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Tom 62 (2022): Zeszyt 2 (November 2022)

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Tom 61 (2021): Zeszyt 1 (May 2021)

Tom 60 (2020): Zeszyt 2 (November 2020)

Tom 60 (2020): Zeszyt 1 (May 2020)

Tom 59 (2019): Zeszyt 2 (November 2019)

Tom 59 (2019): Zeszyt 1 (May 2019)

Tom 58 (2018): Zeszyt 2 (November 2018)

Tom 58 (2018): Zeszyt 1 (May 2018)

Tom 57 (2017): Zeszyt 2 (November 2017)

Tom 57 (2017): Zeszyt 1 (May 2017)

Tom 56 (2016): Zeszyt 2 (November 2016)

Tom 56 (2016): Zeszyt 1 (May 2016)

Tom 55 (2015): Zeszyt 2 (November 2015)

Tom 55 (2015): Zeszyt 1 (May 2015)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2585-8777
Pierwsze wydanie
16 Apr 2015
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 58 (2018): Zeszyt 2 (November 2018)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2585-8777
Pierwsze wydanie
16 Apr 2015
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

5 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Effect of applied health-oriented exercises in physical and sport education on musculoskeletal system of female students

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 84 - 96

Abstrakt

Abstract

The aim of the research was to determine the effect of the health-oriented exercises included in the final part of the physical and sport education on the selected factors of the musculoskeletal system of the female students of the selected secondary school, as well as to point out the diversification and the realization of the innovative contents of the teaching lessons with the health aspect, especially from the point of view of the primary prevention of the female students' health of secondary school, improving the level of the posture and the overall muscular system. The monitored group consisted of 33 female students of the selected secondary school in Trenčín (Slovakia). The experimental group (EG) A consisted of 17 female students (age = 16.9 ± 1.3 years, height = 168.6 ± 3.9 cm, weight = 57.3 ± 3.4 kg) and the control group (CG) B consisted of 16 female students (age = 16.3 ± 1.1 years, height = 167.3 ± 4.7 cm, weight = 58.9 ± 4.8 kg). From the point of view of the data acquisition methods, in initial, ongoing and final evaluations were applied standardized methods for assessing the posture and the muscular system for physical and medical practice. Subsequently, the applied health-oriented exercises were used in the final part of the physical and sport education for 3 months, 3 times per week, for the duration of 12 minutes. The results significantly showed the improvement of the monitored musculoskeletal system (p < 0.01), as well as the overall muscular system (p < 0.01). Based on the findings, we point out the suitability of including the health-oriented exercises in the teaching process of the physical and sport education with the focus on the musculoskeletal system. This study was supported by VEGA 1/0242/17 Physical activity as prevention of functional disorders related to the musculoskeletal system of secondary school students.

Słowa kluczowe

  • female students
  • health
  • health-oriented exercises
  • muscular system
  • posture
Otwarty dostęp

Differences in selected coordinaton abilities between pupils with communication ability disorder and able-bodied pupils

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 97 - 111

Abstrakt

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyse and compare the level of selected coordination abilities of pupils with communication ability disorder (CAD) and able-bodied pupils in the same age category. Two groups of participants were recruited for the study: (1) pupils attending special elementary school for children with CAD (n = 17; 5 girls and 12 boys in mean age 11.2 ± 0.7 years), (2) and ablebodied pupils (n = 20; 12 girls and 8 boys in mean age 11.4 ± 0.5 years) without gender differentiation. 5 standardised tests measuring coordination abilities were used as a primary research method (Šimonek 2015): low jump test, spatial orientation ability test, circles through running test, one leg stand test, catching ball test. Group differences were analysed with Mann-Whitney U-test for independent samples. The level of significance was α < 0.05. We found significantly higher level of spatial orientation ability and static balance displayed by able-bodied pupils comparing pupils with CAD. The level of lower limb kinaesthetic discrimination ability, rhythmic ability, frequency and reaction time in pupils with CAD are comparable to the level of able-bodied pupils. We recommend that children with CAD should participate in regular physical activities and sports after compulsory education together with able-bodied children to improve their fine and gross motor ability, coordination abilities as well as overall physical fitness.

Słowa kluczowe

  • communication ability disorder
  • able-bodied pupils
  • coordination abilities
  • physical education classes
Otwarty dostęp

VO2max levels as a pointer of physiological training status among soccer players

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 112 - 121

Abstrakt

Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the Aerobic endurance training as indicators of physiological training status among male soccer players. A total of 138 well-trained first division soccer players under 18 years were tested. Testing was based on the Cooper test as a one of simple tests to estimate VO2max. BMI and BFP as valued anthropometric measurements to control body change relative to maximal oxygen consumption during dynamic exercise with large muscle groups benefit training time soccer training experience. Performance in this experience was based on the subjection that 60 ml/kg/min of VO2max is the minimum fitness requirement for male soccer players to play at the elite level. Admit in this study as a protocol to categorise our sample into two groups (up and under the range VO2max ± 60 ml/kg/min) and it was based on statistics applied and the design used. Our results highlighted the importance of aerobic performance up to 60 ml/kg/min as the minimum fitness requirement to enhance the players' aerobic capacity allied to maximal heart rate relative to BFP levels as a better parameter in comparison with BMI for the prediction of low VO2max concomitant to the physiological training status as requests soccer performance demand.

