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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 71 (2013): Issue 2 (April 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

11 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

So kreativ wie Berlin ...

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 85 - 86

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

Linkages between Manufacturing and Production Oriented Services: An Empirical Analysis for the Rhineland

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 87 - 98

Abstract

Abstract

As projected by the "Three-Sector Hypothesis" structural change in highly developed countries is characterized by an increasing importance of the tertiary sector at the expense of the secondary sector. This change can be explained by the structural expansion of production oriented services. The paper analyzes the kind of cooperation and the linkages of service industries and manufacturing branches using the results of a firm survey carried out in parts of the German Rhineland. One result is that especially knowledge intensive services help to broaden the regions' export-base and thus foster regional economic development. Furthermore the results of the survey show that service industries and manufacturing industries are highly and mutually linked to each other. In doing so the manufacturing industries demand highly specialized services; vice versa the service industries give innovative impulses helping to increase the competitive capability of industrial firms. There are clear hints that the meaning of manufacturing industry in this network is higher than some empirical analyses can show. Regions might be well advised, therefore, not to neglect the locational requirements of manufacturing industries.

Keywords

  • Regional structural change
  • Service industries
  • Manufacturing industries
  • Economic linkages
  • Three-Sector Hypothesis
access type Open Access

New Methods in Mobility Analysis: The Combination of GPS-Tracking with Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in the Context of Tourism

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 99 - 113

Abstract

Abstract

Due to its structural complexity, the analysis of mobility patterns requires a combination of individual methods. In the first part the socio-scientific methods of mobility acquisition will be discussed in the context of tourism. It will be demonstrated, that individual methods cannot cope with the demand for socio-scientific differentiation of mobility patterns. Analysis on this new level will only be possible when using a consistent method design, composed of GPS-Tracking, questionnaire and text analysis, which unions the individual person, activity and mobility in space. In the second part of this paper, the method of differentiating mobility patterns will be explained. It will be shown, that the variable (touristic) practice in terms of Bourdieu is suitable for the explanation of individual activity and for the differentiation of mobility patterns. The combination of individual (questionnaire) and spatial data (GPS-Tracking) is based on the principal component analysis. It will be shown how the characteristic groups can be spatially represented in a Geographic Information System using the GPS-data and fed back with the results of the text analysis (guidebook). The successful combination of GPS-Tracking with quantitative and qualitative methods will be explained in the third section on the basis of practical examples. It will be provided evidence, that qualitative and quantitative methods can be successfully used together, GPS data can be differentiated based on socio-scientific variables and practices and individuals are interlinked in space.

Keywords

  • GPS-Tracking
  • • Mobility
  • • Principal component analysis
  • • Geographic information system
  • • Mobility patterns
  • • Tourism
access type Open Access

"Creative as Berlin, as successful as Frankfurt": The Symbolic Benefit of Cities as Objective of an Image-Orientated City Brand Management

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 115 - 128

Abstract

Abstract

The inter-municipal competition of European cities, the alignment tendencies of functional urban features as well as the growing social trend towards individualization and the communication of one's own identity convey the importance of the city's image as influencing factor of the choice of location of skilled workers, tourists and companies. Cities are increasingly seen as a tool for defining one's personality and the expression of one's lifestyle. While great attention has been given to personality characteristics as important factor of purchase decisions in the consumer goods sector, symbolic benefits thus gain importance as decision criteria of where to work, travel or found a company. The article discusses the concept of symbolic brand benefits in the city context, a topic that has yet received little attention in the German speaking city marketing discussion. Against this background, the predominantly in the English speaking literature debated concept of "place branding" will be described as a more developed version of city marketing that puts the image of cities in the focus of all city-related marketing activities. The author argues that the symbolic city image is the result of communicative negotiation processes, whose origins lay in real actions, activities and events that occur in a city. With the description of the communicative potential of the visual cityscape the author presents a range of levers for the development of a symbolic city image.

Keywords

  • Place branding
  • Place marketing
  • City marketing
  • City image
  • Symbol
  • Symbolic benefits
access type Open Access

Regionalisation of Knowledge-Based Services: The Change of City-Hinterland Relation Within the German Urban System

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 129 - 142

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examines the emergence of a new urban-rural relationship on the basis of the development of nodes of knowledge-intensive services in the German urban system. It will be discussed whether the relocation of knowledge-based services into regional hinterlands in the German urban system leads to a changed city-hinterland relation. It will be analysed if networks are affected by processes of regionalisation and concentrated deconcentration can be observed in the German urban system. To understand the influence of regionalisation processes on cities as hubs, developments will be observed from two different perspectives (embeddedness and network integration) that mirror two facets of cities as hubs.

Keywords

  • Regionalisation
  • Hubs
  • Space of places
  • Space of flows
  • Knowledge economy
  • City-regions
  • Germany

Schlüsselworter

  • Regionalisierung
  • Knoten
  • Orte
  • Netzwerke
  • Wissensökonomie
  • Stadtregion
  • Deutschland

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

Staying Alone or Reaching more Success Together? A Path for more Regional Cooperation in the Ruhrgebiet

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 143 - 156

Abstract

Abstract

Some 53 cities, 3 state governments and 2 Regional Associations—the Ruhrgebiet's unique administrative fragmentation has increasingly come under scrutiny, as cost pressure is mounting in public administration. Both in the political and the economic sphere, there are numerous proposals to overcome this situation. Some observers advocate the identification of some selected cities to be supported as regional centers, while other proposals even envisage one big “Ruhr-City”. Based on theoretical cooperation concepts, a socio-economic review and the analyses of chosen cooperation projects, we suggest concentrating on cooperation along functional lines, initiated on a case-by-case basis. To overcome the status quo of reluctant cooperation, the right set of incentives will be needed. Specifically, we propose designing a competition offering potential cooperation partners substantial monetary benefits, if their proposal is picked as a winner.

Keywords

  • Ruhrgebiet
  • Regional analysis
  • Cooperative strategies
  • Regional governance

Rezension

11 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

So kreativ wie Berlin ...

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 85 - 86

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

Linkages between Manufacturing and Production Oriented Services: An Empirical Analysis for the Rhineland

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 87 - 98

Abstract

Abstract

As projected by the "Three-Sector Hypothesis" structural change in highly developed countries is characterized by an increasing importance of the tertiary sector at the expense of the secondary sector. This change can be explained by the structural expansion of production oriented services. The paper analyzes the kind of cooperation and the linkages of service industries and manufacturing branches using the results of a firm survey carried out in parts of the German Rhineland. One result is that especially knowledge intensive services help to broaden the regions' export-base and thus foster regional economic development. Furthermore the results of the survey show that service industries and manufacturing industries are highly and mutually linked to each other. In doing so the manufacturing industries demand highly specialized services; vice versa the service industries give innovative impulses helping to increase the competitive capability of industrial firms. There are clear hints that the meaning of manufacturing industry in this network is higher than some empirical analyses can show. Regions might be well advised, therefore, not to neglect the locational requirements of manufacturing industries.

Keywords

  • Regional structural change
  • Service industries
  • Manufacturing industries
  • Economic linkages
  • Three-Sector Hypothesis
access type Open Access

New Methods in Mobility Analysis: The Combination of GPS-Tracking with Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in the Context of Tourism

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 99 - 113

Abstract

Abstract

Due to its structural complexity, the analysis of mobility patterns requires a combination of individual methods. In the first part the socio-scientific methods of mobility acquisition will be discussed in the context of tourism. It will be demonstrated, that individual methods cannot cope with the demand for socio-scientific differentiation of mobility patterns. Analysis on this new level will only be possible when using a consistent method design, composed of GPS-Tracking, questionnaire and text analysis, which unions the individual person, activity and mobility in space. In the second part of this paper, the method of differentiating mobility patterns will be explained. It will be shown, that the variable (touristic) practice in terms of Bourdieu is suitable for the explanation of individual activity and for the differentiation of mobility patterns. The combination of individual (questionnaire) and spatial data (GPS-Tracking) is based on the principal component analysis. It will be shown how the characteristic groups can be spatially represented in a Geographic Information System using the GPS-data and fed back with the results of the text analysis (guidebook). The successful combination of GPS-Tracking with quantitative and qualitative methods will be explained in the third section on the basis of practical examples. It will be provided evidence, that qualitative and quantitative methods can be successfully used together, GPS data can be differentiated based on socio-scientific variables and practices and individuals are interlinked in space.

Keywords

  • GPS-Tracking
  • • Mobility
  • • Principal component analysis
  • • Geographic information system
  • • Mobility patterns
  • • Tourism
access type Open Access

"Creative as Berlin, as successful as Frankfurt": The Symbolic Benefit of Cities as Objective of an Image-Orientated City Brand Management

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 115 - 128

Abstract

Abstract

The inter-municipal competition of European cities, the alignment tendencies of functional urban features as well as the growing social trend towards individualization and the communication of one's own identity convey the importance of the city's image as influencing factor of the choice of location of skilled workers, tourists and companies. Cities are increasingly seen as a tool for defining one's personality and the expression of one's lifestyle. While great attention has been given to personality characteristics as important factor of purchase decisions in the consumer goods sector, symbolic benefits thus gain importance as decision criteria of where to work, travel or found a company. The article discusses the concept of symbolic brand benefits in the city context, a topic that has yet received little attention in the German speaking city marketing discussion. Against this background, the predominantly in the English speaking literature debated concept of "place branding" will be described as a more developed version of city marketing that puts the image of cities in the focus of all city-related marketing activities. The author argues that the symbolic city image is the result of communicative negotiation processes, whose origins lay in real actions, activities and events that occur in a city. With the description of the communicative potential of the visual cityscape the author presents a range of levers for the development of a symbolic city image.

Keywords

  • Place branding
  • Place marketing
  • City marketing
  • City image
  • Symbol
  • Symbolic benefits
access type Open Access

Regionalisation of Knowledge-Based Services: The Change of City-Hinterland Relation Within the German Urban System

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 129 - 142

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examines the emergence of a new urban-rural relationship on the basis of the development of nodes of knowledge-intensive services in the German urban system. It will be discussed whether the relocation of knowledge-based services into regional hinterlands in the German urban system leads to a changed city-hinterland relation. It will be analysed if networks are affected by processes of regionalisation and concentrated deconcentration can be observed in the German urban system. To understand the influence of regionalisation processes on cities as hubs, developments will be observed from two different perspectives (embeddedness and network integration) that mirror two facets of cities as hubs.

Keywords

  • Regionalisation
  • Hubs
  • Space of places
  • Space of flows
  • Knowledge economy
  • City-regions
  • Germany

Schlüsselworter

  • Regionalisierung
  • Knoten
  • Orte
  • Netzwerke
  • Wissensökonomie
  • Stadtregion
  • Deutschland

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

Staying Alone or Reaching more Success Together? A Path for more Regional Cooperation in the Ruhrgebiet

Published Online: 30 Apr 2013
Page range: 143 - 156

Abstract

Abstract

Some 53 cities, 3 state governments and 2 Regional Associations—the Ruhrgebiet's unique administrative fragmentation has increasingly come under scrutiny, as cost pressure is mounting in public administration. Both in the political and the economic sphere, there are numerous proposals to overcome this situation. Some observers advocate the identification of some selected cities to be supported as regional centers, while other proposals even envisage one big “Ruhr-City”. Based on theoretical cooperation concepts, a socio-economic review and the analyses of chosen cooperation projects, we suggest concentrating on cooperation along functional lines, initiated on a case-by-case basis. To overcome the status quo of reluctant cooperation, the right set of incentives will be needed. Specifically, we propose designing a competition offering potential cooperation partners substantial monetary benefits, if their proposal is picked as a winner.

Keywords

  • Ruhrgebiet
  • Regional analysis
  • Cooperative strategies
  • Regional governance

Rezension

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