1. bookVolume 111 (2018): Issue 2 (December 2018)
Journal Details
First Published
30 Jun 2018
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Open Access

Early late-glacial rock avalanche and its lasting effects on drainage and sediment dispersal (Strassberg valley catchment, Northern Calcareous Alps, Austria)

Published Online: 23 Feb 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 111 (2018) - Issue 2 (December 2018)
Page range: 180 - 203
Received: 13 Mar 2018
Accepted: 01 Oct 2018
Journal Details
First Published
30 Jun 2018
Publication timeframe
1 time per year

Ampferer, O., 1904. Studien über die Inntalterrassen. Jahrbuch der kaiserlich-königlichen geologischen Reichsanstalt, 54, 91–160.Search in Google Scholar

Ampferer, O. and Ohnesorge, T., 1912. Zirl und Nassereith. Geological map 1:75.000, ‘SW.-Gruppe Nr. 28’, on base of ‘Topographische Spezialkarte, Zone 16, Kol IV.’ Kaiserlich-königliche Geologische Reichsanstalt, Vienna.Search in Google Scholar

André, M.-F., 2003. Do periglacial landscapes evolve under periglacial conditions? Geomorphology, 52, 149-164. doi:.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00255-610.1016/S0169-555X(02)00255-6Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Auer, I., Foelsche, U., Böhm, R., Chimani, B., Haimberger, L., Kerschner, H., Koinig, K.A., Nicolussi, K. and Spötl, C. 2014. Vergangene Klimaänderungen in Österreich. In: Austrian Panel on Climate Change (APCC) (ed.), Österreichischer Sachstandsbericht Klimawandel 2014 (AAR14). Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, pp. 227–300.Search in Google Scholar

Ballantyne, C.K., 2002. Paraglacial geomorphology. Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, 1935-2017. doi.org/10.1016/S0277-379(02)00005-710.1016/S0277-379(02)00005-7Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ballantyne, C.K. and Benn, D.I., 1994. Glaciological constraints on protalus rampart development. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 5, 145-153.10.1002/ppp.3430050304Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ballantyne, C. and Stone, J., 2013. Timing and periodicity of paraglacial rock-slope failures in the Scottish Highlands. Geomorphology, 186, 150-161. doi:10.1016/j. geomorph.2012.12.03010.1016/j.geomorph.2012.12.030Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ballantyne, C.K., Sandeman, G.F., Stone, J.O. and Wilson, P., 2014. Rock-slope failure following Late Pleistocene deglaciation on tectonically stable mountainous terrain. Quaternary Science Reviews, 86, 144-157. doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.12.02110.1016/j.quascirev.2013.12.021Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Barrett, S., Starnberger, R., Tjallingii, R., Brauer, A. and Spötl, C., 2017. The sedimentary history of the inner-alpine Inn Valley, Austria: extending the Baumkirchen type section further back in time with new drilling. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32, 63–79. https://doi.org/10.17738/ajes.2017.000410.17738/ajes.2017.0004Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Benn, D.I. and Owen, L.A., 2002. Himalayan glacial sedimentary environments: a framework for reconstructing and dating the former extent of glaciers in high mountains. Quaternary International, 97-98, 3-25.10.1016/S1040-6182(02)00048-4Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Caporali, A., Neubauer, F., Ostini, L., Stangl, G. and Zuliani, D., 2013. Modelling surface GPS velocities in the Southern and Eastern Alps by finite dislocations at crustal depths. Tectonophysics, 590, 136–150. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.01.01610.1016/j.tecto.2013.01.016Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Church, M. and Ryder, J.M., 1972. Paraglacial sedimentation: a consideration of fluvial processes conditioned by glaciation. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 83, 3059-3071.10.1130/0016-7606(1972)83[3059:PSACOF]2.0.CO;2Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Collins, G.S. and Melosh, H.J., 2003. Acoustic fluidization and the extraordinary mobility of sturzstroms. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, B10, 2473. https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JB002465.10.1029/2003JB002465Search in Google Scholar

