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Volume 73 (2022): Issue 1 (June 2022)
Building Web corpora as sources for linguistic research and its applications

Volume 72 (2022): Issue 4 (June 2022)
Building Web corpora as sources for linguistic research and its applications

Volume 72 (2021): Issue 3 (December 2021)

Volume 72 (2021): Issue 2 (December 2021)
NLP, Corpus Linguistics and Interdisciplinarity

Volume 72 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)

Volume 71 (2020): Issue 3 (December 2020)
Číslo venované problematike maďarského jazyka a maďarských nárečí na Slovensku

Volume 71 (2020): Issue 2 (December 2020)

Volume 71 (2020): Issue 1 (June 2020)

Volume 70 (2019): Issue 3 (December 2019)

Volume 70 (2019): Issue 2 (December 2019)

Volume 70 (2019): Issue 1 (June 2019)

Volume 69 (2018): Issue 3 (December 2018)

Volume 69 (2018): Issue 2 (December 2018)

Volume 69 (2018): Issue 1 (June 2018)

Volume 68 (2017): Issue 3 (December 2017)

Volume 68 (2017): Issue 2 (December 2017)

Volume 68 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)

Volume 67 (2016): Issue 3 (December 2016)

Volume 67 (2016): Issue 2 (December 2016)

Volume 67 (2016): Issue 1 (June 2016)

Volume 66 (2015): Issue 2 (December 2015)

Volume 66 (2015): Issue 1 (June 2015)

Volume 65 (2014): Issue 2 (December 2014)

Volume 65 (2014): Issue 1 (June 2014)

Volume 64 (2013): Issue 2 (December 2013)

Volume 64 (2013): Issue 1 (June 2013)

Volume 63 (2012): Issue 2 (December 2012)

Volume 63 (2012): Issue 1 (June 2012)

Volume 62 (2011): Issue 2 (December 2011)

Volume 62 (2011): Issue 1 (June 2011)

Volume 61 (2010): Issue 2 (December 2010)

Volume 61 (2010): Issue 1 (June 2010)

Volume 60 (2009): Issue 2 (December 2009)

Volume 60 (2009): Issue 1 (June 2009)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4287
First Published
05 Mar 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 67 (2016): Issue 1 (June 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4287
First Published
05 Mar 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

7 Articles
access type Open Access

Prítomnosť češtiny na Slovensku a aspekt spisovnosti

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 5 - 30

Abstract

Abstract

The paper aims at giving a retrospective view of the presence of Czech in Slovakia through prism of the concepts language situation, communication situations and standardness.

Within the conditions of the feudal heterogeneity of the Hungarian Monarchy and without any distinct cultural and political centre of the Slovaks, in a situation of considerable dialectal variety, the Czech language fulfilled the role of a comprehensible and within the whole society (among educated Slovaks) valid and relatively unified written form of the “local language” (lingua vernacula). In the 14th and the 15th centuries this Czech got only relatively little Slovakized. During the 16th and the 17th centuries two mutually overlapping tendencies of the development of the written language of the Slovaks were being formed: 1. Slovakized Czech, or a Slovak-version Czech, and 2. Regional Variants of Cultural Slovak. Both tendencies found their place in the Catholic as well as in the Protestant environment. In the 2nd half of the 18th century, with continuation into the beginnings of the 19th century, two directions that started to be formed already in the previous period, became crystalized: 1. Under the influence of the progressing re-Catholicization, the Slovakized Czech of the Protestants undertook the direction from diglossia towards “pure” Czech (at least in the sense of an intention), and the Protestant circles unequivocally accepted it as their standard language, sometimes denoting it as reč československá (Czechoslovak language) or českoslovenčina (the Czechoslovak); 2. In the Catholic environment, the cultural Western Slovak of the southern type and called bernolákovčina (Bernolák‘s Slovak) was codified, with the status of an autonomous standard language – a development away form diglossia towards Slovak. It was a period of two standard languages to which Štúr’s codification of Slovak put an end. His codification was based on the northern Central Slovak dialects, and after its modification in the so called opravená slovenčina (“corrected Slovak”) it was accepted by the representatives of both confessions.

Keywords

  • standard language
  • Slovakized Czech
  • Cultural Slovak
  • diglossia
  • normalization
  • codification
access type Open Access

Метонимия и метафора как корреляты двух этапов вынуждено поверхностного восприятия возможности создать новое лексическое значение

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 31 - 44

Abstract

Abstract

For decades now, we are talking about that in science in general, and in linguistics in particular a structuralist paradigm is naturally complemented with an anthropocentric paradigm – with its inherent attention to human cognitive structures. Following the question “how?” we more and more often ask the question “why?”. This is a logical way of development of human thought in the process of cognition of reality: first, based on the differential and integral signs, organize, and then wonder why the system looks exactly the way it looks, with its tendentiousness and illogicalities. The aim of the article is to study the correlation between lexical phenomena of metonymy and metaphor and cognitive structure of perception. This study is in line with a new scientific approach proposed by evolutionary epistemology: cognitive and evolutionary. This approach implies increased attention to human perception and logic in their evolution. Based on the information of anthroponimic sciences related to linguistics about degrees of perception and logics quality, this approach allows to see the deep reasons of phenomena being studied.

