The COVID-19 pandemic has made people face a crisis that remodelled all our life habits, changed economies and business models and has brought these changes into another phase. In the book presented below, experts in their field try to answer some of the questions regarding the future. The research aims to contribute to the new standard of sense about COVID-19 from an analytical perspective of different disciplines, to define and relate to the kinds of multi-disciplines which are able to provide users with the relationships of contextual services, to relate and analyse their dynamics and to react accordingly, in a seamless exchange of information during the pandemic to understand the complexities of the pandemic, beginning with information that is theoretically accessible from various viewpoints, through a multidisciplinary approach and in multiple contexts, both indoors and outdoors. Also, this book examined what will be the changes and transformations after COVID-19 too.

As a first, we can observed that fintech ecosystem will be exposed to serious structural changes and lead to the development of new business models, and one of the researchers’ studied financial institutions and markets before the pandemic and financial transformation after the pandemic, as well as a new financial concepts and regulations such as fintech, reg-tech, cryptocurrencies, artificial intelligence, blockchain, and their roles in the financial markets. The other one made a study covering the dates from early 2020 to June 30, 2020, and show , that it was determined that the stock markets with different dynamics in the crisis period acted as if they were a single market. High volatility in the financial markets is expected to continue in the near future as significant uncertainties regarding the pandemic and the economy remain. The next study shows that the process affected the whole world and caused the transformation of globalization through digitalization from the beginning of 2020 is evolving in a hugely different direction. The goal of this study is to define the process that has emerged especially with the COVID-19 pandemic and reshaping the whole world in terms of individual, society, institution and system dimensions and to evaluate it in the light of “The Great Reset” and with the theoretical basis of the “Senism” approach.

The authors also had a look at the German example, as during the COVID-19 pandemic, Germany did not face an overload of the healthcare system because of early testing and analyses and strictly executed measures including the three month long lockdown measures. However, the resulting economic problems led to a prevention paradox. Instead of satisfaction because of better situations compared with countries like the U.S., Brazil and Iran, the protest of citizens against still existing measures increased. The research analysed the medial function “Spotter of uncertain knowledge” and “Live Performer”, which were identified as new roles of scientists in public appearances during the COVID-19 crisis, and its impact on the prevention paradox. It could be found that the transparent communication of uncertain knowledge created trust in science, while certain live performances of research activities generated risk of misinterpretation. Reliable scientific processes were often misused by certain newspapers and social media to draw an image about unprofessional scientists where personal conflicts were foregrounded.

Another issue is that due to the COVID 19 pandemic, transportation between countries stopped and problems regarding supply started to arise. In this case, the economic problem in a country has started to turn into a global economic problem therefore, national and global macroeconomic problems cannot be overcome without ensuring the security of the supply chain. Also in recent years, the spread of microorganisms has increased significantly and started to seriously threaten public health. As a result, the scientists' search for new antimicrobial agents has increased studies on antimicrobial activities of nanoparticles. They continue to explore the risk factors for COVID-19, which is a serious threat to the world, which was first noticed in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. It has been stated with the current research of nanotechnology, it can also be used to fight this new corona virus. It has been emphasized that nanotechnology tools can play an important role in the diagnosis, treatment, and advancement of the vaccine development of COVID-19 infection.


The researchers also studied the usage of personal data in mobile applications and other technological tools during the COVID-19 pandemic and analysed it in the different countries, in terms of their privacy policies and data protection laws besides the traditional measures such as quarantine, social distance and social isolation, technological opportunities to prevent the spread of coronavirus in various countries. In most of these applications, personal data such as the health, location and contact information of the persons are stored to prevent the spread of the disease.

When we look at today's economies we can observe that the services sector rapidly increased its share of the economy, but talking about the services sector here, we have to consider not only the banking and finance sector, but also the small and medium-sized enterprises that dominate the whole economy. The result, while countries’ economic growth rates decrease, people suffered serious unemployment and income problems. These developments are not limited to certain economies and every country had to live through these problems. In one of the chapters the researchers presented how and to what extent the crisis situations such as pandemic affect the conditions of the world and especially in Turkey. The shortage of financial resources is one of the main challenges facing the deep rooted Turkish private sector. This concerns the economy as a whole and applies to public spending, as well. However, companies need to have access to adequate financial resources and accumulate capital to be able to have a well-functioning structure and keep up with a sustainable trend of growth. From this perspective, growth based on a planned effort, allocation of funds on regular bases, learning by doing (producing) and purchasing guarantee could be a new alternative for the defence industry, which is portrayed as a case of success in Turkey. This form of structure which is called industrial foundations, could be an alternative for Turkish companies to overcome challenges of financial resource shortages and have a well-functioning trend of growth.

