- Journal Details
- First Published
- 14 Jun 2012
- Publication timeframe
- 2 times per year
- Open Access
Effect of competitive psychological climate on unethical pro-team behavior: The role of perceived insider status and transformational leadership
Page range: 1 - 27
The purpose of this study is to explain why employees in financial companies in Sri Lanka are likely to engage in unethical pro-team behaviors and how transformational leaders involve controlling unethical pro-team behaviors in a competitive work environment. The study employed a quantitative approach to investigate the association between the competitive psychological climate and perceived insider status on unethical pro-team behaviors. The authors collected data from 426 sales representatives at a finance company in Sri Lanka and tested hypotheses using Structural Equation Modelling analyses through Smart PLS version 3. The results indicate that competitive psychological climate and perceived insider status are positively associated with unethical pro-team behaviors. Further, the transformational leadership’s moderation is negatively significant on the relationship between competitive psychological climate and unethical pro-team behaviors. The study has shown that the leader will delegate more responsibility to the employee, associated with increased employee empowerment and high-quality, ethical behaviors. Besides, it contributes to the literature as of the new theoretical base and offers practical implications with the richer view of a nomological link between the leader, competitive employee, and competitive work environment.
- Competitive Psychological Climate
- Transformational Leadership
- Perceived Insider Status
- Unethical Pro-Team Behaviors
- Social Identity Theory
- Self-Efficacy Theory
- Open Access
The relationship between foreign direct investment, financial development and growth economic in Next-11 Countries: a PMG/ARDL estimation
Page range: 28 - 50
This study investigates the relationship between FDI, economic growth and financial development in the Next 11 countries. An analysis of the results was performed accordingly on the panel data gathered from the Next 11 countries from 1985 to 2019— using the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) estimation method and the Autoregressive Distributed Lag model approach (ARDL). The results indicate an impact of both economic growth and financial development on the FDI flows to the study of countries during the period between 1985 and 2019 in the long run, while no such proof is affirmed in the short run. This study’s contribution provides a better understanding of the dynamic relationship between FDI, economic growth, and financial development by providing decision-makers to understand the nature of the dynamic association between the study variables. This study provides empirical evidence about the association between inflows of FDI, economic growth and financial development within the context of the Next-11 countries. The previous literature lacks empirical study on the relationship between variables of study for the Next-11 countries.
- Foreign Direct Investment
- Financial Development Growth Economic
- Next-11 Countries
- Open Access
Page range: 51 - 74
The topic of corporate sustainability has gained importance in recent years; unfortunately, confusion persists as to what it represents for businesses and academics. This review of the literature aims to analyse concepts and models related to corporate sustainability and to emphasize the most representative recent findings regarding the benefits, challenges, and opportunities of corporate sustainability. First, a series of benefits are identified, including improved quality, image and reputation for organizations. Second, challenges are recognized, such as the high cost of investment and the lack of consideration of cultural factors, collaboration and innovation. Opportunities are then presented, for example, the implementation of sustainability through life cycle management, the “Eden Project” and analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), among others. Finally, the need to achieve the benefits, take advantage of the opportunities and face the challenges of corporate sustainability in order to balance environmental, social and economic development is highlighted.
- Corporate sustainability
- Sustainable development
- Open Access
Analysis of the impact of training on the performance of Small and Medium-sized enterprises in Northwest Mexico, by applying the Structural Equations Statistical Technique (SEM-PLS)
Page range: 75 - 98
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are fundamental to the economy of all countries, representing the majority, with a considerable contribution to GDP, as well as generating jobs; for this reason, it must seek to remain in the market. The objective is to analyze the impact of training on the organizational performance of SMEs in northwestern Mexico, applying the statistical technique of structural equations model (SEM-PLS); the research was conducted to 195, considering the commercial, industrial and services, is a quantitative study, descriptive, correlational, causal, using the statistical technique of structural equations with the SMART PLS 3.3.2 software, and not experimental cross-sectional. The alternative hypothesis is accepted, since training has an effect on the organizational performance of SMEs in northwestern Mexico. It is highly significant because there is very strong evidence of the causality of the mediating variable training on the organizational performance of SMEs with 99.9% reliability. Training has the greatest effect on organizational performance because each unit that increases training will have an effect of +0.453, being the variable with the greatest cause-effect impact on organizational performance in SMEs in northwestern Mexico.
