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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 5-6 (September 1999)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

22 Articles

Gastkommentar

access type Open Access

Einführung zum Gastkommentar

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 325 - 325

Abstract

access type Open Access

Eine Archivleiche? – Erwartungshaltungen in Bezug auf das Europäische Raumentwicklungskonzept

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 325 - 327

Abstract

Schwerpunktthema 1 Perspektiven der Verdichtungsräume:

access type Open Access

Vorbemerkung

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 328 - 328

Abstract

access type Open Access

Perspectives for Agglomerations in Western Germany

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 328 - 337

Abstract

Abstract

The development pressure on agglomerations in the western part of Germany will continue into the future. It was in order to counter the negative trends associated with this situation that the spatial order principles of settlement density, mixed uses and polycentrality were developed. However, these strategies can only be implemented through a tier of administration which covers the expanding conurbation in its entirety. Consequently, this calls for a reorganisation of the regional planning system in which strategies are developed in close co-operation with local authorities to overcome these problems and to equip it with the instruments it requires to implement these strategies.

access type Open Access

Sweden – a Model of Consensus and Rationality?

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 338 - 349

Abstract

Abstract

Regional planning in Sweden is neither institutionalised in a manner comparable to the situation found in Germany, nor can it look back on a similarly long tradition. One reason for this is to be found in the near unassailable planning monopoly of local authorities. This case-study of regional planning in Stockholm shows that neither corporate pluralism nor the central importance attached to rational, consensus-based planning is being seriously called into question. What disharmony does exist is over the relationship between planning and politics. Although planning is informal and only vaguely defined, it is still important to ask whether there is anything for regional planning in Germany to learn from Sweden. Could Sweden provide a model?

access type Open Access

Peripheries, Boundaries, Transition Zones: Boundaries and Borders as a Basis for Spatial Planning around Cities

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 350 - 358

Abstract

Abstract

Even if the fate of cities is not – as is sometimes claimed – decided in the areas surrounding them, the suburban zones of cities do nonetheless have a pivotal role to play in the future development of agglomerations. If the contribution which the regional planning system wishes to make to this process is to ensure that greater weight is attached in future to the goals of ecological, social and economic sustainability, it will have to come up with strategies which meet the needs of these areas. In order to achieve this, it requires devices which it can draw on to structure the attributes of this hinterland and thus to render them communicable. This article explains how the settlement boundaries, land-use boundaries and transition zones found in the environs of cities may represent suitable approaches for spatial planning.

Schwerpunktthema 2 Raumplanerausbildung:

access type Open Access

Vorbemerkung

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 359 - 359

Abstract

access type Open Access

The Diploma Course in Geography at the University of Bayreuth with its Special Emphasis on Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 359 - 364

Abstract

Abstract

Proceeding from an account of the requirements of professional practice, this article describes the organisation and the content of the course in spatial planning and the qualifications which it leads to. This is followed by an analysis of the types of employment in this field which graduates of this course over the last two decades have entered. One finding stands out: whereas graduates in the early days tended to find employment in the public service, more recently the majority of graduates have taken up positions in the private sector.

access type Open Access

University Training for Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 365 - 370

Abstract

Abstract

At the University of Karlsruhe there is a long tradition of providing courses in Spatial Planning and, together with Infrastructure Planning, it now constitutes a distinct option for specialisation in the Faculty of Civil Engineering. As far as tuition is concerned, methodbased subject-areas occupy a special position alongside the core subjects required for Urban Development and Regional Planning. The course aims to enable students to work independently towards developing strategies for solving complex tasks in the field of Spatial Planning, to identify the suitability of instruments and procedures and to apply the knowledge they have acquired within a problem-orientated approach. In order to achieve this, the course attaches great importance to the integrated study project. This module, which is offered in every year of the course, focusing each time on a different issue of current relevance in spatial development, is conceived as a joint undertaking involving all of the chairs associated with the option.

access type Open Access

Qualifications for Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 371 - 374

Abstract

Abstract

The course leading to the Diploma in Geography at the University of Frankfurt am Main is predicated upon a spatial evaluation of the relationship linking man with his environment. During the foundation phase of the course students are familiarised with the various methods of analysis and evaluation relevant to the field; during the subsequent main section of the course the focus is to a much greater extent on project work, in which students practise working on authentic situations from the professional fields they are expected to enter. In terms of content, individual courses concentrate on four fields, all of which can be subsumed under the watchword of “sustainable spatial development”: the geography of the natural landscape (landscape balance, exploration and analysis of the subsoil), the geography of the everyday world (the individual and housing, leisure, identity), business and logistics, and structures in the third world.

access type Open Access

Urban-, Regional-, State Planning/Spatial Planning, Education within the German University and Technical High School System

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 375 - 376

Abstract

Varia — Beiträge

access type Open Access

The ”Lean Regional Plan” — a new way forward?

