Open Access

Outcome of a combined physiotherapy and podiatry haemophilia clinic: patient perceptions and the effect on ankle bleeds and joint health



The ankle joint is the most common site of bleeding for people with haemophilia (PWH) in the developed world. Recent surveys suggest that PWH do not always have access to non-surgical musculoskeletal interventions and that when provided; there is considerable heterogeneity in clinical practice.


To determine patient perceptions and the potential benefits of a new combined multidisciplinary physiotherapy-podiatry haemophilia clinic, and to observe the effect on frequency of bleeds and ankle joint Haemophilia Joint Health Scores (HJHS).

Materials and methods

PWH with a history of ankle bleeds, pain, foot and/or ankle deformities from a single UK haemophilia centre were referred to the clinic from December 2017 to December 2018. Pre- and post-intervention ankle joint HJHS data and ankle annualised joint bleed rate (AJBR) were collected together with a satisfaction questionnaire asking patients their views on the clinic's value, usefulness and their satisfaction after the initial appointment.


Twenty-seven PWH (16 children and 11 adults) attended the clinic. All patients agreed or strongly agreed that they were satisfied with the new clinic. The combined multidisciplinary nature of the clinic meant that patients only needed to attend one appointment with the expertise of two professionals, rather than attending two separate appointments. All patients reported it “more useful to see the physiotherapist and podiatrist together”. There were no statistically significant differences in ankle AJBR or HJHS scores post-intervention compared to pre-intervention.


Establishing a multidisciplinary physiotherapy-podiatry clinic for PWH with a history of ankle bleeds, pain, foot and/or ankle deformities appears to increase patient satisfaction. We did not observe a significant change in ankle AJBR or ankle HJHS scores, suggesting they might not be sufficient to evaluate potential benefits to patients. A larger study incorporating validated tools, focusing on patient-reported foot function, pain, activity and quality of life is needed to confirm if there is any effect of a combined physiotherapy-podiatry intervention on ankle joint AJBR and function.

Publication timeframe:
Volume Open
Journal Subjects:
Medicine, Basic Medical Science, other, Clinical Medicine, Pharmacy, Pharmacology