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TEMPORÄRE RÄUMLICHE NÄHE – AKTEURE, ORTE UND INTERAKTIONEN

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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 3 (June 2019)

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 72 (2014): Issue 3 (June 2014)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

10 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

Geoinformation für jedermann – goldene Zeiten für die empirische Raumforschung

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 177 - 178

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

Getting Closer! New Ways of Integrating Geodata, Statistics and Remote Sensing to Analyze and Visualize Urban Structures Using Density Surfaces and -Profiles

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 179 - 194

Abstract

Abstract

In urban research and planning, “density” is one of the most important measures to analyze a city’s structural morphology. Compared to other measures such as “neighborhood mix of uses”, “polycentricity” or “compactness”, density seems to be a rather objective and comprehensible choice. However, when having a closer look at it, it is a rather complex concept with different measurement options. There is no internationally accepted standard for the implementation of density or density measures that would allow for a robust comparison of different countries, regions or cities. This article deals with the analytical opportunities that new geodata options offer with regards to an objective and transparent measurement of cities’ structural and use-related densities. A case study for the city of Cologne demonstrates possible applications based on highresolution and disaggregated density data.

Keywords

  • Density
  • Built-up density
  • Urban density
  • Monitoring
  • Remote sensing
  • Cologne
access type Open Access

Is the Increasing Bio-methane Production the Sole Reason for the Declining Grassland Area in Germany? An Analysis of Geo-referenced Land Use Data

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 195 - 209

Abstract

Abstract

In the last years the area used as permanent grassland declined considerably in Germany. This decline raised public concerns as grassland produces more environmental benefits compared to arable land. In the public debate the loss of grassland is frequently linked to the promotion of silage maize as feedstock for bio-methane production via the renewable energy law. We present a geo information system, which is capable to process various high resolution data on land use, land use change and site conditions. With the help of the system we analyse whether the expansion of bio-methane production is the primary reason for the observed land use change in the period 1999–2007.

We provide results for Germany as a whole. These general results are supplemented by an analysis conducted for the federal state of Lower Saxony (2005–2007). This state is a stronghold of the bio-methane production and more detailed data are available. Our results show, that feedstock for the production of bio-methane is primarily cultivated on existing arable land. Farms growing feedstock for biomethane production have a higher probability to convert grassland to arable land though these farms cultivate only very few areas of former grassland. The probability of grassland conversion increases with the vicinity of biogas plants. However, most of the conversion can be attributed to dairy farms without the cultivation of feedstock for bio-methane production. Generally, the likelihood that grassland is converted increases markedly if the managing farmer changes. Based on our findings we discuss different options to protect permanent grassland. We argue that our conclusions do also apply to the general context of limiting undesired direct and indirect land use change.

Keywords

  • Land use change
  • Bioenergy
  • Agriculture
  • High resolution data

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

The future of land use in Germany: a methodological framework

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 211 - 225

Abstract

Abstract

The research project CC-LandStraD analyses interactions between land use and climate change. It therefore contributes to the challenges of climate change and the availability of scarce land resources. Within the project, land use scenarios are developed for Germany until the year 2030. The focus of this study is on the development of settlement and transport area. The approach applies the simulation model Land Use Scanner that integrates and combines different types of data. This includes statistical information on the socio-economic development as well as numerous spatial data sets like current land use, physical properties or spatial planning regulations. The paper introduces the different data sets, describes the modeling approach and demonstrates how the various data sets are used in the simulation model Land Use Scanner to calculate a spatial land use scenario for Germany in 2030. The model therefore integrates data sets of different spatial, temporal and thematic resolutions and consistently merges the information of different scales. The results of the model show that despite demographic change some regions still face high pressure of urban density in Germany.

Keywords

  • Land use
  • Scenario
  • Simulation
  • Germany
access type Open Access

Small-Scale Settlement Analyses for Visualizing Change. Potentials of Using Small-Scale Built Environment Data

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 227 - 238

Abstract

Abstract

In Germany, a rising relevance of adapting the built environment and a rising relevance of GIS-based analyses of the built environment can be observed. But there seems to be a communication or knowledge lack between planners and providers of built environment data. For this reason, this article investigates potentials for using small-scale built environment data and the additional value of it by conducting a literature review. The focus is on literature concerning settlement development, inner-city development and transformation processes of housing. The literature suggests that built environment data opens up effective ways to analyse patterns and transformation of settlement structures as well as population patterns and transformation related to specific housing types. This information can be used for strategic planning, housing policies and evaluation of planning targets. It is also useful for a computer assisted management of cities. As the official data is insufficient and other data sources limited in access, requirements for built environment data are formulated. In conclusion, this article argues for using small-scale built environment data as an essential part of communal monitoring systems and geo data infrastructure.

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Settlement structure
  • Monitoring
  • Small scale analyses
  • Urban morphology
  • Typologies
access type Open Access

World Nature Heritage Wadden Sea: Trilateral Geodata for Marine Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 239 - 253

Abstract

Abstract

Marine spatial planning in Europe is a young and dynamic extension of traditional land-based spatial planning. Much more than land-based planning marine spatial planning has an intensified need for cross-border consultation and transnational data exchange. But particularly regional stakeholders struggle to get easy and transparent access to transnational geodata, which often require specific GIS knowledge. This study focuses on the potential of new geodata services and web based map applications to increase the participation of stakeholders in spatial management processes. It reflects the experience made with the use of new geodata using the example of a geodata portal. It is shown that stakeholders have a strong need for easy and centralized access to spatial planning data and that such access can be provided without too much effort. But it becomes also apparent that spatial planning authorities are often not in the position to provide such transnational services. Here non-governmental actors may play a central role.

Keywords

  • Marine spatial planning
  • Web-GIS
  • Geodata portal
  • Participation
  • Wadden Sea

Rezension

access type Open Access

Das Ordnen von Räumen. Territorium und Lebensraum im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 255 - 259

Abstract

access type Open Access

Neue Energielandschaften – Neue Perspektiven der Landschaftsforschung

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 261 - 263

Abstract

access type Open Access

Thematisierte Welten. Über Darstellungspraxen in Zoologischen Gärten und Vergnügungsparks

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 265 - 267

Abstract

access type Open Access

Raum – Mensch – Gerechtigkeit. Sozialethische Reflexionen zur Kategorie des Raumes

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 269 - 271

Abstract

10 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

Geoinformation für jedermann – goldene Zeiten für die empirische Raumforschung

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 177 - 178

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

Getting Closer! New Ways of Integrating Geodata, Statistics and Remote Sensing to Analyze and Visualize Urban Structures Using Density Surfaces and -Profiles

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 179 - 194

Abstract

Abstract

In urban research and planning, “density” is one of the most important measures to analyze a city’s structural morphology. Compared to other measures such as “neighborhood mix of uses”, “polycentricity” or “compactness”, density seems to be a rather objective and comprehensible choice. However, when having a closer look at it, it is a rather complex concept with different measurement options. There is no internationally accepted standard for the implementation of density or density measures that would allow for a robust comparison of different countries, regions or cities. This article deals with the analytical opportunities that new geodata options offer with regards to an objective and transparent measurement of cities’ structural and use-related densities. A case study for the city of Cologne demonstrates possible applications based on highresolution and disaggregated density data.

Keywords

  • Density
  • Built-up density
  • Urban density
  • Monitoring
  • Remote sensing
  • Cologne
access type Open Access

Is the Increasing Bio-methane Production the Sole Reason for the Declining Grassland Area in Germany? An Analysis of Geo-referenced Land Use Data

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 195 - 209

Abstract

Abstract

In the last years the area used as permanent grassland declined considerably in Germany. This decline raised public concerns as grassland produces more environmental benefits compared to arable land. In the public debate the loss of grassland is frequently linked to the promotion of silage maize as feedstock for bio-methane production via the renewable energy law. We present a geo information system, which is capable to process various high resolution data on land use, land use change and site conditions. With the help of the system we analyse whether the expansion of bio-methane production is the primary reason for the observed land use change in the period 1999–2007.

We provide results for Germany as a whole. These general results are supplemented by an analysis conducted for the federal state of Lower Saxony (2005–2007). This state is a stronghold of the bio-methane production and more detailed data are available. Our results show, that feedstock for the production of bio-methane is primarily cultivated on existing arable land. Farms growing feedstock for biomethane production have a higher probability to convert grassland to arable land though these farms cultivate only very few areas of former grassland. The probability of grassland conversion increases with the vicinity of biogas plants. However, most of the conversion can be attributed to dairy farms without the cultivation of feedstock for bio-methane production. Generally, the likelihood that grassland is converted increases markedly if the managing farmer changes. Based on our findings we discuss different options to protect permanent grassland. We argue that our conclusions do also apply to the general context of limiting undesired direct and indirect land use change.

Keywords

  • Land use change
  • Bioenergy
  • Agriculture
  • High resolution data

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

The future of land use in Germany: a methodological framework

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 211 - 225

Abstract

Abstract

The research project CC-LandStraD analyses interactions between land use and climate change. It therefore contributes to the challenges of climate change and the availability of scarce land resources. Within the project, land use scenarios are developed for Germany until the year 2030. The focus of this study is on the development of settlement and transport area. The approach applies the simulation model Land Use Scanner that integrates and combines different types of data. This includes statistical information on the socio-economic development as well as numerous spatial data sets like current land use, physical properties or spatial planning regulations. The paper introduces the different data sets, describes the modeling approach and demonstrates how the various data sets are used in the simulation model Land Use Scanner to calculate a spatial land use scenario for Germany in 2030. The model therefore integrates data sets of different spatial, temporal and thematic resolutions and consistently merges the information of different scales. The results of the model show that despite demographic change some regions still face high pressure of urban density in Germany.

Keywords

  • Land use
  • Scenario
  • Simulation
  • Germany
access type Open Access

Small-Scale Settlement Analyses for Visualizing Change. Potentials of Using Small-Scale Built Environment Data

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 227 - 238

Abstract

Abstract

In Germany, a rising relevance of adapting the built environment and a rising relevance of GIS-based analyses of the built environment can be observed. But there seems to be a communication or knowledge lack between planners and providers of built environment data. For this reason, this article investigates potentials for using small-scale built environment data and the additional value of it by conducting a literature review. The focus is on literature concerning settlement development, inner-city development and transformation processes of housing. The literature suggests that built environment data opens up effective ways to analyse patterns and transformation of settlement structures as well as population patterns and transformation related to specific housing types. This information can be used for strategic planning, housing policies and evaluation of planning targets. It is also useful for a computer assisted management of cities. As the official data is insufficient and other data sources limited in access, requirements for built environment data are formulated. In conclusion, this article argues for using small-scale built environment data as an essential part of communal monitoring systems and geo data infrastructure.

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Settlement structure
  • Monitoring
  • Small scale analyses
  • Urban morphology
  • Typologies
access type Open Access

World Nature Heritage Wadden Sea: Trilateral Geodata for Marine Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 239 - 253

Abstract

Abstract

Marine spatial planning in Europe is a young and dynamic extension of traditional land-based spatial planning. Much more than land-based planning marine spatial planning has an intensified need for cross-border consultation and transnational data exchange. But particularly regional stakeholders struggle to get easy and transparent access to transnational geodata, which often require specific GIS knowledge. This study focuses on the potential of new geodata services and web based map applications to increase the participation of stakeholders in spatial management processes. It reflects the experience made with the use of new geodata using the example of a geodata portal. It is shown that stakeholders have a strong need for easy and centralized access to spatial planning data and that such access can be provided without too much effort. But it becomes also apparent that spatial planning authorities are often not in the position to provide such transnational services. Here non-governmental actors may play a central role.

Keywords

  • Marine spatial planning
  • Web-GIS
  • Geodata portal
  • Participation
  • Wadden Sea

Rezension

access type Open Access

Das Ordnen von Räumen. Territorium und Lebensraum im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 255 - 259

Abstract

access type Open Access

Neue Energielandschaften – Neue Perspektiven der Landschaftsforschung

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 261 - 263

Abstract

access type Open Access

Thematisierte Welten. Über Darstellungspraxen in Zoologischen Gärten und Vergnügungsparks

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 265 - 267

Abstract

access type Open Access

Raum – Mensch – Gerechtigkeit. Sozialethische Reflexionen zur Kategorie des Raumes

Published Online: 30 Jun 2014
Page range: 269 - 271

Abstract

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