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 377 - 385

Abstract

Abstract

The authors point out the links between the proposed “lean regional plan” and various strands of the current discussion on reforming public administration. They place the regional plan within a dynamic context incorporating the contiguous instances of spatial and sectoral planning. From this they go on to derive three basic models of reciprocal displacement, which might provide a starting point for a more long-term overhaul of the German planning system. In the five proposals they put forward, the authors describe possible ways of reducing the content and procedures of regional planning in the shorter term without diminishing the degree of control afforded by the planning system.

access type Open Access

Tertiarisation without a competitive industrial base?

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 386 - 397

Abstract

Abstract

Within the discussion on strategies to bring down unemployment, great hopes have been placed in the services sector. Many people have already come to see services as the powerhouse of economic growth in the Federal Republic of Germany. However, this thesis fails to take account of the mutual dependencies which exist between the secondary and tertiary sectors. Empirical analysis for the Münster region administrative district illustrates the importance of the role played by upstream relationships between these two sectors. Consequently, the successes of the services sector in terms of job-creation are dependent on the competitiveness of the region’s industries. Providing support for the services sector without at the same time taking measures to nurture the industrial base would thus appear to be a highly questionable strategy.

access type Open Access

The Use of Information on Agrarian Structure for Strategy Development in Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 398 - 409

Abstract

Abstract

Information on agrarian structure can make a valuable contribution to supplementing the strategies embodied in sectoral plans. Benefits can accrue for the process of selecting priorities for action and deciding on what locations are to be prioritised, for the preparation of plans, and equally for decisions on the approach to the implementation of planning measures. In two research projects a method has been developed which allows information on potential and availability for implementation – as well as on the scope for synergy effects between agriculture and nature conservation – to be integrated within strategies for greenfield protection at federal state level.

access type Open Access

The Use of Surface Structures in the Description of Urban Spaces

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 410 - 417

Abstract

Abstract

The urban ecology of a town is shaped to a very considerable extent by the fabric of built structures and spaces (referred to here as surface structures) in the various sections of the urban territory. This paper presents a classificatory code developed for the purpose of mapping such structures and spaces and describes the cartographic procedure employed. This code can be used for the analogue/visual interpretation of large-scale aerial photographs. The authors draw on experience gathered in the course of a land survey conducted in 1988 for the territory of Munich, the Bavarian state capital, subsequently up-dated in 1996. The main focus of the forms of classification described is on issues of urban ecology relating to the mapping, analysis and evaluation of sustainable urban development.

access type Open Access

Spending Effects of Universities on their Regions

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 418 - 431

Abstract

Abstract

As regional policy considerations have frequently had a role to play in decisions on the creation of new universities, studies have also been carried out for a number of university locations in Germany to investigate the impacts of university spending on regional economies. In terms of methodology, however, these studies differ significantly in a number of areas. The present contribution describes methodological problems associated with attempts to quantify regional effects of university spending, illustrated by reference to Kassel. In considering differences in method — and notwithstanding the variety of approaches adopted — analysis of these studies reveals that they all record regional effects of university spending of a similar order of magnitude, with just a few isolated cases of exceptions to the pattern.

access type Open Access

Regional Visions

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 432 - 436

Abstract

Abstracts

Regional visions – or leitbilder – mark out an orientational framework for working towards the desired state of development. Development visions for the region pick up key elements of the regional plan, which they then build upon from a development perspective. Circumstances permitting, the agencies of regional planning draw up these models and are involved in their implementation. In the mid nineties, following a particularly dynamic period of development, the Heilbronn-Franken Region underwent quite fundamental structural change. The region looked to interregional discussion for guidance and developed its ”Visions for the Heilbronn-Franken Region”. The requisite target orientations are brought together in the leitmotif ”Innovation and Networking: the Heilbronn-Franken Region and its Future Viability”.

