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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 71 (2013): Issue 1 (February 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

12 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

Betrachtungen zu einem Kernbegriff der Raumwissenschaften

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 1 - 2

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

The Object of Population: An Epistemological Approach

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 3 - 14

Abstract

Abstract

Theoretical debates in social and planning sciences (like urban planning, urban studies, urban sociology or social geography) are rarely focussing on the term “population” in an explicit way. But implicitly (and as an object) population is—as a complementary concept to “space”—in the centre of such spatial sciences quite often. The purpose of this paper is to take an epistemological glance at the history of the concept of population. Firstly I trace back to Michel Foucault’s history of governmentality and work out the meaning of population in this context. Secondly I go to the discourses of population sciences that take place in national economy in nineteenth century and recapitulate the large debates and their population conception (i.e. Malthus, Marx and Engels, Schmoller, Oppenheimer, Mombert). Thirdly I look at population policy especially in the 1920ies and 1930ies, which handles with concepts like “overpopulation” and “Bevölkerungsoptimum” and which are deeply embedded in the NS-state and its ideology. In my conclusion I bring forward the argument that population is a fundament of spatial planning and space science (“Raumforschung und Raumplanung”) and that therefore is a demand for a permanent controversy concerning the concept of population.

Keywords

  • Population
  • Governmentality
  • Spatial sciences
  • Spatial planning
  • Science studies
  • Population density
  • History of concepts
access type Open Access

The City of Short-distance Trips and Long-distance Journeys

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 15 - 31

Abstract

Abstract

There is a bulk of research on spatial differences in travel behaviour, more specifically travel distances. This research suggests that the distances travelled by the population of small municipalities are longer than that by the population of larger cities. However, related studies focus mainly on daily travel. Long-distance trips are included as a minor aspect ‘on top’, if at all. Often they are deliberately excluded from analysis due to the focus on daily travel. On the other hand, long-distance travel accounts for a large fraction in total mileage due to the length of trips. In this paper we study travel distances in daily trips and long-distance trips, comparing municipality size categories. We also study the sum of annual travel distances on the individual level. We use descriptive statistics as well as Heckman models and OLS regressions, controlling for various sociodemographics. We find distances travelled for long-distance trips and daily trips to be affected by sociodemographics in much the same way, while spatial effects affect distances travelled for daily and long-distance trips in different directions. While daily travel distances are negatively associated with municipality size, it is the other way round for long-distance trips. As an outcome, the travel reduction effect of large cities is largely compensated for by long-distance trips.

Keywords

  • Travel behaviour
  • Travel distances
  • Daily trips
  • Long-distance trips
  • Spatial structure
access type Open Access

Universities of Applied Sciences in Regional Innovation Systems. An Analysis Based on Best Practice Case Studies

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 33 - 47

Abstract

Abstract

The interaction and networking among private firms and public research entities determine the innovative potential and performance of a region essentially. Cooperatively, these important members of regional innovation systems develop innovations and enhance knowledge diffusion. The impact of a higher education institution on a regional innovation system depends not only on the success of the research and development activities, but also on its network integration and interaction with other members in the regional innovation system. Based on these considerations, knowledge and technology transfer has become one of the strategic and operative core functions of higher education institutions, whereas mainly transfer forms with a high degree of university-industry cooperation shape the role of higher education institutions in the regional innovation system. Especially the application-oriented universities of applied sciences are required to disseminate and implement the gathered knowledge in their regional environment. The article examines the special role of universities of applied sciences in the regional innovation system and analyses university-side success factors of knowledge transfer on the basis of a best practice analysis. The research identifies strategic concepts relevant for successful transfer, furthermore operative policy recommendations were deducted that encourage cooperation between university and regional economy and knowledge transfer.

Keywords

  • Innovation
  • Regional knowledge transfer
  • Universities of applied sciences

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

What Potential Benefits Do Village Renewal Programs Offer for Inner-Village Development in the Federal States Hessen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein?

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 49 - 64

Abstract

Abstract

Against the background of demographic changes, the inner development of villages faces new challenges. This paper addresses the question of the potential benefits of village renewal programs for inner-village issues in the federal states Hessen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein and considers the impact of the specifically tailored individual state measures. To answer these research questions, regulatory documents will be illuminated, support data from years 2007 until 2009 will be assessed, and the results of an in-depth study of selected villages (village study) will be presented. The strategic direction of the responsible ministries is well-advanced on the state level and local actors are already sensitive to the urgency of the topic. However, the emphasis of village renewal programs continues to remain on the structural development of the villages. Support for social and functional development does take place, but must be intensified with a view toward sustainable inner-village development.

Keywords

  • Demographic changes
  • Inner-village development
  • Village renewal
  • Public support
  • Rural development

Rezension

access type Open Access

Kommunale Daseinsvorsorge in der Wasserwirtschaft. Auswirkungen der Privatisierung am Beispiel der Wasserbetriebe Berlins

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 65 - 66

Abstract

access type Open Access

Wissensspillover in der Wissensökonomie – Kanäle, Effekte und räumliche Ausprägungen

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 67 - 68

Abstract

access type Open Access

Environmental Literacy in Science and Society. From Knowledge to Decisions

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 69 - 71

Abstract

access type Open Access

Ökonomische Geographie

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 73 - 74

Abstract

access type Open Access

Wer entwickelt die Stadt? Geschichte und Gegenwart lokaler Governance: Akteure – Strategien – Strukturen

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 75 - 77

Abstract

Danksagung

access type Open Access

Danksagung an die Reviewer im Jahr 2012

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 79 - 81

Abstract

Call for Papers

access type Open Access

Neue Geodaten und Internetnutzung

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 83 - 84

Abstract

12 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

Betrachtungen zu einem Kernbegriff der Raumwissenschaften

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 1 - 2

Abstract

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

The Object of Population: An Epistemological Approach

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 3 - 14

Abstract

Abstract

Theoretical debates in social and planning sciences (like urban planning, urban studies, urban sociology or social geography) are rarely focussing on the term “population” in an explicit way. But implicitly (and as an object) population is—as a complementary concept to “space”—in the centre of such spatial sciences quite often. The purpose of this paper is to take an epistemological glance at the history of the concept of population. Firstly I trace back to Michel Foucault’s history of governmentality and work out the meaning of population in this context. Secondly I go to the discourses of population sciences that take place in national economy in nineteenth century and recapitulate the large debates and their population conception (i.e. Malthus, Marx and Engels, Schmoller, Oppenheimer, Mombert). Thirdly I look at population policy especially in the 1920ies and 1930ies, which handles with concepts like “overpopulation” and “Bevölkerungsoptimum” and which are deeply embedded in the NS-state and its ideology. In my conclusion I bring forward the argument that population is a fundament of spatial planning and space science (“Raumforschung und Raumplanung”) and that therefore is a demand for a permanent controversy concerning the concept of population.

Keywords

  • Population
  • Governmentality
  • Spatial sciences
  • Spatial planning
  • Science studies
  • Population density
  • History of concepts
access type Open Access

The City of Short-distance Trips and Long-distance Journeys

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 15 - 31

Abstract

Abstract

There is a bulk of research on spatial differences in travel behaviour, more specifically travel distances. This research suggests that the distances travelled by the population of small municipalities are longer than that by the population of larger cities. However, related studies focus mainly on daily travel. Long-distance trips are included as a minor aspect ‘on top’, if at all. Often they are deliberately excluded from analysis due to the focus on daily travel. On the other hand, long-distance travel accounts for a large fraction in total mileage due to the length of trips. In this paper we study travel distances in daily trips and long-distance trips, comparing municipality size categories. We also study the sum of annual travel distances on the individual level. We use descriptive statistics as well as Heckman models and OLS regressions, controlling for various sociodemographics. We find distances travelled for long-distance trips and daily trips to be affected by sociodemographics in much the same way, while spatial effects affect distances travelled for daily and long-distance trips in different directions. While daily travel distances are negatively associated with municipality size, it is the other way round for long-distance trips. As an outcome, the travel reduction effect of large cities is largely compensated for by long-distance trips.

Keywords

  • Travel behaviour
  • Travel distances
  • Daily trips
  • Long-distance trips
  • Spatial structure
access type Open Access

Universities of Applied Sciences in Regional Innovation Systems. An Analysis Based on Best Practice Case Studies

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 33 - 47

Abstract

Abstract

The interaction and networking among private firms and public research entities determine the innovative potential and performance of a region essentially. Cooperatively, these important members of regional innovation systems develop innovations and enhance knowledge diffusion. The impact of a higher education institution on a regional innovation system depends not only on the success of the research and development activities, but also on its network integration and interaction with other members in the regional innovation system. Based on these considerations, knowledge and technology transfer has become one of the strategic and operative core functions of higher education institutions, whereas mainly transfer forms with a high degree of university-industry cooperation shape the role of higher education institutions in the regional innovation system. Especially the application-oriented universities of applied sciences are required to disseminate and implement the gathered knowledge in their regional environment. The article examines the special role of universities of applied sciences in the regional innovation system and analyses university-side success factors of knowledge transfer on the basis of a best practice analysis. The research identifies strategic concepts relevant for successful transfer, furthermore operative policy recommendations were deducted that encourage cooperation between university and regional economy and knowledge transfer.

Keywords

  • Innovation
  • Regional knowledge transfer
  • Universities of applied sciences

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

What Potential Benefits Do Village Renewal Programs Offer for Inner-Village Development in the Federal States Hessen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein?

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 49 - 64

Abstract

Abstract

Against the background of demographic changes, the inner development of villages faces new challenges. This paper addresses the question of the potential benefits of village renewal programs for inner-village issues in the federal states Hessen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein and considers the impact of the specifically tailored individual state measures. To answer these research questions, regulatory documents will be illuminated, support data from years 2007 until 2009 will be assessed, and the results of an in-depth study of selected villages (village study) will be presented. The strategic direction of the responsible ministries is well-advanced on the state level and local actors are already sensitive to the urgency of the topic. However, the emphasis of village renewal programs continues to remain on the structural development of the villages. Support for social and functional development does take place, but must be intensified with a view toward sustainable inner-village development.

Keywords

  • Demographic changes
  • Inner-village development
  • Village renewal
  • Public support
  • Rural development

Rezension

access type Open Access

Kommunale Daseinsvorsorge in der Wasserwirtschaft. Auswirkungen der Privatisierung am Beispiel der Wasserbetriebe Berlins

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 65 - 66

Abstract

access type Open Access

Wissensspillover in der Wissensökonomie – Kanäle, Effekte und räumliche Ausprägungen

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 67 - 68

Abstract

access type Open Access

Environmental Literacy in Science and Society. From Knowledge to Decisions

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 69 - 71

Abstract

access type Open Access

Ökonomische Geographie

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 73 - 74

Abstract

access type Open Access

Wer entwickelt die Stadt? Geschichte und Gegenwart lokaler Governance: Akteure – Strategien – Strukturen

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 75 - 77

Abstract

Danksagung

access type Open Access

Danksagung an die Reviewer im Jahr 2012

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 79 - 81

Abstract

Call for Papers

access type Open Access

Neue Geodaten und Internetnutzung

Published Online: 28 Feb 2013
Page range: 83 - 84

Abstract

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