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Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 4 (December 2020)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 3 (September 2020)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 2 (June 2020)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 4 (December 2019)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 3 (September 2019)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 2 (June 2019)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 1 (March 2019)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 4 (December 2018)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 3 (September 2018)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 2 (June 2018)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 4 (December 2017)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 3 (September 2017)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 2 (June 2017)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 4 (December 2016)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 3 (September 2016)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 2 (June 2016)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 4 (December 2015)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 3 (September 2015)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 2 (June 2015)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2658-2430
Pubblicato per la prima volta
30 Mar 2015
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 2 (June 2015)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2658-2430
Pubblicato per la prima volta
30 Mar 2015
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

9 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Impact of Owner-Occupied Property Valuation by Historical Cost on Fixed Assets Value at Bankruptcy Risk

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 3 - 23

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the findings of the author’s own studies on the influence of owner-occupied property valuation by historical cost on fixed assets value of entities at risk of bankruptcy.

Methodology: As part of the implementation of the study, objective desk research was carried out. Empirical research was carried out on a group of 100 companies on which the courts had declared bankruptcy. The study sample constituted 14% of all bankruptcy cases in 2011 and was a significant representation of the national phenomenon.

Findings: The findings indicated that historical cost values of owner-occupied properties in most cases are significantly lower that estimated fair value when business activities continuation is threatened. The historical cost valuation also does not provide useful information about the market value of property, plant and equipment of entities at risk of bankruptcy that do not possess real estate.

Research limitations/implications: Information about market value of fixed assets of entities at risk of bankruptcy is essential in making the decision to begin bankruptcy proceedings and estimating the ability to repay debts to creditors.

Originality/value: The results are a part of the author’s own study concerning assets valuation when business activities continuation is threatened. The results emphasize the role of fair value estimation of property, plant and equipment when an entity is at risk of bankruptcy

Parole chiave

  • historical cost
  • real estate
  • valuation
  • bankruptcy
  • fixed assets
access type Accesso libero

Factors Influencing Effectiveness of Internal Communication

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 24 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to answer the question: “What are the most common factors influencing effectiveness of internal communications faced by Polish organizations?” This article discusses the role of internal communications practices leading to enhancement of organizational performance. In particular, it concentrates on factors impeding the flow of information inside the organization. Later on, the article presents empirical findings.

Methodology: Contemporary public relations, internal communications and employee communications texts have been reviewed to identify how internal communications is defined in literature and how it influences organization success. Relevant existing research was reviewed and primary research was conducted. The latter consisted of 29 in-depth interviews with employees from various Polish organizations.

Results/findings: The article presents interesting results that can be especially useful for internal communications specialists and managers. It is recommended that to gain a fuller picture of the issues underlying the findings, quantitative research with relevant employees should be undertaken

Parole chiave

  • internal communications
  • internal PR
  • organizational communication
access type Accesso libero

Postcolonial Sub-Saharan State and Contemporary General Business Environment. Selected Issues

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 39 - 57

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The paper presents the results of a qualitative analysis of selected aspects of general business environment. The author strives to answer the following question formulated in the context of postcolonial deliberations: has the general business environment been affected by European colonialism?

Methodology: Semantic and semiotic analysis of primary sources (statistical data and research findings formulated by international organisations, such as the World Bank, OECD, UNIDO) and secondary sources (scientific and research studies of Polish and foreign authors based on primary sources); literature review.

Findings: In the postcolonial perspective, qualitative analysis shows neither a positive nor a negative impact of colonialism on the contemporary general business environment. If certain signs of its deterioration are observed, they are mostly due to the erosion of state capacity, whose origins can be traced back to the Berlin Conference.

Originality: Papers on Postcolonial Management and Critical Management Studies (CMS) bridge the gap in literature pertaining to management issues, especially in Poland. Due to their interdisciplinary nature, Postcolonial Management and CMS cover a broad range of research areas (i.e. theory of state and nation, sociology, economic history). They pertain to both economics an management, and are therefore difficult to classify

Parole chiave

  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • general business environment
  • postcolonial state
  • family-run Micro
  • Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
access type Accesso libero

Towards Better Regulations – The Role of Regulatory Impact Assessment in Modern State Lawmaking Systems

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 58 - 60

Astratto

access type Accesso libero

Towards Behaviorally Informed Public Interventions

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 61 - 91

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: This article informs readers about the theoretical and practical origins of the behaviorally informed interventions (BIPI), analyzes examples of the BIPI from different policy sectors and strategies they offer for policy and regulatory design, and discusses applications and implications of BIPI for public interventions

Methodology: This paper is based on a review of literature, as well as an inspection of administrative practices in OECD countries. It encompasses a systematic analysis of scientific papers from the SCOPUS database and a query carried out at the library of George Washington University.