Cossart, E., Braucher, R., Fort, M., Bourlés, D.L. and Carcaillet, J., 2008. Slope instability in relation to glacial debuttressing in alpine areas (Upper Durance catchment, southeastern France): Evidence from field data and 10Be cosmic ray exposure ages. Geomorphology, 95, 3-26. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.12.02210.1016/j.geomorph.2006.12.022Search in Google Scholar

Crosta, G. B., Chen, H. and Lee, C.F., 2004. Replay of the 1987 Val Pola Landslide, Italian Alps. Geomorphology, 60, 127–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2003.07.01510.1016/j.geomorph.2003.07.015Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Cruden, D.M. and Hungr, O., 1986. The debris of the Frank Slide and theories of rock-avalanche mobility. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 23, 425–432.10.1139/e86-044Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Curry, A.M. and Ballantyne, C.K., 1999. Paraglacial modification of glacigenic sediment. Geografiska Annaler, 81A, 409-419.10.1111/j.0435-3676.1999.00070.xSearch in Google Scholar

Curry, A.M., Cleasby, V. and Zukowskyj, P., 2006. Paraglacial response of steep, sediment-mantled slopes to post-’Little Ice Age’ glacier recession in the central Swiss Alps. Journal of Quaternary Science, 21, 211–225. doi: 10.1002/jqs.95410.1002/jqs.954Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Davies, T.R. and McSaveney, M.J., 2002. Dynamic simulation of the motion of fragmenting rock avalanches. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 39, 789–798. https://doi.org/10.1139/T02-03510.1139/t02-035Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Davies, T.R. and McSaveney, M.J., 2009. The role of rock fragmentation in the motion of large landslides. Engineering Geology, 109, 67–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.11.00410.1016/j.enggeo.2008.11.004Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

De Blasio, F.V. and Crosta, G.B., 2014. Simple physical model for the fragmentation of rock avalanches. Acta Mechanica, 225, 243–252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00707-013-0942-y10.1007/s00707-013-0942-yOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

Dufresne, A. and Davies, T.R., 2009. Longitudinal ridges in mass movement deposits. Geomorphology, 105, 171–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.09.00910.1016/j.geomorph.2008.09.009Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Dufresne, A., Prager, C. and Bösmeier, A., 2015. Insights into rock avalanche emplacement processes from detailed morpho-lithological studies of the Tschirgant deposit (Tyrol, Austria). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41, 587–602. doi: 10.1002/esp.384710.1002/esp.3847Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Erismann, T. H. and Abele, G., 2001. Dynamics of rock-slides and rockfalls. Springer (Berlin), 316 pp.10.1007/978-3-662-04639-5Search in Google Scholar

Evans, S. G., Scarascia Mugnozza, G., Strom, A. l., Hermanns, R. L., Ischuk, A., Vinnichenko, S., 2006. Landslides from massive rock slope failure and associated phenomena. In: S.G. Evans, G. Scarascia Mugnozza, A. Strom and R.L. Hermanns (eds.), Landslides from massive rock slope failure. NATO Science Series, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 3–52.10.1007/978-1-4020-4037-5Search in Google Scholar

French, H. and Harbor, J., 2013. The development and history of glacial and periglacial geomorphology. In: Shroder, J. (Editor in Chief), Giardino, R., Harbor, J. (Eds.), Treatise on Geomorphology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, volume 8, Glacial and Periglacial Geo-morphology, pp. 1–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00190-110.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00190-1Search in Google Scholar

Frisch, W., Székely, B., Kuhlemann, J. and Dunkl, I., 2000. Geomorphological evolution of the Eastern Alps in response to Miocene tectonics. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Neue Folge, 44, 103–138.10.1127/zfg/44/2000/103Search in Google Scholar

Fügenschuh, B., Seward, D. and Mancktelow, N., 1997. Exhumation in a convergent orogen: the western Tauern window. Terra Nova, 9, 213–217.10.1046/j.1365-3121.1997.d01-33.xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

