1. bookVolume 19 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)
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1804-1663
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19 Feb 2010
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access type Open Access

Evolutionary psychology, economic freedom, trade and benevolence

Published Online: 26 Jun 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 19 (2019) - Issue 2 (June 2019)
Page range: 73 - 94
Received: 25 Jun 2018
Accepted: 10 Apr 2019
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1804-1663
First Published
19 Feb 2010
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Our thesis is that the reason many of us today are inclined toward socialism (explicit cooperation) and against laissez-faire capitalism (implicit cooperation) is because the first type of behavior was much more genetically beneficial during previous generations of our species. There is, however, a seemingly strong argument against this hypothesis: evidence from human prehistory indicates that trade (implicit cooperation) previously was widespread. How, then, can we be hard-wired in favor of socialism and against capitalism if our ancestors were engaged in market behavior in past millennia? Although trade which is self-centered and beneficial (presumably mutually beneficial to all parties in the exchange) did indeed appear hundreds of thousands of years ago, benevolence was established in our hard-wiring very substantially earlier, literally hundreds of millions of years ago, and is therefore far more deeply integrated into the human psyche.

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