Rivista e Edizione

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volume 15 (2022): Edizione 1 (May 2022)

Volume 14 (2021): Edizione 3 (December 2021)

Volume 14 (2021): Edizione 2 (September 2021)

Volume 14 (2021): Edizione 1 (May 2021)

Volume 13 (2020): Edizione 3 (December 2020)

Volume 13 (2020): Edizione 2 (September 2020)

Volume 13 (2020): Edizione 1 (May 2020)

Volume 12 (2019): Edizione 3 (December 2019)

Volume 12 (2019): Edizione 2 (September 2019)

Volume 12 (2019): Edizione 1 (May 2019)

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 3 (December 2018)

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 2 (November 2018)

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 1 (January 2018)

Volume 10 (2017): Edizione 3 (December 2017)

Volume 10 (2017): Edizione 2 (November 2017)

Volume 10 (2017): Edizione 1 (January 2017)

Volume 9 (2016): Edizione 3 (December 2016)

Volume 9 (2016): Edizione 2 (November 2016)

Volume 9 (2016): Edizione 1 (January 2016)

Volume 8 (2015): Edizione 3 (December 2015)

Volume 8 (2015): Edizione 2 (November 2015)

Volume 8 (2015): Edizione 1 (January 2015)

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 3 (December 2014)

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 2 (November 2014)

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 1 (January 2014)
MEDITERRANEAN LANDSCAPES, Guest Editors: Stefan Schindler and Linda Olsvig-Whittaker

Volume 6 (2013): Edizione 3 (December 2013)

Volume 6 (2013): Edizione 2 (December 2013)

Volume 6 (2013): Edizione 1 (January 2013)

Volume 5 (2012): Edizione 3 (December 2012)

Volume 5 (2012): Edizione 2 (November 2012)

Volume 5 (2012): Edizione 1 (January 2012)

Volume 4 (2011): Edizione 3 (August 2011)

Volume 4 (2011): Edizione 2 (April 2011)

Volume 4 (2011): Edizione 1 (January 2011)

Volume 3 (2010): Edizione 2 (December 2010)

Volume 3 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 2 (2009): Edizione 2 (December 2009)

Volume 2 (2009): Edizione 1 (June 2009)

Volume 1 (2008): Edizione 2 (December 2008)

Volume 1 (2008): Edizione 1 (June 2008)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1805-4196
Pubblicato per la prima volta
20 Jun 2008
Periodo di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 2 (November 2014)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1805-4196
Pubblicato per la prima volta
20 Jun 2008
Periodo di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

5 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Landscape Ecological Impact of Afforestation on the British Uplands and Some Initiatives to Restore Native Woodland Cover

Pubblicato online: 01 Nov 2014
Pagine: 5 - 24

Astratto

Abstract

The majority of forest cover in the British Uplands had been lost by the beginning of the Nineteenth Century, because of felling followed by overgrazing by sheep and deer. The situation remained unchanged until a government policy of afforestation, mainly by exotic conifers, after the First World War up to the present day. This paper analyses the distribution of these predominantly coniferous plantations, and shows how they occupy specific parts of upland landscapes in different zones throughout Britain Whilst some landscapes are dominated by these new forests, elsewhere the blocks of trees are more localised. Although these forests virtually eliminate native ground vegetation, except in rides and unplanted land, the major negative impacts are at the landscape level. For example, drainage systems are altered and ancient cultural landscape patterns are destroyed. These impacts are summarised and possible ways of amelioration are discussed. By contrast, in recent years, a series of projects have been set up to restore native forest cover, as opposed to the extensive plantations of exotic species. Accordingly, the paper then provides three examples of such initiatives designed to restore native forests to otherwise bare landscapes, as well as setting them into a policy context. Whilst such projects cover a limited proportion of the British Uplands they nevertheless restore forest to landscapes at a local level.

