- Journal Details
- First Published
- 01 Oct 2009
- Publication timeframe
- 4 times per year
- Open Access
Fat graft – the natural choice for reconstructive, regenerative and aesthetic surgery
Page range: 113 - 117
The search for appropriate filler, which can be used for aesthetic and reconstructive operations is currently one of challenges for plastic surgery. The application of absorbable and permanent artificial fillers may cause adverse events. Thus, autologous fat grafting can be a safe alternative. Moreover, fat tissue is rich in adipose-derived stem cells (ASC), which can be successfully used for regenerative procedures. The paper reviews reports on fat grafting procedures, which indicate risks and their possible prophylactic.
Adipose tissue is a much more prolific source of ASCs than bone marrow. Basically, ASC are characterized by a spectrum of markers: CD11b-CD45-CD13+CD73+CD90+, which can be widened by CD36+CD-106-CD10+CD26+CD49d+CD49e+CD3-D49f -PODXL- to improve phenotyping. It is suggested to use at least two negative markers and two positive markers during the same phenotyping analysis. Fat transfer requires appropriate approach, planning and technique to make it clinically successful.
Fat grafting fulfills the expectations for ideal injectable agent, which can be used for aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. To improve the survival of fat graft, careful decisions on donor site, local anesthetic administration, liposuction method, processing and placement methods need to be made. Moreover, fat is the source of adipose-derived stem cells which can be used for regenerative procedures. A proper transformation and identification of those cells is required to improve clinical effects.
- fat graft
- adipose-derived stem cells
- Open Access
Can iron work for pigs as a booster?
Page range: 118 - 123
Iron deficiency is a common health problem in mammals, especially in growing piglets hence iron administration to suckling piglets is a routine practice in swine production.
A total number of 160 weaners were allotted to two experimental groups according to body weight (I – cachectic underweight piglets; II – piglets with appropriate weaning body weight). Additionally, each group was divided into two subgroups, with iron administered to piglets in subgroups IA and IIA on the first day of the experiment. In order to monitor the weight gains in pigs, they were weighed twice. To estimate the haematological status, blood samples were taken on the weaning day from selected piglets (10 in each subgroup). Haematological analyses were conducted using Hb, Ht, RBC, MCV, MCH, MCHC as early anaemia indicators. Additionally plasma iron (PI) and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) were assessed as parameters of the actual and potential circulating extracellular iron.
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of additional postweaning Fe supplementation on production results. A lower concentration of PI was noted in weaker piglets (Group IA and IB). Throughout the experiment higher daily gains were noted in Group II; differences between Group IIA and IA as well as IB were statistically confirmed at p≤ 0,01.
It might be expected that an additional Fe dose applied in weaning piglets can be used as a growth promoter. On the other hand, in case of cachectic animals toxicity of supplemental iron must be taken into consideration.
- iron deficiency anaemia
- Open Access
Tadeusz Stefan Kurkiewicz (1885-1962) – His Important Contribution to Contemporary Cardiology
Page range: 124 - 128
Tadeusz Stefan Kurkiewicz (1885-1962) belongs to the well-known Polish histologists and embryologists. His scientific activity started in the Department of Biology and Embryology of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, which was chaired by professor Emil Godlewski (1875-1944), famous Polish embryologist. Between years 1908-1911, under supervision of the pioneer of the Polish histology, professor Stanisław Maziarski (1873-1959) T. Kurkiewicz continued researches in the Department of Histology of the Jagiellonian University. In 1909 he published results of studies on the development of cardiac muscle in the chick and on the basis of this publication on July 21, 1911 Tadeusz Kurkiewicz received Ph.D. from the Jagiellonian University. Between 1922 and 1959 (with the exception of the period of German occupation) Tadeusz Kurkiewicz was the head of the Department of Histology and Embryology of the Faculty of Medicine of the Poznań University and Academy of Medicine in Poznań (at present: Poznań University of Medical Sciences). His Ph.D. thesis demonstrated that the epicardium originates from pericardial villi, it means from extracardiac source. This great scientific achievement has been confirmed by recent studies. In this article we present curriculum of Tadeusz Kurkiewicz and impact of his discovery on contemporary cardiology.
