Open Access

Performance of Absolute Real-Time Multi-GNSS Kinematic Positioning


Recently, we observe the rapid development of the Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS), including autonomous positioning techniques, such as Precise Point Positioning (PPP). The GNSS have different conceptions, different spacecraft and use different types of orbits which is why the quality of real-time orbit and clock products is inconsistent, thus, the appropriate approach of the multi-GNSS observation processing is needed to optimize the solution quality. In this paper, the kinematic field experiment is conducted in order to examine multi-GNSS real-time Standard Point Positioning (SPP) and PPP performance. The test was performed on the 26 km-long car route through villages, forests, the city of Wrocław, crossing under viaducts and a high tension line. For the first time, the solution is based on GPS + GLONASS + Galileo + BeiDou observations using streamed corrections for orbits and clocks with two different weighting scenarios. Thanks to the usage of the multi-GNSS constellation the number of positioning epochs possible to determine increases by 10%. The results show also that the appropriate weighting approach can improve the root mean square error in the SPP solution by about 13% and 42% for the horizontal and vertical coordinate components, respectively. In the case of PPP, the maximum quality improvement equals 70% for the horizontal component and the results for the vertical component are comparable with those obtained for the GPS-only solution.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Geosciences, other