Findings: The traditional approach to public policy research is based on rational choice theory. It offers limited support, because by assuming perfect rationality of policy decisions, it overlooks existence of systematic errors and biases of human decision-making. The authors argue that behaviorally informed public interventions (BIPI) might contribute to improving the effectiveness of a number of public measures - regulation, projects, programs, and even entire policies.

Practical implications: The behavioral approach allows decision-makers to better understand the decisions and behaviors of citizens, as well as to design more effective interventions with minimum effort by adapting the existing solutions to real decision mechanisms of citizens.

Originality: By combining the concepts of traditional approach with the growing behavioral approach, the authors aim to propose a new theoretical framework (BIPI) to be used as a tool for policy design, delivery and evaluation

Parole chiave

  • heuristics
  • biases
  • behaviorally informed interventions
  • NUDGE
  • THINK
  • STEER
  • MINDSPACE
  • public policy design
  • public policy evaluation
access type Accesso libero

Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) and Rationality of Law – Legal Aspects

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 92 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The fundamental aim of this article is to verify an assumption according to which the proper Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) is a key factor in the rationality of law. Rational law is a law which is effective and able to realize and achieve social, economic and environmental aims determined and established by the lawmaker.

Methodology: The scope of this paper - which determines its structure - encompasses the definition of RIA, including its specific (but non-legal) forms such as benchmarking and evaluation. As far as we are concerned, these methods can provide - as a kind of Regulatory Impact Assessment - a significant tool for measuring the rationality of regulations. Furthermore, the usefulness of benchmarking and evaluation has been recognised by representatives of jurisprudence. We will also explain the concept and the assumptions of the rationality of law on the grounds and in the light of the case law of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal and the Supreme Administrative Court. This should allow to countercheck the main thesis of this paper. The methodology encompasses primary legal methods such as literature, case law and legislation analysis.

Findings: An indispensable condition of the rationality of law is actual elimination of irrational regulations which were not subjected to the Regulatory Impact Assessment.

Practical implications: Although RIA is a problematic issue (in terms of its practical application), it is necessary to carry it out in order to assure the rationality of law. A good and desirable complement to Regulatory Impact Assessment are non-legal methods such as benchmarking and evaluation.

Originality: Originality and value of this survey lies in taking into account the case law of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal and the Supreme Administrative Court. Additionally, this paper is original in that it considers non-legal methods in the examination of the rationality of law

Parole chiave

  • regulatory impact assessment
  • rationality
  • law
  • benchmarking
  • evaluation
access type Accesso libero

Regulatory Impact Analysis Practice in New Zealand in the Light of Models of Evaluation Use – Inspiration for the Polish Government

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 109 - 128

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The paper describes the functioning of the RIA system in New Zealand using the analogy of RIA and the evaluation of public interventions. Presented solutions can provide inspiration for the Polish government in the process of improving the quality and extent of the use of RIA.

Methodology: The analysis is based on a review of government documents and literature, as well as individual interviews and correspondence with representatives of the government of NZ.

Conclusions: The RIA system in NZ is not error-free and its shortcomings include inter alia the lack of solutions with respect to ex-post analysis and insufficiently rigorous methodological approach. At the same time, a number of solutions can be regarded as good practice, e.g.: regular external quality reviews of RIS, obligation to supplement each RIS with ‘quality assessment’ and a ‘disclosure statement’ outlining their credibility and utility.

Practical implications: The presented strengths of the RIA system in NZ may serve as an inspiration for modifying the RIA system in Poland.

Originality: The RIA system is presented through the prism of the model of evaluation use, which is a related tool of collecting information about non-regulatory interventions

Parole chiave

  • regulatory impact assessment
  • regulatory impact analysis
  • use of evaluation
  • New Zealand
access type Accesso libero

The Lithuanian Government’s Policy of Regulatory Impact Assessment

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 129 - 146

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: This paper critically evaluates the development of the impact assessment instrument in Lithuania’s public administration and suggests improvements to its impact assessment system.

Research question: What interesting conceptual imperatives have appeared in Lithuania’s investigation of the impact of regulatory policy?

