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Volume 78 (2020): Issue 6 (December 2020)

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TEMPORÄRE RÄUMLICHE NÄHE – AKTEURE, ORTE UND INTERAKTIONEN

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Integrierende Stadtentwicklung

Volume 77 (2019): Issue 3 (June 2019)

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Planung im Wandel - von Rollenverständnissen und Selbstbildern

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Volume 59 (2001): Issue 5-6 (September 2001)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 4 (July 2001)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 2-3 (March 2001)

Volume 59 (2001): Issue 1 (January 2001)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 6 (November 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 5 (September 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 4 (July 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 2-3 (March 2000)

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 1 (January 2000)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 5-6 (September 1999)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 4 (July 1999)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 2-3 (March 1999)

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 1 (January 1999)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 5-6 (September 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 4 (July 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 2-3 (March 1998)

Volume 56 (1998): Issue 1 (January 1998)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 58 (2000): Issue 4 (July 2000)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

11 Articles

Article

Open Access

The Role of High-value, Business-orientated services in the Development of Metropolitan Regions in Western Germany

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 265 - 275

Abstract

Abstract

With the advancing internationalisation of economic relations, high-value, business-orientated services are coming increasingly to represent the economic base for metropolitan regions. In an environment characterised by a division of labour and regional networks of complementary services, the metropolises, as centres performing global functions, exert impulses on the areas around them. At the same time, the integration of service networks within regional partnerships is coming to be a vital prerequisite for regions to compete successfully on the international stage. The dynamic growth of complementary services is currently leading to the emergence of new economic centres in metropolitan regions which are altering the traditional hierarchical relationships between metropolises and their hinterlands, hitherto defined in terms of dependency. A regional planning strategy should address the new types of interaction between functionally specialised locations and centres within the metropolitan regions.

Open Access

Goods Traffic Centres in Germany

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 276 - 287

Abstract

Abstract

Since the early 1990s there has been intensive discussion in Germany on the construction of goods-traffic centres. Today more than 40 projects have reached an advanced stage of planning or of realisation. Originally the idea of goods-traffic centres reflected aims emanating from the fields of transportation, economic, urban-development as well as environmental policy. Early practical experience of goods-traffic centres has led to the economic aims behind these centres being emphasised at the expense of the other aims. There is a future for goods-traffic centres if they are developed consistently as centres of logistic competence in the regions in which they are located.

Open Access

The Use of Fuzzy Logic in the Evaluation of Locations

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 288 - 296

Abstract

Abstract

In today's competitive environment, local authorities are forced to adopt a strategic approach to locational marketing. However, all too often they do not have the resources required to develop a strategy which is thoroughly researched. In such cases marketing measures will almost inevitably fail to meet expectations. A possible remedy is provided by what is referred to as a ”knowledge-based system”, which supports economic-development agencies at localauthority level in the search for the right strategy. In processing the information required, which tends in most cases to be either incomplete or ”fuzzy”, a key role is played by methods associated with fuzzy logic. Preliminary tests in practice using a system programmed in this way are very promising.

Open Access

Endogenous Development in Peripheral Regions: The Scope for Mobilising Endogenous Potentials in the West Pomerania Region

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 297 - 306

Abstract

Abstract

Because of real difficulties in developing peripheral regions with public grants, the strategy of endogenous development arose. Its objective is to activate intraregional potentials with the aim of initiating additional development impulses. This approach is of particular interest for the ”young” East German regions, which — in spite of substantial public subsidies — are still lagging behind from a development point of view. This article investigates the prerequisites for and opportunities of activating endogenous potentials by using the region of West Pomerania as an example. The resultant recommendations for action show that the strategy of endogenous development is a major contribution to regional development.

