Rivista e Edizione

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volume 15 (2022): Edizione 1 (May 2022)

Volume 14 (2021): Edizione 3 (December 2021)

Volume 14 (2021): Edizione 2 (September 2021)

Volume 14 (2021): Edizione 1 (May 2021)

Volume 13 (2020): Edizione 3 (December 2020)

Volume 13 (2020): Edizione 2 (September 2020)

Volume 13 (2020): Edizione 1 (May 2020)

Volume 12 (2019): Edizione 3 (December 2019)

Volume 12 (2019): Edizione 2 (September 2019)

Volume 12 (2019): Edizione 1 (May 2019)

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 3 (December 2018)

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 2 (November 2018)

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 1 (January 2018)

Volume 10 (2017): Edizione 3 (December 2017)

Volume 10 (2017): Edizione 2 (November 2017)

Volume 10 (2017): Edizione 1 (January 2017)

Volume 9 (2016): Edizione 3 (December 2016)

Volume 9 (2016): Edizione 2 (November 2016)

Volume 9 (2016): Edizione 1 (January 2016)

Volume 8 (2015): Edizione 3 (December 2015)

Volume 8 (2015): Edizione 2 (November 2015)

Volume 8 (2015): Edizione 1 (January 2015)

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 3 (December 2014)

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 2 (November 2014)

Volume 7 (2014): Edizione 1 (January 2014)
MEDITERRANEAN LANDSCAPES, Guest Editors: Stefan Schindler and Linda Olsvig-Whittaker

Volume 6 (2013): Edizione 3 (December 2013)

Volume 6 (2013): Edizione 2 (December 2013)

Volume 6 (2013): Edizione 1 (January 2013)

Volume 5 (2012): Edizione 3 (December 2012)

Volume 5 (2012): Edizione 2 (November 2012)

Volume 5 (2012): Edizione 1 (January 2012)

Volume 4 (2011): Edizione 3 (August 2011)

Volume 4 (2011): Edizione 2 (April 2011)

Volume 4 (2011): Edizione 1 (January 2011)

Volume 3 (2010): Edizione 2 (December 2010)

Volume 3 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 2 (2009): Edizione 2 (December 2009)

Volume 2 (2009): Edizione 1 (June 2009)

Volume 1 (2008): Edizione 2 (December 2008)

Volume 1 (2008): Edizione 1 (June 2008)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1805-4196
Pubblicato per la prima volta
20 Jun 2008
Periodo di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 11 (2018): Edizione 2 (November 2018)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1805-4196
Pubblicato per la prima volta
20 Jun 2008
Periodo di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

5 Articoli
Accesso libero

Multiscale Fourier Landscape Pattern Indices For Landscape Ecology

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 5 - 30

Astratto

Abstract

A factor analysis of 67 landscape pattern metrics was performed to quantify the ability of landscape pattern metrics to explain land cover pattern, and to report individual landscape pattern metric values that are statistically independent. This land cover pattern is measured from 7.68 x 7.68 [km] GeoTiff image tiles of the conterminous United States Geological Survey (USGS) 1992 National Land Cover Dataset (NCLD). Using factor analysis to rank independent landscape pattern information, each landscape pattern metric produces the explanatory power of that landscape pattern metric amongst the other 66 landscape pattern metrics—any landscape pattern metrics that report similar values contribute redundant information. The metrics that contribute the most information are Jackson’s Contagion statistic (P005), typically contributing to 97 % of the explained variability; the Fourier Metric of Fragmentation (FMF), typically contributing to 65 % of the explained variability; and average LCLU class lacunarity (TLAC), typically contributing to 62 % of the explained variability. Two other Fourier-based landscape pattern metrics we tested, the Least Squares Fourier Transform Fractal Dimension Estimation (LsFT) and the Fourier Metric of Proportion (FMP), contributed 50 % and 12 % to the explained variability, respectively. In addition, the values reported by each of the Fourier metrics are revealed to be relatively independent amongst commonly used landscape pattern metrics and are thus demonstrated to be appropriate for explaining general landscape pattern variability.