Parole chiave

  • plantation trends
  • exotic conifers
  • landscape pattern
  • biodiversity loss
  • native woodland restoration
Accesso libero

Forest Cover Changes and Land Use Dynamics in Oluwa Forest Reserve, Southwestern Nigeria

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 25 - 44

Astratto

Abstract

This study examined the extent of resource use and the level of degradation consequent upon land use. Three distinctive trends were observed in terms of forest and land cover dynamics. These are forest degradation, deforestation and regeneration. The paper integrated both, topographical map of 1969 and satellite imageries from Landsat MSS 1972, and Landsat TM 1991 and 2000 with ground truthing and socio-economic surveys to assess changes in forest resource use and land cover in South-western Nigeria. The satellite images were analysed using ILWIS software version 3.4. Based on ground truth data and remotely sensed data, the study area was classified into five categories using the supervised maximum likelihood classification technique. The accuracy assessment was carried out on the remotely sensed data. A total of 30 points for each dataset were selected for this operation and the overall accuracy of 90%, 86.7% and 85% respectively was obtained from the three image datasets. Results showed three dominant ecological communities in Oluwa Forest Reserve while two effects of changes on species were identified. The first was the replacement of what could be considered as the original species by other species tolerant to the ‘new’ ecosystem. The other was the reduction in the range of the original species that could be found. This was an indication that the area had been fragmented comparing to its original status. Results suggest that resource utilization and land cover change dynamically over time. The study also revealed that the creation of forest reserve to restrict local access and resource use would have been an effective tool for regulating encroachment and logging activities if there was an effective enforcement of regulation. It is therefore obvious that the main aim of environmental management should be the protection of the natural living space of humankind and integration of environmental scarcity in making decision on all economic issues and activities.

Parole chiave

  • Forest resources
  • land use
  • land covers
  • human activities
  • sustainability
Accesso libero

Status Identification and Prediction of Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong Wildlife Corridor of Assam, India, Using Geospatial Technology

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 45 - 58

Astratto

Abstract

In the present study, an attempt has been made to discover the impacts of various developmental activities on the Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong wildlife corridor of Assam, India, using geospatial technology; as well as to predict the future status of the wildlife corridor by using the Cellular Automata Markov Model. Due to various anthropogenic activities the condition of the natural corridor has deteriorated, and in recent years many wild animals have been killed by road traffic accidents; in particular, greater one-horned (Indian) rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) are killed indiscriminately by the poachers, having been deviated from their regular routes. Changes were evident during the two decades between 1990 and 2010, when a large number of dense forest areas were converted to open forest, combined with losses of areas of scrub and marshy land. The area under agriculture and plantation crop increased along with the grassland during the decades. It has been found that the forests in Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong corridor are fragmented, and the area within the corridor is shrinking. There is considerable increase in patchiness, proportion of edge, and a perforated reduction of core areas within the corridor. The predicted land use/cover map of Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong corridor shows expansion of agricultural land, as well as plantation areas. It is estimated that only 25.66 percent of the present dense forest and 20.72 percent of open forest will remain by 2030, while areas under agriculture and plantation will increase by 33.91 and 5.33 percent, respectively.

Parole chiave

  • Wildlife corridor
  • Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong
  • Forest fragmentation
  • Geospatial technology
Accesso libero

Evaluation of Parental Satisfaction of Children's Spaces Within High Rise Apartment Environments

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 59 - 72

Astratto

Abstract

In the design process of open spaces within residential apartments, little attention is paid to children and their attitude to the environment is often ignored. Children, especially those who live in high-rise apartments, were found to have less connection with nature. Children supposedly need to engage in physical activities within outdoor areas, but urban planners, with the approval of managers or parents, must adequately design the open space for children. This paper initially reviews different research in this area. It consequently attempts to evaluate parental satisfaction regarding children's connectivity to open spaces as a dependent variable, and their preferences and perception of safety as independent variables. The research method is based on a questionnaire survey addressed to 261 parents and adults, in two localities in Tehran, Iran. The result of this research shows that parental attitude to open space has an effect on children's outdoor activities. Moreover, parents with young children express lower satisfaction to open spaces than those adults without young children. Families with children need open spaces in residential high-rise apartments for their siblings’ physical activities, and the designers should consider such an important need.

Parole chiave

  • Children
  • Parents
  • Open Space
  • Satisfaction
  • High-Rise Apartments
Accesso libero

Local Community Versus Globalization Tendencies: Case Study of Czech Villages in Romanian Banat Region

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 73 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

The research question is the relationship between the local community and globalization tendencies and transformation or maintenance of local traditions. The research area is a specific locality of a Czech village in Romanian Banat. The local community has evolved in a relative isolation. Agriculture was the most important activity despite the fact that a mining factory was opened there. Agriculture was and in many features still is traditional, self-supplying, and hard-work. The life-style has always been environmentally friendly as it has been without modern technologies. Nevertheless, modernization exploded dramatically in these villages after 1989, when the communist policies collapsed along with Romania's isolation. People from the Czech Republic have rediscovered Romanian Banat and a rather busy (agro) tourism has developed there. The Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs supports development projects for making living conditions in the village better. Simultaneously, strong migration from Banat to the Czech Republic has started. People find living conditions in the Czech Republic easier and leave hard work, poverty and unemployment. It brings huge land cover changes because people who remain cannot use all arable land, which is thus abandoned and left for the natural process. One of the distinct manifestations of globalization tendencies is the build-up of wind power plants.

Parole chiave

  • Romania
  • Banat
  • traditional society
  • modernisation
  • globalization
5 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Landscape Ecological Impact of Afforestation on the British Uplands and Some Initiatives to Restore Native Woodland Cover

Pubblicato online: 01 Nov 2014
Pagine: 5 - 24

Astratto

Abstract

The majority of forest cover in the British Uplands had been lost by the beginning of the Nineteenth Century, because of felling followed by overgrazing by sheep and deer. The situation remained unchanged until a government policy of afforestation, mainly by exotic conifers, after the First World War up to the present day. This paper analyses the distribution of these predominantly coniferous plantations, and shows how they occupy specific parts of upland landscapes in different zones throughout Britain Whilst some landscapes are dominated by these new forests, elsewhere the blocks of trees are more localised. Although these forests virtually eliminate native ground vegetation, except in rides and unplanted land, the major negative impacts are at the landscape level. For example, drainage systems are altered and ancient cultural landscape patterns are destroyed. These impacts are summarised and possible ways of amelioration are discussed. By contrast, in recent years, a series of projects have been set up to restore native forest cover, as opposed to the extensive plantations of exotic species. Accordingly, the paper then provides three examples of such initiatives designed to restore native forests to otherwise bare landscapes, as well as setting them into a policy context. Whilst such projects cover a limited proportion of the British Uplands they nevertheless restore forest to landscapes at a local level.

Parole chiave

  • plantation trends
  • exotic conifers
  • landscape pattern
  • biodiversity loss
  • native woodland restoration
Accesso libero

Forest Cover Changes and Land Use Dynamics in Oluwa Forest Reserve, Southwestern Nigeria

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 25 - 44

Astratto

Abstract

This study examined the extent of resource use and the level of degradation consequent upon land use. Three distinctive trends were observed in terms of forest and land cover dynamics. These are forest degradation, deforestation and regeneration. The paper integrated both, topographical map of 1969 and satellite imageries from Landsat MSS 1972, and Landsat TM 1991 and 2000 with ground truthing and socio-economic surveys to assess changes in forest resource use and land cover in South-western Nigeria. The satellite images were analysed using ILWIS software version 3.4. Based on ground truth data and remotely sensed data, the study area was classified into five categories using the supervised maximum likelihood classification technique. The accuracy assessment was carried out on the remotely sensed data. A total of 30 points for each dataset were selected for this operation and the overall accuracy of 90%, 86.7% and 85% respectively was obtained from the three image datasets. Results showed three dominant ecological communities in Oluwa Forest Reserve while two effects of changes on species were identified. The first was the replacement of what could be considered as the original species by other species tolerant to the ‘new’ ecosystem. The other was the reduction in the range of the original species that could be found. This was an indication that the area had been fragmented comparing to its original status. Results suggest that resource utilization and land cover change dynamically over time. The study also revealed that the creation of forest reserve to restrict local access and resource use would have been an effective tool for regulating encroachment and logging activities if there was an effective enforcement of regulation. It is therefore obvious that the main aim of environmental management should be the protection of the natural living space of humankind and integration of environmental scarcity in making decision on all economic issues and activities.

