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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 62 (2004): Issue 4-5 (September 2004)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

13 Articles

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge

access type Open Access

A Revolving System for Commercial Sites. Intermunicipal Co-operation as an Approach to a Budget-based Strategy for Dealing with Commercial/Industrial Land Resources

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 249 - 259

Abstract

Abstract

This article discusses the question of the possible contribution towards the reduction of land consumption which might be achieved through intermunicipal co-operation in the acquisition, designation (for planning purposes) and in the marketing of commercial sites. By way of an example, the authors take as the basis for their study a status quo analysis of local-authority policy on commercial sites and land-use designation in the Märkischer Kreis. In their findings they are able to identify considerable inefficiencies in both the designation and the utilisation of sites. These findings can be seen as largely representative of other regions exhibiting similar structures. On this argumentational basis, the authors develop an instrument based upon a jointly-managed land pool; here sites are “booked in”, earmarked for planning purposes, and serviced for subsequent development. This pool also includes brown fields. The aim is to minimise the amount of open space being redesignated for commercial use, and to enable access to the most suitable locations at an intermunicipal level, which can then be put to efficient utilisation.

access type Open Access

On the Management of Land Claims through Tradable Land Dedication Allowances

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 260 - 269

Abstract

Abstract

The present article considers the idea to stop urban sprawl by introducing a tradable allowance system for the dedication of building land by the municipalities. It is suggested that the allowances should be created at the level of the central state and be distributed to the federal states, regions and municipalities. In this way the allowance system can benefit from the advantages of the well-established planning concepts at the regional and municipal level. The allocation effects of the tradable allowance system depend on the type of primary allocation, the economic strength of the trading municipalities, the use of auction proceeds and the development of regionally and functionally separated markets. It is recommended that the tradable allowance system should be integrated into an instrumental mix with an ecologically enhanced financial equalisation mechanism at the municipal level and an ecologically reformed real-estate tax.

access type Open Access

Regional Governance in the ”Shadow of Hierarchy“

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 270 - 279

Abstract

Abstract

Differing from the requirements implied in the term ”autonomous regional development“, regional governance is almost always dependent on public support. This raises the question of the appropriate ”state-run guidance“ for these regional governance structures. The article outlines the particularly efficient governance mode of ”network-based co-operative negotiations in the shadow of hierarchy“ as well as some typical forms of action and problems of state and regional planning in the support of regional governance. Taking the concepts for cities and their surrounding areas in Schleswig-Holstein as examples, it is shown that the careful construction of a ”shadow of hierarchy“ is a central precondition for successful regional co-operation. It is exactly the combination of public policy- and development policy aspects that makes this type of regional governance attractive and qualifies state and regional planning as its mentor.

access type Open Access

Innovation and Consensus – a Contradiction?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 280 - 289

Abstract

Abstract

The article considers the question how the dilemma of many regions can be solved that a conflict exists between the claim for an orientation towards innovation and the necessity of seeking a consensus between the regional actors. Innovation processes and the creation of consensus are two central functions of modern regional development (chapter 2). However, if one considers the logic of innovation and consensus, it becomes clear that both do not necessarily harmonise (chapter 3). The presented approaches for the separation as well as for the alignment of innovation and the finding of consensus structure the field of possible solutions in order to resolve the contradictions (chapter 4). The approaches for solutions can help to organise regional development processes more intelligently and with a greater orientation towards success (chapter 5).

access type Open Access

German „Technologie- und Gründerzentren“ and the regional knowledge base

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 290 - 300

Abstract

Abstract

Science parks (Technologie und Gründerzentren) aim at supporting newly founded high-tech companies. Thus, they are meant to contribute to technology transfer from universities and other public research institutes to companies. Theoretical considerations suggest that the amount of knowledge embodied within local universities and companies is a key determinant for technology transfer. This article analyzes whether differences in the regional knowledge potential are reflected in the technological level of firms supported by sience parks. This hypothesis can be confirmed: Firms in regions with high local knowledge potential show significantly higher technological levels regardless of their age, field, and size.

access type Open Access

Social area segregation within London

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 301 - 308

Abstract

Abstract

The economic restructuring of global cities is reflected by the polarisation of their labour markets. The huge differences of salaries result in social polarisation and in a noticeable segregation of quarters particularly within inner city residential areas. The goal of this paper is to present a formula that measures and quantifies the degree of social segregation within quarters. The analysis is based on the 2001 census data.

Berichte aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

Implementing the integration of land use and transportation planning in Hessen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 309 - 318

Abstract

Abstract

The essay shows that the state of Hessen sets great store by the integration of land use and transportation planning in order to minimize the volume of vehicular traffic. In addition strategies for implementing and experience made are listed. Hessen introduced a public concern, informed the planning institutions (investors/ the integration municipalities) about strategies and measures of the integration and developed a method for estimating the volume of vehicular traffic generated by land use projects. An essential strategy of the integration is to arrange new land use close to railway stations, yet in order to reach optimal results it is necessary to improve the railway service, too.

access type Open Access

On the Way to a Spatial Financial Policy?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 319 - 328

Abstract

access type Open Access

New Governance Approaches in Spatial Programmes and Plans in the Context of Current Developments

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 329 - 334

Abstract

access type Open Access

Flächennutzungsplanung in China – eine andere Welt

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 335 - 341

Abstract

Article

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 342 - 349

Abstract

access type Open Access

Buchanzeigen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 350 - 350

Abstract

access type Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 351 - 358

Abstract

13 Articles

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge

access type Open Access

A Revolving System for Commercial Sites. Intermunicipal Co-operation as an Approach to a Budget-based Strategy for Dealing with Commercial/Industrial Land Resources