Parole chiave

  • Fourier
  • Landscape Pattern Metric
  • Factor Analysis
  • NLCD
Accesso libero

Retrospective Analysis of Land Use Land Cover Dynamics Using GIS and Remote sensing in Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 31 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

Assessing and quantifying the current forest resources status underpins sustainable forest resources planning and management. To this end, this study was conducted to analyze the dynamics of land use cover change (LUCC) and explore their drivers at the central highlands of Dry Afromontane Chilimo-Gaji forest for the study period (1973-2015) under consideration. The result of the study indicated that landscape trends have occurred in Chilimo-Gaji forest over the last 43 years and five classes of LUCC namely shrub land, rural settlement, bare land and road, forest land and agricultural land were identified. The most commonly reported drivers of deforestation in the study area were expansion of agricultural land, rural settlements, population growth, insecurity of the tenure and rights over the land, timber production and fuel wood collection. Surprisingly, the increasing demand for agricultural land and human settlement for increasing human population underpinned by expansion of agricultural activities led to the clearing of forest land in the study area. The study reveals that the forest land cover type has lost 922.14 hectares (26.96 %) which were changed into other land cover types such as agriculture and settlement for the study period under consideration with an annually rate of 21.45 ha. However, deforestation rates showed declining trend between the time periods 2008-2015 as a result of introduction of Participatory Forest Management (PFM) schemes (1996) which involve the local community in management and sharing of the benefit obtained from the management. In order to promote sustainable forest resources management in the study area in the years to come, integrated land use planning and management and addressing key drivers of deforestation were recommended.

Parole chiave

  • Chilimo-Gaji
  • Land Use Land Cover
  • Oromia
  • Participatory Forest Management
  • Retrospective
Accesso libero

Continuity and Extinction of Agricultural Land in the Sudetes - A Case Study in the Landscape of Highlands and Mountains

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 53 - 66

Astratto

Abstract

The Sudetenland has undergone a dramatic development in Czechia. Above all, the frontier regions of the then Czechoslovakia lost due to the decision on the displacement of the Sudeten Germans in 1945 almost 3 million native inhabitants, who left their settlement areas in several waves by 1947. This change affected up to 3 million hectares of agricultural land that became the state property. This had in many places eliminated the traditional way of farming and the disruption of ownership relations consequently led to the breaking of relations in the landscape. This case study focuses on the comparison of the development of the agricultural landscape of 4 selected cadastral areas on the border of Krkonoše and Jizera Mountains from the post-war period to the present. Selected areas of interest are pairs of comparable cadastres from areas affected by the displacement of the local German population and areas with a permanent population structure. This four sites covering a total area of 4052 ha were studied in Cool Landscape of Highlands and the Moderately Cold Landscape of Mountains. Historical and contemporary land-cover information was provided by aerial photographic images from 1953/1954 and aerial orto-photos from 1998 and 2015/2016. The results have shown that on all four of the areas there was a noticeable increase in forests on former agricultural land. However, the monitored areas differ in the continuity of agricultural land. Continuous agricultural land represents, in both areas affected by post-war displacement, approximately 55 % of the original agricultural land. Areas with a well-preserved population structure, on the other hand, show an overall continuity of agricultural land on about 71 % of the former area of agricultural land.

Parole chiave

  • Land cover change
  • Land use change
  • Analysis of historical ortophoto
  • Change trajectories
  • Sudetes
  • Depopulated areas
Accesso libero

Analysis for Mapping of Built-Up Area Using Remotely Sensed Indices – A Case Study of Rajarhat Block in Barasat Sadar Sub-Division in West Bengal (India)

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 67 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

Present study investigated mapping and monitoring urban land areas from Landsat8 satellite data using remotely sensed indices. The normalized difference built-up index (NDBI), Enhanced Built-Up and Bareness Index (EBBI), Index-based built-up index (IBI), urban index (UI), normalized difference bareness index (NDBaI) were used to extract the built-up area. The NDBI was more effective at discriminating built-up areas and at increasing accuracy (overall accuracy of 76.45 % and kappa accuracy of 57 %) of the built-up density percentage than other remotely sensed indices. Evidence on built-up area change geographically would permit urban planner and decision makers to comprehend and appraise urban growth pattern in regards to land cover dynamics.

Parole chiave

  • Remotely sensed indices
  • Built-up
  • land use dynamics
Accesso libero

Cultural Landscape: A Bridge Between Deforestation and Local Community?

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 77 - 87

Astratto

Abstract

Deforestation is a serious threat to areas with large forest resources. Indonesia as a tropical country has a vast forest in every region. Weak supervision leads to more deforestation cases being carried out by local communities, with negative consequences that directly lead to the local community. The involvement of local communities in managing forests is absolutely necessary. The study in this paper shows that local people have learned hard from the consequences of deforestation, and then learned to live harmoniously with nature in their local wisdom. Based on the results of the study shows that: (1) deforestation gives little benefit and is temporary compared to the prolonged negative impacts in the form of drought disaster, and on the other hand, (2) deforestation is a driving force in the creation of cultural landscape that makes people in Selat Village, Buleleng Regency, Bali Province is able to live harmoniously with the God’s, human and with the environment.

Parole chiave

  • Deforestation
  • Local Community
  • Cultural Landscape
  • Local Wisdom
5 Articoli
Accesso libero

Multiscale Fourier Landscape Pattern Indices For Landscape Ecology

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 5 - 30

Astratto

Abstract

A factor analysis of 67 landscape pattern metrics was performed to quantify the ability of landscape pattern metrics to explain land cover pattern, and to report individual landscape pattern metric values that are statistically independent. This land cover pattern is measured from 7.68 x 7.68 [km] GeoTiff image tiles of the conterminous United States Geological Survey (USGS) 1992 National Land Cover Dataset (NCLD). Using factor analysis to rank independent landscape pattern information, each landscape pattern metric produces the explanatory power of that landscape pattern metric amongst the other 66 landscape pattern metrics—any landscape pattern metrics that report similar values contribute redundant information. The metrics that contribute the most information are Jackson’s Contagion statistic (P005), typically contributing to 97 % of the explained variability; the Fourier Metric of Fragmentation (FMF), typically contributing to 65 % of the explained variability; and average LCLU class lacunarity (TLAC), typically contributing to 62 % of the explained variability. Two other Fourier-based landscape pattern metrics we tested, the Least Squares Fourier Transform Fractal Dimension Estimation (LsFT) and the Fourier Metric of Proportion (FMP), contributed 50 % and 12 % to the explained variability, respectively. In addition, the values reported by each of the Fourier metrics are revealed to be relatively independent amongst commonly used landscape pattern metrics and are thus demonstrated to be appropriate for explaining general landscape pattern variability.

Parole chiave

  • Fourier
  • Landscape Pattern Metric
  • Factor Analysis
  • NLCD
Accesso libero

Retrospective Analysis of Land Use Land Cover Dynamics Using GIS and Remote sensing in Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 31 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

Assessing and quantifying the current forest resources status underpins sustainable forest resources planning and management. To this end, this study was conducted to analyze the dynamics of land use cover change (LUCC) and explore their drivers at the central highlands of Dry Afromontane Chilimo-Gaji forest for the study period (1973-2015) under consideration. The result of the study indicated that landscape trends have occurred in Chilimo-Gaji forest over the last 43 years and five classes of LUCC namely shrub land, rural settlement, bare land and road, forest land and agricultural land were identified. The most commonly reported drivers of deforestation in the study area were expansion of agricultural land, rural settlements, population growth, insecurity of the tenure and rights over the land, timber production and fuel wood collection. Surprisingly, the increasing demand for agricultural land and human settlement for increasing human population underpinned by expansion of agricultural activities led to the clearing of forest land in the study area. The study reveals that the forest land cover type has lost 922.14 hectares (26.96 %) which were changed into other land cover types such as agriculture and settlement for the study period under consideration with an annually rate of 21.45 ha. However, deforestation rates showed declining trend between the time periods 2008-2015 as a result of introduction of Participatory Forest Management (PFM) schemes (1996) which involve the local community in management and sharing of the benefit obtained from the management. In order to promote sustainable forest resources management in the study area in the years to come, integrated land use planning and management and addressing key drivers of deforestation were recommended.

