J., (2014), Tweeting Ferguson: how social media can (and cannot) facilitate protest, [online: November 24, 2017], http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/11/25/tweeting-ferguson-howsocial-media-can-and-can-not-facilitate-protest/Search in Google Scholar

TUCKER J., METZGER M., PENFOLD-BROWN D., BONNEAU R., JOST J., NAGLER J., 2015, Protest in the Age of Social Media, [online: March 28, 2018], https://medium.com/carnegie-corporation-international-peace-and/protest-in-the-age-of-social-media-7ae9fd940b06Search in Google Scholar

TUFEKCI Z., (2017), Twitter and Tear Gas. The power and fragility of networked protest, New Haven & London 2017, Yale University Press, [online: March 22, 2018], https://www.twitterandteargas.org/downloads/twitterand-tear-gas-by-zeynep-tufekci.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

TUFEKCI Z., (2014), What Happens to # Ferguson Affects Ferguson: Net Neutrality, Algorithmic Filtering and Ferguson, [online: April 26, 2018], https://medium.com/message/ferguson-is-also-a-net-neutrality-issue-6d2f3db51eb0Search in Google Scholar

VEGA T., 2014, Shooting Spurs Hashtag Effort on Stereotypes, [online: March 22, 2018], https://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/13/us/if-they-gunned-me-down-protest-on-twitter.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

YE HE LEE, 2015, “Hands up, don’t shoot” did not happen in Ferguson, [online: March 22, 2018], https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2015/03/19/hands-up-dont-shoot-did-not-happen-in-ferguson/?utm_term=.c1bdd4317169Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo