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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 63 (2005): Issue 2 (March 2005)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

8 Articles

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge

access type Open Access

Spatial Aspects of the Federal System — an Introduction

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 89 - 98

Abstract

Abstract

The discussion about the modernisation of German federalism is put in an international comparative context. The criticism of the traditional federalism of the Federal Republic of Germany is outlined and the pressure for adaptation that arises from the changed context conditions is sketched out. Different directions of development for changes and important points of departure for reform efforts in regional and institutional learning processes are found here.

The process of “re-inventing the state“ against the background of a changing conception of the state aims at a new division of labour between the federation, the federal states and the municipalities. In network-like forms of governance the federal states turn into “strategic general entrepreneurs“, while executive functions are transferred to the regions and municipalities. Regional planning would be the suitable co-ordinator for the growing need for co-ordination that accompanies this, under inclusion of the bodies that are addressed by the execution.

access type Open Access

Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea — Regional Economic Assistance under European Portents

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 99 - 108

Abstract

Abstract

The joint task “Improvement of the Regional Economic Structure“ has been fundamentally transformed since the beginning of the 1980’s against the background of its integration into the regional policy of the European Community. In addition to a successive narrowing of the range of political options, the emergence of a regional policy structure “parallel“ to the joint task with the participation of the European level is notable. The reform of European Community regional policy in the context of the eastward enlargement of the European Union will still reinforce the repercussions on regional policy in the Federal Republic of Germany.

access type Open Access

Spatial Aspects of Federalism and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations — From Efficiency and Distribution to Growth

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 109 - 122

Abstract

Abstract

In the last 40 years, in public finance the examination of spatial aspects of federalism and intergovernmental fiscal relations was dominated by allocative and distributional issues. Modern growth theory and complementary approaches lead to a shift in the research perspective. Against this background the paper discusses how the findings of modern growth theory can affect the design of intergovernmental fiscal relations. The results of this analysis can be summarized as follows: (1) the existence of a geographically different growth dynamic provides an additional justification for a decentralization of political competences. (2) To cover more exactly the regional economic backward and forward linkages, especially local government authorities should intensify their cooperative behavior. (3) From the perspective of economic growth, the equalizing effect of horizontal transfers between decentralized jurisdictions should be limited.

access type Open Access

An Alternative to the Separation of Powers in the Federal System

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 123 - 133

Abstract

Abstract

The Commission on Federalism of the Lower and Upper Houses of the German Parliament developed numerous concrete suggestions for a reform of the German federal state. However, in the course of the discussions the goal of separating powers between levels of government gained more and more acceptance. This goal is hardly realisable, and it provides no sensible guideline for the development of the federal state. In view of the interdependencies between central and decentralised tasks ways must be found instead to strengthen the autonomy of the Länder governments and to improve the co-ordination between central and decentralised policy at the same time. As an alternative to a separation of power and to the economic model of competitive federalism the concept of a creative federalism is outlined here, which promotes decentralised innovations in the framework of central rules and realises a flexible allocation of competence. Such a concept of federalism has advantages particularly for spatial planning policy.

Berichte aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

Cities and European Structural Policy

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 134 - 141

Abstract

Abstract

Since the beginning of the 1990’s the European institutions have discovered the theme area “city and urban development“ for themselves. Particularly the European Union and here especially the European Commission with its structural policy are dealing with the subject. The main concern of the European Union is the support of the development of integrated concepts for urban development. The previously traditional sector-specific approach and the distribution of competence and responsibilities at different decision-making levels that is associated with this has made the solution of urban problem situations more difficult. The entire European economy is suffering from this. Particularly with the AGENDA 2000 urban promotion contents have increased in importance. With the reform of the structural funds this urban development policy dimension is to experience a further revaluation after 2006 according to the intention of the Commission. Urban development is to become an explicit component of regional policy, in order to contribute to the achievement of the Lisbon objectives in this way.

access type Open Access

Does the Municipal Financial System Promote a Traffic-intensive Settlement Development of the City Regions?

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 142 - 153

Abstract

Abstract

The article reviews the assumption that the German fiscal system has a trafficgenerating effect by animating the municipalities through a potential fiscal surplus to have housing development activities within their boundaries even if these are generating more motorised traffic than they would in other municipalities in the region. The study is based on a household survey of traffic behaviour, on an analysis of regional house building rates and on a fiscal impact analysis. The results show that the signals sent out by the fiscal system towards municipal zoning policies are not in direct contradiction with the planning goal of a traffic-avoiding spatial structure. In fact their guiding effects are not strong enough to prevent a traffic-intensive sprawl in urban regions.

access type Open Access

The Consideration of Climate and Air Hygiene in Spatial Planning

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 154 - 158

Abstract

Abstract

For an appropriate integration of climate and air hygiene into spatial planning decisions the factors that are relevant in this respect as well as evaluations of the results for the individual planning levels are presented with examples and policy-related recommendations in the new guideline of the German Association of Engineers no. 3787 sheet 9.

Article

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 159 - 163

Abstract

8 Articles

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge

access type Open Access

Spatial Aspects of the Federal System — an Introduction

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 89 - 98

Abstract

Abstract

The discussion about the modernisation of German federalism is put in an international comparative context. The criticism of the traditional federalism of the Federal Republic of Germany is outlined and the pressure for adaptation that arises from the changed context conditions is sketched out. Different directions of development for changes and important points of departure for reform efforts in regional and institutional learning processes are found here.

The process of “re-inventing the state“ against the background of a changing conception of the state aims at a new division of labour between the federation, the federal states and the municipalities. In network-like forms of governance the federal states turn into “strategic general entrepreneurs“, while executive functions are transferred to the regions and municipalities. Regional planning would be the suitable co-ordinator for the growing need for co-ordination that accompanies this, under inclusion of the bodies that are addressed by the execution.

access type Open Access

Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea — Regional Economic Assistance under European Portents

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 99 - 108

Abstract

Abstract

The joint task “Improvement of the Regional Economic Structure“ has been fundamentally transformed since the beginning of the 1980’s against the background of its integration into the regional policy of the European Community. In addition to a successive narrowing of the range of political options, the emergence of a regional policy structure “parallel“ to the joint task with the participation of the European level is notable. The reform of European Community regional policy in the context of the eastward enlargement of the European Union will still reinforce the repercussions on regional policy in the Federal Republic of Germany.

access type Open Access

Spatial Aspects of Federalism and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations — From Efficiency and Distribution to Growth

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 109 - 122

Abstract

Abstract

In the last 40 years, in public finance the examination of spatial aspects of federalism and intergovernmental fiscal relations was dominated by allocative and distributional issues. Modern growth theory and complementary approaches lead to a shift in the research perspective. Against this background the paper discusses how the findings of modern growth theory can affect the design of intergovernmental fiscal relations. The results of this analysis can be summarized as follows: (1) the existence of a geographically different growth dynamic provides an additional justification for a decentralization of political competences. (2) To cover more exactly the regional economic backward and forward linkages, especially local government authorities should intensify their cooperative behavior. (3) From the perspective of economic growth, the equalizing effect of horizontal transfers between decentralized jurisdictions should be limited.

access type Open Access

An Alternative to the Separation of Powers in the Federal System

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 123 - 133

Abstract

Abstract

The Commission on Federalism of the Lower and Upper Houses of the German Parliament developed numerous concrete suggestions for a reform of the German federal state. However, in the course of the discussions the goal of separating powers between levels of government gained more and more acceptance. This goal is hardly realisable, and it provides no sensible guideline for the development of the federal state. In view of the interdependencies between central and decentralised tasks ways must be found instead to strengthen the autonomy of the Länder governments and to improve the co-ordination between central and decentralised policy at the same time. As an alternative to a separation of power and to the economic model of competitive federalism the concept of a creative federalism is outlined here, which promotes decentralised innovations in the framework of central rules and realises a flexible allocation of competence. Such a concept of federalism has advantages particularly for spatial planning policy.

Berichte aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

Cities and European Structural Policy

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 134 - 141

Abstract

Abstract

Since the beginning of the 1990’s the European institutions have discovered the theme area “city and urban development“ for themselves. Particularly the European Union and here especially the European Commission with its structural policy are dealing with the subject. The main concern of the European Union is the support of the development of integrated concepts for urban development. The previously traditional sector-specific approach and the distribution of competence and responsibilities at different decision-making levels that is associated with this has made the solution of urban problem situations more difficult. The entire European economy is suffering from this. Particularly with the AGENDA 2000 urban promotion contents have increased in importance. With the reform of the structural funds this urban development policy dimension is to experience a further revaluation after 2006 according to the intention of the Commission. Urban development is to become an explicit component of regional policy, in order to contribute to the achievement of the Lisbon objectives in this way.

access type Open Access

Does the Municipal Financial System Promote a Traffic-intensive Settlement Development of the City Regions?

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 142 - 153

Abstract

Abstract

The article reviews the assumption that the German fiscal system has a trafficgenerating effect by animating the municipalities through a potential fiscal surplus to have housing development activities within their boundaries even if these are generating more motorised traffic than they would in other municipalities in the region. The study is based on a household survey of traffic behaviour, on an analysis of regional house building rates and on a fiscal impact analysis. The results show that the signals sent out by the fiscal system towards municipal zoning policies are not in direct contradiction with the planning goal of a traffic-avoiding spatial structure. In fact their guiding effects are not strong enough to prevent a traffic-intensive sprawl in urban regions.

access type Open Access

The Consideration of Climate and Air Hygiene in Spatial Planning

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 154 - 158

Abstract

Abstract

For an appropriate integration of climate and air hygiene into spatial planning decisions the factors that are relevant in this respect as well as evaluations of the results for the individual planning levels are presented with examples and policy-related recommendations in the new guideline of the German Association of Engineers no. 3787 sheet 9.

Article

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2005
Page range: 159 - 163

Abstract

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