Kurzberichte Aus Praxis und Forchung

access type Open Access

Die Regionalreform der Region Hannover aus Sicht der Bürger

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 437 - 441

Abstract

access type Open Access

Das dänische Parlament bekennt sich zur Region Kopenhagen

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 441 - 443

Abstract

access type Open Access

Klima- und Lufthygienekarten für Städte und Regionen

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 444 - 444

Abstract

Neue Literatur

22 Articles

Gastkommentar

access type Open Access

Einführung zum Gastkommentar

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 325 - 325

Abstract

access type Open Access

Eine Archivleiche? – Erwartungshaltungen in Bezug auf das Europäische Raumentwicklungskonzept

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 325 - 327

Abstract

Schwerpunktthema 1 Perspektiven der Verdichtungsräume:

access type Open Access

Vorbemerkung

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 328 - 328

Abstract

access type Open Access

Perspectives for Agglomerations in Western Germany

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 328 - 337

Abstract

Abstract

The development pressure on agglomerations in the western part of Germany will continue into the future. It was in order to counter the negative trends associated with this situation that the spatial order principles of settlement density, mixed uses and polycentrality were developed. However, these strategies can only be implemented through a tier of administration which covers the expanding conurbation in its entirety. Consequently, this calls for a reorganisation of the regional planning system in which strategies are developed in close co-operation with local authorities to overcome these problems and to equip it with the instruments it requires to implement these strategies.

access type Open Access

Sweden – a Model of Consensus and Rationality?

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 338 - 349

Abstract

Abstract

Regional planning in Sweden is neither institutionalised in a manner comparable to the situation found in Germany, nor can it look back on a similarly long tradition. One reason for this is to be found in the near unassailable planning monopoly of local authorities. This case-study of regional planning in Stockholm shows that neither corporate pluralism nor the central importance attached to rational, consensus-based planning is being seriously called into question. What disharmony does exist is over the relationship between planning and politics. Although planning is informal and only vaguely defined, it is still important to ask whether there is anything for regional planning in Germany to learn from Sweden. Could Sweden provide a model?

access type Open Access

Peripheries, Boundaries, Transition Zones: Boundaries and Borders as a Basis for Spatial Planning around Cities

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 350 - 358

Abstract

Abstract

Even if the fate of cities is not – as is sometimes claimed – decided in the areas surrounding them, the suburban zones of cities do nonetheless have a pivotal role to play in the future development of agglomerations. If the contribution which the regional planning system wishes to make to this process is to ensure that greater weight is attached in future to the goals of ecological, social and economic sustainability, it will have to come up with strategies which meet the needs of these areas. In order to achieve this, it requires devices which it can draw on to structure the attributes of this hinterland and thus to render them communicable. This article explains how the settlement boundaries, land-use boundaries and transition zones found in the environs of cities may represent suitable approaches for spatial planning.

Schwerpunktthema 2 Raumplanerausbildung:

access type Open Access

Vorbemerkung

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 359 - 359

Abstract

access type Open Access

The Diploma Course in Geography at the University of Bayreuth with its Special Emphasis on Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 359 - 364

Abstract

Abstract

Proceeding from an account of the requirements of professional practice, this article describes the organisation and the content of the course in spatial planning and the qualifications which it leads to. This is followed by an analysis of the types of employment in this field which graduates of this course over the last two decades have entered. One finding stands out: whereas graduates in the early days tended to find employment in the public service, more recently the majority of graduates have taken up positions in the private sector.

access type Open Access

University Training for Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 365 - 370

Abstract

Abstract

At the University of Karlsruhe there is a long tradition of providing courses in Spatial Planning and, together with Infrastructure Planning, it now constitutes a distinct option for specialisation in the Faculty of Civil Engineering. As far as tuition is concerned, methodbased subject-areas occupy a special position alongside the core subjects required for Urban Development and Regional Planning. The course aims to enable students to work independently towards developing strategies for solving complex tasks in the field of Spatial Planning, to identify the suitability of instruments and procedures and to apply the knowledge they have acquired within a problem-orientated approach. In order to achieve this, the course attaches great importance to the integrated study project. This module, which is offered in every year of the course, focusing each time on a different issue of current relevance in spatial development, is conceived as a joint undertaking involving all of the chairs associated with the option.

access type Open Access

Qualifications for Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 371 - 374

Abstract

Abstract

The course leading to the Diploma in Geography at the University of Frankfurt am Main is predicated upon a spatial evaluation of the relationship linking man with his environment. During the foundation phase of the course students are familiarised with the various methods of analysis and evaluation relevant to the field; during the subsequent main section of the course the focus is to a much greater extent on project work, in which students practise working on authentic situations from the professional fields they are expected to enter. In terms of content, individual courses concentrate on four fields, all of which can be subsumed under the watchword of “sustainable spatial development”: the geography of the natural landscape (landscape balance, exploration and analysis of the subsoil), the geography of the everyday world (the individual and housing, leisure, identity), business and logistics, and structures in the third world.

access type Open Access

Urban-, Regional-, State Planning/Spatial Planning, Education within the German University and Technical High School System

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 375 - 376

Abstract

Varia — Beiträge

access type Open Access

The ”Lean Regional Plan” — a new way forward?

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 377 - 385

Abstract

Abstract

The authors point out the links between the proposed “lean regional plan” and various strands of the current discussion on reforming public administration. They place the regional plan within a dynamic context incorporating the contiguous instances of spatial and sectoral planning. From this they go on to derive three basic models of reciprocal displacement, which might provide a starting point for a more long-term overhaul of the German planning system. In the five proposals they put forward, the authors describe possible ways of reducing the content and procedures of regional planning in the shorter term without diminishing the degree of control afforded by the planning system.

access type Open Access

Tertiarisation without a competitive industrial base?

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 386 - 397

Abstract

Abstract

Within the discussion on strategies to bring down unemployment, great hopes have been placed in the services sector. Many people have already come to see services as the powerhouse of economic growth in the Federal Republic of Germany. However, this thesis fails to take account of the mutual dependencies which exist between the secondary and tertiary sectors. Empirical analysis for the Münster region administrative district illustrates the importance of the role played by upstream relationships between these two sectors. Consequently, the successes of the services sector in terms of job-creation are dependent on the competitiveness of the region’s industries. Providing support for the services sector without at the same time taking measures to nurture the industrial base would thus appear to be a highly questionable strategy.

access type Open Access

The Use of Information on Agrarian Structure for Strategy Development in Spatial Planning

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 398 - 409

Abstract

Abstract

Information on agrarian structure can make a valuable contribution to supplementing the strategies embodied in sectoral plans. Benefits can accrue for the process of selecting priorities for action and deciding on what locations are to be prioritised, for the preparation of plans, and equally for decisions on the approach to the implementation of planning measures. In two research projects a method has been developed which allows information on potential and availability for implementation – as well as on the scope for synergy effects between agriculture and nature conservation – to be integrated within strategies for greenfield protection at federal state level.

access type Open Access

The Use of Surface Structures in the Description of Urban Spaces

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 410 - 417

Abstract

Abstract

The urban ecology of a town is shaped to a very considerable extent by the fabric of built structures and spaces (referred to here as surface structures) in the various sections of the urban territory. This paper presents a classificatory code developed for the purpose of mapping such structures and spaces and describes the cartographic procedure employed. This code can be used for the analogue/visual interpretation of large-scale aerial photographs. The authors draw on experience gathered in the course of a land survey conducted in 1988 for the territory of Munich, the Bavarian state capital, subsequently up-dated in 1996. The main focus of the forms of classification described is on issues of urban ecology relating to the mapping, analysis and evaluation of sustainable urban development.

access type Open Access

Spending Effects of Universities on their Regions

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 418 - 431

Abstract

Abstract

As regional policy considerations have frequently had a role to play in decisions on the creation of new universities, studies have also been carried out for a number of university locations in Germany to investigate the impacts of university spending on regional economies. In terms of methodology, however, these studies differ significantly in a number of areas. The present contribution describes methodological problems associated with attempts to quantify regional effects of university spending, illustrated by reference to Kassel. In considering differences in method — and notwithstanding the variety of approaches adopted — analysis of these studies reveals that they all record regional effects of university spending of a similar order of magnitude, with just a few isolated cases of exceptions to the pattern.

access type Open Access

Regional Visions

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 432 - 436

Abstract

Abstracts

Regional visions – or leitbilder – mark out an orientational framework for working towards the desired state of development. Development visions for the region pick up key elements of the regional plan, which they then build upon from a development perspective. Circumstances permitting, the agencies of regional planning draw up these models and are involved in their implementation. In the mid nineties, following a particularly dynamic period of development, the Heilbronn-Franken Region underwent quite fundamental structural change. The region looked to interregional discussion for guidance and developed its ”Visions for the Heilbronn-Franken Region”. The requisite target orientations are brought together in the leitmotif ”Innovation and Networking: the Heilbronn-Franken Region and its Future Viability”.

Kurzberichte Aus Praxis und Forchung

access type Open Access

Die Regionalreform der Region Hannover aus Sicht der Bürger

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 437 - 441

Abstract

access type Open Access

Das dänische Parlament bekennt sich zur Region Kopenhagen

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 441 - 443

Abstract

access type Open Access

Klima- und Lufthygienekarten für Städte und Regionen

Published Online: 30 Sep 1999
Page range: 444 - 444

Abstract

Neue Literatur

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