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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 72 (2014): Issue 2 (April 2014)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

11 Articles

Editorial

Open Access

Regional Economic Resilience: Policy Experiences and Issues in Europe

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 83 - 84

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

Open Access

Regional Economic Resilience: European Experiences and Policy Issues

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 85 - 91

Abstract

Abstract

This introductory paper looks at recent debates on the concept of regional economic resilience and focuses on three elements of debate: (1) indicator systems and consideration of the normative content of the concept; (2) the evolutionary dimension of the concept and its inter-disciplinary linkages; (3) the policy dimension and challenges for the development of policy recommendations. The author discusses the state of the debate and presents some directions for future research priorities.

Keywords

  • Regional economic resilience
  • Evolutionary economic geography
  • Multilevel governance
Open Access

Building Resilient Regions: Complex Adaptive Systems and the Role of Policy Intervention

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 93 - 102

Abstract

Abstract

The notion of resilience is being utilised by an increasing number of authors keen to understand the dynamics of local and regional economies and particularly how they deal with economic shocks and recessionary crises. Within the burgeoning literature however, fairly limited attention has been paid to date to developing a robust conceptual understanding of what role policy-makers, particularly at sub-national level, might play in building economic resilience in regions. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap. Drawing on resilience literatures which employ a complex adaptive systems perspective, the paper seeks to develop a conceptual framework within which policy action, particularly at the subnational level, can be theorised and understood. It identifies three critical dimensions which frame the role and scope for policy intervention in the management of regional economic resilience: the modes and structures of governance, the types of policy interventions which help build resilience, and the horizons or timings for appropriate intervention. The paper concludes by considering what this framing means for the nature and scope of subnational policy intervention for regional economic resilience.

Keywords

  • Resilience
  • Agency
  • Policy
  • Complex systems
Open Access

Regional Economie Resilienee: A Sehumpeterian Perspective

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 103 - 116

Abstract

Abstract

This paper takes up the Schumpeterian argument that innovations drive economic recovery following cyclical phases of recession and depression. The performance of the regional innovation systems of two contrasting regions in England is examined in the light of this argument. It is shown that the long-term development of the regions’ respective innovation systems contributed significantly to the long-run adaptation and consequential economic resilience of their economies in the face of periodic external economic shocks. It is also argued that regional innovation systems policies can contribute to the adaptation of regional economies and therefore their economic resilience.

Keywords

  • Regional resilience
  • Schumpeterian business cycles
  • North East and South East England
  • Regional adaptation
Open Access

Cluster Policies, Organising Capacity and Regional Resilience: Evidence from German Case Studies

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 117 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

Resilience refers to the ability of a regional economy to recover from external shocks and to return to a sustainable growth path afterwards. This paper departs from the assumption that by improving a region’s organising capacity, cluster policies can strengthen regional resilience. We argue that the impact of cluster policies on regional resilience depends on the portfolio of clusters targeted for promotion, which may increase specialisation, unrelated or related variety in a region’s economic fabric. Based on a multidimensional model of cluster policies, case study evidence from seven German regions is drawn from an interview survey of 145 practitioners, policy advisors and independent observers. By illustrating the connections between cluster policy, organising capacity, and specialisation versus variety, these findings can be linked conceptually to regional economic resilience. This argument allows for some policy recommendations and the formulation of issues for further research.

Keywords

  • Cluster policy
  • Organising capacity of regions
  • Specialisation
  • Related variety
  • Regional resilience
  • Germany
Open Access

Skill-Relatedness and Resilience: Case Study Saarland

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 133 - 151

Abstract

Abstract

The resilience of a region depends crucially on the extent to which industry-specific human capital can be redeployed across regional economy’s industries. To this end, we present a toolbox to analyze a region’s industrial structure, development prospects and economic resilience that highlights the human capital similarities, or skill-relatedness, among industries. The core of these analyses is the so-called industry space, a network that connects industries with similar human capital requirements. In a case study, we use this toolbox to identify the risks and opportunities for the economic perspectives and resilience of Germany’s state Saarland based on the time period 2008 to 2012. This analysis shows that one important concern for this former old-industrial region is that its traditional manufacturing base is almost unconnected in terms of skill-relatedness to the emerging high-technology activities that are central in the region’s innovation agenda.

Keywords

  • Skill-relatedness
  • Resilience
  • Structural change
  • Old industrial region
  • Saarland
  • Labor mobility

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

Open Access

Economic resilience. The Case Study of Pomorskie Region

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 153 - 164

Abstract

Abstract

This article aims to identify the resilience of the Pomorskie Region in Poland. The analysed region belongs to a group of European regions where the negative impact of the economic crisis has not been distinctively visible. In a unitary state like Poland the resilience of the region to the crisis results to a high degree from the external macroeconomic factors of the country. However some regional features play an important role in strengthening resilience. We analysed socio-economic structures in the context of their significance for the region’s resilience. Walker’s and Salt’s (Resilience Thinking. Sustaining ecosystems and people in a changing world, 2006) resilience attributes were used as a template for the findings. Although it is difficult to determine the level of a region’s resilience in a situation of ongoing and growing recession, some conclusions may be derived from the analysis. One of the most important factors of the Pomorskie Region’s resilience is the diversity of economic and social structures. The community and its social capital is undoubtedly one of the strongest attributes of the regional resilience. The Pomorskie Region’s richness in ecosystem services also strengthens its resilience significantly. Overlaps in governance are mainly connected with the development of institutional embeddedness. However the current lack of governance on the level of the most dynamically developing metropolitan areas is an impediment to more dynamic development. The post-totalitarian tradition of centralised governance continues to negatively influence the tight feedbacks attribute of resilience.

Keywords

  • Economic resilience
  • Macroeconomic policy
  • Structural and functional determinants
  • Pomorskie Region

Rezension

Open Access

Maritime Raumordnung. Interessenlage, Rechtslage, Praxis, Fortentwicklung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 165 - 167

Abstract

Open Access

Ethik des Klimawandels. Eine Einführung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 169 - 171

Abstract

Open Access

Diskurs und Raum in der deutschen Hochschulentwicklung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 173 - 174

Abstract

Open Access

Die Klimafalle. Die gefährliche Nähe von Politik und Klimaforschung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 175 - 176

Abstract

11 Articles

Editorial

Open Access

Regional Economic Resilience: Policy Experiences and Issues in Europe

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 83 - 84

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

Open Access

Regional Economic Resilience: European Experiences and Policy Issues

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 85 - 91

Abstract

Abstract

This introductory paper looks at recent debates on the concept of regional economic resilience and focuses on three elements of debate: (1) indicator systems and consideration of the normative content of the concept; (2) the evolutionary dimension of the concept and its inter-disciplinary linkages; (3) the policy dimension and challenges for the development of policy recommendations. The author discusses the state of the debate and presents some directions for future research priorities.

Keywords

  • Regional economic resilience
  • Evolutionary economic geography
  • Multilevel governance
Open Access

Building Resilient Regions: Complex Adaptive Systems and the Role of Policy Intervention

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 93 - 102

Abstract

Abstract

The notion of resilience is being utilised by an increasing number of authors keen to understand the dynamics of local and regional economies and particularly how they deal with economic shocks and recessionary crises. Within the burgeoning literature however, fairly limited attention has been paid to date to developing a robust conceptual understanding of what role policy-makers, particularly at sub-national level, might play in building economic resilience in regions. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap. Drawing on resilience literatures which employ a complex adaptive systems perspective, the paper seeks to develop a conceptual framework within which policy action, particularly at the subnational level, can be theorised and understood. It identifies three critical dimensions which frame the role and scope for policy intervention in the management of regional economic resilience: the modes and structures of governance, the types of policy interventions which help build resilience, and the horizons or timings for appropriate intervention. The paper concludes by considering what this framing means for the nature and scope of subnational policy intervention for regional economic resilience.

Keywords

  • Resilience
  • Agency
  • Policy
  • Complex systems
Open Access

Regional Economie Resilienee: A Sehumpeterian Perspective

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 103 - 116

Abstract

Abstract

This paper takes up the Schumpeterian argument that innovations drive economic recovery following cyclical phases of recession and depression. The performance of the regional innovation systems of two contrasting regions in England is examined in the light of this argument. It is shown that the long-term development of the regions’ respective innovation systems contributed significantly to the long-run adaptation and consequential economic resilience of their economies in the face of periodic external economic shocks. It is also argued that regional innovation systems policies can contribute to the adaptation of regional economies and therefore their economic resilience.

Keywords

  • Regional resilience
  • Schumpeterian business cycles
  • North East and South East England
  • Regional adaptation
Open Access

Cluster Policies, Organising Capacity and Regional Resilience: Evidence from German Case Studies

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 117 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

Resilience refers to the ability of a regional economy to recover from external shocks and to return to a sustainable growth path afterwards. This paper departs from the assumption that by improving a region’s organising capacity, cluster policies can strengthen regional resilience. We argue that the impact of cluster policies on regional resilience depends on the portfolio of clusters targeted for promotion, which may increase specialisation, unrelated or related variety in a region’s economic fabric. Based on a multidimensional model of cluster policies, case study evidence from seven German regions is drawn from an interview survey of 145 practitioners, policy advisors and independent observers. By illustrating the connections between cluster policy, organising capacity, and specialisation versus variety, these findings can be linked conceptually to regional economic resilience. This argument allows for some policy recommendations and the formulation of issues for further research.

Keywords

  • Cluster policy
  • Organising capacity of regions
  • Specialisation
  • Related variety
  • Regional resilience
  • Germany
Open Access

Skill-Relatedness and Resilience: Case Study Saarland

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 133 - 151

Abstract

Abstract

The resilience of a region depends crucially on the extent to which industry-specific human capital can be redeployed across regional economy’s industries. To this end, we present a toolbox to analyze a region’s industrial structure, development prospects and economic resilience that highlights the human capital similarities, or skill-relatedness, among industries. The core of these analyses is the so-called industry space, a network that connects industries with similar human capital requirements. In a case study, we use this toolbox to identify the risks and opportunities for the economic perspectives and resilience of Germany’s state Saarland based on the time period 2008 to 2012. This analysis shows that one important concern for this former old-industrial region is that its traditional manufacturing base is almost unconnected in terms of skill-relatedness to the emerging high-technology activities that are central in the region’s innovation agenda.

Keywords

  • Skill-relatedness
  • Resilience
  • Structural change
  • Old industrial region
  • Saarland
  • Labor mobility

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

Open Access

Economic resilience. The Case Study of Pomorskie Region

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 153 - 164

Abstract

Abstract

This article aims to identify the resilience of the Pomorskie Region in Poland. The analysed region belongs to a group of European regions where the negative impact of the economic crisis has not been distinctively visible. In a unitary state like Poland the resilience of the region to the crisis results to a high degree from the external macroeconomic factors of the country. However some regional features play an important role in strengthening resilience. We analysed socio-economic structures in the context of their significance for the region’s resilience. Walker’s and Salt’s (Resilience Thinking. Sustaining ecosystems and people in a changing world, 2006) resilience attributes were used as a template for the findings. Although it is difficult to determine the level of a region’s resilience in a situation of ongoing and growing recession, some conclusions may be derived from the analysis. One of the most important factors of the Pomorskie Region’s resilience is the diversity of economic and social structures. The community and its social capital is undoubtedly one of the strongest attributes of the regional resilience. The Pomorskie Region’s richness in ecosystem services also strengthens its resilience significantly. Overlaps in governance are mainly connected with the development of institutional embeddedness. However the current lack of governance on the level of the most dynamically developing metropolitan areas is an impediment to more dynamic development. The post-totalitarian tradition of centralised governance continues to negatively influence the tight feedbacks attribute of resilience.

Keywords

  • Economic resilience
  • Macroeconomic policy
  • Structural and functional determinants
  • Pomorskie Region

Rezension

Open Access

Maritime Raumordnung. Interessenlage, Rechtslage, Praxis, Fortentwicklung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 165 - 167

Abstract

Open Access

Ethik des Klimawandels. Eine Einführung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 169 - 171

Abstract

Open Access

Diskurs und Raum in der deutschen Hochschulentwicklung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 173 - 174

Abstract

Open Access

Die Klimafalle. Die gefährliche Nähe von Politik und Klimaforschung

Published Online: 30 Apr 2014
Page range: 175 - 176

Abstract

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