Journal & Issues

Volume 33 (2023): Issue 1 (March 2023)

Volume 32 (2022): Issue 4 (December 2022)

Volume 32 (2022): Issue 3 (September 2022)

Volume 32 (2022): Issue 2 (June 2022)

Volume 32 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)

Volume 31 (2021): Issue 4 (December 2021)

Volume 31 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)

Volume 31 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)

Volume 31 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)

Volume 30 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 30 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 30 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 30 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 29 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 29 (2019): Issue 3 (September 2019)

Volume 29 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 29 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 28 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)

Volume 28 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)

Volume 28 (2018): Issue 2 (June 2018)

Volume 28 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 27 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 27 (2017): Issue 3 (September 2017)

Volume 27 (2017): Issue 2 (June 2017)

Volume 27 (2017): Issue 1 (April 2017)

Volume 26 (2016): Issue 4 (November 2016)

Volume 26 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 26 (2016): Issue 2 (June 2016)

Volume 26 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)

Volume 25 (2015): Issue 4 (November 2015)

Volume 25 (2015): Issue 3 (August 2015)

Volume 25 (2015): Issue 2 (July 2015)

Volume 25 (2015): Issue 1 (May 2015)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2285-3065
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 26 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2285-3065
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

5 Articles
Open Access

The exchange rates – indicators for assessing the financial performance of the companies from Romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 1 - 10

Abstract

Abstract

The research aims to determine the financial performance of the companies listed and traded on the Bucharest Stock Exchange from the manufacturing sector in Romania, compared with the performance recorded by the Bucharest Stock Exchange, based on the exchange rates. It was concluded that the financial performance of the companies included in the research, quantified on the basis of the exchange rates, decreased significantly with the arrival of the financial and economic crisis, currently, the companies being unable to reach the level of performance recorded before the crisis.

Keywords

  • performance
  • exchange rates
  • simple linear regression
  • Pearson correlation coefficient

Jel codes:

  • C1
  • C12
  • G10
Open Access

Competitiveness - higher education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 11 - 25

Abstract

Abstract

Involvement of European Union plays an important role in the areas of education and training equally. The member states are responsible for organizing and operating their education and training systems themselves. And, EU policy is aimed at supporting the efforts of member states and trying to find solutions for the common challenges which appear. In order to make our future sustainable maximally; the key to it lies in education. The highly qualified workforce is the key to development, advancement and innovation of the world. Nowadays, the competitiveness of higher education institutions has become more and more appreciated in the national economy. In recent years, the frameworks of operation of higher education systems have gone through a total transformation. The number of applying students is continuously decreasing in some European countries therefore only those institutions can “survive” this shortfall, which are able to minimize the loss of the number of students. In this process, the factors forming the competitiveness of these budgetary institutions play an important role from the point of view of survival. The more competitive a higher education institution is, the greater the chance is that the students would like to continue their studies there and thus this institution will have a greater chance for the survival in the future, compared to ones lagging behind in the competition. Aim of our treatise prepared is to present the current situation and main data of the EU higher education and we examine the performance of higher education: to what extent it fulfils the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth which is worded in the framework of Europe 2020 programme. The treatise is based on analysis of statistical data.

Keywords

  • competitiveness
  • higher education institutions
  • Europe 2020 programme
Open Access

Return on investment in education. Case study on education in Romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 26 - 39

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this study is to develop, test and validate based on a conceptual research model, the influence of education on the GDP/capita, starting from relevant theories and empirical models from literature or implementing additional impact models and variables. Building on the model developed by Mincer (1995) on the yield rates of investment in education, we applied econometric models for Romania, for the period 1960-2010. The results led to a main conclusion, namely, the importance of investment in education is undeniable, it has positive effect on the economic growth of Romania.

Keywords

  • education
  • human capital
  • returns
  • investment in education

J.E.L. CODES:

  • I25
  • O4
Open Access

Measuring methods of the corporate competitiveness, and those weaknesses

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 40 - 57

Abstract

Abstract

This treatise was carried out with the aim of giving the reader an overview of different conceptual approaches of the competitiveness. It particularly deals with the competitiveness according to the “practical” approach, “environmental/system” approach, “capital reorganisation” approach and with the widely accepted closed definitions of competitiveness. To determine the components of competitiveness according to different aspects, to assess some empirical examinations regarding the analysis of the aforementioned aspects as well as to present the results of an own primer research are also important parts of the treatise.