As a result of the pandemic crisis, people sought for new answers. The chapters of this book contain valuable research and convey useful information. The changes in the management processes in general lead to a transformation in the organization models in line with the economic trends and changes in these management processes and organizational models arise from the need for businesses to adapt to economic developments faster, more dynamically and more effectively. It brings together organizational models suitable for digitalization, which emerged with the concept of New Economy. As a result of both the new economy and the pandemic process, it can be anticipated that the years 2020-2035 will be a phase in which hybrid organizational models will be developed, with a kind of mixed or more used expression, and then more permanent new types of management approaches and organizational models will appear.

The book is available here.

Print on demand caters extremely well for individuals, learned societies and institutions that require the option to order a physical book or journal alongside an electronic publication. It takes the guesswork out of how many copies should be produced as journal issues, books and conference proceedings are printed upon request.

Current technology allows academic publishers to print books and journals in smaller quantities with a short lead time. In the past, books were published in large quantities – if unsold they would be returned to the publisher, which would then have to stock them and eventually dispose of them.

Another problem was that some books went out of print and would not be re-published unless there was a big demand. Printing small batches would not be financially viable – a big issue for specialised academic books that have a small readership.


Pros of print on demand (POD)
A POD book or journal can be printed in a short time, compared to traditional publishing. It also takes less time to format it and get it ready for printing.

Costs for storage, handing, inventory and delivery decrease significantly. Books are never out of stock – a big bonus for older titles and rare editions. Traditional publishers have also embraced POD to deal with spikes in demand of special titles.

POD is perfect for niche publications – many academic fields are highly specialised and traditional publishing would be too costly. This is also relevant for limited editions and materials with a short sales life.

Academic societies that have embraced the lower production costs of electronic books and journals can still offer the choice of ordering a printed publication to their members.


Cons of print on demand (POD)
The unit cost for POD books and journals is often higher than that of traditional offset printing, where economies of scale are practised when a large number of copies are published. POD is therefore not suitable for high print runs.

Online versions are cheaper to purchase and for certain publications, there might be an option to buy individual chapters rather than a whole book. In many cases the paper stock for print-on-demand publication is heavier, resulting in higher postal costs.

Although many publishers have embraced POD, illustrated art books and jacketed hardcovers are still published using traditional methods, which offer higher quality control on colour photography and illustrations, more sizes, paper types and layouts to choose from.

POD: a sustainable option
Many academic publishers, including university presses, use print-on-demand services to maintain their backlists as it is more cost effective for their print runs. Big publishers might use print on demand to re-issue out-of-print titles or to test the market with unknown authors.

For academic institutions and learned societies, print on demand is the way forward as it offers an affordable preference to their readers, while addressing increasing financial challenges and shrinking budgets.

Overall, print on demand offers a greener alternative to traditional print publishing. It also unlocks the value chain in a sector where customers expect speed of delivery and there is growing demand for sustainable technologies and innovative solutions.

Sciendo offers competitive print-on-demand services for books and journals.

Prof. Arkadiusz Adamczyk publishing his latest book “János Esterházy. Politician, parliamentarian, martyr” had taken part in the discussion on the role of individuals in the societies’ life. Being an another voice in the debate, the book is also a story about the Count János Esterházy's life, son of a Hungarian and a Polish woman, "entangled" in five political systems. By his book, the author has undertaken a polemic with the present, full of emotions and simplifications, and narrative views on the Count's history through newly discovered sources and the prism of his contemporary times.

Choosing a journal to publish your research in can be time-consuming and even daunting, especially since most journals discourage multiple submissions in order to safeguard reviewers’ time. It is a common problem, no matter how experienced you are. While early-career researchers are unfamiliar with well-respected journals in their field, experienced scholars can become too comfortable with submitting to the same journals, thus omitting to find a wider audience for their work.

I started my University career, back in the eighties, teaching air pollution dispersion to undergraduate students. I found that there was not, at the time, any software available on the subject being easily understood by the students. In 1983 I developed such a computer program, first for the Apple Macintosh graphical environment, that was later translated through Visual Basic for the Windows environment. This was done through the course of several years, with the help of some of my most skillful students. I believe the software has capabilities not usually seen, e.g. powerful non-linear optimizers to find the location and value of the maximum concentration, either under real multisource dispersion or hypothetical critical conditions.

Sciendo’s journals use ScholarOne and Editorial Manager for online submissions of academic papers. Each journal has its own guidelines; these need to be read carefully before visiting the online submission portal. For instance, there might be length requirements for papers and abstracts, instructions on how to cite and format references, how to prepare documents for blind peer reviews, how to declare conflict of interest, funding and adherence to ethical policies, and many more.