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Volume 78 (2020): Issue 6 (December 2020)

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TEMPORÄRE RÄUMLICHE NÄHE – AKTEURE, ORTE UND INTERAKTIONEN

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 6 (December 2019)

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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 3 (June 2019)

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 1 (February 2019)

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Volume 56 (1998): Issue 5-6 (September 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 4 (July 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 2-3 (March 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 1 (January 1998)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 60 (2002): Issue 2 (March 2002)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

10 Articles

Beiträge

Open Access

Long-term Population Development of Towns and Cities in Brandenburg up to 2040

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 89 - 99

Abstract

Abstract

The temporal horizon currently applied in population prognoses for counties and selected towns and cities in the German federal state of Brandenburg is the year 2015. However, a considerable number of important planning issues call for significantly longer-term forecasts of demographic developments. Such issues include the decisions which need to be taken by housing providers in the context of urban redevelopment regarding the reduction or supplementation of the housing stock; other examples are investment decisions affecting social and technical infrastructure, and labour-market matters. Consequently, the Spatial Monitoring Section within Brandenburg's State Environmental Agency has undertaken population-development forecasts with a 2040 horizon for 25 towns and cities in Brandenburg with populations in excess of 20,000. These forecasts highlight in particular the specific problems facing cities in eastern Germany; what they reveal especially clearly is that the drastic shifts in age structure expected to become evident over the coming years will continue after 2015, and in some cases will become even more pronounced.

Open Access

Geographical Variations in Business Start-up Activity and Chances of Survival in Western Germany from 1983 to 1997

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 100 - 122

Abstract

Abstract

Business start-ups are considered to represent an important means for renewing regional economic structures. There is to date, however, little empirical evidence regarding the timescales affecting business start-ups, nor are sectoral or geographical breakdowns or data on survival rates available. The first part of this article consists of an analysis of start-up activity in western Germany between 1983 and 1997, revealing a relatively high constancy between structures and processes. One further important finding is the discovery overall of a reciprocal relationship between the start-up rates observed for specific cohorts and their survival rates over a five-year term, attributable largely to the service sector. The second part of the study draws on regression analysis in an attempt to assess the geographical differences for start-up rates and survival rates. The models for start-ups provide relatively good certainty levels (60–84 %); the results for survival rates are not quite as sound. Overall the study reveals that both start-up rates and survival rates are influenced significantly by the respective business sector and by the regional milieu (size of businesses, qualifications, unemployment rate, etc.). In the final section, these findings are used to develop ideas for regional structure policy.

Open Access

Identifying and analysing industry clusters

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 123 - 135

Abstract

Abstract

Although cluster approaches in regional development policy have gained popularity, methods of identifying and analyzing industry clusters are still unsatisfactory. This paper presents a procedure first to delimit the objective and spatial characteristics of a cluster, second to show the interconnection between firms, and third to enable an interregional comparison between clusters. These procedures rely on regional statistical methods combined with a survey of companies and cluster institutions. The evaluation demonstrates on the one hand how economic actors are bound in a functional interrelation of a value added chain and on the other hand what kind of transaction and communication network is built by these same economic actors. From that evaluation, qualitative and quantitative criteria are provided to assess clusters. This method has been tested on the example of the film industry in Potsdam-Babelsberg.

Open Access

Major Leisure Projects: More Opportunities or Risks for Urban Development?

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 136 - 145

Abstract

Abstract

On the basis of a comparison of current conditions in Murich and Oberhausen with regard to both the local economy and the state of urban development, the authors attempt to establish just what are the critical factors which determine whether the decision to locate a major leisure project (an “FGP”) in a particular city harbours more advantages or disadvantages for the city concerned. The authors look critically at the arguments frequently advanced in favour of FGPs, namely the “added leisure value” and “locational benefits”, as well as the gains anticipated for the city’s economic strength, for city and regional development, for the city’s image and for its competitive position vis-à-vis other cities. Proceeding from an appraisal of the current leisure value of the two cities, they go on to examine and to assess the impact of such a new FGP on the existing range of decentralised retail and leisure amenities. Where the initial assessment of a city–s leisure value is high, an FGP is unlikely to be capable of generating additional demand. Thus, the very significant displacement of demand which can be expected to take place following the opening of a new FGP will be accompanied by losses in terms of both leisure value and urbanity. The authors also indicate what factors need to be considered in selecting the right location for an FGP, assuming that such a development is deemed desirable from an urban development perspective.

Open Access

Between Network and Organisation

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 146 - 154

Abstract

Abstract

In the past decade an astonishing number of new regional co-operations were established all over Germany. Now the question arises how their continuity can be achieved: How can co-operation be anchored in the region in the long term? It is obvious in this connection that the different forms of governance, for instance networks on the one hand and fixed formal organisations on the other, have their specific strengths and weaknesses. This article considers these in detail and formulates possible perspectives for future landscapes of regional governance on this basis.

Leserbrief

Open Access

Bestands- und Flussgrößen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 155 - 155

Abstract

Article

Open Access

Buchanzeigen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 159 - 162

Abstract

Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 163 - 182

Abstract

Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 156 - 158

Abstract

Erratum

Open Access

Erratum to: Modern Urban Housing in China 1840–2000

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 158 - 158

Abstract

10 Articles

Beiträge

Open Access

Long-term Population Development of Towns and Cities in Brandenburg up to 2040

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 89 - 99

Abstract

Abstract

The temporal horizon currently applied in population prognoses for counties and selected towns and cities in the German federal state of Brandenburg is the year 2015. However, a considerable number of important planning issues call for significantly longer-term forecasts of demographic developments. Such issues include the decisions which need to be taken by housing providers in the context of urban redevelopment regarding the reduction or supplementation of the housing stock; other examples are investment decisions affecting social and technical infrastructure, and labour-market matters. Consequently, the Spatial Monitoring Section within Brandenburg's State Environmental Agency has undertaken population-development forecasts with a 2040 horizon for 25 towns and cities in Brandenburg with populations in excess of 20,000. These forecasts highlight in particular the specific problems facing cities in eastern Germany; what they reveal especially clearly is that the drastic shifts in age structure expected to become evident over the coming years will continue after 2015, and in some cases will become even more pronounced.

Open Access

Geographical Variations in Business Start-up Activity and Chances of Survival in Western Germany from 1983 to 1997

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 100 - 122

Abstract

Abstract

Business start-ups are considered to represent an important means for renewing regional economic structures. There is to date, however, little empirical evidence regarding the timescales affecting business start-ups, nor are sectoral or geographical breakdowns or data on survival rates available. The first part of this article consists of an analysis of start-up activity in western Germany between 1983 and 1997, revealing a relatively high constancy between structures and processes. One further important finding is the discovery overall of a reciprocal relationship between the start-up rates observed for specific cohorts and their survival rates over a five-year term, attributable largely to the service sector. The second part of the study draws on regression analysis in an attempt to assess the geographical differences for start-up rates and survival rates. The models for start-ups provide relatively good certainty levels (60–84 %); the results for survival rates are not quite as sound. Overall the study reveals that both start-up rates and survival rates are influenced significantly by the respective business sector and by the regional milieu (size of businesses, qualifications, unemployment rate, etc.). In the final section, these findings are used to develop ideas for regional structure policy.

Open Access

Identifying and analysing industry clusters

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 123 - 135

Abstract

Abstract

Although cluster approaches in regional development policy have gained popularity, methods of identifying and analyzing industry clusters are still unsatisfactory. This paper presents a procedure first to delimit the objective and spatial characteristics of a cluster, second to show the interconnection between firms, and third to enable an interregional comparison between clusters. These procedures rely on regional statistical methods combined with a survey of companies and cluster institutions. The evaluation demonstrates on the one hand how economic actors are bound in a functional interrelation of a value added chain and on the other hand what kind of transaction and communication network is built by these same economic actors. From that evaluation, qualitative and quantitative criteria are provided to assess clusters. This method has been tested on the example of the film industry in Potsdam-Babelsberg.

Open Access

Major Leisure Projects: More Opportunities or Risks for Urban Development?

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 136 - 145

Abstract

Abstract

On the basis of a comparison of current conditions in Murich and Oberhausen with regard to both the local economy and the state of urban development, the authors attempt to establish just what are the critical factors which determine whether the decision to locate a major leisure project (an “FGP”) in a particular city harbours more advantages or disadvantages for the city concerned. The authors look critically at the arguments frequently advanced in favour of FGPs, namely the “added leisure value” and “locational benefits”, as well as the gains anticipated for the city’s economic strength, for city and regional development, for the city’s image and for its competitive position vis-à-vis other cities. Proceeding from an appraisal of the current leisure value of the two cities, they go on to examine and to assess the impact of such a new FGP on the existing range of decentralised retail and leisure amenities. Where the initial assessment of a city–s leisure value is high, an FGP is unlikely to be capable of generating additional demand. Thus, the very significant displacement of demand which can be expected to take place following the opening of a new FGP will be accompanied by losses in terms of both leisure value and urbanity. The authors also indicate what factors need to be considered in selecting the right location for an FGP, assuming that such a development is deemed desirable from an urban development perspective.

Open Access

Between Network and Organisation

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 146 - 154

Abstract

Abstract

In the past decade an astonishing number of new regional co-operations were established all over Germany. Now the question arises how their continuity can be achieved: How can co-operation be anchored in the region in the long term? It is obvious in this connection that the different forms of governance, for instance networks on the one hand and fixed formal organisations on the other, have their specific strengths and weaknesses. This article considers these in detail and formulates possible perspectives for future landscapes of regional governance on this basis.

Leserbrief

Open Access

Bestands- und Flussgrößen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 155 - 155

Abstract

Article

Open Access

Buchanzeigen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 159 - 162

Abstract

Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 163 - 182

Abstract

Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 156 - 158

Abstract

Erratum

Open Access

Erratum to: Modern Urban Housing in China 1840–2000

Published Online: 31 Mar 2002
Page range: 158 - 158

Abstract

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