- Open Access
Vietnam’s Meat Import Market Under Impacts Of The European -Vietnam Free Trade Agreement And Quality Management Demand
Page range: 99 - 117
The impact of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on commercial business of the member could be assessed by the potential and tangible effects. This paper is adopted by Partial equilibrium theory and SMART tool to measure the impact of EVFTA on the Vietnamese meat import (HS code 02). The result of this model is claimed that EVFTA has a huge impact on boosting the meat import from EU to Vietnam. However, the value of import in this category from European nations in each country and good fluctuated significantly. This study also proposes some measures for domestic businesses and the government to ensure the benefits on Vietnam’s livestock industry. Last but not least, meat quality management is one of vital issues under EFVTA and global competitiveness to meet higher expectation of consumers. Good food (meat) manufacturing practices need to be applied. That is the social contribution value of this paper.
- Quality Management
- Open Access
Page range: 118 - 140
after widespread use of work-from-home (a.k.a. ‘remote work’) during the COVID-19 pandemic, many organizations intend to continue or expand its use into the future. This paper presents a literature review and results from an original survey, both of which point to key considerations for planners and managers. Subjects that are highlighted include: giving remote workers access to job-related information they need; recognizing that certain types of tasks may be more challenging to manage in WFH, such as loosely specified tasks and those involving substantial change or newness; and issues that arise in regard to morale and motivation.
- remote work
- post-pandemic management
- post-lockdown management
- Open Access
Page range: 141 - 154
Stock exchange has impacts on activities and capitals of medical companies in Vietnam market. However, medical firms still need researches to address some management issues including good practices of governance, good resources allocation and better risk management policies.
Authors uses quantitative analysis and statistics, together with qualitative methods including synthesis and explanatory methods. We figure out CPI and stock price has negative relationship while there is positive correlation between stock price and Risk free rate (Rf).
In conclusion, authors also propose total quality management perspective as well as recommend macro policies that affect company performance.
For example, exchange rate policy could support USD/VND just little bit while inflation policy need to be controlled at low level.
- management capabilities
- medical industry
- Open Access
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activities of small enterprises on the example of business customers of a manufacturing company
Page range: 155 - 171
The aim of the article is to show the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activities of small enterprises on the example of business customers of a manufacturing company. The article contains current issues and presents problems regarding the global pandemic caused by COVID-19. which started in March 2020. The theoretical part shows the impact of the pandemic crisis on the activities of enterprises. The empirical part presents the results of research showing the decisions of company managers during the COVID-19 pandemic affecting the behavior of employees. suppliers. customers and the paper producer. The results of the research can be a source of knowledge for top and middle management. but also for employees whose safety of life and health is particularly important in the times of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- pandemic crisis
- small company
- Open Access
Risk Management Under Impacts of Macro Economic Factors Ina Big Seafood Ex-Import Firm -Angiang Fisheries Ex-Import Jsc. In Vietnam
Page range: 172 - 185
AnGiang Fisheries Ex-Import Joint Stock Company (AGF) was established in 2001. Agifish has traditionally beena leader in the fields of production and business activities, scientific research in the field of fingerling production, seafood processing technology and the development of value added products processed from Basa fish, tra fish. Agifish cares about buildinga spirit of solidarity between leaders, managers and workers striving for the development of the Company.
Because we figure out there isa research gap in which many previous studies forgot to explore both internal and external macroeconomic elements and their impacts on stock price of Agifish (AGF),a big Vietnam fisheries firm, in the context Viet Nam and the US economies receive impacts from global economic crisis.
With the using of quantitative analysis and statistics, regression OLS, together with qualitative methods including synthesis, comparison and explanatory methods, authors recognize that, ina six factor model, AGF stock price goes up together with effects from increase in GDP growth and lending rate declines.
Last but not least, our research model can be expanded to other markets.
- AGF stock price
- GDP growth
- risk free rate
- market interest rate
- Open Access
Page range: 186 - 208
Bullying at university is a pervasive phenomenon that has negative outcomes on the psychological and actual wellbeing of students, their success and achievement. The examination expected to research the consequences of bullying on university level students. A self-administrated survey was planned by the exploration goals and theories. The sample size consists of 380 students randomly selected from different faculties of a public university in Bangladesh. The questionnaire was coded and analyzed using SPSS-AMOS-24 and descriptive analysis, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used for data analysis. The results of the study indicated that bullying exists at the university and affects student’s academic achievement and success, either by victims or the bullies. The bullied students resolved unpleasant situations using active or passive responses. This study discovers the causes and consequences of students bullying and gives suggestions to the students, university administration and parents of students on how to solve this problem. The study also helps prevent bullying by educating student about their rights, providing students with confidential way to report bullying, encouraging bystanders by to take immediate actions, such as speaking up and reporting the incident and emphasizing the importance of family involvement. This study has recommended that teachers and the university administration need to take different measures to reduce bullying. Teachers may coordinate with and talk to the bully’s students. Teachers, university administration, and NGOs can seta few projects for menaces to alleviate the university bullying. Moreover, the government should take legal action to prevent bullying. Therefore, the desirable application of the results of this research reality makesa valuable contribution to development at the national level.
- university student
- academic achievement
- Open Access
Sustainable Business Solutions For Traditional Handicraft Product In The Northwestern Provinces Of Vietnam
Page range: 209 - 233
Local tourism development requires us to consider many solutions, among them is sustainable solutions for business development of traditional handicraft products. This study is done based on surveys of northwestern provinces of Vietnam, in which authors use statistics, questionnaires and charts.
Research findings show us that despite of potential chances, tourism activities still mainly exploit the value of available natural resources, are heavily spontaneous, lack of planning, small-scale tourism business, lack of creativity and diversity in tourism activities. services, infrastructure and quality of tourism service are limited. Our study also indicated that macro factors affect tourism activities.
- traditional handicraft products
- business development
- northwestern provinces
- Open Access
Reforming specialized inspection procedures to improve business environment in vietnam for trade facilitation implementation
Page range: 234 - 258
our study aims to analyze and assess the process of reforming the specialized inspection procedures in Vietnam which is included in Vietnam’s trade facilitation implementation program, and suggesting some recommendations for Vietnam to do the reform to improve business environment and enhance Vietnam’s national competitiveness. By synthesizing and analyzing secondary data from creditable sources such as World Bank, UNESCAPE, UNCTAD, WTO, VCCI, General Department of Vietnam Customs, as well as interviewing officials from Ministry of Industry and Trade of Socialist Republic of Vietnam, etc.
Ha and Lan (2021) stated Economic regulatory reform in Vietnam started in the early 1990s and accelerated when the country shifted its focus to economic integration policy by acceding to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 and engaging in regional free trade agreements in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).After analyzing and assessing the real situation of Vietnam’s trade facilitation and specialized inspection reforms, this paper would like to suggest some recommendations to continuously implement specialized inspection reforms, implement trade facilitation, improve Vietnam’s business environment and enhance Vietnam’s national competitiveness.
- trade facilitation
- specialized inspection
- national competitiveness
- business environment
- Open Access
Page range: 259 - 277
Although Lean has been known and applied in both theoretical and practical on around the world for many years,a deeper understanding of Lean tools, principles implementation, anda roadmap to successfully apply is needed. In the context of Small and medium enterprises (SME), it is very difficult for local enterprises to apply synchronization Lean tools, techniques, and principles because of limited resources in manpower, technology, and management capability. Through the case-based study, this paper proposed the four-phase roadmap for Lean application in SMEs. An analysis of methods froma literature review of Lean implementation was conducted in order to identify the phases of the roadmap. Then, six SMEs in Vietnam that applied Lean were chosen to collect data and analyze the applicability and how Lean tools are successful implemented in the cases to confirm the findings.
- Lean Application
- Lean Manufactruing
- Lean outcome
- Small and medium enterprise