Parole chiave

  • Chilimo-Gaji
  • Land Use Land Cover
  • Oromia
  • Participatory Forest Management
  • Retrospective
Accesso libero

Continuity and Extinction of Agricultural Land in the Sudetes - A Case Study in the Landscape of Highlands and Mountains

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 53 - 66

Astratto

Abstract

The Sudetenland has undergone a dramatic development in Czechia. Above all, the frontier regions of the then Czechoslovakia lost due to the decision on the displacement of the Sudeten Germans in 1945 almost 3 million native inhabitants, who left their settlement areas in several waves by 1947. This change affected up to 3 million hectares of agricultural land that became the state property. This had in many places eliminated the traditional way of farming and the disruption of ownership relations consequently led to the breaking of relations in the landscape. This case study focuses on the comparison of the development of the agricultural landscape of 4 selected cadastral areas on the border of Krkonoše and Jizera Mountains from the post-war period to the present. Selected areas of interest are pairs of comparable cadastres from areas affected by the displacement of the local German population and areas with a permanent population structure. This four sites covering a total area of 4052 ha were studied in Cool Landscape of Highlands and the Moderately Cold Landscape of Mountains. Historical and contemporary land-cover information was provided by aerial photographic images from 1953/1954 and aerial orto-photos from 1998 and 2015/2016. The results have shown that on all four of the areas there was a noticeable increase in forests on former agricultural land. However, the monitored areas differ in the continuity of agricultural land. Continuous agricultural land represents, in both areas affected by post-war displacement, approximately 55 % of the original agricultural land. Areas with a well-preserved population structure, on the other hand, show an overall continuity of agricultural land on about 71 % of the former area of agricultural land.

Parole chiave

  • Land cover change
  • Land use change
  • Analysis of historical ortophoto
  • Change trajectories
  • Sudetes
  • Depopulated areas
Accesso libero

Analysis for Mapping of Built-Up Area Using Remotely Sensed Indices – A Case Study of Rajarhat Block in Barasat Sadar Sub-Division in West Bengal (India)

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 67 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

Present study investigated mapping and monitoring urban land areas from Landsat8 satellite data using remotely sensed indices. The normalized difference built-up index (NDBI), Enhanced Built-Up and Bareness Index (EBBI), Index-based built-up index (IBI), urban index (UI), normalized difference bareness index (NDBaI) were used to extract the built-up area. The NDBI was more effective at discriminating built-up areas and at increasing accuracy (overall accuracy of 76.45 % and kappa accuracy of 57 %) of the built-up density percentage than other remotely sensed indices. Evidence on built-up area change geographically would permit urban planner and decision makers to comprehend and appraise urban growth pattern in regards to land cover dynamics.

Parole chiave

  • Remotely sensed indices
  • Built-up
  • land use dynamics
Accesso libero

Cultural Landscape: A Bridge Between Deforestation and Local Community?

Pubblicato online: 21 Nov 2018
Pagine: 77 - 87

Astratto

Abstract

Deforestation is a serious threat to areas with large forest resources. Indonesia as a tropical country has a vast forest in every region. Weak supervision leads to more deforestation cases being carried out by local communities, with negative consequences that directly lead to the local community. The involvement of local communities in managing forests is absolutely necessary. The study in this paper shows that local people have learned hard from the consequences of deforestation, and then learned to live harmoniously with nature in their local wisdom. Based on the results of the study shows that: (1) deforestation gives little benefit and is temporary compared to the prolonged negative impacts in the form of drought disaster, and on the other hand, (2) deforestation is a driving force in the creation of cultural landscape that makes people in Selat Village, Buleleng Regency, Bali Province is able to live harmoniously with the God’s, human and with the environment.

Parole chiave

  • Deforestation
  • Local Community
  • Cultural Landscape
  • Local Wisdom

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