Fügenschuh, B., Mancktelow, N.S. and Schmid, S.S., 2012. Comment on Rosenberg and Garcia: Estimating displacement along the Brenner Fault and orogen-parallel extension in the Eastern Alps, Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch) (2011) 100: 1129–1145. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 101, 1451–1455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-011-0725-410.1007/s00531-011-0725-4Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Geyh, M.A., 2005. Handbuch der physikalischen und chemischen Altersbestimmung. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 211 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Gild, C., Geitner, C. and Sanders, D., 2018. Discovery of a landscape-wide drape of late-glacial aeolian silt in the western Northern Calcareous Alps (Austria): First results and implications. Geomorphology, 301, 39–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.10.02510.1016/j.geomorph.2017.10.025Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Handy, M.R., Ustaszewski, K. and Kissling, E., 2015. Reconstructing th Alps-Carpathians–Dinarides as a key to understanding switches in subduction polarity, slab gaps and surface motion. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104, 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-014-1060-310.1007/s00531-014-1060-3Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Heck, F.R. and Speed, R.C., 1987. Triassic olistostrome and shelf-basin transition in the western Great Basin: Paleo-geographic implications. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 99, 539–551.10.1130/0016-7606(1987)99<539:TOASTI>2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

Herbst, P., Hilberg, S., Draxler, I., Zauner, H. and Riepler, F., 2009. The facies and hydrogeology of an inneralpine Pleistocene terrace based on in integrated study – deep well Telfs. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 102/2, 149–156.Search in Google Scholar

Hewitt, K., 1998. Catastrophic landslides and their effects on the Upper Indus streams, Karakoram Himalaya, northern Pakistan. Geomorphology, 26, 47–80.10.1016/S0169-555X(98)00051-8Search in Google Scholar

Hungr, O., Evans, S.G., Bovis, M.J. and Hutchinson, J.N., 2001. A review of the classification of landslides of flow type. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience, VII/3, 221–238.10.2113/gseegeosci.7.3.221Search in Google Scholar

Hungr, O., Leroueil, S. and Picarelli, L., 2012. Varnes classification of landslide types, an update. In: E. Eberhardt, C. Froese, A.K. Turner and S. Leroueil (eds.), Landslides and Engineered Slopes: Protecting Society through Improved Understanding. CRC Press/Balkema, Taylor and Francis Group, London, pp. 47–58.Search in Google Scholar

Jibson, R.W., 2013. Mass-movement causes: earthquakes. In: J. Shroder (Editor in Chief), R.A. Marston and M. Stoffel (eds.), Treatise on Geomorphology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, vol. 7, Mountain and Hillslope Geomorphology, pp. 223–229.10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00169-XSearch in Google Scholar

Jiskoot, H., 2011. Long-runout rockslide on glacier at Tsar Mountain, Canadian Rocky Mountains: potential triggers, seismic and glaciological implications. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 36, 203–216. https://doi.org/10.1002.esp.203910.1002/esp.2037Search in Google Scholar

Kampf, S.K. and Mirus, B.B., 2013. Subsurface and surface flow leading to channel initiation. In: Shroder, J. (Editor in Chief) and Wohl, E. (Ed.), Treatise on Geomorphology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, vol. 9, Fluvial Geomorphology, pp. 22–42.10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00228-1Search in Google Scholar

Keefer, D.K., 2013. Landslides generated by earthquakes: immediate and long-term effects. In: Shroder, J. (Editor in Chief) and Owen, L.A. (Ed.), Treatise on Geomorphology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, vol. 5, Tectonic Geomorphology, pp. 250–266.10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00091-9Search in Google Scholar

Kellerer-Pirklbauer, A., Proske, H. and Strasser, V., 2010. Paraglacial slope adujustment since the end of the Last Glacial Maximum and its long-lasting effect on secondary mass-wasting processes: Hauser Kaibling, Austria. Geomorphology, 120, 65-76. doi.org/10.1016/j. geomorph.2009.09.01610.1016/j.geomorph.2009.09.016Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Korup, O. and Tweed, F., 2007. Ice, moraine, and landslide dams in mountainous terrain. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, 3406–3422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.10.01210.1016/j.quascirev.2007.10.012Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Lenhardt, W.A., 2007. Earthquake-triggered landslides in Austria – Dobratsch revisited. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 147, 193–199.Search in Google Scholar

Lenhardt, W.A., Freudenthaler, C., Lippitsch, R. and Fiegweil, E., 2007. Focal-depth distributions in the Austrian Eastern Alps based on macroseismic data. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 100, 66–79.Search in Google Scholar

Linzer, H.-G., Ratschbacher, L. and Frisch, W., 1995. Transpressional collision structures in the upper crust: the fold-thrust belt of the Northern Calcareous Alps. In: F. Neubauer and E. Wallbrecher (eds.), Tectonics of the Alpine-Carpathian-Pannonian Region. Tectonophysics, 242, 41–61.10.1016/0040-1951(94)00152-YSearch in Google Scholar

Linzer, H.-G., Moser, F., Nemes, F., Ratschbacher, L. and Sperner, B., 1997. Build-up and dismembering of the eastern Northern Calcareous Alps. Tectonophysics, 272, 97–124.10.1016/S0040-1951(96)00254-5Search in Google Scholar

Linzer, H.-G., Decker, K., Peresson, H., Dell’Mour, R. and Frisch, W., 2002. Balancing lateral orogenic float of the Eastern Alps. Tectonophysics, 354, 211–237.10.1016/S0040-1951(02)00337-2Search in Google Scholar

Locat, P., Couture, R., Leroueil, S., Locat, J. and Jaboyedoff, M., 2006. Fragmentation energy in rock avalanches. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 43, 830–851. https://doi.org/10.1139/T06-04510.1139/T06-045Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Nasir, A., Lenhardt, W., Hintersberger, E. and Dicker, K., 2013. Assessing the completeness and instrumental earthquake data in Austria and the surrounding areas. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 106/1, 90–102.Search in Google Scholar

Niederstrasser, L., 2017. Zusammensetzung und Kartierung einer Lage von siliziklastischem Silt in einer Schuttfächer-Abfolge (Mieminger Plateau, Nördliche Kalkalpen). Bachelor thesis, University of Innsbruck, 43 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Machatschek, F., 1933. Tal- und Glazialstudien im oberen Inngebiet. Mitteilungen der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 76, 5–52.Search in Google Scholar

Mandl, G.W., 2000. The Alpine sector of the Tethyan shelf - Example of Triassic to Jurassic sedimentation and deformation from the Northern Calcareous Alps. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 92, 61–77.Search in Google Scholar

McSaveney, M.J. and Davies, T.R.H., 2002. Rapid rock-mass flow with dynamic fragmentation: Inferences from the morphology and internal structure of rockslides and rock avalanches. In: S.G. Evans, G. Scarascia Mugnozza, A. Strom and R.L. Hermanns (eds.), Landslides from massive rock slope failure. NATO Science Series, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 285–304.10.1007/978-1-4020-4037-5_16Search in Google Scholar

McSaveney, M.J. and Davies, T.R., 2009. Surface energy is not one of the energy losses in rock comminution. Engineering Geology, 109, 109–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.11.00110.1016/j.enggeo.2008.11.001Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Meigs, A., Krugh, W.C., Davis, K., Bank, G., 2006. Ultra-rapid landscape response and sediment yield following glacier retreat, Ice Bay, southern Alaska. Geomorphology, 78, 207-221. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.01-02910.1016/j.geomorph.2006.01-029Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Montgomery, D.R. and Buffington, J.M., 1997. Channel- reach morphology in mountain drainage basins. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 109, 596–611.10.1130/0016-7606(1997)109<0596:CRMIMD>2.3.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

Moran, A.P., Ivy-Ochs, S., Vockenhuber, C. and Kerschner, H., 2016. First 36Cl exposure ages from a moraine in the Northern Calcareous Alps. E&G Quaternary Science Journal, 65, 145–155. https://doi.org/10.3285/eg.65.2.0310.3285/eg.65.2.03Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Mutschlechner, G., 1948. Spuren des Inngletschers im Bereich des Karwendelgebirges. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 3–4, 155–206.Search in Google Scholar