Methodology: This research study uses positivist methodology to analyse the problems that researchers have identified in Lithuania’s impact assessment. This investigation explains why certain problems have appeared, what has changed and what system changes can be identified traced. The study proceeds as follows. First, the research on impact assessment carried out in Lithuania is analysed. Second, regulations on impact assessment in Lithuania are investigated. A substitute for non-existent integrated theory is emphased by the logical structure of the EU administrative system imperatives, principles, and norms, whose modifications have become the basis of impact assessment system design in Lithuania. The present research combines, integrates and consolidates the theoretical and practical information on impact assessment into an explanatory scheme, which could be developed into a model in the future. Information from two qualitative interviews conducted in 2009 and 2010 was also used.

Conclusions: The present research reveals that Lithuania’s regulatory impact assessment model is still being constructed and reconstructed towards evidence-based management. A model which revises the old impact stereotype has been designed, based on contemporary methodologies (cost- -benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses), consultations with the interested parties, a small but exhaustive legal initiatives impact assessment, and a centralised and institutional coordination of impact assessment.

Practical consequences: The present research presents the issues which could be useful for the states that are starting to implement a regulatory impact assessment model. This study described the pitfalls to avoid in order to implement a successful evidence-based management initiative.

Originality: In the present research, regulatory impact assessment is emphased as an assessment model and normative of the EU administration effectiveness and optimality, which can be used as a good-practice example for the modernisation of administrative activities in Central and Eastern Europe to the level their European counterparts

Parole chiave

  • regulatory impact assessment
  • Lithuania
  • cost benefit analysis
  • public administration
  • public sector
access type Accesso libero

Evidence-Based Policy Making and the Implementation of Regulatory Impact Assessment in Croatia

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 147 - 162

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: This study is dealing with the application of evidence-based policy-making in Croatian public administration and the general role of applied policy analysis in the Croatian system of governance.

Methodology: This development is illustrated by the peculiarities of introducing regulatory impact assessment (RIA) tools in Croatian public administrative structures.

Findings: The author is pointing out various limitations in the usage of policy analysis tools in formulating, implementing and evaluating public policies in Croatia. The crucial role of RIA for enhancing executive capacity of governance structures is particularly stressed in the study. The final part of the article is devoted to the prospects of further development of RIA as an applied policy analysis tool within the Croatian system of governance

Parole chiave

  • evidence-based policy making
  • regulatory impact assessment (RIA)
  • applied policy analysis
  • governance
  • strategic planning
  • policy coordination
9 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Impact of Owner-Occupied Property Valuation by Historical Cost on Fixed Assets Value at Bankruptcy Risk

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 3 - 23

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the findings of the author’s own studies on the influence of owner-occupied property valuation by historical cost on fixed assets value of entities at risk of bankruptcy.

Methodology: As part of the implementation of the study, objective desk research was carried out. Empirical research was carried out on a group of 100 companies on which the courts had declared bankruptcy. The study sample constituted 14% of all bankruptcy cases in 2011 and was a significant representation of the national phenomenon.

Findings: The findings indicated that historical cost values of owner-occupied properties in most cases are significantly lower that estimated fair value when business activities continuation is threatened. The historical cost valuation also does not provide useful information about the market value of property, plant and equipment of entities at risk of bankruptcy that do not possess real estate.

Research limitations/implications: Information about market value of fixed assets of entities at risk of bankruptcy is essential in making the decision to begin bankruptcy proceedings and estimating the ability to repay debts to creditors.

Originality/value: The results are a part of the author’s own study concerning assets valuation when business activities continuation is threatened. The results emphasize the role of fair value estimation of property, plant and equipment when an entity is at risk of bankruptcy

Parole chiave

  • historical cost
  • real estate
  • valuation
  • bankruptcy
  • fixed assets
access type Accesso libero

Factors Influencing Effectiveness of Internal Communication

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 24 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to answer the question: “What are the most common factors influencing effectiveness of internal communications faced by Polish organizations?” This article discusses the role of internal communications practices leading to enhancement of organizational performance. In particular, it concentrates on factors impeding the flow of information inside the organization. Later on, the article presents empirical findings.

Methodology: Contemporary public relations, internal communications and employee communications texts have been reviewed to identify how internal communications is defined in literature and how it influences organization success. Relevant existing research was reviewed and primary research was conducted. The latter consisted of 29 in-depth interviews with employees from various Polish organizations.

