1. bookVolume 11 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)
    Special Issue: Smart European Village
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1803-8417
First Published
24 Feb 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Smart Villages and Investments to Public Services and ICT Infrastructure: Case of the Czech Rural Development Program 2007–2013

Published Online: 30 Dec 2019
Page range: 584 - 598
Received: 23 Mar 2019
Accepted: 24 Oct 2019
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1803-8417
First Published
24 Feb 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The basis for SMART VILLAGE development is a high-quality infrastructure for civilian equipment and services, including the coverage of rural villages by high-speed Internet. The aim of the article is to evaluate the support and impacts of these activities through the Czech Rural Development Program in the period 2007–2013 and, according to the ex-post evaluation, to further identify policy-implications. The results of the analysis show a clear positive impact of the support of the service infrastructure on the development of supported municipalities, on the contrary, the results of supporting the connection of the rural population to the Internet are patchy.

Keywords

[1] Amcoff, J. (2012). Do rural districts die when their schools close? Evidence from Sweden around 2000. Educational Planning 20(3), 47–60.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Bailey, N. & Pill, M. (2015). Can the state empower communities through localism? An evaluation of recent approaches to neighbourhood governance in England. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 33(2), 289–304. DOI: 10.1068/c12331r.10.1068/c12331rOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

[3] Barakat, B. (2015). A ‘recipe for depopulation’? School closures and local population decline in Saxony. Population, Space and Place, 21(8), 735–753. DOI: 10.1002/psp.1853.10.1002/psp.1853Search in Google Scholar

[4] Barca, F., McCann, P. & Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2012). The case for regional development intervention: place-based versus place-neutral approaches. Journal of Regional Science. 52(1), 134–152. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00756.x.10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00756.xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

[5] Bosworth, G. & Venhorst, V. (2018). Economic linkages between urban and rural regions – what´s in it for the rural? Regional Studies 52(8), 1075–1085. DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2017.1339868.10.1080/00343404.2017.1339868Search in Google Scholar

[6] Combes, P. P. & Overman, H. G. (2004). The spatial distribution of economic activities in the European Union. In Henderson, J. V. & Thisse, J. F., eds., Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Cities and Geography (pp. 2845–2909), Vol. 4. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Search in Google Scholar

[7] Copus, A. K. & de Lima, P. (2015). Territorial cohesion in rural Europe: the relational turn in rural development. London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

[8] Corey, E. K. & Wilson, M. (2006). Urban and Regional Technology Planning: Planning practice in the global knowledge economy. London: Routledge.10.4324/9780203799437Search in Google Scholar

[9] Dustmann, C. & Okatenko, A. (2014). Out-migration, wealth constraints, and the quality of local amenities. Journal of Development Economics 110, 52–63. DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2014.05.008.10.1016/j.jdeveco.2014.05.008Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[10] Eger, J. M. (2009). Smart Growth, Smart Cities, and the Crisis at the Pump A Worldwide Phenomenon. I-WAYS - The Journal of E-Government Policy and Regulation 32(1), 47–53. DOI: 10.3233/IWA-2009-0164.10.3233/IWA-2009-0164Search in Google Scholar

[11] Elshof, H., Haartsen, T., Wissen, L. J. G. & Mulder, C. H. (2017). The influence of village attractiveness on flows of movers in a declining rural region. Journal of Rural Studies 56, 39–52. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.07.004.10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.07.004Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[12] Etezadzadeh, Ch. (2016). Smart City – Future City? Smart City 2.0 as a Livable City and Future Market. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien.10.1007/978-3-658-11017-8Search in Google Scholar

[13] Friedland, W. H. (1982). The end of rural society and the future of rural sociology. Rural Sociology 47, 589–608.Search in Google Scholar

[14] Graham, M. (2011). Time machines and virtual portals: the spatialities of the digital divide. Progress in Development Studies 11(3), 211–227. DOI: 10.1177/146499341001100303.10.1177/146499341001100303Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[15] Halfacree, K. (2006). Rural space: constructing a three-fold architecture, In Cloke, P., Marsden, T. & Mooney, P. Handbook of Rural Studies. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

