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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

Volume 57 (1999): Issue 2-3 (March 1999)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1869-4179
First Published
30 Jan 1936
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
German, English

Search

16 Articles

Beitrag

Open Access

Regional Development in Central and Eastern Europe: Between Transformation and Integration. The example of Poland

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 83 - 95

Abstract

Abstract

The transformation processes unleashed in Central and Eastern Europe with the collapse of the communist system have had far-reaching effects on the countries concerned: both at national level in respect of the level of economic activity, and at regional level with regard to distribution. Taking Poland as an example, this article draws on a number of theories of regional economy to show how disparities will be heightened over the medium term, and that convergence is only likely in the long term. Neither national regional policy, which is only slowly starting to get off the ground, nor the increasing support provided by EU regional policy is capable of offsetting divergent development, as political priority is given to national convergence vis-à-vis EU member states.

Open Access

The Importance of Larger-Scale Facilities for the Disabled for Regional Economies

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 96 - 107

Abstract

Abstract

Numerous studies into the impacts for regional economies emanating from infrastructure facilities — and especially from educational facilities — have demonstrated conclusively that such facilities are capable of generating both positive and stimulating effects on regional economies. Hitherto no comparable studies have been available for the field of social infrastructure, and in particular relating to facilities dedicated to helping, nursing and caring for people with disabilities. In the first empirical study of this type the focus is on the economic significance of larger-scale facilities for the disabled for the economy of the surrounding area, in this case based on the example of the Dominikus Ringeisen-Werk (DRW) in Bavaria. The key finding resulting from this study is that major facilities for the disabled of this type are indeed the source of a very considerable stimulus for the region in which they are located.

Open Access

Technical Training Centres, Developers and their Contribution to the Innovation System

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 108 - 119

Abstract

Abstract

Within the process of innovation, technology and knowledge transfers between universities and other research institutes and private industry have a vital role to play. It is especially important that the various players involved should interact within a systematic context. All too frequently the weak link in this chain is the flow and exchange of information. What is the role within this process for developers and engineers? What part should training centres and research institutes play? The present article draws on a study of two industrial sectors to shed light on the networks and information exchange in place in Austria among these key players.

Open Access

Indicators of Sustainable Development

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 120 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

The paradigm of sustainable development, which since 1998 has been enshrined in the Federal Regional Planning Act (the Raumordnungsgesetz), has not so far been implemented to anything approaching a satisfactory degree. This is particularly true within local authorities, which were named explicitly in Agenda 21 as major agents of implementation. One important approach toward continuous monitoring of the implementation of a concept of development aimed at achieving sustainability is considered to lie in the use of indicators, which are currently a subject of discussion at all levels of spatial planning. The present contribution develops building blocks for a system of local indicators of sustainability. A case study on implementation of the indicator system provides the basis for outlining the problems and shortcomings associated with current information and data systems at local-authority level.

Open Access

Locational and Site-Related Trends in Connection with Large-Scale Retail Projects

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 132 - 142

Abstract

Abstract

Developments in the type and size of retail operations and outlets are bringing with them changes to the spatialstructure pattern of what in Germany are known as “central places”. This article describes the spatial effects of these locational patterns on the central-place functions of city centres, along with the instruments of planning control available for state-level, regional and local development planning, and goes on to set out the areas of action open to spatial planning and to consider the increasingly important role being played by consensual processes. In the face of the challenges facing towns and cities as a result of the enormous dynamics in the retail sector, there is now a need for new, inter-authority planning instruments.

Open Access

Some Approaches to Developing the Central Places System in Schleswig-Holstein

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 143 - 154

Abstract

Abstract

The „central place” concept is employed in all of Germany’s federal states (apart from the city-states) as an instrument to steer state-level regional planning. By comparison with other states, the system in place in Schleswig-Holstein is very broadly recognised and taken into account both for spatial planning and in the context of budget allocations to local authorities. Empirical surveys of actual settlement development reveal that this system promotes future-orientated development in rural areas. There would appear to be a special need to develop the system further in areas characterised by the presence of close linkages between towns and cities and the areas surrounding them. A number of proposals are put forward which will place co-operation between cities and surrounding municipalities on a firmer footing.

Open Access

Regional Planning at Federal, State and Inter-Authority Levels

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 155 - 167

Abstract

Abstract

Questions of comprehensive spatial planning at the various levels at which it is undertaken — in contrast to research questions, which tend largely to be concept-based — show a particularly strong orientation to the players active at the various levels of planning. The fields of action within spatial planning and their spatial impacts quite naturally pervade all fields of research. Consequently, these questions clearly have to be seen as displaying an overarching character. The special quality of this relationship is found in the evaluative reflection of spatial research which is carried out through the action fields of spatial planning practice. This article provides an application-based insight into the activities of the ARL workshop on this field of research and into the research findings which have so far been forthcoming.

Open Access

The ”Creative Milieu” – No More than a Theoretical Concept, or an Instrument of Regional Development?

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 168 - 175

Abstract

Abstract

Theories of successful regional development which, like the ”creative milieu” concept, stress the importance of networks of personal contacts quite rightly attract the interest of those involved in the practice of regional development planning. This article presents some of the key ideas behind this concept and evaluates them with regard to the possibility of translating them into planning instruments. A selection of examples of ”creative milieus” both in Germany and abroad serve to highlight the wealth of variety which exists, but also underline the unfeasibility of trying to plan for the regional development processes associated with this concept. The article concludes by advancing a number of ideas which demonstrate how – notwithstanding certain reservations – the milieu approach might still be applied to good effect in regional development.

Open Access

The Region

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 176 - 181

Abstract

Abstract

Discussion on the identification, construction and function of the region has broadened in scope and lost its focus. Although, since its optimistic beginnings in the 1960s, the concept of the region has advanced from local-authority level via the federal states to continental level, nowhere has it taken on contours which are in any way convincing. The lack of political control has become extremely striking. Indeed, those tendencies which are apparent tend to be destructive: examples of “regionalism” in Europe are discouraging. Nonetheless, the region does still have a future. Drawing together the principles of globalism and regionalism, which would allow step-by-step progression from continents — the “world regions” — to local authorities, could well provide the world with a new type of classification.

Open Access

Urban Development in the People’s Republic of China — Closed and Open Phases of Urbanisation

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 182 - 190

Abstract

Abstract

The traditional Chinese city was considered by the Chinese Communist Party to be the very embodiment of the feudal system; “consumer cities” were, therefore, to be transformed into “producer cities”. However, at a time when the prime focus was on building up Chinese industry, this slogan was less the aim of a new urbanisation strategy than a matter of the cities being seen as low-cost locations for industrial development. Even though living conditions in the cities were impoverished, urbanisation nonetheless repeatedly unleashed waves of migration from the countryside into the cities. Chinese society was split into a rural population and an urban population. Only with the economic reforms of the late ’70s did these structures slowly begin to dissolve.

Kurzberichte Aus Praxis und Forschung

Open Access

EUREK-Forum „Für eine ausgewogene und nachhaltige Entwicklung des europäischen Raumes — Von Prinzipien zu einer besseren Praxis”

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 191 - 194

Abstract

Open Access

Kooperative Handlungsformen in der Regionalplanung

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 195 - 201

Abstract

Zusammenfassung

Veränderte Rahmenbedingungen wirken sich in eher widersprüchlicher Weise auf die Regionalplanung aus: Einerseits ist sie im Zuge der allgemeinen Diskussion um eine Verwaltungsreform in die Kritik geraten. Ihr werden mangelnde Flexibilität, übermäßige Dauer der Verfahren, überflüssige Regelungsintensität usw. vorgeworfen. Andererseits wird ihr wachsende Bedeutung bescheinigt, weil unter der Leitvorstellung der „nachhaltigen Raumentwicklung” eine integrative raumbezogene Planung als notwendig erachtet wird. Daraus hat sich in Theorie und Praxis ein paradigmatischer Wandel räumlicher Planung zugunsten eines kooperativen, eher auf Netzwerken basierenden und prozessual ausgerichteten Planungsansatzes entwickelt. Dieser kooperative Ansatz ist aber in einer formalisierten, hierarchisierten und sektoralisierten Verwaltungsstruktur sehr anspruchsvoll.

In einem Forschungsvorhaben untersuchen die Autoren deshalb die Praxis der Regionalplanung unter veränderten Rahmenbedingungen mit den Forschungsfragen:

Hat sich dieser Paradigmawandel der Planung in der Praxis bereits durchgesetzt? Welche Erfahrungen wurden damit gemacht?

Sind die in den verschiedenen Ländern der Bundesrepublik recht unterschiedlichen Organisationsmodelle der Regionalplanung in unterschiedlichem Maße für eine netzwerkformige regionale Selbststeuerung förderlich?

Wie kann der Institutionenrahmen im Kontext der Verwaltungsmodemisierung weiterentwickelt werden?

Durch den Vergleich von vier Organisationsmodellen in vier Ländern sollen über die Analyse des Prozesses der Planaufstellung, der Einbindung von Fachressorts und Gemeinden in die Planung sowie des Vollzuges der Pläne Antworten auf die Leitffagen gefunden werden. Die Ergebnisse dienen als Grundlage für verallgemeinerbare Schlußfolgerungen zur Reform der raumbezogenen Planung in Deutschland.

Open Access

Durchbruch bei der interkommunalen Zusammenarbeit in Schleswig-Holstein

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 201 - 202

Abstract

Open Access

Integration von Umweltbelangen in Pläne und Programme der Regional- und Landesplanung

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 203 - 204

Abstract

Neue Literatur

16 Articles

Beitrag

Open Access

Regional Development in Central and Eastern Europe: Between Transformation and Integration. The example of Poland

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 83 - 95

Abstract

Abstract

The transformation processes unleashed in Central and Eastern Europe with the collapse of the communist system have had far-reaching effects on the countries concerned: both at national level in respect of the level of economic activity, and at regional level with regard to distribution. Taking Poland as an example, this article draws on a number of theories of regional economy to show how disparities will be heightened over the medium term, and that convergence is only likely in the long term. Neither national regional policy, which is only slowly starting to get off the ground, nor the increasing support provided by EU regional policy is capable of offsetting divergent development, as political priority is given to national convergence vis-à-vis EU member states.

Open Access

The Importance of Larger-Scale Facilities for the Disabled for Regional Economies

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 96 - 107

Abstract

Abstract

Numerous studies into the impacts for regional economies emanating from infrastructure facilities — and especially from educational facilities — have demonstrated conclusively that such facilities are capable of generating both positive and stimulating effects on regional economies. Hitherto no comparable studies have been available for the field of social infrastructure, and in particular relating to facilities dedicated to helping, nursing and caring for people with disabilities. In the first empirical study of this type the focus is on the economic significance of larger-scale facilities for the disabled for the economy of the surrounding area, in this case based on the example of the Dominikus Ringeisen-Werk (DRW) in Bavaria. The key finding resulting from this study is that major facilities for the disabled of this type are indeed the source of a very considerable stimulus for the region in which they are located.

Open Access

Technical Training Centres, Developers and their Contribution to the Innovation System

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 108 - 119

Abstract

Abstract

Within the process of innovation, technology and knowledge transfers between universities and other research institutes and private industry have a vital role to play. It is especially important that the various players involved should interact within a systematic context. All too frequently the weak link in this chain is the flow and exchange of information. What is the role within this process for developers and engineers? What part should training centres and research institutes play? The present article draws on a study of two industrial sectors to shed light on the networks and information exchange in place in Austria among these key players.

Open Access

Indicators of Sustainable Development

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 120 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

The paradigm of sustainable development, which since 1998 has been enshrined in the Federal Regional Planning Act (the Raumordnungsgesetz), has not so far been implemented to anything approaching a satisfactory degree. This is particularly true within local authorities, which were named explicitly in Agenda 21 as major agents of implementation. One important approach toward continuous monitoring of the implementation of a concept of development aimed at achieving sustainability is considered to lie in the use of indicators, which are currently a subject of discussion at all levels of spatial planning. The present contribution develops building blocks for a system of local indicators of sustainability. A case study on implementation of the indicator system provides the basis for outlining the problems and shortcomings associated with current information and data systems at local-authority level.

Open Access

Locational and Site-Related Trends in Connection with Large-Scale Retail Projects

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 132 - 142

Abstract

Abstract

Developments in the type and size of retail operations and outlets are bringing with them changes to the spatialstructure pattern of what in Germany are known as “central places”. This article describes the spatial effects of these locational patterns on the central-place functions of city centres, along with the instruments of planning control available for state-level, regional and local development planning, and goes on to set out the areas of action open to spatial planning and to consider the increasingly important role being played by consensual processes. In the face of the challenges facing towns and cities as a result of the enormous dynamics in the retail sector, there is now a need for new, inter-authority planning instruments.

Open Access

Some Approaches to Developing the Central Places System in Schleswig-Holstein

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 143 - 154

Abstract

Abstract

The „central place” concept is employed in all of Germany’s federal states (apart from the city-states) as an instrument to steer state-level regional planning. By comparison with other states, the system in place in Schleswig-Holstein is very broadly recognised and taken into account both for spatial planning and in the context of budget allocations to local authorities. Empirical surveys of actual settlement development reveal that this system promotes future-orientated development in rural areas. There would appear to be a special need to develop the system further in areas characterised by the presence of close linkages between towns and cities and the areas surrounding them. A number of proposals are put forward which will place co-operation between cities and surrounding municipalities on a firmer footing.

Open Access

Regional Planning at Federal, State and Inter-Authority Levels

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 155 - 167

Abstract

Abstract

Questions of comprehensive spatial planning at the various levels at which it is undertaken — in contrast to research questions, which tend largely to be concept-based — show a particularly strong orientation to the players active at the various levels of planning. The fields of action within spatial planning and their spatial impacts quite naturally pervade all fields of research. Consequently, these questions clearly have to be seen as displaying an overarching character. The special quality of this relationship is found in the evaluative reflection of spatial research which is carried out through the action fields of spatial planning practice. This article provides an application-based insight into the activities of the ARL workshop on this field of research and into the research findings which have so far been forthcoming.

Open Access

The ”Creative Milieu” – No More than a Theoretical Concept, or an Instrument of Regional Development?

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 168 - 175

Abstract

Abstract

Theories of successful regional development which, like the ”creative milieu” concept, stress the importance of networks of personal contacts quite rightly attract the interest of those involved in the practice of regional development planning. This article presents some of the key ideas behind this concept and evaluates them with regard to the possibility of translating them into planning instruments. A selection of examples of ”creative milieus” both in Germany and abroad serve to highlight the wealth of variety which exists, but also underline the unfeasibility of trying to plan for the regional development processes associated with this concept. The article concludes by advancing a number of ideas which demonstrate how – notwithstanding certain reservations – the milieu approach might still be applied to good effect in regional development.

Open Access

The Region

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 176 - 181

Abstract

Abstract

Discussion on the identification, construction and function of the region has broadened in scope and lost its focus. Although, since its optimistic beginnings in the 1960s, the concept of the region has advanced from local-authority level via the federal states to continental level, nowhere has it taken on contours which are in any way convincing. The lack of political control has become extremely striking. Indeed, those tendencies which are apparent tend to be destructive: examples of “regionalism” in Europe are discouraging. Nonetheless, the region does still have a future. Drawing together the principles of globalism and regionalism, which would allow step-by-step progression from continents — the “world regions” — to local authorities, could well provide the world with a new type of classification.

Open Access

Urban Development in the People’s Republic of China — Closed and Open Phases of Urbanisation

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 182 - 190

Abstract

Abstract

The traditional Chinese city was considered by the Chinese Communist Party to be the very embodiment of the feudal system; “consumer cities” were, therefore, to be transformed into “producer cities”. However, at a time when the prime focus was on building up Chinese industry, this slogan was less the aim of a new urbanisation strategy than a matter of the cities being seen as low-cost locations for industrial development. Even though living conditions in the cities were impoverished, urbanisation nonetheless repeatedly unleashed waves of migration from the countryside into the cities. Chinese society was split into a rural population and an urban population. Only with the economic reforms of the late ’70s did these structures slowly begin to dissolve.

Kurzberichte Aus Praxis und Forschung

Open Access

EUREK-Forum „Für eine ausgewogene und nachhaltige Entwicklung des europäischen Raumes — Von Prinzipien zu einer besseren Praxis”

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 191 - 194

Abstract

Open Access

Kooperative Handlungsformen in der Regionalplanung

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 195 - 201

Abstract

Zusammenfassung

Veränderte Rahmenbedingungen wirken sich in eher widersprüchlicher Weise auf die Regionalplanung aus: Einerseits ist sie im Zuge der allgemeinen Diskussion um eine Verwaltungsreform in die Kritik geraten. Ihr werden mangelnde Flexibilität, übermäßige Dauer der Verfahren, überflüssige Regelungsintensität usw. vorgeworfen. Andererseits wird ihr wachsende Bedeutung bescheinigt, weil unter der Leitvorstellung der „nachhaltigen Raumentwicklung” eine integrative raumbezogene Planung als notwendig erachtet wird. Daraus hat sich in Theorie und Praxis ein paradigmatischer Wandel räumlicher Planung zugunsten eines kooperativen, eher auf Netzwerken basierenden und prozessual ausgerichteten Planungsansatzes entwickelt. Dieser kooperative Ansatz ist aber in einer formalisierten, hierarchisierten und sektoralisierten Verwaltungsstruktur sehr anspruchsvoll.

In einem Forschungsvorhaben untersuchen die Autoren deshalb die Praxis der Regionalplanung unter veränderten Rahmenbedingungen mit den Forschungsfragen:

Hat sich dieser Paradigmawandel der Planung in der Praxis bereits durchgesetzt? Welche Erfahrungen wurden damit gemacht?

Sind die in den verschiedenen Ländern der Bundesrepublik recht unterschiedlichen Organisationsmodelle der Regionalplanung in unterschiedlichem Maße für eine netzwerkformige regionale Selbststeuerung förderlich?

Wie kann der Institutionenrahmen im Kontext der Verwaltungsmodemisierung weiterentwickelt werden?

Durch den Vergleich von vier Organisationsmodellen in vier Ländern sollen über die Analyse des Prozesses der Planaufstellung, der Einbindung von Fachressorts und Gemeinden in die Planung sowie des Vollzuges der Pläne Antworten auf die Leitffagen gefunden werden. Die Ergebnisse dienen als Grundlage für verallgemeinerbare Schlußfolgerungen zur Reform der raumbezogenen Planung in Deutschland.

Open Access

Durchbruch bei der interkommunalen Zusammenarbeit in Schleswig-Holstein

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 201 - 202

Abstract

Open Access

Integration von Umweltbelangen in Pläne und Programme der Regional- und Landesplanung

Published Online: 31 Mar 1999
Page range: 203 - 204

Abstract

Neue Literatur

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