Keywords

  • corporate competitiveness
  • SME sector
  • competitiveness measurement
Open Access

Study on the financial performance of companies operating in the pharmaceutical industry in romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 58 - 68

Abstract

Abstract

The study aims at determining the financial performance of companies in the pharmaceutical industry between 2009 and 2014 by means of the indicator of the financial return rate, using multiple linear regressions as research method. By analysing the evolution of the share of companies in the pharmaceutical industry based on the trend of the financial rate of return, we can estimate that the number of entities that resort to supporting the financial activities from loans and liabilities is growing in the period under analysis. This is due mainly to the liquidity crisis faced by entities, as a result of the high recovery duration of debts. Also, using the multiple linear regression we can highlight that, the financial return of pharmaceutical companies is positively influenced by their economic profitability, by the equity multiplier and by inflation, and negatively, by the net profit margin.

Keywords

  • financial performance
  • financial return
  • economic profitability
  • the method of multiple linear regression
  • equity multiplier
  • net profit margin

JEL classification:

  • G19
  • G39
5 Articles
Open Access

The exchange rates – indicators for assessing the financial performance of the companies from Romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 1 - 10

Abstract

Abstract

The research aims to determine the financial performance of the companies listed and traded on the Bucharest Stock Exchange from the manufacturing sector in Romania, compared with the performance recorded by the Bucharest Stock Exchange, based on the exchange rates. It was concluded that the financial performance of the companies included in the research, quantified on the basis of the exchange rates, decreased significantly with the arrival of the financial and economic crisis, currently, the companies being unable to reach the level of performance recorded before the crisis.

Keywords

  • performance
  • exchange rates
  • simple linear regression
  • Pearson correlation coefficient

Jel codes:

  • C1
  • C12
  • G10
Open Access

Competitiveness - higher education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 11 - 25

Abstract

Abstract

Involvement of European Union plays an important role in the areas of education and training equally. The member states are responsible for organizing and operating their education and training systems themselves. And, EU policy is aimed at supporting the efforts of member states and trying to find solutions for the common challenges which appear. In order to make our future sustainable maximally; the key to it lies in education. The highly qualified workforce is the key to development, advancement and innovation of the world. Nowadays, the competitiveness of higher education institutions has become more and more appreciated in the national economy. In recent years, the frameworks of operation of higher education systems have gone through a total transformation. The number of applying students is continuously decreasing in some European countries therefore only those institutions can “survive” this shortfall, which are able to minimize the loss of the number of students. In this process, the factors forming the competitiveness of these budgetary institutions play an important role from the point of view of survival. The more competitive a higher education institution is, the greater the chance is that the students would like to continue their studies there and thus this institution will have a greater chance for the survival in the future, compared to ones lagging behind in the competition. Aim of our treatise prepared is to present the current situation and main data of the EU higher education and we examine the performance of higher education: to what extent it fulfils the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth which is worded in the framework of Europe 2020 programme. The treatise is based on analysis of statistical data.

Keywords

  • competitiveness
  • higher education institutions
  • Europe 2020 programme
Open Access

Return on investment in education. Case study on education in Romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 26 - 39

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this study is to develop, test and validate based on a conceptual research model, the influence of education on the GDP/capita, starting from relevant theories and empirical models from literature or implementing additional impact models and variables. Building on the model developed by Mincer (1995) on the yield rates of investment in education, we applied econometric models for Romania, for the period 1960-2010. The results led to a main conclusion, namely, the importance of investment in education is undeniable, it has positive effect on the economic growth of Romania.

Keywords

  • education
  • human capital
  • returns
  • investment in education

J.E.L. CODES:

  • I25
  • O4
Open Access

Measuring methods of the corporate competitiveness, and those weaknesses

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 40 - 57

Abstract

Abstract

This treatise was carried out with the aim of giving the reader an overview of different conceptual approaches of the competitiveness. It particularly deals with the competitiveness according to the “practical” approach, “environmental/system” approach, “capital reorganisation” approach and with the widely accepted closed definitions of competitiveness. To determine the components of competitiveness according to different aspects, to assess some empirical examinations regarding the analysis of the aforementioned aspects as well as to present the results of an own primer research are also important parts of the treatise.

Keywords

  • corporate competitiveness
  • SME sector
  • competitiveness measurement
Open Access

Study on the financial performance of companies operating in the pharmaceutical industry in romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2016
Page range: 58 - 68

Abstract

Abstract

The study aims at determining the financial performance of companies in the pharmaceutical industry between 2009 and 2014 by means of the indicator of the financial return rate, using multiple linear regressions as research method. By analysing the evolution of the share of companies in the pharmaceutical industry based on the trend of the financial rate of return, we can estimate that the number of entities that resort to supporting the financial activities from loans and liabilities is growing in the period under analysis. This is due mainly to the liquidity crisis faced by entities, as a result of the high recovery duration of debts. Also, using the multiple linear regression we can highlight that, the financial return of pharmaceutical companies is positively influenced by their economic profitability, by the equity multiplier and by inflation, and negatively, by the net profit margin.

Keywords

  • financial performance
  • financial return
  • economic profitability
  • the method of multiple linear regression
  • equity multiplier
  • net profit margin

JEL classification:

  • G19
  • G39

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo