Open Access

Numerical Failure Analysis of Laminated Beams Using a Refined Finite Element Model


In the present investigation, laminated composite beams subjected to a bending static loading are studied in order to determine their failure mechanisms and the first ply failure (FPF) load. The FPF analysis is performed using a refined rectangular plate element. The present element is formulated based on the classical lamination theory (CLT) to calculate the in-plane stresses. To achieve this goal, several failure criterions, including Tsai-Wu, Tsai-Hill, Hashin, and Maximum Stress criteria, are used to predict failure mechanisms. These criterions are implemented within the finite element code to predict the different failure damages and responses of laminated beams from the initial loading to the final failure. The numerical results obtained using the present element compare favorably with those given by the analytic approaches. It is observed that the numerical results are very close to the analytical results, which demonstrates the accuracy of the present element. Finally, several parameters, such as fiber orientations, stacking sequences, and boundary conditions, are considered to determine and understand their effects on the strength of these laminated beams.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Materials Sciences, Functional and Smart Materials