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TEMPORÄRE RÄUMLICHE NÄHE – AKTEURE, ORTE UND INTERAKTIONEN

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 6 (December 2019)

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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Volume 56 (1998): Issue 1 (January 1998)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 66 (2008): Issue 5 (September 2008)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

8 Articles

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge

access type Open Access

Spatial planning – its political role in a changed world

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 383 - 397

Abstract

Abstract

As a public responsibility, spatial planning is in competition with other public functions. If, in what way and with which level of persuasive power it can actively act, depends, among other things, on the degree of attention it gets from public, parliament, government, and administration, and in a federal republic, from states, regions and communities. In addition to the attention it manages to attract, other factors also play a major role in its effectiveness, mainly democratic legitimation, but also its usefulness to other public functions. Its political status is an outcome of all relevant factors. If the status is low, spatial planning will have difficult times, if it is high, it can count on favourable conditions. Because the term has not been scientifically defined, a phenomenon has emerged that is illustrated by the history of Swiss spatial planning: its political standing must be constantly and diligently reattained.

Keywords

  • political role of spatial planning
  • spatial circumstances and processes in Switzerland
  • spatial planning in a federal state
  • democratic legitimation
  • amendment of the Swiss Regional Planning Act
  • regulatory policy
access type Open Access

How cities may defy their surrounding area

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 398 - 414

Abstract

Abstract

The growing attractiveness of residential locations in urban areas compared with peripheral areas is strongly discussed. Nevertheless, migrations from cities to surrounding areas continue both in growing and shrinking cities. Interviews executed among migrants in two West and two East German regions moving from cities to the surrounding area have provided comparative regional results on household structures, mobility patterns, the process of deciding to migrate but also on later reflections upon this decision. The results also include the analysis of the financial calculation of private households. The article furthermore deals with the future framework conditions for the choice of the residence and shows strategies how to limit urban-rural migrations which might strengthen central cities as residential locations and at the same time help to reduce the traffic in metropolitan regions.

Keywords

  • suburbanization
  • residential preferences
  • mobility patterns
  • survey
  • household structures
  • urban development strategies
access type Open Access

Reurbanisation?

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 415 - 428

Abstract

Abstract

The paper deals with the subject of urban and spatial development from the perspective of discourse analysis. It aims at reconstructing the manifold discoursive ways in which urban decline and regeneration are being interpreted. In so doing, it looks at the current issue of “urban renaissance”, which is considered by same observers as an indication of a substantial trend towards “reurbanization”. The particular statement of the paper is that related assessments are not supported by significant evidence yet. Rather, they appear as an outcome of urban discourses. Such discourses are considered a specific way of constructing the city. In this context, the paper pleas for a mare theory led interpretation and cautious assessments of contemporary urban change.

Keywords

  • urban development
  • urban renaissance
  • reurbanisation
  • discourse analysis
  • urban theory

Berichte aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

One space – one plan

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 429 - 439

Abstract

Abstract

The following proposals to modernize and simplify the German spatial planning system intend to unify the different levels of spatial planning within a modern information system. The continuous convergence of planning contents by scale make it unnecessary to have redundant plans on different levels. The technical means (GIS and Telecommunication) and the changing demands of customers connected to the internet recommend a new concept to achieve planning information. The convergence demands for standardization of terms and planning categories. This leads to clearness and transparency concerning the goals of planning, it raises the benefit from the expenses of coordination, makes plans mare up to date, eases the discussion on planning goals for politicians and it helps the public to achieve and understand the plans.

The proposal ‚one space – one plan’ deals with the Junction of spatial planning to regulate land use. The duties of spatial development by the planning authorities are not dealt with. The observations mainly focus on the conditions of spatial planning in Lower-Saxony.

Keywords

  • planning information system
  • regional planning
  • urban land use planning
  • reform of the spatial planning system
  • Lower-Saxony
access type Open Access

Patent applications in the Ruhr area – strengths and weaknesses compared by agglomerations

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 440 - 449

Abstract

Abstract

Patent applications – a result of innovation activities and a leading indicator for technical developments -are concentrated in agglomerations. Therefore, patent applications from the Ruhr Area are compared with those in other urban centres. Their level and development within the Ruhr area are below average. Nevertheless, they possess certain strengths: in same technical fields such as chemistry an above-average proportion and development can be observed. In addition, there is a bigger variability of patent applications within the Ruhr area than in other regions. Additionally, there are other nearby areas with a high level of researching activities in NRW. Consequently, networking seems to be mare promising than in other federat states in Germany.

Keywords

  • agglomerations
  • the Ruhr area
  • research and development activities
  • patent applications
  • environment of innovations
access type Open Access

Current evolutions of centrality in the federal state Saarland - first results of an empirical study

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 450 - 459

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents the results of an investigation of the central places in the federal state Saarland. With this, it is elaborated both on the centrality of offers on basis of the dispersion factor and on the centrality of demand due to a quantitative-empirical investigation. Compared to survey conducted in 1977 certain changes concerning centrality have been turned out in the Saarland. Those changes can also be found in the current regional development plan: The interlacing fields on tier of the secondary centres are indistinct, interlacing fields on tier of the basic centres let to prove, numerous basic centres and secondary centres follow their normative Junction only inadequately. Due to the clear modifications of the centrality of numerous places a continuous monitoring of the centrality is suggested as an instrument of the politics deliberation.

Keywords

  • Saarland
  • centrality
  • central places
  • regional planning
  • structural change

Rezensionen, neue Literatur

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 460 - 469

Abstract

access type Open Access

Buchanzeigen

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 470 - 470

Abstract

8 Articles

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge

access type Open Access

Spatial planning – its political role in a changed world

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 383 - 397

Abstract

Abstract

As a public responsibility, spatial planning is in competition with other public functions. If, in what way and with which level of persuasive power it can actively act, depends, among other things, on the degree of attention it gets from public, parliament, government, and administration, and in a federal republic, from states, regions and communities. In addition to the attention it manages to attract, other factors also play a major role in its effectiveness, mainly democratic legitimation, but also its usefulness to other public functions. Its political status is an outcome of all relevant factors. If the status is low, spatial planning will have difficult times, if it is high, it can count on favourable conditions. Because the term has not been scientifically defined, a phenomenon has emerged that is illustrated by the history of Swiss spatial planning: its political standing must be constantly and diligently reattained.

Keywords

  • political role of spatial planning
  • spatial circumstances and processes in Switzerland
  • spatial planning in a federal state
  • democratic legitimation
  • amendment of the Swiss Regional Planning Act
  • regulatory policy
access type Open Access

How cities may defy their surrounding area

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 398 - 414

Abstract

Abstract

The growing attractiveness of residential locations in urban areas compared with peripheral areas is strongly discussed. Nevertheless, migrations from cities to surrounding areas continue both in growing and shrinking cities. Interviews executed among migrants in two West and two East German regions moving from cities to the surrounding area have provided comparative regional results on household structures, mobility patterns, the process of deciding to migrate but also on later reflections upon this decision. The results also include the analysis of the financial calculation of private households. The article furthermore deals with the future framework conditions for the choice of the residence and shows strategies how to limit urban-rural migrations which might strengthen central cities as residential locations and at the same time help to reduce the traffic in metropolitan regions.

Keywords

  • suburbanization
  • residential preferences
  • mobility patterns
  • survey
  • household structures
  • urban development strategies
access type Open Access

Reurbanisation?

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 415 - 428

Abstract

Abstract

The paper deals with the subject of urban and spatial development from the perspective of discourse analysis. It aims at reconstructing the manifold discoursive ways in which urban decline and regeneration are being interpreted. In so doing, it looks at the current issue of “urban renaissance”, which is considered by same observers as an indication of a substantial trend towards “reurbanization”. The particular statement of the paper is that related assessments are not supported by significant evidence yet. Rather, they appear as an outcome of urban discourses. Such discourses are considered a specific way of constructing the city. In this context, the paper pleas for a mare theory led interpretation and cautious assessments of contemporary urban change.

Keywords

  • urban development
  • urban renaissance
  • reurbanisation
  • discourse analysis
  • urban theory

Berichte aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

One space – one plan

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 429 - 439

Abstract

Abstract

The following proposals to modernize and simplify the German spatial planning system intend to unify the different levels of spatial planning within a modern information system. The continuous convergence of planning contents by scale make it unnecessary to have redundant plans on different levels. The technical means (GIS and Telecommunication) and the changing demands of customers connected to the internet recommend a new concept to achieve planning information. The convergence demands for standardization of terms and planning categories. This leads to clearness and transparency concerning the goals of planning, it raises the benefit from the expenses of coordination, makes plans mare up to date, eases the discussion on planning goals for politicians and it helps the public to achieve and understand the plans.

The proposal ‚one space – one plan’ deals with the Junction of spatial planning to regulate land use. The duties of spatial development by the planning authorities are not dealt with. The observations mainly focus on the conditions of spatial planning in Lower-Saxony.

Keywords

  • planning information system
  • regional planning
  • urban land use planning
  • reform of the spatial planning system
  • Lower-Saxony
access type Open Access

Patent applications in the Ruhr area – strengths and weaknesses compared by agglomerations

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 440 - 449

Abstract

Abstract

Patent applications – a result of innovation activities and a leading indicator for technical developments -are concentrated in agglomerations. Therefore, patent applications from the Ruhr Area are compared with those in other urban centres. Their level and development within the Ruhr area are below average. Nevertheless, they possess certain strengths: in same technical fields such as chemistry an above-average proportion and development can be observed. In addition, there is a bigger variability of patent applications within the Ruhr area than in other regions. Additionally, there are other nearby areas with a high level of researching activities in NRW. Consequently, networking seems to be mare promising than in other federat states in Germany.

Keywords

  • agglomerations
  • the Ruhr area
  • research and development activities
  • patent applications
  • environment of innovations
access type Open Access

Current evolutions of centrality in the federal state Saarland - first results of an empirical study

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 450 - 459

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents the results of an investigation of the central places in the federal state Saarland. With this, it is elaborated both on the centrality of offers on basis of the dispersion factor and on the centrality of demand due to a quantitative-empirical investigation. Compared to survey conducted in 1977 certain changes concerning centrality have been turned out in the Saarland. Those changes can also be found in the current regional development plan: The interlacing fields on tier of the secondary centres are indistinct, interlacing fields on tier of the basic centres let to prove, numerous basic centres and secondary centres follow their normative Junction only inadequately. Due to the clear modifications of the centrality of numerous places a continuous monitoring of the centrality is suggested as an instrument of the politics deliberation.

Keywords

  • Saarland
  • centrality
  • central places
  • regional planning
  • structural change

Rezensionen, neue Literatur

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 460 - 469

Abstract

access type Open Access

Buchanzeigen

Published Online: 31 Oct 2008
Page range: 470 - 470

Abstract

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