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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 68 (2010): Issue 5 (October 2010)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

12 Articles

Editorial

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

Open Access

Large-Scale Nature Conservation Projects as Impulse for a Pro-Active Landscape Policy in Urban and Post-Industrial Regions

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 341 - 355

Abstract

Abstract

This contribution examines the large-scale nature conservation project “Landscape of Industrial Culture North” in the German federal state of Saarland, and its conceptual foundations. A starting point for the project is the idea of understanding nature and landscape less as a physical object, but rather in a constitutive sense as a social construct that places physical objects in mutual aesthetic relationships. Different paradigms of dealing with nature and landscape shall be identified and recognized as perspectives for societal debates concerning the reorientation of this traditionally industrial and urbanized region. This challenges traditional conservation-oriented nature protection concepts as well as regional development and spatial planning approaches, which have so far in agglomerations mainly pursued a logic of growth. The very first large-scale nature conservation project to be realized in an urban, industrial space can reveal new ways of implementing a proactive landscape policy focused on discussion, exchange of ideas and participation and sustainable ecological, social and economic processes.

Keywords

  • Regional development
  • Nature conservation
  • Spatial planning
  • Landscape policy
  • European Landscape convention
Open Access

Road Traffic Safety in North Rhine-Westphalia Districts: Where Do We Live Most Safely?

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 357 - 371

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents traffic accident risk figures for North Rhine-Westphalia on the district level (Kreise and kreisfreie Städte), broken down by age group and type of traffic participation. The spatial analysis is based on the victims’ places of residence. These are identified for car passengers by using licence numbers. Injured or killed pedestrians and bicycle users are classified by place of accident, which may serve as a good proxy for the place of residence in their case. The results suggest that the population-based risk to be killed or seriously injured in road traffic is considerably lower in large cities than in suburban and rural areas. This is particularly true for adolescents. Macro-economically, this leads to markedly below-average accident costs in large cities.

Keywords

  • Traffic safety
  • Traffic accident
  • Residential location choice
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
Open Access

Local Culture and the Re-invention of the Port-City

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 373 - 387

Abstract

Abstract

During the course of transformation of social and economic structures the typical port-city in the western, industrialized world underwent serious changes or deviations of its traditional development path. Nevertheless the changing patterns of local structures and the modernisation of the local institutional system reflect essential elements and expressions of a typical local culture. In this process the specific local culture of the port-city turns out to be a control mechanism as well as an efficient resource extrapolating the individual logic of the place. Consequently, the re-invention of the port-city does not only express a simple logic of adaptation to global dynamics. Instead, the re-invention of the port-city appears as an expression of a certain autonomy and “individuality” which reproduces common characteristics of the port-cities as well as their difference to the territorial, inland towns.

Keywords

  • Port-city
  • Structural change
  • Local culture
  • Globalization
  • Adaptation
  • Change of path
Open Access

Remedievalisation II

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 389 - 396

Abstract

Abstract

Contemporary European regional policy can be understood as a set of supplementary processes of ‘remedievalisation’ which, as to the relationship between EU member states and the EU itself, have been taking place for decades. The present phenomenon of remedievalisation is apparent in a dual counter-activity to a process that has in the last centuries constituted the modern European state. Pre-modern structures become visible first through an administrative supplement of the borderline by a border region, which is subsequently institutionalised as an area with inhabitants sharing a common and border-transcending mentality.

Keywords

  • Cross-border cooperation
  • Border regions
  • European Union
  • Nation state
  • Linear border
  • Regional identity

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

Open Access

Local Climate Protection Management

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 397 - 407

Abstract

Abstract

Since the publication of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report and the Stern report climate mitigation has become a main topic on all levels. In national efforts concerning CO2-reduction cities play a crucial role. But in local praxis various deficits preventing a successful implementation show up. Against this background the article discusses the frame of action as well as approaches of a Local Climate Protection Management, which refers to the well implemented concept of Local Sustainability Management. The research project supported by the Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt explores how a strategic management could upgrade processes concerning climate protection.

Keywords

  • Climate protection
  • Climate protection management
  • Sustainability management
  • Energy efficiency
  • Renewable energy
  • Modernization of the administration
  • Local protagonist networks
Open Access

An Integrative Planning Instrument for Flood Risk Management—The Catchment Oriented Unit Development Plan

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 409 - 418

Abstract

Abstract

Aspects of water and flood management are often too little or too late included into the spatial planning process. At the same time aspects of geodata infrastructure and flood related data and information has to be considered as a crucial interface in a concept for integrated planning. Against this background a planning instrument on the scale of a river basin was developed—the catchment related development plan (gGEP). The concept includes also the interfacial requirements to technical and computer based tools like Planning or Decision Support Systems. The overarching aim of this planning instrument is to integrate flood relevant issues in order to minimize the flood risk or not to increase it further respectively. The catchment related development plan can be considered as an important prestage for setting up flood risk management plans according to Art. 7 of the EU Flood Risk Management Directive. The very urban area of the City of Hamburg and rural parts of Lower Saxony in Germany serve as case study areas for the concept.

Keywords

  • Flood
  • Flood risk management plan
  • Flood risk management directive
  • Planning instrument
  • Catchment related development plan
  • Web services
Open Access

Regional Planning for the Extraction of Non-energy Raw Materials

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 419 - 431

Abstract

Abstract

Controlling the extraction of non-energetic mineral resources is not only a highly complex and spatially important task in planning. It is also a politically and legally increasingly challenged task. This article calls for regional planning authorities to take on this challenge and to set up concentration zones for surface mining. Furthermore, it is examined, which special circumstances and grave difficulties this planning task involves and how these difficulties can be overcome.

Keywords

  • Regional planning
  • Concentration zones
  • Open cast mining
  • Surface mining
  • Precautionary principle
  • Minerals
  • Spatial law

Rezension

Open Access

Strategische Stadtplanung. Strategiebildung in schrumpfenden Städten aus planungs- und politikwissenschaftlicher Sicht

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 433 - 435

Abstract

Open Access

German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy 2009. New Disparities in Spatial Development in Europe

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 437 - 439

Abstract

Open Access

Gleichwertigkeit der Lebensverhältnisse – Verfassungsauftrag und Raumordnungsrecht

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 441 - 442

Abstract

Open Access

Städtebau als Prozess. Kontinuität durch Transformation

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 443 - 444

Abstract

12 Articles

Editorial

Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

Open Access

Large-Scale Nature Conservation Projects as Impulse for a Pro-Active Landscape Policy in Urban and Post-Industrial Regions

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 341 - 355

Abstract

Abstract

This contribution examines the large-scale nature conservation project “Landscape of Industrial Culture North” in the German federal state of Saarland, and its conceptual foundations. A starting point for the project is the idea of understanding nature and landscape less as a physical object, but rather in a constitutive sense as a social construct that places physical objects in mutual aesthetic relationships. Different paradigms of dealing with nature and landscape shall be identified and recognized as perspectives for societal debates concerning the reorientation of this traditionally industrial and urbanized region. This challenges traditional conservation-oriented nature protection concepts as well as regional development and spatial planning approaches, which have so far in agglomerations mainly pursued a logic of growth. The very first large-scale nature conservation project to be realized in an urban, industrial space can reveal new ways of implementing a proactive landscape policy focused on discussion, exchange of ideas and participation and sustainable ecological, social and economic processes.

Keywords

  • Regional development
  • Nature conservation
  • Spatial planning
  • Landscape policy
  • European Landscape convention
Open Access

Road Traffic Safety in North Rhine-Westphalia Districts: Where Do We Live Most Safely?

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 357 - 371

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents traffic accident risk figures for North Rhine-Westphalia on the district level (Kreise and kreisfreie Städte), broken down by age group and type of traffic participation. The spatial analysis is based on the victims’ places of residence. These are identified for car passengers by using licence numbers. Injured or killed pedestrians and bicycle users are classified by place of accident, which may serve as a good proxy for the place of residence in their case. The results suggest that the population-based risk to be killed or seriously injured in road traffic is considerably lower in large cities than in suburban and rural areas. This is particularly true for adolescents. Macro-economically, this leads to markedly below-average accident costs in large cities.

Keywords

  • Traffic safety
  • Traffic accident
  • Residential location choice
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
Open Access

Local Culture and the Re-invention of the Port-City

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 373 - 387

Abstract

Abstract

During the course of transformation of social and economic structures the typical port-city in the western, industrialized world underwent serious changes or deviations of its traditional development path. Nevertheless the changing patterns of local structures and the modernisation of the local institutional system reflect essential elements and expressions of a typical local culture. In this process the specific local culture of the port-city turns out to be a control mechanism as well as an efficient resource extrapolating the individual logic of the place. Consequently, the re-invention of the port-city does not only express a simple logic of adaptation to global dynamics. Instead, the re-invention of the port-city appears as an expression of a certain autonomy and “individuality” which reproduces common characteristics of the port-cities as well as their difference to the territorial, inland towns.

Keywords

  • Port-city
  • Structural change
  • Local culture
  • Globalization
  • Adaptation
  • Change of path
Open Access

Remedievalisation II

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 389 - 396

Abstract

Abstract

Contemporary European regional policy can be understood as a set of supplementary processes of ‘remedievalisation’ which, as to the relationship between EU member states and the EU itself, have been taking place for decades. The present phenomenon of remedievalisation is apparent in a dual counter-activity to a process that has in the last centuries constituted the modern European state. Pre-modern structures become visible first through an administrative supplement of the borderline by a border region, which is subsequently institutionalised as an area with inhabitants sharing a common and border-transcending mentality.

Keywords

  • Cross-border cooperation
  • Border regions
  • European Union
  • Nation state
  • Linear border
  • Regional identity

Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis

Open Access

Local Climate Protection Management

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 397 - 407

Abstract

Abstract

Since the publication of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report and the Stern report climate mitigation has become a main topic on all levels. In national efforts concerning CO2-reduction cities play a crucial role. But in local praxis various deficits preventing a successful implementation show up. Against this background the article discusses the frame of action as well as approaches of a Local Climate Protection Management, which refers to the well implemented concept of Local Sustainability Management. The research project supported by the Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt explores how a strategic management could upgrade processes concerning climate protection.

Keywords

  • Climate protection
  • Climate protection management
  • Sustainability management
  • Energy efficiency
  • Renewable energy
  • Modernization of the administration
  • Local protagonist networks
Open Access

An Integrative Planning Instrument for Flood Risk Management—The Catchment Oriented Unit Development Plan

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 409 - 418

Abstract

Abstract

Aspects of water and flood management are often too little or too late included into the spatial planning process. At the same time aspects of geodata infrastructure and flood related data and information has to be considered as a crucial interface in a concept for integrated planning. Against this background a planning instrument on the scale of a river basin was developed—the catchment related development plan (gGEP). The concept includes also the interfacial requirements to technical and computer based tools like Planning or Decision Support Systems. The overarching aim of this planning instrument is to integrate flood relevant issues in order to minimize the flood risk or not to increase it further respectively. The catchment related development plan can be considered as an important prestage for setting up flood risk management plans according to Art. 7 of the EU Flood Risk Management Directive. The very urban area of the City of Hamburg and rural parts of Lower Saxony in Germany serve as case study areas for the concept.

Keywords

  • Flood
  • Flood risk management plan
  • Flood risk management directive
  • Planning instrument
  • Catchment related development plan
  • Web services
Open Access

Regional Planning for the Extraction of Non-energy Raw Materials

Published Online: 31 Oct 2010
Page range: 419 - 431

Abstract

Abstract

Controlling the extraction of non-energetic mineral resources is not only a highly complex and spatially important task in planning. It is also a politically and legally increasingly challenged task. This article calls for regional planning authorities to take on this challenge and to set up concentration zones for surface mining. Furthermore, it is examined, which special circumstances and grave difficulties this planning task involves and how these difficulties can be overcome.

Keywords

  • Regional planning
  • Concentration zones
  • Open cast mining
  • Surface mining
  • Precautionary principle
  • Minerals
  • Spatial law

Rezension

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