Results/findings: The article presents interesting results that can be especially useful for internal communications specialists and managers. It is recommended that to gain a fuller picture of the issues underlying the findings, quantitative research with relevant employees should be undertaken

Parole chiave

  • internal communications
  • internal PR
  • organizational communication
access type Accesso libero

Postcolonial Sub-Saharan State and Contemporary General Business Environment. Selected Issues

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 39 - 57

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The paper presents the results of a qualitative analysis of selected aspects of general business environment. The author strives to answer the following question formulated in the context of postcolonial deliberations: has the general business environment been affected by European colonialism?

Methodology: Semantic and semiotic analysis of primary sources (statistical data and research findings formulated by international organisations, such as the World Bank, OECD, UNIDO) and secondary sources (scientific and research studies of Polish and foreign authors based on primary sources); literature review.

Findings: In the postcolonial perspective, qualitative analysis shows neither a positive nor a negative impact of colonialism on the contemporary general business environment. If certain signs of its deterioration are observed, they are mostly due to the erosion of state capacity, whose origins can be traced back to the Berlin Conference.

Originality: Papers on Postcolonial Management and Critical Management Studies (CMS) bridge the gap in literature pertaining to management issues, especially in Poland. Due to their interdisciplinary nature, Postcolonial Management and CMS cover a broad range of research areas (i.e. theory of state and nation, sociology, economic history). They pertain to both economics an management, and are therefore difficult to classify

Parole chiave

  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • general business environment
  • postcolonial state
  • family-run Micro
  • Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
access type Accesso libero

Towards Better Regulations – The Role of Regulatory Impact Assessment in Modern State Lawmaking Systems

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 58 - 60

Astratto

access type Accesso libero

Towards Behaviorally Informed Public Interventions

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 61 - 91

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: This article informs readers about the theoretical and practical origins of the behaviorally informed interventions (BIPI), analyzes examples of the BIPI from different policy sectors and strategies they offer for policy and regulatory design, and discusses applications and implications of BIPI for public interventions

Methodology: This paper is based on a review of literature, as well as an inspection of administrative practices in OECD countries. It encompasses a systematic analysis of scientific papers from the SCOPUS database and a query carried out at the library of George Washington University.

Findings: The traditional approach to public policy research is based on rational choice theory. It offers limited support, because by assuming perfect rationality of policy decisions, it overlooks existence of systematic errors and biases of human decision-making. The authors argue that behaviorally informed public interventions (BIPI) might contribute to improving the effectiveness of a number of public measures - regulation, projects, programs, and even entire policies.

Practical implications: The behavioral approach allows decision-makers to better understand the decisions and behaviors of citizens, as well as to design more effective interventions with minimum effort by adapting the existing solutions to real decision mechanisms of citizens.

Originality: By combining the concepts of traditional approach with the growing behavioral approach, the authors aim to propose a new theoretical framework (BIPI) to be used as a tool for policy design, delivery and evaluation

Parole chiave

  • heuristics
  • biases
  • behaviorally informed interventions
  • NUDGE
  • THINK
  • STEER
  • MINDSPACE
  • public policy design
  • public policy evaluation
access type Accesso libero

Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) and Rationality of Law – Legal Aspects

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 92 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The fundamental aim of this article is to verify an assumption according to which the proper Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) is a key factor in the rationality of law. Rational law is a law which is effective and able to realize and achieve social, economic and environmental aims determined and established by the lawmaker.

Methodology: The scope of this paper - which determines its structure - encompasses the definition of RIA, including its specific (but non-legal) forms such as benchmarking and evaluation. As far as we are concerned, these methods can provide - as a kind of Regulatory Impact Assessment - a significant tool for measuring the rationality of regulations. Furthermore, the usefulness of benchmarking and evaluation has been recognised by representatives of jurisprudence. We will also explain the concept and the assumptions of the rationality of law on the grounds and in the light of the case law of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal and the Supreme Administrative Court. This should allow to countercheck the main thesis of this paper. The methodology encompasses primary legal methods such as literature, case law and legislation analysis.

Findings: An indispensable condition of the rationality of law is actual elimination of irrational regulations which were not subjected to the Regulatory Impact Assessment.

Practical implications: Although RIA is a problematic issue (in terms of its practical application), it is necessary to carry it out in order to assure the rationality of law. A good and desirable complement to Regulatory Impact Assessment are non-legal methods such as benchmarking and evaluation.

