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Volume 78 (2020): Issue 6 (December 2020)

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TEMPORÄRE RÄUMLICHE NÄHE – AKTEURE, ORTE UND INTERAKTIONEN

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 6 (December 2019)

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 5 (October 2019)

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 4 (August 2019)
Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 3 (June 2019)

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 2 (April 2019)
Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 1 (February 2019)

Volume 76 (2018): Issue 6 (December 2018)

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Volume 71 (2013): Issue 6 (December 2013)

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Volume 69 (2011): Issue 6 (December 2011)

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Volume 61 (2003): Issue 6 (November 2003)

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Volume 61 (2003): Issue 4 (July 2003)

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Volume 60 (2002): Issue 5-6 (September 2002)

Volume 60 (2002): Issue 3-4 (May 2002)

Volume 60 (2002): Issue 2 (March 2002)

Volume 60 (2002): Issue 1 (January 2002)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 5-6 (September 2001)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 4 (July 2001)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 2-3 (March 2001)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 1 (January 2001)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 6 (November 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 5 (September 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 4 (July 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 2-3 (March 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 1 (January 2000)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 5-6 (September 1999)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 4 (July 1999)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 2-3 (March 1999)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 1 (January 1999)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 5-6 (September 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 4 (July 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 2-3 (March 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 1 (January 1998)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 6 (November 2000)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

10 Articles

Gastkommentar

access type Open Access

Stadtregionen müssen „Regionen“ werden!*

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 445 - 447

Abstract

Beiträge

access type Open Access

Purchasing-Power Flows in Retailing

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 448 - 456

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents a model based on gravitation theory to anticipate inter-regional purchasing-power flows in the retail sector, and demonstrates how this model may be applied empirically by considering the example provided by the county of Mettmann. Unlike previous forecasting models, this model makes it possible to dispense with setting an arbitrary maximum size for catchment areas. It also enables all of the bilateral purchasing-power flows between a large number of towns or regions, and the key factors influencing them, to be investigated simultaneously. The empirical findings for the county of Mettmann appear extremely plausible. The author discusses three possible areas of application for this forecasting model: to gauge the effectiveness of city-marketing measures; to assess the effects of large (e.g. out-of-town) retail centres; and to predict the impacts of improvements to the road network on retailing in both source and target localities. The results produced by the model are in some cases surprising; the model is, however, capable of providing good explanations for these surprises.

access type Open Access

The Multiple Manifestations of the “Factory Shop” Phenomenon

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 457 - 466

Abstract

Abstract

The current debate on the spatial effects of factory shops has focused predominantly on factory outlet centres (FOCs) as the channel of supply. This orientation tends to ignore the long history of factory shops in some parts of Germany, a tradition which lies behind the broad range of shopping facilities of this type available today. This heterogeneity is clearly revealed in the studies on supply and demand at two representative outlets: the Boss and Samtfabrik shops at the ”Mecca of factory shops” situated in Metzingen, near Reutlingen (Baden-Württemberg). In addition to forms of supply which are of questionable value to regional economies, there are – as these studies show – also other types of outlet which appear to be less problematic from the spatial planning perspective. Outlets of the latter type offer high-quality products and pull purchasing power into the region. As these outlets are themselves homegrown within the region, the retail sector in the region has been able to adapt to face the challenge they pose. Businesses of this type may even provide a boost for city-centre development if they are located relatively close to city centres.

access type Open Access

Adult Education and “Regional Learning”

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 467 - 476

Abstract

Abstract

The notion of the „Learning Region” refers to the question whether „life long learning” could foster regional development. This is, however, seldom acknowledged in recent literature. Hence, the presented paper summarises different arguments that could he put forward to prove how important adult education is for the Performance of regions. Consequently, the „Learning Region” will benefit from adult education as well, because the latter is not only a means for the distribution of knowledge but does also help to create a capacity for learning on the regional level.

access type Open Access

Approaches to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Plans and Programmes in the Federal Republic of Germany