- embryonic development
- epicardium development
- Tadeusz Kurkiewicz
- Open Access
Analysis of fructose and mannose – regulatory peptides signaling pathway in porcine epithelial oviductal cells (OECs) primary cultured long-term
Page range: 129 - 135
The morphological and biochemical modification of oviductal epithelial cells (OECs) belongs to the compound process responsible for proper oocytes transport and successful fertilization. However, the main mechanisms which regulated this process are still not entirely known. Moreover, the OECs metabolism, which may be identified as the “cellular activity” marker, is poorly recognized. In this study we investigated the fructose and mannose metabolic pathway in porcine OECs primary long-term cultured in vitro.
In our study, we employ a primary long term in vitro culture (IVC) and microarray approach (the Affymetrix microarray were used for analysis of transcriptomic profile of OECs) for expression levels analysis.
We found that from the whole analyzed transcriptome, 1537 genes were upregulated and 995 were down regulated after 7 days of culture, 1471 genes were upregulated and 1061 were downregulated after 15 days of culture and 1329 genes were upregulated and 1203 were downregulated after 30 days of culture. Moreover, the differential expression of SORD, FPGT, PFKFB4, TPI1, MPI, ALDOC, HK2 and PFKFB3 at 24 hours, 7 day, 15 day and 30 day, was also observed.
We suggested that fructose and mannose metabolism may be important molecular bio-marker of porcine OECs capability in in vitro model. The metabolic profile is significantly accompanied by cells proliferation in vitro. The transcriptomic profile of SORD, FPGT, PFKFB4, TPI1, MPI, ALDOC, HK2 and PFKFB3 expression may be identified as “fingerprint” of fructose and mannose metabolism in OECs as well as involved in cellular in vitro developmental capacity in pigs.
- in vitro culture (IVC)
- Open Access
The blood vessels development, morphogenesis and blood circulation are three ontologic groups highly up-regulated in porcine oocytes before in vitro maturation
Page range: 135 - 142
The mammalian oocytes undergo significant biochemical and structural modifications during maturation both in vitro and in vivo. These changes involve chromatin reorganization and modification within metabolic status of cytoplasmic organelles. After oocytes’ successful maturation the substantially increased storage of RNA was observed. Moreover, the early embryo interaction with maternal endometrial tissue after fertilization is up to now considered as the main marker of proper embryo implantation and early growth. In this study, we first investigated the expression profile of genes involved in blood vessel formation and blood circulation in porcine oocytes before and after in vitro maturation.
The cumulus-oocyte complexes were collected from pubertal Landrace gilts and classified as before in vitro maturation (in Vivo) or after in vitro maturation (in Vitro). The RNA was isolated from these two experimental groups and analyzed using Affymetrix microarrays.
We found an increased expression of genes involved in ontological groups such as “blood circulation” (TPM1, ECE1, ACTA2, EPHX2, EDNRA, NPR2, MYOF, TACR3, VEGFA, GUCY1B3), “blood vessel development” (ANGPTL4, CYR61, SEMA5A, ID1, RHOB, RTN4, IHH, ANGPT2, EDNRA, TGFBR3, MYO1E, MMP14), and “blood vessels morphogenesis” (ANGPT2, as well as other common transcripts) in in Vivo group as compared to decreased expression of these genes in in Vitro group of oocytes.
It has been suggested that investigated genes undergo significant expression before in vitro maturation, when enhanced storage of large amount of RNA takes place. Creating templates for synthesis of proteins is required for formation of fully mature gametes and early embryo growth. Therefore we hypothesized that the processes of vascularization and/or angiogenesis reach a high activity in immature oocytes and are distinct from achievement of maturational stage by oocytes in pigs.
- ontologic groups
- in vitro vascularization