Ortner, H., Reiter, F. and Brandner, R., 2006. Kinematics of the Inntal shear zone–sub-Tauern ramp fault system and the interpretation of the TRANSALP seismic section, Eastern Alps, Austria. Tectonophysics, 414, 241–258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2005.10.01710.1016/j.tecto.2005.10.017Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Orwin, J.F. and Smart, C.C., 2004. The evidence for paraglacial sedimentation and its temporal scale in the deglacierizing basin of Small River Glacier, Canada. Geomorphology, 58, 175-202. doi.org/10.1016/j. geomorph.2003.07.00510.1016/j.geomorph.2003.07.005Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ostermann, M., Sanders, D. and Kramers, J., 2006. 230Th/234U ages of calcite cements of the proglacial valley fills of Gamperdona and Bürs (Riss ice age, Vorarlberg, Austria): geological implications. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 99, 31–41.Search in Google Scholar

Ostermann, M. and Sanders, D., 2012. Post-glacial rock-slides in a 200x130 km area of the Alps: Characteristics, ages, and uncertainties. In: E. Eberhardt, C. Froese, A.K. Turner and S. Leroueil (eds.), Landslides and Engineered Slopes: Protecting Society through Improved Understanding. CRC Press/Balkema, Taylor and Francis Group, London, vol. 1, 659–663.Search in Google Scholar

Ostermann, M. and Sanders, D., 2016. The Brenner pass rock avalanche cluster suggests a close relation between long-term slope deformation (DSGSDs and translational rock slides) and catastrophic failure. Geo-morphology, 289, 44–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.12.01810.1016/j.geomorph.2016.12.018Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ostermann, M., Ivy-Ochs, S., Sanders, D. and Prager, C., 2016. Multi-method (14C, 36Cl, 234U/230Th) age bracketing of the Tschirgant rock avalanche (Eastern Alps): Implications for absolute dating of catastrophic mass–wasting. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 42, 1110–1118. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.407710.1002/esp.4077Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Penck, A. and Brückner, E., 1909. Die Alpen im Eiszeitalter. Tauchnitz, Leipzig, 1199 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Perinotto, H., Schneider, J.-L., Bachèlery, P., Le Bourdonnec, F.-X., Famin, V. and Michon, L., 2015. The extreme mobility of debris avalanches: A new model of transport mechanism. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120, 8110–8119. https://doi.org/10-1102/2015JB011994Search in Google Scholar

Pirulli, M., 2009. The Thurwieser rock avalanche (Italian Alps): Description and dynamic analysis. Engineering Geology, 109, 80–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.10.00710.1016/j.enggeo.2008.10.007Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Pollet, N. and Schneider, J.-L.M., 2004. Dynamic disintegration processes accompanying transport of the Holocene Flims sturzstrom (Swiss Alps). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 221, 433–448. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X/(04)00071-810.1016/S0012-821X/(04)00071-8Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Poscher, G., 1993. Neuergebnisse der Quartärforschung in Tirol. In: Hauser, C. and Nowotny, A. (coord.), Geologie der Oberinntaler Raumes, Schwerpunkt Blatt 144 Landeck. Arbeitstagung der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 7–27.Search in Google Scholar

Poschinger, A. von and Kippel, T., 2009. Alluvial deposits liquefied by the Flims rockslide. Geomorphology, 103, 50–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.09.01610.1016/j.geomorph.2007.09.016Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Prager, C., Zangerl, C., Patzelt, G. and Brandner, R., 2008. Age distribution of fossil landslides in the Tyrol (Austria) and its surrounding areas. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 8, 377–407. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-8-3772008, 2008Search in Google Scholar

Preh, A. and Sausgruber, J.T., 2015. The extraordinary rock-snow avalanche of Alpl, Tyrol, Austria. Is it possible to predict the runout by means of single-phase Voellmyor Coulomb-type models? In: G. Lollino, D. Giordan, G.B. Crosta, J. Corominas, R. Azzam, J. Wasowski and N. Sciarra(eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory– Volume 2: Landslide Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 1907–1911.10.1007/978-3-319-09057-3_338Search in Google Scholar

Ratschbacher, L., Frisch, W., Linzer, H.-G. and Merle, O., 1991. Lateral extrusion in the eastern Alps, Part 2: Structural analysis. Tectonics, 10, 257–271.10.1029/90TC02623Search in Google Scholar

Ravazzi, C., Badino, F., Marsetti, D., Patera, G. and Reimer, P.J., 2012. Glacial to paraglacial history and forest recovery in the Oglio glacier system (Italian Alps) between 26 and 15 ka cal BP. Quaternary Science Reviews, 58, 146-161. doi.org/10.1016/j.quatscirev.2012.10.01710.1016/j.quatscirev.2012.10.017Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Reinecker, J. and Lenhardt, W.A., 1999. Present-day stress field and deformation in eastern Austria. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 88, 532–550.10.1007/s005310050283Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Reiter, F., 2017. Active seismotectonic deformation north of the Dolomites Indenter, Eastern Alps. PhD thesis, University of Innsbruck, 254 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Reiter, F., Lenhardt, W.A. and Brandner, R., 2005. Indications for activity of the Brenner normal fault zone (Tyrol, Austria) from seismological and GPS data. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 97, 16–23.Search in Google Scholar

Reitner, J.M., 2007. Glacial dynamics at the beginning of Termination I in the Eastern Alps and their stratigraphic implications. Quaternary International,164–165, 64–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2006-12.01610.1016/j.quaint.2006-12.016Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Reitner, J. M., Ivy-Ochs, S., Drescher-Schneider, R., Hajdas, I. and Linner, M., 2016. Reconsidering the current stratigraphy of the Alpine Lateglacial: Implications of the sedimentary and morphological record of the Lienz area (Tyrol/Austria). E&G Quaternary Science Journal, 65, 113-144. doi:10.3285/eg.65.2.0210.3285/eg.65.2.02Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., 2012. Effects of deglacial sedimentation pulse, followed by incision: A case study from a catchment in the Northern Calcareous Alps (Austria). E&G Quaternary Science Journal, 61, 16–31. https://doi.org/10.3285/eg.61.1.0210.3285/eg.61.1.02Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Ostermann, M. and Kramers, J., 2009. Quaternary carbonate-rocky talus slope successions (Eastern Alps, Austria): sedimentary facies and facies architecture. Facies, 55, 345–373. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10347-008-0175-z10.1007/s10347-008-0175-zOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Ostermann, M. and Kramers, J., 2010. Meteoric diagenesis of Quaternary carbonate-rocky talus slope successions (Northern Calcareous Alps, Austria). Facies, 56, 27–46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10347-009-0194-410.1007/s10347-009-0194-4Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Ostermann, M., Brandner, R. and Prager, C., 2010. Meteoric lithification of catastrophic rock-slide deposits: diagenesis and significance. Sedimentary Geology, 223, 150–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2009.11.00710.1016/j.sedgeo.2009.11.007Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D. and Ostermann, M., 2011. Post-last glacial alluvial fan and talus slope associations (Northern Calcareous Alps, Austria): A proxy for Late Pleistocene to Holocene climate change. Geomorphology, 131, 85–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.04.02910.1016/j.geomorph.2011.04.029Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Widera, L. and Ostermann, M., 2014. Two-layer scree/snow-avalanche triggered by rockfall (Eastern Alps): significance for sedimentology of scree slopes. Sedimentology, 61, 996–1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.1208310.1111/sed.12083Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Preh, A., Sausgruber, T., Pomella, H., Oster-mann, M. and Sedlmaier, A., 2016. Rockfall-triggered, long-runout two-layer scree/snow avalanche, old rock avalanche deposit, and epigenetic canyon incision (Northern Calcareous Alps): consequences for hazard assessment and landscape history. Geo.Alp, 13, 183–202.Search in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Preh, A. and Sausgruber, T., 2016. Long-runout rock/snow flows: an underrated type of mountain hazard. In: Ortner, H. (ed.), GeoTirol2016, Annual Meeting of DGGV and PANGEO Austria, Abstract Volume, p. 295.Search in Google Scholar

Sanders, D., Ortner, H. and Pomella, H., 2018. Stratigraphy and deformation of Pleistocene talus in relation to a normal fault zone (central Apennines, Italy). Sedimentary Geology, 373, 77-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2018.05.01310.1016/j.sedgeo.2018.05.013Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Schmid, S. M., Fügenschuh, B., Kissling, E. and Schuster, R., 2004. Tectonic map and overall architecture of the Alpine orogen. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 97, 93–117. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00015-004-1113-x10.1007/s00015-004-1113-xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

Schneider, J.F., Gruber, F.E. and Mergili, M., 2011. Recent cases and geomorphic evidence of landslide-dammed lakes and related hazard in the mountains of Central Asia. In: Proceedings of the Second World Landslide Forum, 3-11 October 2011, Rome, 6 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Schrott, L., Hufschmidt, G., Hankammer, M., Hoffmann, T. and Dikau, R., 2004. Spatial distribution of sediment storage types and quantification of valley fill deposits in an alpine basin, Reintal, Bavarian Alps, Germany. Geomorphology, 55, 45-63. doi.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(03)00131-410.1016/S0169-555X(03)00131-4Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Senarclens-Grancy, W., 1938. Stadiale Moränen in der Mieminger Kette und im Wetterstein. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 88, 1–12.Search in Google Scholar

Severinghaus, J.P., Sowers, T., Brook, E.J., Alley, R.B. and Bender, M.L., 1998. Timing of abrupt climate change at the end of the Younger Dryas interval from thermally fractionated gases in polar ice. Nature, 391, 141–148.10.1038/34346Search in Google Scholar

Shugar, D.H. and Clague, J.J., 2011. The sedimentology and geomorphology of rock avalanche deposits on glaciers. Sedimentology, 58, 1762-1783. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3091.2011.01238.x10.1111/j.1365-3091.2011.01238.xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

Sundell, K.A. and Fisher, R.V., 1985. Very coarse grained fragmental rocks: A proposed size classification. Geology, 13, 692–695.10.1130/0091-7613(1985)13<692:VCGFRA>2.0.CO;2Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Tollmann, A., 1976. Analyse des klassischen nordalpinen Mesozoikums. Franz Deuticke, Vienna, 580 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Tunnicliffe, J.F. and Church, M., 2011. Scale variation of post-glacial sediment yield in Chilliwack valley, British Columbia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 36, 229-243. doi:10.1002/esp.209310.1002/esp.2093Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Van Husen, D., 1983. A model of valley bottom sedimentation during climatic changes in a humid alpine environment. In: E.B. Evenson, C. Schlüchter and J. Rabassa (eds.), Tills and Related Deposits. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 341–344.Search in Google Scholar

Van Husen, D., 1987. Die Ostalpen in den Eiszeiten. Populärwissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, Geologische Bundesanstalt, Wien. Ferdinand Berger and Söhne GmbH, Horn, 24 pp., 1 map.Search in Google Scholar

Van Husen, D. and Reitner, J., 2011. An outline of the Quaternary stratigraphy of Austria. E&G Quaternary Science Journal, 60, 366–387. https://doi.org/10.3285/eg.60.2-3.0910.3285/eg.60.2-3.09Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Wang, X. and Neubauer, F., 1998. Orogen-parallel strike-slip faults bordering metamorphic core complexes: the Salzach-Enns fault zone in the Eastern Alps, Austria. Journal of Structural Geology, 20, 799–818.10.1016/S0191-8141(98)00013-3Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Westreicher, F., Kerschner, H., Nicolussi, K., Ivy-Ochs, S. and Prager, C., 2014. Ein Bergsturz am Mieminger Plateau oder wie aus einer “postglazialen Moräne” ein holozäner Bergsturz wurde. In: K.A. Koinig, R. Starnberger and C. Spötl (eds.), Deuqua 2014, 37: Hauptversammlung der deutschen Quartärvereinigung, Innsbruck 2014. Inns-bruck University Press, Conference Series, Universität Innsbruck, pp. 149–150.Search in Google Scholar

Wölfler, A., Kurz, W., Fritz, H. and Stüwe, K., 2011. Lateral extrusion in the Eastern Alps revisited: Refining the model by thermochronological, sedimentary, and seismic data. Tectonics, 30, TC4006, doi:10.1029/2010TC002782, 2011.10.1029/2010TC0027822011Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD