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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 5-6 (September 2001)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

17 Articles

Beiträge

Open Access

The Contribution of Spatial Planning to Advances in Flood Prevention

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 337 - 350

Abstract

Abstract

The task of flood prevention is one which concerns society in its entirety. The role of comprehensive spatial planning, both in making available the land required and in supporting preventive action, is now beyond dispute. Indeed, for over ten years a pro-active policy of integrating flood-prevention measures within spatial-planning practice has been pursued and advanced with ever-increasing intensity. This article seeks to establish just what concrete advances are now visible, both in spatial planning within Germany and in the context of transnational co-operation. It concludes by setting out a number of further steps either currently being implemented, or which will become necessary in the future.

Open Access

Preventive Flood Protection in River Catchment Areas

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 351 - 358

Abstract

Abstract

Decentral flooding control concepts for whole drainage areas of small and medium-sized rivers do not exist so far. The “Informal Plan for preventive flood control” modelled for the drainage area of the river Wesenitz is presented as a generalisable regional-planning strategy concept devoted to improving the retention of land and water. This strategy advance will serve to remove shortcomings in spatial planning in the sphere of preventive flood control. The plan for the drainage area overcomes administrative hurdles and promotes co-operation between local authorities in the field of flood control. Using a synopsis of key factors influencing surface-water run-offs in the drainage area, conflict types with a bearing on how flooding arises are identified. These provide local authorities and sectoral planners with a means of specifying local flooding measures and of establishing priorities in respect thereof. Different local flooding measures are represented in the Informal Plan by means of special planning symbols.

Open Access

INTERREG Rhine-Meuse Activities

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 359 - 369

Abstract

Abstract

Responding to the extreme floods of 1993/94 and 1995 on Rhine and Meuse the European Commission encouraged a transnational action programme to establish a preventive approach of flood protection within the Community Initiative INTERREG II C. The programme “INTERREG Rhine-Meuse Activities“ (IRMA), jointly elaborated and implemented by the concerned states, should launch a new policy of flood prevention, based on spatial planning, and put it into action through concrete measures inside the entire catchment area. Even though the spatial planning orientation could not be observed absolutely strictly within the programme implementation, this initiative represents an important and successful first step towards a new direction of sustainable flood prevention policy.

Varia

Open Access

Regional Governance: A New Paradigm in the Regional Sciences?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 370 - 380

Abstract

Abstract

Regional governance defines weakly institutionalised, network-oriented modes of co-operation between regional actors to achieve common goals of regional development. The scientific discussion on proficiency and coherence of regional governance is still in its infancy. However, there are related theoretical approaches like milieu-theory, learning-regionconception, regulation-school, regime-theory. In the article the peculiarities of regional governance are analysed. Open research questions identified refer to structural elements of governance, issue-selectivity, embeddedness in existing institutions, division of labor with other regional modes of governance, inherent dynamics, legitimization, contribution to regional development and the role of the state.

Open Access

Basic problems with indicator systems for regional sustainability

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 381 - 391

Abstract

Abstract

This paper explores the possibility to use indicator systems of regional sustainability for interregional comparisons as well as policy instruments. The potential for such a utilisation is limited by three major problems. First, the problem of aggregating many separate indicators to finally one sustainability index, on which fiscal relations supposedly could be based, second the varying regional endowments which provide different starting points for sustainable developments, and finally the problem of cardinal or ordinal scale as many of the indicators discussed are only of qualitative nature. As a result we conclude that regional comparisons of sustainability suffer from substantial methodological and theoretical shortcomings even if improved regionalisations can be applied.

Open Access

Planning Cycle for a Sustainable Development of Urban Regions

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 392 - 401

Abstract

Abstract

In this article a planning cycle for a sustainable development of urban regions is presented, in which current changes of spatial planning are linked with elements of the sustainable development debate. In subsequent phases the planning cycle comprises a strategic orientation to sustainable development objectives, the use of economic management instruments, formal and informal planning instruments as well as an evaluation of the spatial development results by indicators of sustainable development. Finally, remaining open questions are mentioned.

Open Access

The regionalisation of Cities

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 402 - 411

Abstract

Abstract

In current discourses on regionalisation, the city and its hinterland are no longer viewed in terms of an opposition between the centre and the periphery, but are rather interpreted as one single spatial unit. Recent conceptions of the city and also other spatial constructs — such as the regional city, the Zwischenstadt, the network city and the Randstad — define urban space on a broader scale invoking the notion of the city-region. This analysis of discourses traces the shifts in patterns of perception, of ordering and of interpretation in spatial research and spatial planning with regard to suburban settlement development in both western and eastern Germany since 1990. It identifies a number of different normative positions („urban sprawl” vs. „new gestalt ”), as well as pointing to the different courses of development which have taken place in western and eastern Germany. The article closes with a critical reflection on the tendency in evidence in discourses on regionalisation to equate the city and the city-region.

Open Access

The Media Sector in Regional Development Strategies

Published Online: 18 Feb 2019
Page range: 412 - 426

Abstract

Abstract

Many major German cities have in the past attempted to shape the media sector into the focal point of this domain by applying structural concepts and thereby forcing the transition towards a modern service-orientated society. Hamburg, Berlin, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt/M. are considered to be the leading media centers. However, a closer analysis of the spatial concentration and specialisation of the economic structure reveals that there are certain regional attributes in each of the branches of the media sector. By listing the opportunities and risks related to the various funding estimates available for initiating an effective and efficient media sector, this paper is intended to assist regional players in formulating correspondingly adjusted concepts of development.

Open Access

Urbanisation in the Fifth Policy Document on Spatial Planning in the Netherlands

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 427 - 435

Abstract

Abstract

In the draft of the Fifth Policy Document on Spatial Planning (December 2000), the Dutch government formulated the urbanisation task as follows: to contain the forces that lead to a distribution of urban activities, building and infrastructure over an ever increasing area, thus minimising spatial quality, and, at the same time, to make room for the ‘network society’.

The answer to this problem is threefold:

-Every country part should meet its own spatial needs; overspill between the four country parts is not encouraged.

-Urban networks should, where possible, meet the demand for housing, employment and services.

-Existing built-up areas should be optimally used throughout; new expansion areas may only be realised within a previously agreed red contour.

Open Access

Regional distribution of public funds for institutions of higher education

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 436 - 445

Abstract

Abstract

Public funding of institutions of higher education affects regions as the spending of universities creates demand and fosters regional development. This article analyzes the nonintended regional effects of public funding of universities. Examples are the Netherlands, Britain and the US. These countries are currently viewed as being role models for reforms in the German higher education system. It can be shown that specialization of universities and competition for public resources leads to regional concentration of resources. The use of stabilizing factors in the funding process can limit regional redistribution.

Open Access

German technology policy strikes new paths

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 446 - 455

Abstract

Abstract

Since the mid 1990’s the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research strikes a new path in technology funding by tying technology policy initiatives to the regional level. The BioRegio contest and the InnoRegio contest are considered to be the prototype models of this new policy. The current paper analyses and compares the two prototype models and elaborates conceptual strengths and weaknesses of region oriented technology policy.

Kurzberichte aus Praxis und Forschung

Open Access

Zukunft der räumlichen Planung — Zukunftsforum RaumPlanung

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 456 - 461

Abstract

Open Access

Neue Regionalräte: Impulse für die Entwicklung in NRW?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 462 - 465

Abstract

Open Access

Zur Zukunft der Landesplanung

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 465 - 467

Abstract

Forschungseinrichtungen Stellen Sich Vor

Open Access

BAW Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 468 - 469

Abstract

Article

Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 470 - 474

Abstract

Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 475 - 484

Abstract

17 Articles

Beiträge

Open Access

The Contribution of Spatial Planning to Advances in Flood Prevention

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 337 - 350

Abstract

Abstract

The task of flood prevention is one which concerns society in its entirety. The role of comprehensive spatial planning, both in making available the land required and in supporting preventive action, is now beyond dispute. Indeed, for over ten years a pro-active policy of integrating flood-prevention measures within spatial-planning practice has been pursued and advanced with ever-increasing intensity. This article seeks to establish just what concrete advances are now visible, both in spatial planning within Germany and in the context of transnational co-operation. It concludes by setting out a number of further steps either currently being implemented, or which will become necessary in the future.

Open Access

Preventive Flood Protection in River Catchment Areas

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 351 - 358

Abstract

Abstract

Decentral flooding control concepts for whole drainage areas of small and medium-sized rivers do not exist so far. The “Informal Plan for preventive flood control” modelled for the drainage area of the river Wesenitz is presented as a generalisable regional-planning strategy concept devoted to improving the retention of land and water. This strategy advance will serve to remove shortcomings in spatial planning in the sphere of preventive flood control. The plan for the drainage area overcomes administrative hurdles and promotes co-operation between local authorities in the field of flood control. Using a synopsis of key factors influencing surface-water run-offs in the drainage area, conflict types with a bearing on how flooding arises are identified. These provide local authorities and sectoral planners with a means of specifying local flooding measures and of establishing priorities in respect thereof. Different local flooding measures are represented in the Informal Plan by means of special planning symbols.

Open Access

INTERREG Rhine-Meuse Activities

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 359 - 369

Abstract

Abstract

Responding to the extreme floods of 1993/94 and 1995 on Rhine and Meuse the European Commission encouraged a transnational action programme to establish a preventive approach of flood protection within the Community Initiative INTERREG II C. The programme “INTERREG Rhine-Meuse Activities“ (IRMA), jointly elaborated and implemented by the concerned states, should launch a new policy of flood prevention, based on spatial planning, and put it into action through concrete measures inside the entire catchment area. Even though the spatial planning orientation could not be observed absolutely strictly within the programme implementation, this initiative represents an important and successful first step towards a new direction of sustainable flood prevention policy.

Varia

Open Access

Regional Governance: A New Paradigm in the Regional Sciences?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 370 - 380

Abstract

Abstract

Regional governance defines weakly institutionalised, network-oriented modes of co-operation between regional actors to achieve common goals of regional development. The scientific discussion on proficiency and coherence of regional governance is still in its infancy. However, there are related theoretical approaches like milieu-theory, learning-regionconception, regulation-school, regime-theory. In the article the peculiarities of regional governance are analysed. Open research questions identified refer to structural elements of governance, issue-selectivity, embeddedness in existing institutions, division of labor with other regional modes of governance, inherent dynamics, legitimization, contribution to regional development and the role of the state.

Open Access

Basic problems with indicator systems for regional sustainability

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 381 - 391

Abstract

Abstract

This paper explores the possibility to use indicator systems of regional sustainability for interregional comparisons as well as policy instruments. The potential for such a utilisation is limited by three major problems. First, the problem of aggregating many separate indicators to finally one sustainability index, on which fiscal relations supposedly could be based, second the varying regional endowments which provide different starting points for sustainable developments, and finally the problem of cardinal or ordinal scale as many of the indicators discussed are only of qualitative nature. As a result we conclude that regional comparisons of sustainability suffer from substantial methodological and theoretical shortcomings even if improved regionalisations can be applied.

Open Access

Planning Cycle for a Sustainable Development of Urban Regions

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 392 - 401

Abstract

Abstract

In this article a planning cycle for a sustainable development of urban regions is presented, in which current changes of spatial planning are linked with elements of the sustainable development debate. In subsequent phases the planning cycle comprises a strategic orientation to sustainable development objectives, the use of economic management instruments, formal and informal planning instruments as well as an evaluation of the spatial development results by indicators of sustainable development. Finally, remaining open questions are mentioned.

Open Access

The regionalisation of Cities

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 402 - 411

Abstract

Abstract

In current discourses on regionalisation, the city and its hinterland are no longer viewed in terms of an opposition between the centre and the periphery, but are rather interpreted as one single spatial unit. Recent conceptions of the city and also other spatial constructs — such as the regional city, the Zwischenstadt, the network city and the Randstad — define urban space on a broader scale invoking the notion of the city-region. This analysis of discourses traces the shifts in patterns of perception, of ordering and of interpretation in spatial research and spatial planning with regard to suburban settlement development in both western and eastern Germany since 1990. It identifies a number of different normative positions („urban sprawl” vs. „new gestalt ”), as well as pointing to the different courses of development which have taken place in western and eastern Germany. The article closes with a critical reflection on the tendency in evidence in discourses on regionalisation to equate the city and the city-region.

Open Access

The Media Sector in Regional Development Strategies

Published Online: 18 Feb 2019
Page range: 412 - 426

Abstract

Abstract

Many major German cities have in the past attempted to shape the media sector into the focal point of this domain by applying structural concepts and thereby forcing the transition towards a modern service-orientated society. Hamburg, Berlin, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt/M. are considered to be the leading media centers. However, a closer analysis of the spatial concentration and specialisation of the economic structure reveals that there are certain regional attributes in each of the branches of the media sector. By listing the opportunities and risks related to the various funding estimates available for initiating an effective and efficient media sector, this paper is intended to assist regional players in formulating correspondingly adjusted concepts of development.

Open Access

Urbanisation in the Fifth Policy Document on Spatial Planning in the Netherlands

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 427 - 435

Abstract

Abstract

In the draft of the Fifth Policy Document on Spatial Planning (December 2000), the Dutch government formulated the urbanisation task as follows: to contain the forces that lead to a distribution of urban activities, building and infrastructure over an ever increasing area, thus minimising spatial quality, and, at the same time, to make room for the ‘network society’.

The answer to this problem is threefold:

-Every country part should meet its own spatial needs; overspill between the four country parts is not encouraged.

-Urban networks should, where possible, meet the demand for housing, employment and services.

-Existing built-up areas should be optimally used throughout; new expansion areas may only be realised within a previously agreed red contour.

Open Access

Regional distribution of public funds for institutions of higher education

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 436 - 445

Abstract

Abstract

Public funding of institutions of higher education affects regions as the spending of universities creates demand and fosters regional development. This article analyzes the nonintended regional effects of public funding of universities. Examples are the Netherlands, Britain and the US. These countries are currently viewed as being role models for reforms in the German higher education system. It can be shown that specialization of universities and competition for public resources leads to regional concentration of resources. The use of stabilizing factors in the funding process can limit regional redistribution.

Open Access

German technology policy strikes new paths

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 446 - 455

Abstract

Abstract

Since the mid 1990’s the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research strikes a new path in technology funding by tying technology policy initiatives to the regional level. The BioRegio contest and the InnoRegio contest are considered to be the prototype models of this new policy. The current paper analyses and compares the two prototype models and elaborates conceptual strengths and weaknesses of region oriented technology policy.

Kurzberichte aus Praxis und Forschung

Open Access

Zukunft der räumlichen Planung — Zukunftsforum RaumPlanung

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 456 - 461

Abstract

Open Access

Neue Regionalräte: Impulse für die Entwicklung in NRW?

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 462 - 465

Abstract

Open Access

Zur Zukunft der Landesplanung

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 465 - 467

Abstract

Forschungseinrichtungen Stellen Sich Vor

Open Access

BAW Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 468 - 469

Abstract

Article

Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 470 - 474

Abstract

Open Access

Auswahldokumentation neuer Literatur

Published Online: 30 Sep 2001
Page range: 475 - 484

Abstract

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