Originality: Originality and value of this survey lies in taking into account the case law of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal and the Supreme Administrative Court. Additionally, this paper is original in that it considers non-legal methods in the examination of the rationality of law

Parole chiave

  • regulatory impact assessment
  • rationality
  • law
  • benchmarking
  • evaluation
access type Accesso libero

Regulatory Impact Analysis Practice in New Zealand in the Light of Models of Evaluation Use – Inspiration for the Polish Government

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 109 - 128

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: The paper describes the functioning of the RIA system in New Zealand using the analogy of RIA and the evaluation of public interventions. Presented solutions can provide inspiration for the Polish government in the process of improving the quality and extent of the use of RIA.

Methodology: The analysis is based on a review of government documents and literature, as well as individual interviews and correspondence with representatives of the government of NZ.

Conclusions: The RIA system in NZ is not error-free and its shortcomings include inter alia the lack of solutions with respect to ex-post analysis and insufficiently rigorous methodological approach. At the same time, a number of solutions can be regarded as good practice, e.g.: regular external quality reviews of RIS, obligation to supplement each RIS with ‘quality assessment’ and a ‘disclosure statement’ outlining their credibility and utility.

Practical implications: The presented strengths of the RIA system in NZ may serve as an inspiration for modifying the RIA system in Poland.

Originality: The RIA system is presented through the prism of the model of evaluation use, which is a related tool of collecting information about non-regulatory interventions

Parole chiave

  • regulatory impact assessment
  • regulatory impact analysis
  • use of evaluation
  • New Zealand
access type Accesso libero

The Lithuanian Government’s Policy of Regulatory Impact Assessment

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 129 - 146

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: This paper critically evaluates the development of the impact assessment instrument in Lithuania’s public administration and suggests improvements to its impact assessment system.

Research question: What interesting conceptual imperatives have appeared in Lithuania’s investigation of the impact of regulatory policy?

Methodology: This research study uses positivist methodology to analyse the problems that researchers have identified in Lithuania’s impact assessment. This investigation explains why certain problems have appeared, what has changed and what system changes can be identified traced. The study proceeds as follows. First, the research on impact assessment carried out in Lithuania is analysed. Second, regulations on impact assessment in Lithuania are investigated. A substitute for non-existent integrated theory is emphased by the logical structure of the EU administrative system imperatives, principles, and norms, whose modifications have become the basis of impact assessment system design in Lithuania. The present research combines, integrates and consolidates the theoretical and practical information on impact assessment into an explanatory scheme, which could be developed into a model in the future. Information from two qualitative interviews conducted in 2009 and 2010 was also used.

Conclusions: The present research reveals that Lithuania’s regulatory impact assessment model is still being constructed and reconstructed towards evidence-based management. A model which revises the old impact stereotype has been designed, based on contemporary methodologies (cost- -benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses), consultations with the interested parties, a small but exhaustive legal initiatives impact assessment, and a centralised and institutional coordination of impact assessment.

Practical consequences: The present research presents the issues which could be useful for the states that are starting to implement a regulatory impact assessment model. This study described the pitfalls to avoid in order to implement a successful evidence-based management initiative.

Originality: In the present research, regulatory impact assessment is emphased as an assessment model and normative of the EU administration effectiveness and optimality, which can be used as a good-practice example for the modernisation of administrative activities in Central and Eastern Europe to the level their European counterparts

Parole chiave

  • regulatory impact assessment
  • Lithuania
  • cost benefit analysis
  • public administration
  • public sector
access type Accesso libero

Evidence-Based Policy Making and the Implementation of Regulatory Impact Assessment in Croatia

Pubblicato online: 11 Jul 2015
Pagine: 147 - 162

Astratto

Abstract

Purpose: This study is dealing with the application of evidence-based policy-making in Croatian public administration and the general role of applied policy analysis in the Croatian system of governance.

Methodology: This development is illustrated by the peculiarities of introducing regulatory impact assessment (RIA) tools in Croatian public administrative structures.

Findings: The author is pointing out various limitations in the usage of policy analysis tools in formulating, implementing and evaluating public policies in Croatia. The crucial role of RIA for enhancing executive capacity of governance structures is particularly stressed in the study. The final part of the article is devoted to the prospects of further development of RIA as an applied policy analysis tool within the Croatian system of governance

Parole chiave

  • evidence-based policy making
  • regulatory impact assessment (RIA)
  • applied policy analysis
  • governance
  • strategic planning
  • policy coordination

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