[16] Haupt, M. (2018). The Evolutionary Journey to Society 4.0. Society 4. On-line article. Available at: https://medium.com/society4/evolution-of-societies-93a5f0f9b31.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Haan, E., Meier, S., Haartsen, T. & Strijker, D. (2017). Defining „Success” of local citizens´ initiatives in maintaining public services in rural areas: A professional´s Perspective. Sociologia Ruralis 58(2), 312–330. DOI: 10.1111/soru.12173.10.1111/soru.12173Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[18] Hite, J. (1997). The Thünen model and the new economic geography as a paradigm for rural development policy. Review of Agricultural Economics 19(2), 230–240. DOI: 10.2307/1349738.10.2307/1349738Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[19] Hoggart, K. (1990). Let’s do away with rural. Journal of Rural Studies, 6(3), 245–257. DOI: 10.1016/0743-0167(90)90079-N.10.1016/0743-0167(90)90079-Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[20] Kouřilová, J. (2018). Is a Basic School Important for a Local Development in Small Rural Villages? Case Study of the Stredocesky Region in the Czech Republic. In: Miczorek, W., ed., A World of Flows: Labour Mobility, Capital and Knowledge in an Age of Global Reversal and Regional Revival (pp. 104–105). Falmer Brighton: Regional Studies Association.Search in Google Scholar

[21] Malecki, E. J. (2003). Digital development in rural areas: potentials and pitfalls. Journal of Rural Studies 19(2), 201–214. DOI: 10.1016/S0743-0167(02)00068-2.10.1016/S0743-0167(02)00068-2Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[22] Mitchell, W. (2007). Intelligent cities. UOC Papers 5. 4–9.Search in Google Scholar

[23] Naldi, L., Nilsson, P., Westlund, H. & Wixe, S. (2015). What is smart rural development? Journal of Rural Studies, 40, 90–101. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.06.006.10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.06.006Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[24] Pant, L. P. & Odame, H. H. (2017). Broadband for a sustainable digital future of rural communities: A reflexive interactive assessment. Journal of Rural Studies, 54, 435–450. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.09.003.10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.09.003Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[25] Pělucha, M. (2012). Venkov na prahu 21. století. Praha: Alfa nakladatelství.Search in Google Scholar

[26] Pelucha, M. & Kveton, V. (2017). The role of EU rural development policy in the neoproductivist agricultural paradigm. Regional Studies 51(12), 1860–1870, DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2017.1282608.10.1080/00343404.2017.1282608Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[27] Pělucha, M. (2018). Reforma Společné zemědělské politiky EU [Background Document]. Praha: University of Economics.Search in Google Scholar

[28] Philip, L. J., Cottrill, C. & Farrington, J. (2015). “Two-speed” Scotland: patterns and implications of the digital divide in contemporary Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal 131(3–4), 148–170. DOI: 10.1080/14702541.2015.1067327.10.1080/14702541.2015.1067327Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[29] Riddlesden, D. & Singleton, A. D. (2014). Broadband speed equity: a new digital divide? Applied Geography 52, 25–33. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.04.008.10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.04.008Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[30] Salemink, K., Strijker, D. & Bosworth, G. (2017). Rural development in the digital age: A systematic literature review on unequal ICT availability, adoption, and use in rural areas. Journal of Rural Studies 54, 360–371. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.09.001.10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.09.001Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[31] Scott, M. (2013). Resilience: A conceptual lens for rural studies? Geography Compass 7(9), 597–610. DOI: 10.1111/gec3.12066.10.1111/gec3.12066Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[32] Townsend, L., Sathiaseelan, A., Fairhurst, G. & Wallace, C. (2013). Enhanced broadband access as a solution to the social and economic problems of the rural digital divide. Local Economy: The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit 28(6), 580–595. DOI: 10.1177/0269094213496974.10.1177/0269094213496974Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[33] Van Steen, P. J. M. & Pellenbarg, P. H. (2010). Population change and spatial transformation in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie. 101(5), 612–618. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9663.2010.00636.x.10.1111/j.1467-9663.2010.00636.xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

[34] Vaznoniené, G. & Pakeltiené, R. (2017). Methods for the assessment of rural social infrastructure needs. European Countryside, 9(3), 526–540. DOI: 10.1515/euco-2017-0031.10.1515/euco-2017-0031Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[35] Woods, M. (2006). Redefining the „rural question”: the new „politics of the rural” and social policy. Social Policy & Administration 40(6), 579–595. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9515.2006.00521.x.10.1111/j.1467-9515.2006.00521.xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

[36] Woods, M. 2011. Rural. London: Routledge.10.4324/9780203844304Search in Google Scholar

[37] Caballero, M. J., Taminich, I., Hoberg, Y., de Dinechin, F. & Mc.Mahon, M. (2005). Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Policies, [cit. 2019-02-20]. Available at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTMEXICOINSPANISH/Resources/capitulo-8.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[38] CERS (2016). The Central Register of Subsidies. Official database of subsidies provided to Czech municipalities.Search in Google Scholar

[39] CSO (2016). Selected socioeconomic indicators of municipalities in the Czech Republic. Czech Statistical Office.Search in Google Scholar

[40] Czech Telecommunication Office (2016). Data on Internet access in selected municipalities. Data were used in the ex-post evaluation of the RDP CR 2007-2013 in 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[41] ESPON (2017a). Shrinking rural regions in Europe – Towards smart and innovative approaches to regional development challenges in depopulating rural regions. ESPON, October 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[42] ESPON (2017b). Territorial Cooperation for the future of Europe. ESPON, Luxembourg, May 2018.Search in Google Scholar

[43] ESPON (2017c). The territorial and urban dimensions of the digital transition of public services. ESPON, Luxembourg, October 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[44] European Commission (2016). EU Action for SMART VILLAGES. Available on-line: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/rural-development-2014-2020/looking-ahead/rur-dev-small-villages_en.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[45] European Commission (2017a). EU a Jednotný digitální trh. Directorate-General for Communication (European Commission), 2017. [online]. Available at: https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/8084b7f3-6777-11e7-b2f2-01aa75ed71a1/language-cs.Search in Google Scholar

[46] European Commission (2017b). Industry 4.0 in agriculture: Focus on IoT aspects. Digital Transformation Monitor on-line available at https://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/dem/monitor/sites/default/files/DTM_Agriculture%204.0%20IoT%20v1.pdf [cit. 2018-12-05].Search in Google Scholar

[47] Eurostat (2018). Eurostat regional yearbook – 2018 edition. European Union, Luxembourg, August 2018.Search in Google Scholar

[48] Lund, S. & Manyika, J. (2016). Digital globalization: the new era of global flows. McKinsey Global Institute, March 2016. Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Business%20Functions/McKinsey%20Digital/Our%20Insights/Digital%20globalization%20The%20new%20era%20of%20global%20flows/MGI-Digital-globalization-Full-report.ashx.Search in Google Scholar

[49] Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (2012). Program rozvoje venkova České republiky na období 2007–2013 (Czech Rural Development Programme 2007–2013), Praha, September 2012, Ministerstvo zemědělství ČR.Search in Google Scholar

[50] Ministry of Agriculture (2016). Data for the measure III.2.1.2 of the Czech Rural Development Programme 2007–2013. Data were used in the ex-post evaluation of the RDP CR 2007-2013 in 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[51] Nieto, E. (2019). Smart Villages: A new concept for rural development. The Scitech Europa, 17th May 2019. On-line article available at: https://www.scitecheuropa.eu/smart-villages-rural-development/95112/.Search in Google Scholar

[52] OECD (2006). The New Rural Paradigm – Policies and Governance. OECD Rural Policy Reviews, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, ISBN 92-64-02390-9.Search in Google Scholar

[53] OECD (2010). Strategies to Improve Rural Service Delivery. OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264083967-en.10.1787/9789264083967-enOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

[54] OECD (2014). Innovation and Modernising the Rural Economy. OECD Rural Policy Reviews. Paris: OECD Publishing.10.1787/9789264205390-enSearch in Google Scholar

[55] OECD (2016). OECD Regions at a Glance 2016. OECD Publishing, Paris. ISBN 978-92-64-25679-8.10.1787/reg_glance-2016-enSearch in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo