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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 70 (2012): Issue 6 (December 2012)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

12 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

Ein breites Themenspektrum

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 479 - 480

Abstract

Zur Diskussion

access type Open Access

In Praise of an Economic Perspective on Landscape

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 481 - 483

Abstract

Abstract

This paper is a response to the special issue on the social constitution of cultural landscapes in "Raumforschung und Raumordnung". It adopts an economic perspective that provides a sober-minded look at the issue of cultural landscape and reveals the economic significance of landscape. According to this perspective, (cultural) landscapes are characterised by features which are typical of public, regional, and scarce goods. From this it is argued that scarcity necessitates political intervention to ensure maximum benefits of use for the electorate.

Keywords

  • Cultural landscape
  • Economy
  • Public good
  • Landscape assessment

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

Forced or Excessive Commuting?

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 485 - 499

Abstract

Abstract

To what extent can the ongoing growth of commuting between different municipalities be explained by the spatial dynamics of the urban landscape? To answer this question we analyze municipality level data which contain information about trends in jobs and housing locations and regional commuting trips over a period of almost four decades (1970–2007). Our results show increasing shares of cross-municipal commuting, along with increasing commuting distances over time. Despite the suburbanization of the labor force, people and jobs did not come closer together and the shares of cross-municipal commuting trips have not declined over time. Moreover, our study shows that the growth in commuting is clearly stronger than what might be expected from the changing geography of working and housing locations.

Keywords

  • Urban spatial structure
  • Commuting
  • Suburbanization
  • Metropolitan areas
access type Open Access

The End of the Regional Experiment? The Transformation of the English Planning System under New Labour

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 501 - 514

Abstract

Abstract

The English planning system underwent a series of remarkable reforms under the New Labour governments between 1997–2010. After the hollowing out of planning functions under the previous conservative governments, planning regained a new significance on the political agenda. First, there was a turn from the traditional paradigm of land-use-planning to a more strategically oriented Spatial Planning approach. Second, the institutional landscape was subjected to a far-reaching reallocation of competences between the local and the revalued regional level. The article resumes this process which was stopped abruptly after the change in government of 2010. It analyzes the implementation of the reforms drawing on two in depth case studies. An evaluation of the reforms identifies the strengths and also the obstacles of the far-reaching transformation in the highly politicized English planning landscape. A discussion of the future of planning after the preliminary end of the regional experiment concludes this article.

Keywords

  • Planning
  • Regional planning
  • United Kingdom
  • Administrative reform
  • Regionalisation
  • Implementation
access type Open Access

Economic Development in Demographically Shrinking Regions. Challenges and Regional Market Strategies of Firms from Upper Franconia

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 515 - 530

Abstract

Abstract

Demographic change in terms of decreasing and ageing populations poses a new challenge to regional development and economic prospects in Europe. However, it has been noted that the intensity of demographic shrinking differs widely among the European regions, causing adaptive problems and challenges to varying degrees. Demographic change affects almost every area of economic activity. This article depicts and analyses the associated changes and challenges for regional development in shrinking areas at a micro level. It gives an overview of the extent and intensity of demographic shrinkage for regions as well as its effects on regional development and firms as economic agents in demographically shrinking regions. The overview is based on concepts and theories in economics and economic geography dealing with demographic and economic developments. The main part presents a case study that focuses on changing regional market conditions due to demographic change. Using Upper Franconia as a German case region, we analyse the pressure on local firms and their adaptive strategy-building on regional markets in an exploratory way.

Keywords

  • Demographic change
  • Regional development
  • Shrinking regions
  • Regional market strategies
  • Upper Franconia
access type Open Access

Towards a city region?

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 531 - 544

Abstract

Abstract

An inter-municipal and informal cooperation dealing with commercial land development exists in the region Halle/Leipzig since 2009. The cooperation is formed by cities and villages and extends over the border between the two federal states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. The article gives an overview of the previous steps and its main results, i.e. conclusions of an evaluation of the commercial land potential in the region Halle/Leipzig. In addition, it describes the functioning as well as the communication patterns within the cooperation. However, the main goal of this article is to determine how the inter-municipal cooperation can be classified as a form of regional governance, based on the theoretical debate on that topic. General conclusions will be drawn as well as implications for the upcoming process in the region Halle/Leipzig.

Keywords

  • Regional governance
  • Inter-municipal cooperation
  • Commercial land development
  • Halle/Leipzig

Rezension

access type Open Access

Brüggemann, Axel (2011): Landfrust. Ein Blick in die deutsche Provinz. Reinbek: Kindler Verlag, 269 S. Müller, Christa (Hrsg.) (2011): Urban Gardening. Über die Rückkehr der Gärten in die Stadt. München: Oekom Verlag, 349 S. Reichert, Martin (2011): Landlust. Ein Selbstversuch in der deutschen Provinz. Frankfurt: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 221 S. Sezgin, Hilal (2011): Landleben. Von einer, die raus zog. Köln: DuMont Buchverlag, 270 S.

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 545 - 549

Abstract

access type Open Access

Brake, Klaus; Herfert, Günter (Hrsg.) (2012): Reurbanisierung. Materialität und Diskurs in Deutschland

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 551 - 553

Abstract

access type Open Access

Schenk, Winfried; Kühn, Manfred; Leibenath, Markus; Tzschaschel, Sabine (Hrsg.) (2012): Suburbane Räume als Kulturlandschaften

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 555 - 556

Abstract

access type Open Access

Ehlers, M., Schiewe, J. (2012): Geoinformatik

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 557 - 559

Abstract

access type Open Access

Tasan-Kok, Tuna; Baeten, Guy (eds.) (2012): Contradictions of Neoliberal Planning. Cities, Policies, and Politics

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 561 - 563

Abstract

access type Open Access

Zimmermann, Karsten; Heinelt, Hubert (2012): Metropolitan Governance in Deutschland. Regieren in Ballungsräumen und neue Formen politischen Steuerung

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 565 - 566

Abstract

12 Articles

Editorial

access type Open Access

Ein breites Themenspektrum

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 479 - 480

Abstract

Zur Diskussion

access type Open Access

In Praise of an Economic Perspective on Landscape

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 481 - 483

Abstract

Abstract

This paper is a response to the special issue on the social constitution of cultural landscapes in "Raumforschung und Raumordnung". It adopts an economic perspective that provides a sober-minded look at the issue of cultural landscape and reveals the economic significance of landscape. According to this perspective, (cultural) landscapes are characterised by features which are typical of public, regional, and scarce goods. From this it is argued that scarcity necessitates political intervention to ensure maximum benefits of use for the electorate.

Keywords

  • Cultural landscape
  • Economy
  • Public good
  • Landscape assessment

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

access type Open Access

Forced or Excessive Commuting?

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 485 - 499

Abstract

Abstract

To what extent can the ongoing growth of commuting between different municipalities be explained by the spatial dynamics of the urban landscape? To answer this question we analyze municipality level data which contain information about trends in jobs and housing locations and regional commuting trips over a period of almost four decades (1970–2007). Our results show increasing shares of cross-municipal commuting, along with increasing commuting distances over time. Despite the suburbanization of the labor force, people and jobs did not come closer together and the shares of cross-municipal commuting trips have not declined over time. Moreover, our study shows that the growth in commuting is clearly stronger than what might be expected from the changing geography of working and housing locations.

Keywords

  • Urban spatial structure
  • Commuting
  • Suburbanization
  • Metropolitan areas
access type Open Access

The End of the Regional Experiment? The Transformation of the English Planning System under New Labour

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 501 - 514

Abstract

Abstract

The English planning system underwent a series of remarkable reforms under the New Labour governments between 1997–2010. After the hollowing out of planning functions under the previous conservative governments, planning regained a new significance on the political agenda. First, there was a turn from the traditional paradigm of land-use-planning to a more strategically oriented Spatial Planning approach. Second, the institutional landscape was subjected to a far-reaching reallocation of competences between the local and the revalued regional level. The article resumes this process which was stopped abruptly after the change in government of 2010. It analyzes the implementation of the reforms drawing on two in depth case studies. An evaluation of the reforms identifies the strengths and also the obstacles of the far-reaching transformation in the highly politicized English planning landscape. A discussion of the future of planning after the preliminary end of the regional experiment concludes this article.

Keywords

  • Planning
  • Regional planning
  • United Kingdom
  • Administrative reform
  • Regionalisation
  • Implementation
access type Open Access

Economic Development in Demographically Shrinking Regions. Challenges and Regional Market Strategies of Firms from Upper Franconia

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 515 - 530

Abstract

Abstract

Demographic change in terms of decreasing and ageing populations poses a new challenge to regional development and economic prospects in Europe. However, it has been noted that the intensity of demographic shrinking differs widely among the European regions, causing adaptive problems and challenges to varying degrees. Demographic change affects almost every area of economic activity. This article depicts and analyses the associated changes and challenges for regional development in shrinking areas at a micro level. It gives an overview of the extent and intensity of demographic shrinkage for regions as well as its effects on regional development and firms as economic agents in demographically shrinking regions. The overview is based on concepts and theories in economics and economic geography dealing with demographic and economic developments. The main part presents a case study that focuses on changing regional market conditions due to demographic change. Using Upper Franconia as a German case region, we analyse the pressure on local firms and their adaptive strategy-building on regional markets in an exploratory way.

Keywords

  • Demographic change
  • Regional development
  • Shrinking regions
  • Regional market strategies
  • Upper Franconia
access type Open Access

Towards a city region?

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 531 - 544

Abstract

Abstract

An inter-municipal and informal cooperation dealing with commercial land development exists in the region Halle/Leipzig since 2009. The cooperation is formed by cities and villages and extends over the border between the two federal states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. The article gives an overview of the previous steps and its main results, i.e. conclusions of an evaluation of the commercial land potential in the region Halle/Leipzig. In addition, it describes the functioning as well as the communication patterns within the cooperation. However, the main goal of this article is to determine how the inter-municipal cooperation can be classified as a form of regional governance, based on the theoretical debate on that topic. General conclusions will be drawn as well as implications for the upcoming process in the region Halle/Leipzig.

Keywords

  • Regional governance
  • Inter-municipal cooperation
  • Commercial land development
  • Halle/Leipzig

Rezension

access type Open Access

Brüggemann, Axel (2011): Landfrust. Ein Blick in die deutsche Provinz. Reinbek: Kindler Verlag, 269 S. Müller, Christa (Hrsg.) (2011): Urban Gardening. Über die Rückkehr der Gärten in die Stadt. München: Oekom Verlag, 349 S. Reichert, Martin (2011): Landlust. Ein Selbstversuch in der deutschen Provinz. Frankfurt: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 221 S. Sezgin, Hilal (2011): Landleben. Von einer, die raus zog. Köln: DuMont Buchverlag, 270 S.

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 545 - 549

Abstract

access type Open Access

Brake, Klaus; Herfert, Günter (Hrsg.) (2012): Reurbanisierung. Materialität und Diskurs in Deutschland

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 551 - 553

Abstract

access type Open Access

Schenk, Winfried; Kühn, Manfred; Leibenath, Markus; Tzschaschel, Sabine (Hrsg.) (2012): Suburbane Räume als Kulturlandschaften

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 555 - 556

Abstract

access type Open Access

Ehlers, M., Schiewe, J. (2012): Geoinformatik

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 557 - 559

Abstract

access type Open Access

Tasan-Kok, Tuna; Baeten, Guy (eds.) (2012): Contradictions of Neoliberal Planning. Cities, Policies, and Politics

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 561 - 563

Abstract

access type Open Access

Zimmermann, Karsten; Heinelt, Hubert (2012): Metropolitan Governance in Deutschland. Regieren in Ballungsräumen und neue Formen politischen Steuerung

Published Online: 31 Dec 2012
Page range: 565 - 566

Abstract

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