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 249 - 259

Abstract

Abstract

This article discusses the question of the possible contribution towards the reduction of land consumption which might be achieved through intermunicipal co-operation in the acquisition, designation (for planning purposes) and in the marketing of commercial sites. By way of an example, the authors take as the basis for their study a status quo analysis of local-authority policy on commercial sites and land-use designation in the Märkischer Kreis. In their findings they are able to identify considerable inefficiencies in both the designation and the utilisation of sites. These findings can be seen as largely representative of other regions exhibiting similar structures. On this argumentational basis, the authors develop an instrument based upon a jointly-managed land pool; here sites are “booked in”, earmarked for planning purposes, and serviced for subsequent development. This pool also includes brown fields. The aim is to minimise the amount of open space being redesignated for commercial use, and to enable access to the most suitable locations at an intermunicipal level, which can then be put to efficient utilisation.

access type Open Access

On the Management of Land Claims through Tradable Land Dedication Allowances

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 260 - 269

Abstract

Abstract

The present article considers the idea to stop urban sprawl by introducing a tradable allowance system for the dedication of building land by the municipalities. It is suggested that the allowances should be created at the level of the central state and be distributed to the federal states, regions and municipalities. In this way the allowance system can benefit from the advantages of the well-established planning concepts at the regional and municipal level. The allocation effects of the tradable allowance system depend on the type of primary allocation, the economic strength of the trading municipalities, the use of auction proceeds and the development of regionally and functionally separated markets. It is recommended that the tradable allowance system should be integrated into an instrumental mix with an ecologically enhanced financial equalisation mechanism at the municipal level and an ecologically reformed real-estate tax.

access type Open Access

Regional Governance in the ”Shadow of Hierarchy“

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 270 - 279

Abstract

Abstract

Differing from the requirements implied in the term ”autonomous regional development“, regional governance is almost always dependent on public support. This raises the question of the appropriate ”state-run guidance“ for these regional governance structures. The article outlines the particularly efficient governance mode of ”network-based co-operative negotiations in the shadow of hierarchy“ as well as some typical forms of action and problems of state and regional planning in the support of regional governance. Taking the concepts for cities and their surrounding areas in Schleswig-Holstein as examples, it is shown that the careful construction of a ”shadow of hierarchy“ is a central precondition for successful regional co-operation. It is exactly the combination of public policy- and development policy aspects that makes this type of regional governance attractive and qualifies state and regional planning as its mentor.

access type Open Access

Innovation and Consensus – a Contradiction?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 280 - 289

Abstract

Abstract

The article considers the question how the dilemma of many regions can be solved that a conflict exists between the claim for an orientation towards innovation and the necessity of seeking a consensus between the regional actors. Innovation processes and the creation of consensus are two central functions of modern regional development (chapter 2). However, if one considers the logic of innovation and consensus, it becomes clear that both do not necessarily harmonise (chapter 3). The presented approaches for the separation as well as for the alignment of innovation and the finding of consensus structure the field of possible solutions in order to resolve the contradictions (chapter 4). The approaches for solutions can help to organise regional development processes more intelligently and with a greater orientation towards success (chapter 5).

access type Open Access

German „Technologie- und Gründerzentren“ and the regional knowledge base

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 290 - 300

Abstract

Abstract

Science parks (Technologie und Gründerzentren) aim at supporting newly founded high-tech companies. Thus, they are meant to contribute to technology transfer from universities and other public research institutes to companies. Theoretical considerations suggest that the amount of knowledge embodied within local universities and companies is a key determinant for technology transfer. This article analyzes whether differences in the regional knowledge potential are reflected in the technological level of firms supported by sience parks. This hypothesis can be confirmed: Firms in regions with high local knowledge potential show significantly higher technological levels regardless of their age, field, and size.

access type Open Access

Social area segregation within London

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 301 - 308

Abstract

Abstract

The economic restructuring of global cities is reflected by the polarisation of their labour markets. The huge differences of salaries result in social polarisation and in a noticeable segregation of quarters particularly within inner city residential areas. The goal of this paper is to present a formula that measures and quantifies the degree of social segregation within quarters. The analysis is based on the 2001 census data.

Berichte aus Forschung und Praxis

access type Open Access

Implementing the integration of land use and transportation planning in Hessen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 309 - 318

Abstract

Abstract

The essay shows that the state of Hessen sets great store by the integration of land use and transportation planning in order to minimize the volume of vehicular traffic. In addition strategies for implementing and experience made are listed. Hessen introduced a public concern, informed the planning institutions (investors/ the integration municipalities) about strategies and measures of the integration and developed a method for estimating the volume of vehicular traffic generated by land use projects. An essential strategy of the integration is to arrange new land use close to railway stations, yet in order to reach optimal results it is necessary to improve the railway service, too.

access type Open Access

On the Way to a Spatial Financial Policy?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 319 - 328

Abstract

access type Open Access

New Governance Approaches in Spatial Programmes and Plans in the Context of Current Developments

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 329 - 334

Abstract

access type Open Access

Flächennutzungsplanung in China – eine andere Welt

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 335 - 341

Abstract

Article

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 342 - 349

Abstract

access type Open Access

Buchanzeigen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 350 - 350

Abstract

access type Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 30 Sep 2004
Page range: 351 - 358

Abstract

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