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TEMPORÄRE RÄUMLICHE NÄHE – AKTEURE, ORTE UND INTERAKTIONEN

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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 60 (2002): Issue 3-4 (May 2002)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

12 Articles

Beiträge

access type Open Access

Implications of New Growth Theory for a Policy Aiming at Regional Equity

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 185 - 194

Abstract

Abstract

According to New Growth Theory one can not rely on the convergence mechanisms inherent in traditional constant returns to scale models in neoclassic. Convergence as well as divergence is possible, in general, depending on the assumptions about technology, factor mobility and ease of knowledge diffusion. The paper shows by a two-regions endogenous growth model when divergence, convergence or stable centre-periphery structure emerges. Based on this model, regional policy aiming at regional equity – though desirable for distributive reasons – contradicts the efficiency objective: as far as the spatial allocation in market equilibrium is inefficient at all, more inequality rather than less is required to enhance efficiency.

access type Open Access

On the Relationship between EU Regional Policy and National Regional Development Aid

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 195 - 208

Abstract

Abstract

For many years, the EU Commission has pursued a policy of marginalising the role of the Member States in the field of regional policy. This article sets out the implications of the centralistic approach adopted by the EU Commission for regional development policy within Germany, highlighting the conflicts which ensue in the relationship between the Federal and Land (state) governments, on the one hand, and between the Federal government and the Commission. In view of the impending enlargment of the EU to the east, the author identifies an urgent need for a fundamental overhaul of EU structural policy, and equally for a new approach at EU level to controlling the provision of regional aid within Member States.

access type Open Access

EU-level Control of National Regional Development Aid

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 209 - 218

Abstract

Abstract

Controls at EU level of the provision of regional development aid within Member States represent a key task of European integration. However, the goals pursued by the Commission in undertaking such controls relate to both economic competitiveness and to regional policy. Consequently, the Commission has to accept on regional-policy grounds that competitiveness within the European single market will be distorted as a result of commercially based investment grants, even though this disadvantage of regional aid could be avoided through the use of infrastructure grants. Moreover, EU controls of national development aid force regional policy at national level to adopt the model of European cohesion policy and thus enhance the position of the EU as the provider of its own grants to support regional policy.

access type Open Access

Parametric governance – a new steering mode for spatial planning?

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 219 - 231

Abstract

Abstract

“Parametric governance” refers to a steering mode by which the steering body defines operationalized objectives but leaves it open to the implementing bodies how the goals may be achieved. Transferred to spatial planning that steering mode would require theLandesplanung not to delineate areas with special purposes but just to indicate the objective, e.g.: The state stipulates regional planners to demarcate areas which are suitable and capable to host “x mega-watt of wind-energy”. The approach corresponds to newer governance patterns which grant the decentralized implementing agencies more room of manoeuvre to develop solutions which are better suited to the problems, more attuned to the given situation and more accepted by those concerned than the traditional top-down solutions. In particular, the approach is closely related to the mode of “contracting” within the system of new public management. The article tries to give an idea of the potentials of parametric governance for spatial planning and to derive knowledge from similar approaches in other policy areas or other fields of action as to what could improve the effectiveness of the approach and where to look for problems and obstacles.

access type Open Access

Sustainability in German Town and Country Planning Law

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 232 - 238

Abstract

Abstract

In 1998 the concept of sustainable development has become part of the federal town and country planning law. Beginning with a brief sketch of the sustainability concept, the article then examines which elements have been transferred into the legal text. Additionally their legal impact and the important role of regional planning are analysed.

access type Open Access

Indicators of Sustainable Development on the Local and Regional Level: Experiences and Requirements for Further Development

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 239 - 247

Abstract

Abstract

The article presents results obtained in the frame of a survey realised on local (cities and municipalities) and regional level (counties) in Germany to analyse the status quo and experiences made on the development and application of “sustainability indicators”. The research focuses on the conceptual orientation, implementation and application of the indicator systems in current communal activities. Based on this analysis the appropriateness of the indicator system, its critical features and success factors, evaluated from the interviewees’ point of view, are discussed. Finally design criteria for the development and the application of the indicator systems are deducted.

access type Open Access

“Most Rural” Space – a Regional-demographic Justification for a Spatial Category

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 248 - 254

Abstract

Abstract

Funding provided under the Aufbau Ost (”Rebuilding the East“) programme and other forms of financial transfer to theLänder (federal states) of eastern Germany have up to now been at their least effective in the area to the east of the River Elbe. Indeed, many of the instruments of both regional structure policy and economic development policy which have repeatedly proved their worth in the rural areas of the former West Germany have failed in the north-east. This area seems to be something of a bottomless pit. From a regional-demographic perspective, this region has to be clearly distinguished from more “ordinary” rural space, and assigned to a distinct new category to be termed ,,most rural space“.

access type Open Access

Population development in South-West Saxony and resulting consequences

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 255 - 263

Abstract

Abstract

For several years, Germany has been characterised by a declining population development. Regions in eastern Germany are especially affected by this as the example of South-western Saxony will show. Main cause of this development is the constantly declining birth rate which effects are strengthened by a negative migration rate. Statistic prognoses for the year 2015 do now show an improving situation but rather forecast an intensification of population losses, although with regional differences. The tendentiously further declining number of population causes numerous and diverse effects that influence social life in general but also induce special consequences. Therefore, action-oriented strategies have to be developed and implemented to secure the number and structure of population. They include several fields of special measures.

access type Open Access

Shrinking Towns and Unoccupied Housing

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 264 - 271

Abstract

Abstract

Over the next 10 to 15 years, the towns and cities of Germany – and indeed throughout Europe – will feel the full impact of overall population decline. At present the effects of this new megatrend in urban development are most clearly evident in the towns of eastern Germany, which are suffering not only from the effects of natural negative population development, but are also experiencing serious population depletion through outward migration. The result is unoccupied housing, with major consequences both for the economy and for settlement structure. The author outlines possible measures and conflicts associated with managing urban shrinkage processes.

Kurzberichte aus Praxis und Forschung

access type Open Access

Zwischen Regionalisierung und Nachhaltigkeit

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 272 - 276

Abstract

Article

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 277 - 282

Abstract

access type Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 283 - 287

Abstract

12 Articles

Beiträge

access type Open Access

Implications of New Growth Theory for a Policy Aiming at Regional Equity

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 185 - 194

Abstract

Abstract

According to New Growth Theory one can not rely on the convergence mechanisms inherent in traditional constant returns to scale models in neoclassic. Convergence as well as divergence is possible, in general, depending on the assumptions about technology, factor mobility and ease of knowledge diffusion. The paper shows by a two-regions endogenous growth model when divergence, convergence or stable centre-periphery structure emerges. Based on this model, regional policy aiming at regional equity – though desirable for distributive reasons – contradicts the efficiency objective: as far as the spatial allocation in market equilibrium is inefficient at all, more inequality rather than less is required to enhance efficiency.

access type Open Access

On the Relationship between EU Regional Policy and National Regional Development Aid

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 195 - 208

Abstract

Abstract

For many years, the EU Commission has pursued a policy of marginalising the role of the Member States in the field of regional policy. This article sets out the implications of the centralistic approach adopted by the EU Commission for regional development policy within Germany, highlighting the conflicts which ensue in the relationship between the Federal and Land (state) governments, on the one hand, and between the Federal government and the Commission. In view of the impending enlargment of the EU to the east, the author identifies an urgent need for a fundamental overhaul of EU structural policy, and equally for a new approach at EU level to controlling the provision of regional aid within Member States.

access type Open Access

EU-level Control of National Regional Development Aid

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 209 - 218

Abstract

Abstract

Controls at EU level of the provision of regional development aid within Member States represent a key task of European integration. However, the goals pursued by the Commission in undertaking such controls relate to both economic competitiveness and to regional policy. Consequently, the Commission has to accept on regional-policy grounds that competitiveness within the European single market will be distorted as a result of commercially based investment grants, even though this disadvantage of regional aid could be avoided through the use of infrastructure grants. Moreover, EU controls of national development aid force regional policy at national level to adopt the model of European cohesion policy and thus enhance the position of the EU as the provider of its own grants to support regional policy.

access type Open Access

Parametric governance – a new steering mode for spatial planning?

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 219 - 231

Abstract

Abstract

“Parametric governance” refers to a steering mode by which the steering body defines operationalized objectives but leaves it open to the implementing bodies how the goals may be achieved. Transferred to spatial planning that steering mode would require theLandesplanung not to delineate areas with special purposes but just to indicate the objective, e.g.: The state stipulates regional planners to demarcate areas which are suitable and capable to host “x mega-watt of wind-energy”. The approach corresponds to newer governance patterns which grant the decentralized implementing agencies more room of manoeuvre to develop solutions which are better suited to the problems, more attuned to the given situation and more accepted by those concerned than the traditional top-down solutions. In particular, the approach is closely related to the mode of “contracting” within the system of new public management. The article tries to give an idea of the potentials of parametric governance for spatial planning and to derive knowledge from similar approaches in other policy areas or other fields of action as to what could improve the effectiveness of the approach and where to look for problems and obstacles.

access type Open Access

Sustainability in German Town and Country Planning Law

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 232 - 238

Abstract

Abstract

In 1998 the concept of sustainable development has become part of the federal town and country planning law. Beginning with a brief sketch of the sustainability concept, the article then examines which elements have been transferred into the legal text. Additionally their legal impact and the important role of regional planning are analysed.

access type Open Access

Indicators of Sustainable Development on the Local and Regional Level: Experiences and Requirements for Further Development

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 239 - 247

Abstract

Abstract

The article presents results obtained in the frame of a survey realised on local (cities and municipalities) and regional level (counties) in Germany to analyse the status quo and experiences made on the development and application of “sustainability indicators”. The research focuses on the conceptual orientation, implementation and application of the indicator systems in current communal activities. Based on this analysis the appropriateness of the indicator system, its critical features and success factors, evaluated from the interviewees’ point of view, are discussed. Finally design criteria for the development and the application of the indicator systems are deducted.

access type Open Access

“Most Rural” Space – a Regional-demographic Justification for a Spatial Category

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 248 - 254

Abstract

Abstract

Funding provided under the Aufbau Ost (”Rebuilding the East“) programme and other forms of financial transfer to theLänder (federal states) of eastern Germany have up to now been at their least effective in the area to the east of the River Elbe. Indeed, many of the instruments of both regional structure policy and economic development policy which have repeatedly proved their worth in the rural areas of the former West Germany have failed in the north-east. This area seems to be something of a bottomless pit. From a regional-demographic perspective, this region has to be clearly distinguished from more “ordinary” rural space, and assigned to a distinct new category to be termed ,,most rural space“.

access type Open Access

Population development in South-West Saxony and resulting consequences

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 255 - 263

Abstract

Abstract

For several years, Germany has been characterised by a declining population development. Regions in eastern Germany are especially affected by this as the example of South-western Saxony will show. Main cause of this development is the constantly declining birth rate which effects are strengthened by a negative migration rate. Statistic prognoses for the year 2015 do now show an improving situation but rather forecast an intensification of population losses, although with regional differences. The tendentiously further declining number of population causes numerous and diverse effects that influence social life in general but also induce special consequences. Therefore, action-oriented strategies have to be developed and implemented to secure the number and structure of population. They include several fields of special measures.

access type Open Access

Shrinking Towns and Unoccupied Housing

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 264 - 271

Abstract

Abstract

Over the next 10 to 15 years, the towns and cities of Germany – and indeed throughout Europe – will feel the full impact of overall population decline. At present the effects of this new megatrend in urban development are most clearly evident in the towns of eastern Germany, which are suffering not only from the effects of natural negative population development, but are also experiencing serious population depletion through outward migration. The result is unoccupied housing, with major consequences both for the economy and for settlement structure. The author outlines possible measures and conflicts associated with managing urban shrinkage processes.

Kurzberichte aus Praxis und Forschung

access type Open Access

Zwischen Regionalisierung und Nachhaltigkeit

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 272 - 276

Abstract

Article

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 277 - 282

Abstract

access type Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 31 May 2002
Page range: 283 - 287

Abstract

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