Keywords

  • metonymy
  • metaphor
  • perception
  • logics
  • evolution
access type Open Access

On the Rhythmic Law and the Suffix -ár

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 45 - 51

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the violations of the Rhythmic Law in the words with the suffix -ár related to the Ľubomír Kralčák’s inspiring paper On the Vocal Quantity Stability in the Slovak Suffix -ár (-áreň). I propose here a regressive rhythmic law according to which the Proto-Slovak roots of the AP (b) regularly shortened when followed by the suffix -ár. The proposed sound law operated in Proto-Slovak, before the definitive fixation of the stress on the initial syllable in Slovak and before the Slovak Rhythmic Law.

Keywords

  • etymology
  • Rhythmic Law
  • Slavic accentology
  • Slavic languages
  • Slovak language
access type Open Access

Koncesívnosť v súčasnej Ruskej lingvistike

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 53 - 72

Abstract

Abstract

The study focuses on the research of concessivity in two centres; namely in the Petersburg typological school and in the Moscow school of semantics. It presents the methodology and the results of the analyses of main representatives of the schools. Both schools address concessivity from the perspective of the semantics of concessive operators. In Russian studies, the main attention is given to the conjunction хотя (‘although’) and its elaborations are based on two directions: a) from the perspective of the semantics of causes and effects; b) from the perspective of the semantics of condition. An interpretative basis of the causal relations is formed by the semantic components ‘because’ (‘потому что’), ‘therefore’ (‘поэтому’) and ‘it causes’ (‘влияет’). Interpretations of the aspect of condition corresponds to the semantic component ‘if…so’ (‘если…то’).

Keywords

  • concessivity
  • operators
  • constructions
  • semantics
  • pragmatics
access type Open Access

Dictionaries of Critically Endangered Languages: Focus on Users

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 73 - 86

Abstract

Abstract

The article describes specific features of dictionaries of endangered languages from the perspective of their user. Dictionaries of the Saami language – the language of the indigenous minority of the North – are used to describe the anthropocentric, cognitive and pragmatic approach to lexicographical description of culture. The article shows that the focus on the dictionary user becomes especially critical for the endangered languages. It proves that the purpose of such dictionaries is not only to preserve the knowledge that the speakers of the endangered language and bearers of the culture still keep, but also to revitalize this knowledge. The article states that contemporary lexicography must consider several factors for making an endangered language dictionary: the present state of the language in the language community and the scope of background knowledge of a language speaker that represents everyday level of the world cognition by indigenous minority. The article shows that the most relevant type of dictionary for the endangered languages is both a learner’s dictionary and a linguoculturological dictionary (active type). We emphasize that on the one hand the Saami dictionaries describe a culture that is often unknown even to most Saami culture bearers and on the other hand, the dictionaries are also intended for Saami who have no command of the native language. The peculiarities of the relevant dictionary comprise the fact that alongside the translation in the basic part of the dictionary there is a culturological commentary that as fully as possible reflects the knowledge of language speakers.

Keywords

  • dictionary
  • endangered language
  • Saami language
  • lexicography
access type Open Access

Recenzie a Správy

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 87 - 90

Abstract

access type Open Access

Recenzie a Správy

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 91 - 92

Abstract

7 Articles
access type Open Access

Prítomnosť češtiny na Slovensku a aspekt spisovnosti

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 5 - 30

Abstract

Abstract

The paper aims at giving a retrospective view of the presence of Czech in Slovakia through prism of the concepts language situation, communication situations and standardness.

Within the conditions of the feudal heterogeneity of the Hungarian Monarchy and without any distinct cultural and political centre of the Slovaks, in a situation of considerable dialectal variety, the Czech language fulfilled the role of a comprehensible and within the whole society (among educated Slovaks) valid and relatively unified written form of the “local language” (lingua vernacula). In the 14th and the 15th centuries this Czech got only relatively little Slovakized. During the 16th and the 17th centuries two mutually overlapping tendencies of the development of the written language of the Slovaks were being formed: 1. Slovakized Czech, or a Slovak-version Czech, and 2. Regional Variants of Cultural Slovak. Both tendencies found their place in the Catholic as well as in the Protestant environment. In the 2nd half of the 18th century, with continuation into the beginnings of the 19th century, two directions that started to be formed already in the previous period, became crystalized: 1. Under the influence of the progressing re-Catholicization, the Slovakized Czech of the Protestants undertook the direction from diglossia towards “pure” Czech (at least in the sense of an intention), and the Protestant circles unequivocally accepted it as their standard language, sometimes denoting it as reč československá (Czechoslovak language) or českoslovenčina (the Czechoslovak); 2. In the Catholic environment, the cultural Western Slovak of the southern type and called bernolákovčina (Bernolák‘s Slovak) was codified, with the status of an autonomous standard language – a development away form diglossia towards Slovak. It was a period of two standard languages to which Štúr’s codification of Slovak put an end. His codification was based on the northern Central Slovak dialects, and after its modification in the so called opravená slovenčina (“corrected Slovak”) it was accepted by the representatives of both confessions.

Keywords

  • standard language
  • Slovakized Czech
  • Cultural Slovak
  • diglossia
  • normalization
  • codification
access type Open Access

Метонимия и метафора как корреляты двух этапов вынуждено поверхностного восприятия возможности создать новое лексическое значение

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 31 - 44

Abstract

Abstract

For decades now, we are talking about that in science in general, and in linguistics in particular a structuralist paradigm is naturally complemented with an anthropocentric paradigm – with its inherent attention to human cognitive structures. Following the question “how?” we more and more often ask the question “why?”. This is a logical way of development of human thought in the process of cognition of reality: first, based on the differential and integral signs, organize, and then wonder why the system looks exactly the way it looks, with its tendentiousness and illogicalities. The aim of the article is to study the correlation between lexical phenomena of metonymy and metaphor and cognitive structure of perception. This study is in line with a new scientific approach proposed by evolutionary epistemology: cognitive and evolutionary. This approach implies increased attention to human perception and logic in their evolution. Based on the information of anthroponimic sciences related to linguistics about degrees of perception and logics quality, this approach allows to see the deep reasons of phenomena being studied.

Keywords

  • metonymy
  • metaphor
  • perception
  • logics
  • evolution
access type Open Access

On the Rhythmic Law and the Suffix -ár

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 45 - 51

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the violations of the Rhythmic Law in the words with the suffix -ár related to the Ľubomír Kralčák’s inspiring paper On the Vocal Quantity Stability in the Slovak Suffix -ár (-áreň). I propose here a regressive rhythmic law according to which the Proto-Slovak roots of the AP (b) regularly shortened when followed by the suffix -ár. The proposed sound law operated in Proto-Slovak, before the definitive fixation of the stress on the initial syllable in Slovak and before the Slovak Rhythmic Law.

Keywords

  • etymology
  • Rhythmic Law
  • Slavic accentology
  • Slavic languages
  • Slovak language
access type Open Access

Koncesívnosť v súčasnej Ruskej lingvistike

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 53 - 72

Abstract

Abstract

The study focuses on the research of concessivity in two centres; namely in the Petersburg typological school and in the Moscow school of semantics. It presents the methodology and the results of the analyses of main representatives of the schools. Both schools address concessivity from the perspective of the semantics of concessive operators. In Russian studies, the main attention is given to the conjunction хотя (‘although’) and its elaborations are based on two directions: a) from the perspective of the semantics of causes and effects; b) from the perspective of the semantics of condition. An interpretative basis of the causal relations is formed by the semantic components ‘because’ (‘потому что’), ‘therefore’ (‘поэтому’) and ‘it causes’ (‘влияет’). Interpretations of the aspect of condition corresponds to the semantic component ‘if…so’ (‘если…то’).

Keywords

  • concessivity
  • operators
  • constructions
  • semantics
  • pragmatics
access type Open Access

Dictionaries of Critically Endangered Languages: Focus on Users

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 73 - 86

Abstract

Abstract

The article describes specific features of dictionaries of endangered languages from the perspective of their user. Dictionaries of the Saami language – the language of the indigenous minority of the North – are used to describe the anthropocentric, cognitive and pragmatic approach to lexicographical description of culture. The article shows that the focus on the dictionary user becomes especially critical for the endangered languages. It proves that the purpose of such dictionaries is not only to preserve the knowledge that the speakers of the endangered language and bearers of the culture still keep, but also to revitalize this knowledge. The article states that contemporary lexicography must consider several factors for making an endangered language dictionary: the present state of the language in the language community and the scope of background knowledge of a language speaker that represents everyday level of the world cognition by indigenous minority. The article shows that the most relevant type of dictionary for the endangered languages is both a learner’s dictionary and a linguoculturological dictionary (active type). We emphasize that on the one hand the Saami dictionaries describe a culture that is often unknown even to most Saami culture bearers and on the other hand, the dictionaries are also intended for Saami who have no command of the native language. The peculiarities of the relevant dictionary comprise the fact that alongside the translation in the basic part of the dictionary there is a culturological commentary that as fully as possible reflects the knowledge of language speakers.

Keywords

  • dictionary
  • endangered language
  • Saami language
  • lexicography
access type Open Access

Recenzie a Správy

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 87 - 90

Abstract

access type Open Access

Recenzie a Správy

Published Online: 23 Sep 2016
Page range: 91 - 92

Abstract

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