Open Access

School-leavers With No Qualifications

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 307 - 316

Abstract

Abstract

This rise in the number of complaints coming both from entrepreneurs and from business organisations about the unsatisfactory levels of education displayed by school-leavers suggests a failure to match the increased demand for ”human capital” with sufficient supply of the right quality. One indicator of this problem is the rise since the beginning of the 1990s — both in absolute terms and proportionately – in the number of young people leaving school without even minimal qualifications – i.e. the certificate of achievement awarded by secondary modern schools, the so-called Hauptschulabschluss. Young males are almost twice as likely to fall into this category as young females; in eastern Germany young Germans are more likely to leave school without qualifications than in the west of the country. The disparities among the various Länder cannot be accounted for satisfactorily solely by reference to per capita spending or class size. Within the three Länder subjected to closer examination, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg, there are striking differences from county to county in the percentage of school-leavers who have failed to attain the Hauptschulabschluss. Among a number of different variables which may be assumed to have produced these regional disparities, one which appears to contribute to lowering the proportion of young people leaving school without qualifications is the range of educational opportunities available in a particular county. Counties which consistently record above-average rates for male school-leavers without qualifications are called upon to respond through appropriate educational policies.

Open Access

The Marketing of Regions in the Context of Regional Development Strategies

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 317 - 325

Abstract

Abstract

In the face of increasing competition between regions, the mobilisation of regional potentials is gaining importance. The concept of the marketing of regions can complement other development initiatives at the regional level. For this to be achieved, the marketing initiatives have to find their specific role within the development process. They have both to delimit themselves from existing institutions and initiatives and to co-operate with these actors. In particular, co-operation between the spatial planning authorities and the marketing initiatives seems to be desirable.

Open Access

Prospects for Social City Development

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 326 - 336

Abstract

Abstract

Towns and cities are places in flux – and this applies equally to their population structure and social make-up. The last few decades have seen an accelerating change in age, household and income structures. Many of the challenges posed by this shift were anticipated by the Ministry for Building, Housing and Urban Development (now the Federal Ministry for Transport, Building and Housing). For example, the ”Experimental Housing and Urban Development” programme experimented with various models for responding to the ageing of the population and to the growing divergence of life-styles. In 1999 a programme was launched jointly by the federal government and the Länder with the title ”Urban Quarters in need of special development – the Social City” with the aim of addressing the growing social polarisation found within towns and cities. This article discusses the actual challenges encountered in implementing this ”quarter-orientated” approach. The concept of a ”social city” was intended to be driven by an overarching vision and the consent of the civic society, and not simply to be the outcome of a number of piecemeal departmental measures and sectoral policies. It is seen, after all, as a matter not of compensatory but of enabling policy.

Open Access

Co-operative Planning of Settlements and Open Spaces in the ”Regio Unterweser”

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 337 - 342

Abstract

Abstract

In implementing the Regional Development Strategy which forms part of the joint planning conducted by the Länder Lower Saxony and Bremen, one current focus of attention is the development of a platform for joint spatial planning in the hinterlands of the higher-order centres cities of Bremen, Bremerhaven and Oldenburg. In addition to instituting co-operation around Oldenburg, a co-operative planning process at local-authority level has also been introduced in the region immediately around Bremen-Nord – known as the Regio Unterweser. The development of this initiative and the conclusions to be drawn from it form the subject of this article.

Open Access

Problems and Approaches to Regional Development in the European Border-Region of Saarland/Lorraine/Luxembourg/Rhineland-Palatinate/Walloon

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 343 - 355

Abstract

Abstract

In the border region where Germany, France, Luxembourg and Belgium meet the orientation towards Europe has a long tradition. Even before the term ”the Europe of the regions” was coined, institutions were established in this area to foster cross-border co-ordination in representing regional issues in a Europe which was already growing together. It is now a political objective to create a ”new architecture” for the partnerships at various levels. The geographical contours for this have yet to be determined, as has the appropriate administrative and decision-making structure. Alongside these issues, one question which arises is that of the status of this region, which sees itself as a major European border-region, vis-á-vis the metropolitan regions in the vicinity in north-western Europe. What problems and lessons does this situation hold for comprehensive regional planning? How can it contribute towards bringing together the various regional interests? How can a balanced development strategy be arrived at for the entire region against the background of the differences in the structures currently in place? This article shows the unique point of departure in this region which calls for customised solutions to be sought and adopted by the co-operating regional partners.

Kurzberichte aus Praxis und Forschung

Neue Literatur

Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 359 - 359

Abstract

11 Articles

Article

Open Access

The Role of High-value, Business-orientated services in the Development of Metropolitan Regions in Western Germany

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 265 - 275

Abstract

Abstract

With the advancing internationalisation of economic relations, high-value, business-orientated services are coming increasingly to represent the economic base for metropolitan regions. In an environment characterised by a division of labour and regional networks of complementary services, the metropolises, as centres performing global functions, exert impulses on the areas around them. At the same time, the integration of service networks within regional partnerships is coming to be a vital prerequisite for regions to compete successfully on the international stage. The dynamic growth of complementary services is currently leading to the emergence of new economic centres in metropolitan regions which are altering the traditional hierarchical relationships between metropolises and their hinterlands, hitherto defined in terms of dependency. A regional planning strategy should address the new types of interaction between functionally specialised locations and centres within the metropolitan regions.

Open Access

Goods Traffic Centres in Germany

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 276 - 287

Abstract

Abstract

Since the early 1990s there has been intensive discussion in Germany on the construction of goods-traffic centres. Today more than 40 projects have reached an advanced stage of planning or of realisation. Originally the idea of goods-traffic centres reflected aims emanating from the fields of transportation, economic, urban-development as well as environmental policy. Early practical experience of goods-traffic centres has led to the economic aims behind these centres being emphasised at the expense of the other aims. There is a future for goods-traffic centres if they are developed consistently as centres of logistic competence in the regions in which they are located.

Open Access

The Use of Fuzzy Logic in the Evaluation of Locations

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 288 - 296

Abstract

Abstract

In today's competitive environment, local authorities are forced to adopt a strategic approach to locational marketing. However, all too often they do not have the resources required to develop a strategy which is thoroughly researched. In such cases marketing measures will almost inevitably fail to meet expectations. A possible remedy is provided by what is referred to as a ”knowledge-based system”, which supports economic-development agencies at localauthority level in the search for the right strategy. In processing the information required, which tends in most cases to be either incomplete or ”fuzzy”, a key role is played by methods associated with fuzzy logic. Preliminary tests in practice using a system programmed in this way are very promising.

Open Access

Endogenous Development in Peripheral Regions: The Scope for Mobilising Endogenous Potentials in the West Pomerania Region

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 297 - 306

Abstract

Abstract

Because of real difficulties in developing peripheral regions with public grants, the strategy of endogenous development arose. Its objective is to activate intraregional potentials with the aim of initiating additional development impulses. This approach is of particular interest for the ”young” East German regions, which — in spite of substantial public subsidies — are still lagging behind from a development point of view. This article investigates the prerequisites for and opportunities of activating endogenous potentials by using the region of West Pomerania as an example. The resultant recommendations for action show that the strategy of endogenous development is a major contribution to regional development.

Open Access

School-leavers With No Qualifications

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 307 - 316

Abstract

Abstract

This rise in the number of complaints coming both from entrepreneurs and from business organisations about the unsatisfactory levels of education displayed by school-leavers suggests a failure to match the increased demand for ”human capital” with sufficient supply of the right quality. One indicator of this problem is the rise since the beginning of the 1990s — both in absolute terms and proportionately – in the number of young people leaving school without even minimal qualifications – i.e. the certificate of achievement awarded by secondary modern schools, the so-called Hauptschulabschluss. Young males are almost twice as likely to fall into this category as young females; in eastern Germany young Germans are more likely to leave school without qualifications than in the west of the country. The disparities among the various Länder cannot be accounted for satisfactorily solely by reference to per capita spending or class size. Within the three Länder subjected to closer examination, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg, there are striking differences from county to county in the percentage of school-leavers who have failed to attain the Hauptschulabschluss. Among a number of different variables which may be assumed to have produced these regional disparities, one which appears to contribute to lowering the proportion of young people leaving school without qualifications is the range of educational opportunities available in a particular county. Counties which consistently record above-average rates for male school-leavers without qualifications are called upon to respond through appropriate educational policies.

Open Access

The Marketing of Regions in the Context of Regional Development Strategies

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 317 - 325

Abstract

Abstract

In the face of increasing competition between regions, the mobilisation of regional potentials is gaining importance. The concept of the marketing of regions can complement other development initiatives at the regional level. For this to be achieved, the marketing initiatives have to find their specific role within the development process. They have both to delimit themselves from existing institutions and initiatives and to co-operate with these actors. In particular, co-operation between the spatial planning authorities and the marketing initiatives seems to be desirable.

Open Access

Prospects for Social City Development

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 326 - 336

Abstract

Abstract

Towns and cities are places in flux – and this applies equally to their population structure and social make-up. The last few decades have seen an accelerating change in age, household and income structures. Many of the challenges posed by this shift were anticipated by the Ministry for Building, Housing and Urban Development (now the Federal Ministry for Transport, Building and Housing). For example, the ”Experimental Housing and Urban Development” programme experimented with various models for responding to the ageing of the population and to the growing divergence of life-styles. In 1999 a programme was launched jointly by the federal government and the Länder with the title ”Urban Quarters in need of special development – the Social City” with the aim of addressing the growing social polarisation found within towns and cities. This article discusses the actual challenges encountered in implementing this ”quarter-orientated” approach. The concept of a ”social city” was intended to be driven by an overarching vision and the consent of the civic society, and not simply to be the outcome of a number of piecemeal departmental measures and sectoral policies. It is seen, after all, as a matter not of compensatory but of enabling policy.

Open Access

Co-operative Planning of Settlements and Open Spaces in the ”Regio Unterweser”

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 337 - 342

Abstract

Abstract

In implementing the Regional Development Strategy which forms part of the joint planning conducted by the Länder Lower Saxony and Bremen, one current focus of attention is the development of a platform for joint spatial planning in the hinterlands of the higher-order centres cities of Bremen, Bremerhaven and Oldenburg. In addition to instituting co-operation around Oldenburg, a co-operative planning process at local-authority level has also been introduced in the region immediately around Bremen-Nord – known as the Regio Unterweser. The development of this initiative and the conclusions to be drawn from it form the subject of this article.

Open Access

Problems and Approaches to Regional Development in the European Border-Region of Saarland/Lorraine/Luxembourg/Rhineland-Palatinate/Walloon

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 343 - 355

Abstract

Abstract

In the border region where Germany, France, Luxembourg and Belgium meet the orientation towards Europe has a long tradition. Even before the term ”the Europe of the regions” was coined, institutions were established in this area to foster cross-border co-ordination in representing regional issues in a Europe which was already growing together. It is now a political objective to create a ”new architecture” for the partnerships at various levels. The geographical contours for this have yet to be determined, as has the appropriate administrative and decision-making structure. Alongside these issues, one question which arises is that of the status of this region, which sees itself as a major European border-region, vis-á-vis the metropolitan regions in the vicinity in north-western Europe. What problems and lessons does this situation hold for comprehensive regional planning? How can it contribute towards bringing together the various regional interests? How can a balanced development strategy be arrived at for the entire region against the background of the differences in the structures currently in place? This article shows the unique point of departure in this region which calls for customised solutions to be sought and adopted by the co-operating regional partners.

Kurzberichte aus Praxis und Forschung

Neue Literatur

Open Access

Rezensionen

Published Online: 31 Jul 2000
Page range: 359 - 359

Abstract

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