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 477 - 487

Abstract

Abstract

The EU Commission has proposed that environmental impact assessment (EIA) should be introduced for plans and programmes. In Germany, in some quarters at least, this proposal has met with emphatic resistance. The key (methodological) objections to this proposal reflect reservations about the extremely rigid formalisation of planning processes which this would entail (without this in itself producing any beneficial effects for the environment), and the problems it would create for the public participation process which it envisages. In Germany no experience has been gathered to date of full plan or programme EIA; there is however already a wealth of experience available regarding the individual requirements. This article presents the results of a simulation exercise based on application of the EIA directive for plans and programmes in the context of area development planning in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

access type Open Access

Working Together to Develop Indicators! A new module for successful regional AGENDA 21 Processes

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 488 - 498

Abstract

Abstract

The report on indicators published towards the end of 2000 by the Märkischer Kreis model region represents the first report on indicators in Germany produced within the framework of an AGENDA process to be developed and fleshed out with data by the very protagonists actively involved in the process. This co-operative and hands-on approach to developing indicators is seen as an instrument to support regional partnerships. Not only does it help to provide an internal structure for such partnerships, but it also serves as a source of information for others outside the region.

access type Open Access

Environmental Problems in an Industrial Agglomeration

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 499 - 511

Abstract

Abstract

The article gives an overview of a large interdisciplinary research project at the University of Cologne directed at environmental problems in North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany. The project comprises 12 subprojects and the cooperation of 17 different academic disciplines. In the first part, the aims of the project are outlined and a brief outline of each project is given. To document the interdisciplinary approach, two projects are described in greater detail in the next two sections. The first assesses the impact of climate changes on ground water quality and analyzes whether the existing laws suffice to secure ground water quality. The second project studies the causes of a frequent nose disease, rhinosinusitis, in particular the relationships between indoor and outdoor pollution, and further examines this problem by specific cell cultures.

access type Open Access

Federal Fiscal Constitution–fundamentally in need of reform?

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 512 - 518

Abstract

Abstract

The ruling of the Federal Constitutional Court of 11 November 1999 oblige the legislature to review the current structures of fiscal equalisation between the German Länder in the near future. If efficiency and autonomy are to be granted greater weight compared to equalisation and uniformity, from an economic point of view complementary institutional reforms will have to be carried out. They concern the vertical assignment of public functions, expenditures and revenues between the federal level, the regional level (Länder) and the local authorities. Against this background the paper analyses the development and the reform needs of the federal assignment of functions, expenditures and taxes. It will be pointed out that reforms within the existing structures could well bring out more efficiency and competition in Germany's fiscal federalism.

Kurzberichte Aus Praxis und Forschung

access type Open Access

Erstes deutsches raumwissenschaftliches Kompetenzzentrum gegründet: Kooperation am Standort Dresden

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 519 - 520

Abstract

Neue Literatur

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 521 - 524

Abstract

10 Articles

Gastkommentar

access type Open Access

Stadtregionen müssen „Regionen“ werden!*

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 445 - 447

Abstract

Beiträge

access type Open Access

Purchasing-Power Flows in Retailing

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 448 - 456

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents a model based on gravitation theory to anticipate inter-regional purchasing-power flows in the retail sector, and demonstrates how this model may be applied empirically by considering the example provided by the county of Mettmann. Unlike previous forecasting models, this model makes it possible to dispense with setting an arbitrary maximum size for catchment areas. It also enables all of the bilateral purchasing-power flows between a large number of towns or regions, and the key factors influencing them, to be investigated simultaneously. The empirical findings for the county of Mettmann appear extremely plausible. The author discusses three possible areas of application for this forecasting model: to gauge the effectiveness of city-marketing measures; to assess the effects of large (e.g. out-of-town) retail centres; and to predict the impacts of improvements to the road network on retailing in both source and target localities. The results produced by the model are in some cases surprising; the model is, however, capable of providing good explanations for these surprises.

access type Open Access

The Multiple Manifestations of the “Factory Shop” Phenomenon

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 457 - 466

Abstract

Abstract

The current debate on the spatial effects of factory shops has focused predominantly on factory outlet centres (FOCs) as the channel of supply. This orientation tends to ignore the long history of factory shops in some parts of Germany, a tradition which lies behind the broad range of shopping facilities of this type available today. This heterogeneity is clearly revealed in the studies on supply and demand at two representative outlets: the Boss and Samtfabrik shops at the ”Mecca of factory shops” situated in Metzingen, near Reutlingen (Baden-Württemberg). In addition to forms of supply which are of questionable value to regional economies, there are – as these studies show – also other types of outlet which appear to be less problematic from the spatial planning perspective. Outlets of the latter type offer high-quality products and pull purchasing power into the region. As these outlets are themselves homegrown within the region, the retail sector in the region has been able to adapt to face the challenge they pose. Businesses of this type may even provide a boost for city-centre development if they are located relatively close to city centres.

access type Open Access

Adult Education and “Regional Learning”

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 467 - 476

Abstract

Abstract

The notion of the „Learning Region” refers to the question whether „life long learning” could foster regional development. This is, however, seldom acknowledged in recent literature. Hence, the presented paper summarises different arguments that could he put forward to prove how important adult education is for the Performance of regions. Consequently, the „Learning Region” will benefit from adult education as well, because the latter is not only a means for the distribution of knowledge but does also help to create a capacity for learning on the regional level.

access type Open Access

Approaches to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Plans and Programmes in the Federal Republic of Germany

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 477 - 487

Abstract

Abstract

The EU Commission has proposed that environmental impact assessment (EIA) should be introduced for plans and programmes. In Germany, in some quarters at least, this proposal has met with emphatic resistance. The key (methodological) objections to this proposal reflect reservations about the extremely rigid formalisation of planning processes which this would entail (without this in itself producing any beneficial effects for the environment), and the problems it would create for the public participation process which it envisages. In Germany no experience has been gathered to date of full plan or programme EIA; there is however already a wealth of experience available regarding the individual requirements. This article presents the results of a simulation exercise based on application of the EIA directive for plans and programmes in the context of area development planning in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

access type Open Access

Working Together to Develop Indicators! A new module for successful regional AGENDA 21 Processes

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 488 - 498

Abstract

Abstract

The report on indicators published towards the end of 2000 by the Märkischer Kreis model region represents the first report on indicators in Germany produced within the framework of an AGENDA process to be developed and fleshed out with data by the very protagonists actively involved in the process. This co-operative and hands-on approach to developing indicators is seen as an instrument to support regional partnerships. Not only does it help to provide an internal structure for such partnerships, but it also serves as a source of information for others outside the region.

access type Open Access

Environmental Problems in an Industrial Agglomeration

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 499 - 511

Abstract

Abstract

The article gives an overview of a large interdisciplinary research project at the University of Cologne directed at environmental problems in North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany. The project comprises 12 subprojects and the cooperation of 17 different academic disciplines. In the first part, the aims of the project are outlined and a brief outline of each project is given. To document the interdisciplinary approach, two projects are described in greater detail in the next two sections. The first assesses the impact of climate changes on ground water quality and analyzes whether the existing laws suffice to secure ground water quality. The second project studies the causes of a frequent nose disease, rhinosinusitis, in particular the relationships between indoor and outdoor pollution, and further examines this problem by specific cell cultures.

access type Open Access

Federal Fiscal Constitution–fundamentally in need of reform?

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 512 - 518

Abstract

Abstract

The ruling of the Federal Constitutional Court of 11 November 1999 oblige the legislature to review the current structures of fiscal equalisation between the German Länder in the near future. If efficiency and autonomy are to be granted greater weight compared to equalisation and uniformity, from an economic point of view complementary institutional reforms will have to be carried out. They concern the vertical assignment of public functions, expenditures and revenues between the federal level, the regional level (Länder) and the local authorities. Against this background the paper analyses the development and the reform needs of the federal assignment of functions, expenditures and taxes. It will be pointed out that reforms within the existing structures could well bring out more efficiency and competition in Germany's fiscal federalism.

Kurzberichte Aus Praxis und Forschung

Neue Literatur

access type Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 30 Nov 2000
Page range: 521 - 524

Abstract

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