Słowa kluczowe

  • BFP
  • BMI
  • VO2max
  • physiological
  • soccer player
Otwarty dostęp

Biomechanical analysis in equestrian vaulting

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 122 - 133

Abstrakt

Abstract

The authors focused on biomechanical analysis of the exercising shapes of the compulsory exercises in the equestrian vaulting. It is a sport sector in which similar observations have not been carried out. The use of 3D analysis brought the opportunity to observe the exercising shapes on a simulator and in real conditions on a horse. By the selected 3D approach they focused on three crucial phases of the swing back. This approach helped detect possible mistakes which the coach could not register from one position. The experimental set consisted of highly accomplished riders. The results confirmed that the higher the accomplishment level of a sportsman the fewer are the differences between the performances of an exercising shape. From the above mentioned we could assume that by including exercises on a barrel simulator into training units, we could influence the technique of performance of the individual exercising shapes on a horse in movement.

Słowa kluczowe

  • equestrian vaulting sport
  • biomechanical analysis
  • exercising shapes of the compulsory exercises
  • swing back
  • horse movement
Otwarty dostęp

Effects of conditioning programme on the changes of motor performance in youth categories in handball

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 134 - 141

Abstrakt

Abstract

The ability to perform the stable playing performance during the whole match to larger extent depends on sufficient level of development of conditioning abilities. Technique of playing activities of an individual, decision-making process of players and especially speed of the game are influenced by already mentioned abilities. The aim of our study was to recognize the level of motor performance in regional centres of handball and at the same time to verify the efficiency of sports preparation. This programme includes the change of weekly microcycle practice, consisting of 2 conditioning trainings focused on strength and endurance. The research was realized in these age categories: younger (n=40) and older juniors (n=38). To evaluate the level of motor abilities we selected 5 simply performed activities: bench press (explosive strength of upper extremities ), run for 8x5 metres (speed with change of direction), sit-ups for 2 minutes (power of abdominal muscles), standing long jump with legs together (explosive strength of lower extremities) and 12 minutes run (aerobic endurance). When following microcycle programme weekly, the results of motor test pointed out the positive influence of this programme on the development of strength and aerobic endurance (p≤0.05). In category of older juniors the performance in test of 12 minutes run has fallen significantly in comparison with the first testing (p≤0.05). The result of this study indicates the lack of recommended aerobic running practice in weekly microcycles of monitored teams.

Słowa kluczowe

  • handball
  • training level
  • strength abilities
  • endurance
5 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Effect of applied health-oriented exercises in physical and sport education on musculoskeletal system of female students

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 84 - 96

Abstrakt

Abstract

The aim of the research was to determine the effect of the health-oriented exercises included in the final part of the physical and sport education on the selected factors of the musculoskeletal system of the female students of the selected secondary school, as well as to point out the diversification and the realization of the innovative contents of the teaching lessons with the health aspect, especially from the point of view of the primary prevention of the female students' health of secondary school, improving the level of the posture and the overall muscular system. The monitored group consisted of 33 female students of the selected secondary school in Trenčín (Slovakia). The experimental group (EG) A consisted of 17 female students (age = 16.9 ± 1.3 years, height = 168.6 ± 3.9 cm, weight = 57.3 ± 3.4 kg) and the control group (CG) B consisted of 16 female students (age = 16.3 ± 1.1 years, height = 167.3 ± 4.7 cm, weight = 58.9 ± 4.8 kg). From the point of view of the data acquisition methods, in initial, ongoing and final evaluations were applied standardized methods for assessing the posture and the muscular system for physical and medical practice. Subsequently, the applied health-oriented exercises were used in the final part of the physical and sport education for 3 months, 3 times per week, for the duration of 12 minutes. The results significantly showed the improvement of the monitored musculoskeletal system (p < 0.01), as well as the overall muscular system (p < 0.01). Based on the findings, we point out the suitability of including the health-oriented exercises in the teaching process of the physical and sport education with the focus on the musculoskeletal system. This study was supported by VEGA 1/0242/17 Physical activity as prevention of functional disorders related to the musculoskeletal system of secondary school students.

Słowa kluczowe

  • female students
  • health
  • health-oriented exercises
  • muscular system
  • posture
Otwarty dostęp

Differences in selected coordinaton abilities between pupils with communication ability disorder and able-bodied pupils

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 97 - 111

Abstrakt

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyse and compare the level of selected coordination abilities of pupils with communication ability disorder (CAD) and able-bodied pupils in the same age category. Two groups of participants were recruited for the study: (1) pupils attending special elementary school for children with CAD (n = 17; 5 girls and 12 boys in mean age 11.2 ± 0.7 years), (2) and ablebodied pupils (n = 20; 12 girls and 8 boys in mean age 11.4 ± 0.5 years) without gender differentiation. 5 standardised tests measuring coordination abilities were used as a primary research method (Šimonek 2015): low jump test, spatial orientation ability test, circles through running test, one leg stand test, catching ball test. Group differences were analysed with Mann-Whitney U-test for independent samples. The level of significance was α < 0.05. We found significantly higher level of spatial orientation ability and static balance displayed by able-bodied pupils comparing pupils with CAD. The level of lower limb kinaesthetic discrimination ability, rhythmic ability, frequency and reaction time in pupils with CAD are comparable to the level of able-bodied pupils. We recommend that children with CAD should participate in regular physical activities and sports after compulsory education together with able-bodied children to improve their fine and gross motor ability, coordination abilities as well as overall physical fitness.

Słowa kluczowe

  • communication ability disorder
  • able-bodied pupils
  • coordination abilities
  • physical education classes
Otwarty dostęp

VO2max levels as a pointer of physiological training status among soccer players

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 112 - 121

Abstrakt

Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the Aerobic endurance training as indicators of physiological training status among male soccer players. A total of 138 well-trained first division soccer players under 18 years were tested. Testing was based on the Cooper test as a one of simple tests to estimate VO2max. BMI and BFP as valued anthropometric measurements to control body change relative to maximal oxygen consumption during dynamic exercise with large muscle groups benefit training time soccer training experience. Performance in this experience was based on the subjection that 60 ml/kg/min of VO2max is the minimum fitness requirement for male soccer players to play at the elite level. Admit in this study as a protocol to categorise our sample into two groups (up and under the range VO2max ± 60 ml/kg/min) and it was based on statistics applied and the design used. Our results highlighted the importance of aerobic performance up to 60 ml/kg/min as the minimum fitness requirement to enhance the players' aerobic capacity allied to maximal heart rate relative to BFP levels as a better parameter in comparison with BMI for the prediction of low VO2max concomitant to the physiological training status as requests soccer performance demand.

Słowa kluczowe

  • BFP
  • BMI
  • VO2max
  • physiological
  • soccer player
Otwarty dostęp

Biomechanical analysis in equestrian vaulting

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 122 - 133

Abstrakt

Abstract

The authors focused on biomechanical analysis of the exercising shapes of the compulsory exercises in the equestrian vaulting. It is a sport sector in which similar observations have not been carried out. The use of 3D analysis brought the opportunity to observe the exercising shapes on a simulator and in real conditions on a horse. By the selected 3D approach they focused on three crucial phases of the swing back. This approach helped detect possible mistakes which the coach could not register from one position. The experimental set consisted of highly accomplished riders. The results confirmed that the higher the accomplishment level of a sportsman the fewer are the differences between the performances of an exercising shape. From the above mentioned we could assume that by including exercises on a barrel simulator into training units, we could influence the technique of performance of the individual exercising shapes on a horse in movement.

Słowa kluczowe

  • equestrian vaulting sport
  • biomechanical analysis
  • exercising shapes of the compulsory exercises
  • swing back
  • horse movement
Otwarty dostęp

Effects of conditioning programme on the changes of motor performance in youth categories in handball

Data publikacji: 22 Nov 2018
Zakres stron: 134 - 141

Abstrakt

Abstract

The ability to perform the stable playing performance during the whole match to larger extent depends on sufficient level of development of conditioning abilities. Technique of playing activities of an individual, decision-making process of players and especially speed of the game are influenced by already mentioned abilities. The aim of our study was to recognize the level of motor performance in regional centres of handball and at the same time to verify the efficiency of sports preparation. This programme includes the change of weekly microcycle practice, consisting of 2 conditioning trainings focused on strength and endurance. The research was realized in these age categories: younger (n=40) and older juniors (n=38). To evaluate the level of motor abilities we selected 5 simply performed activities: bench press (explosive strength of upper extremities ), run for 8x5 metres (speed with change of direction), sit-ups for 2 minutes (power of abdominal muscles), standing long jump with legs together (explosive strength of lower extremities) and 12 minutes run (aerobic endurance). When following microcycle programme weekly, the results of motor test pointed out the positive influence of this programme on the development of strength and aerobic endurance (p≤0.05). In category of older juniors the performance in test of 12 minutes run has fallen significantly in comparison with the first testing (p≤0.05). The result of this study indicates the lack of recommended aerobic running practice in weekly microcycles of monitored teams.

Słowa kluczowe

  • handball
  • training level
  • strength abilities
  • endurance

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