Parole chiave

  • Forest resources
  • land use
  • land covers
  • human activities
  • sustainability
Accesso libero

Status Identification and Prediction of Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong Wildlife Corridor of Assam, India, Using Geospatial Technology

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 45 - 58

Astratto

Abstract

In the present study, an attempt has been made to discover the impacts of various developmental activities on the Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong wildlife corridor of Assam, India, using geospatial technology; as well as to predict the future status of the wildlife corridor by using the Cellular Automata Markov Model. Due to various anthropogenic activities the condition of the natural corridor has deteriorated, and in recent years many wild animals have been killed by road traffic accidents; in particular, greater one-horned (Indian) rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) are killed indiscriminately by the poachers, having been deviated from their regular routes. Changes were evident during the two decades between 1990 and 2010, when a large number of dense forest areas were converted to open forest, combined with losses of areas of scrub and marshy land. The area under agriculture and plantation crop increased along with the grassland during the decades. It has been found that the forests in Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong corridor are fragmented, and the area within the corridor is shrinking. There is considerable increase in patchiness, proportion of edge, and a perforated reduction of core areas within the corridor. The predicted land use/cover map of Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong corridor shows expansion of agricultural land, as well as plantation areas. It is estimated that only 25.66 percent of the present dense forest and 20.72 percent of open forest will remain by 2030, while areas under agriculture and plantation will increase by 33.91 and 5.33 percent, respectively.

Parole chiave

  • Wildlife corridor
  • Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong
  • Forest fragmentation
  • Geospatial technology
Accesso libero

Evaluation of Parental Satisfaction of Children's Spaces Within High Rise Apartment Environments

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 59 - 72

Astratto

Abstract

In the design process of open spaces within residential apartments, little attention is paid to children and their attitude to the environment is often ignored. Children, especially those who live in high-rise apartments, were found to have less connection with nature. Children supposedly need to engage in physical activities within outdoor areas, but urban planners, with the approval of managers or parents, must adequately design the open space for children. This paper initially reviews different research in this area. It consequently attempts to evaluate parental satisfaction regarding children's connectivity to open spaces as a dependent variable, and their preferences and perception of safety as independent variables. The research method is based on a questionnaire survey addressed to 261 parents and adults, in two localities in Tehran, Iran. The result of this research shows that parental attitude to open space has an effect on children's outdoor activities. Moreover, parents with young children express lower satisfaction to open spaces than those adults without young children. Families with children need open spaces in residential high-rise apartments for their siblings’ physical activities, and the designers should consider such an important need.

Parole chiave

  • Children
  • Parents
  • Open Space
  • Satisfaction
  • High-Rise Apartments
Accesso libero

Local Community Versus Globalization Tendencies: Case Study of Czech Villages in Romanian Banat Region

Pubblicato online: 20 Nov 2014
Pagine: 73 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

The research question is the relationship between the local community and globalization tendencies and transformation or maintenance of local traditions. The research area is a specific locality of a Czech village in Romanian Banat. The local community has evolved in a relative isolation. Agriculture was the most important activity despite the fact that a mining factory was opened there. Agriculture was and in many features still is traditional, self-supplying, and hard-work. The life-style has always been environmentally friendly as it has been without modern technologies. Nevertheless, modernization exploded dramatically in these villages after 1989, when the communist policies collapsed along with Romania's isolation. People from the Czech Republic have rediscovered Romanian Banat and a rather busy (agro) tourism has developed there. The Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs supports development projects for making living conditions in the village better. Simultaneously, strong migration from Banat to the Czech Republic has started. People find living conditions in the Czech Republic easier and leave hard work, poverty and unemployment. It brings huge land cover changes because people who remain cannot use all arable land, which is thus abandoned and left for the natural process. One of the distinct manifestations of globalization tendencies is the build-up of wind power plants.

Parole chiave

  • Romania
  • Banat
  • traditional society
  • modernisation
  • globalization

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