Journal & Issues

Volume 27 (2022): Issue 4 (December 2022)

Volume 27 (2022): Issue 3 (September 2022)

Volume 27 (2022): Issue 2 (June 2022)

Volume 27 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)

Volume 26 (2021): Issue 4 (December 2021)

Volume 26 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)

Volume 26 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)

Volume 26 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)

Volume 25 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 25 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 25 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 25 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 24 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 24 (2019): Issue 3 (September 2019)

Volume 24 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 24 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 23 (2018): Issue 4 (November 2018)

Volume 23 (2018): Issue 3 (August 2018)

Volume 23 (2018): Issue 2 (May 2018)

Volume 23 (2018): Issue 1 (February 2018)

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 3 (August 2017)

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 2 (May 2017)

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 1 (February 2017)

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 3 (August 2016)

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 2 (May 2016)

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 1 (February 2016)

Volume 20 (2015): Issue 4 (December 2015)

Volume 20 (2015): Issue 3 (August 2015)

Volume 20 (2015): Issue 2 (May 2015)

Volume 20 (2015): Issue 1 (February 2015)

Volume 19 (2014): Issue 4 (December 2014)

Volume 19 (2014): Issue 3 (August 2014)

Volume 19 (2014): Issue 2 (May 2014)

Volume 19 (2014): Issue 1 (February 2014)

Volume 18 (2013): Issue 4 (December 2013)

Volume 18 (2013): Issue 3 (August 2013)

Volume 18 (2013): Issue 2 (June 2013)

Volume 18 (2013): Issue 1 (March 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2353-9003
First Published
19 Apr 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 27 (2022): Issue 3 (September 2022)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2353-9003
First Published
19 Apr 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

15 Articles
Open Access

System Vibration Control Using Linear Quadratic Regulator

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 1 - 8

Abstract

Abstract

Balancing a bipedal robot movement against external perturbations is considered a challenging and complex topic. This paper discusses how the vibration caused by external disturbance has been tackled by a Linear Quadratic Regulator, which aims to provide optimal control to the system. A simulation was conducted on MATLAB in order to prove the concept. Results have shown that the linear quadratic regulator was successful in stabilizing the system efficiently.

Keywords

  • linear quadratic regulator
  • inverted pendulum on cart
Open Access

Roughness Effects of Textured Surfaces in Hydrodynamic Lubrication

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 9 - 21

Abstract

Abstract

Several studies have been conducted to improve and model the lubricated contact between surfaces. The main subjects were defining the hydrodynamic parameters to reduce energy losses and protect the environment. Some of the proposed models have studied the effect of textures in hydrodynamic lubrication and have proved that adapted shapes and geometries can improve the performance of lubricated contacts. A hydrodynamic model was developed by assuming the roughness of the textured surface and considering the cavitation in a steady-state regime. The proposed model was validated and compared with the analytical model of Fowell et al. [1]. Three different textures shapes were considered. The results showed that the rough-textured thrust affects the hydrodynamic performance significantly. Thus, by increasing the arithmetic roughness of textured surfaces, the hydrodynamic pressure, and the lifting force increase depending on the texture shape. A rougher surface slightly increases the friction force for the three considered textures.

Keywords

  • finite difference
  • texture
  • roughness
  • HD pressure
  • lifting force
  • friction
  • leakage
Open Access

Evaluation of Velocity and Acceleration Effect on Mecanum Wheel Robot Positioning

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 22 - 35

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper, a Mecanum wheel omnidirectional robotic platform made for taking measurements in harsh and dangerous conditions is introduced. Due to the necessity of highly accurate displacement of the platform for measuring the conditions at the exact measurement point and due to known Mecanum wheel slippage and relatively poor position accuracy, a calibration procedure for minimizing positioning error had to be implemented. For this task, a highly accurate stereographic digital image correlation (DIC) system was used to measure platform displacement. A series of parameters, namely linear maximum velocity and acceleration/deceleration values, were taken into account during the calibration procedure to find the best combination allowing precise movement of the robot. It was found that low acceleration values were the main causes of the robot’s poor positioning accuracy and could cause the robot’s motors to stall. Max speed values proved to have little effect on the robot’s positioning.

Keywords

  • robot
  • Mecanum wheel
  • calibration
  • optical measurements
Open Access

Chemically Reacting Jeffrey Fluid Flow Over a Deformable Porous Layer with Entropy Generation Analysis

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 36 - 48

Abstract

Abstract

Entropy generation of a steady Jeffrey fluid flow over a deformable vertical porous layer is analysed with consideration of a first-order chemical reaction and thermal diffusion. The porous material is modelled as a homogeneous binary mixture of fluid and solid phases where each point in the binary mixture is occupied concurrently by the fluid and solid. The combined phenomenon of solid deformation and fluid movement is taken into account. The impact of relevant parameters on the fluid velocity, solid displacement, temperature and concentration profiles is discussed. It is noticed that the Jeffrey fluid parameter enhances the entropy generation number, fluid velocity and solid displacement profiles, but a reverse effect is seen for the Bejan number. Further, entropy generation, fluid velocity and solid displacement reduce due to the higher estimates of the chemical reaction parameter, while the Bejan number enhances.

Keywords

  • deformable porous layer
  • Jeffrey fluid
  • entropy generation
  • Bejan number
  • thermal diffusion
Open Access

Application of Reanalysis Methods in Structural Mechanics

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 49 - 62

Abstract

Abstract

When designing structures, it is often necessary to re-analyse a structure that is different in some parts from the original one. As real structures are often complex, their analysis is therefore very challenging. In such cases, reanalysis methods are advantageously used. The aim of this paper is to approach the problem of solving the constructions using reanalysis method in which the time taken in solving algebraic equations is reduced. In particular, the purpose of this work is to demonstrate on a chosen system the time savings and the advantages of the chosen direct efficient reanalysis method for a given design problem. A basic condition for meeting these criteria is the modernization of computational procedures in the mechanics of compliant solids.

Keywords

  • structural reanalysis
  • algebraic equations
  • computational efficiency
  • change in the design variables
Open Access

Heat and Mass Transfer in a Vertical Channel Flow Through a Porous Medium in the Presence of Radiation

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 63 - 78

Abstract

Abstract

An analysis is made of heat and mass transfer in a three dimensional flow between two vertical porous plates through a porous medium. Analytical solutions have been obtained using the perturbation technique. The effect of non-dimensional parameters on velocity, temperature and concentration field are shown graphically. It is seen that the main flow velocity decreases with an increase in both the radiation parameter and Schmidt number but increases with an increase in the thermal Grashoff number, mass Grashoff number as well as the permeability parameter. Variations of the shear stress at the left plate are given in a tabular form. It is seen that the shear stress due to the primary flow at the left plate increases with an increase in the Reynolds number but decrease with an increase in the Schmidt number. With the increase of both the radiation parameter and Reynolds number the temperature decreases. The concentration field also decreases with an increase of the Schmidt number. Variations of mass flux at the left plate are given in tabular form. It is seen that the mass flux at the left plate increases with increase in both Schmidt number or Reynolds number.

Keywords

  • mass transfer
  • permeability
  • porous medium
  • periodic suction
  • radiation
Open Access

A Numerical Approximation of 2D Coupled Burgers’ Equation Using Modified Cubic Trigonometric B-Spline Differential Quadrature Method

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 79 - 102

Abstract

Abstract

In the present paper, trigonometric B-spline DQM is applied to get the approximated solution of coupled 2D non-linear Burgers’ equation. This technique, named modified cubic trigonometric B-spline DQM, has been used to obtain accurate and effective numerical approximations of the above-mentioned partial differential equation. For checking the compatibility of results, different types of test examples are discussed. A comparison is done between L2 and L error norms with the previous, present results and with the exact solution. The resultant set of ODEs has been solved by employing the SSP RK 43 method. It is observed that the obtained results are improved compared to the previous numerical results in the literature.

Keywords

  • trigonometric B-spline
  • differential quadrature method (DQM)
  • strong stability preserving Runge-Kutta 43 (SSP-RK43) scheme
  • and error norms
  • coupled 2D non-linear Burgers’ equation
Open Access

Development of Dynamic Load Factors for Human Walking Excitation for Floor Vibration Design

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 103 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

This paper discusses the derivation of a set of dynamic load factors for calculation of walking response on the basis of measurements made during a biomechanics research carried out with young adults. Firstly, a quite large number of experimental data on single footstep force were collected. The single footstep forces were then superimposed to generate the force time history for a continuous walk. This was followed by the transformation of the resultant force to the frequency domain from which the dynamic load factors for the first ten harmonics of a pacing rate can be extracted. A statistical analysis was employed on the dynamic load factors to acquire their design values in terms of the 90-th or 95-th percentile. The waking force function recommended by various design guides and that developed in the paper were then used in a comprehensive finite element model to predict the vibration level of a building floor. Current design guides on floor vibration normally suggest using four harmonics in the walking force whereas load factors for ten harmonics were developed in this paper. The acceleration response of the floor was found to increase by 5-33% when walking harmonics beyond the fourth harmonic were considered. The inclusion of higher harmonics would therefore lead to a more conservative estimation of the floor response.

Keywords

  • walking excitation
  • step frequency
  • dynamic load factor
  • floor vibration
  • design guide
Open Access

Radiation and Magnetohydrodynamic Effects on Convective Nanofluid Past an Inclined Plate in the Presence of a Chemical Reaction

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 115 - 126

Abstract

Abstract

This computational work explores the heat and mass transfer of copper water nanofluid flowing along an inclined plate with varying surface temperature and concentration in the presence of a magnetic field and radiation through a permeable medium. The dimensionless governing equations are solved numerically using an efficient finite-difference technique, which is fast convergent and unconditionally stable. The findings are reviewed and illustrated through graphs for pertinent parameters.

Keywords

  • finite difference
  • nanofluids
  • viscous dissipation
  • heat source
  • porous medium
Open Access

MHD Free Convective Heat and Mass Transfer Flow from a Vertical Porous Surface with Variable Thermal Conductivity, Variable Mass Diffusivity and Thermal Diffusion Including Viscous Dissipation and Chemical Reaction

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 127 - 136

Abstract

Abstract

An analysis is carried out to study chemically reactive, viscous dissipative effects of an incompressible and electrically conducting fluid with MHD free convection adjacent to a vertical surface with variable thermal conductivity (VTD) and variable mass diffusivity (VMD). An approximate numerical solution for the steady laminar boundary layer flow over a wall of the surface in the presence of species concentration and thermal mass diffusion has been studied. Using numerical techniques the governing boundary layer equations are solved to get the exact solution. Numerical calculations are carried out for different values of dimensionless parameters. The results are exhibited through various graphs and it is observed from the analysis of the results that the velocity field is appreciably influenced by the magnetic effect, porous effect, chemical reaction and buoyancy ratio between the species and thermal diffusion at the wall of the surface.

Keywords

  • MHD
  • VTD
  • VMD
  • viscous dissipation and chemical reaction
Open Access

The Hall Effect on MHD 2-Fluid Unsteady Heat Transfer Flow of Plasma in a Rotating System Via a Straight Channel Between Conducting Plates

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 137 - 162

Abstract

Abstract

Hall currents are used to investigate MHD unsteady two fluid flows and heat transport of plasma along a straight channel of conducting plates. In the two liquid zones, the velocity and temperature fields for the case of conducting side plates are obtained by solving the governing equations using a two-term series under the specified conditions. The distribution profiles are graphically resolved and examined. The distributions are thought to be dependent on the electron-to-total pressure ratio. The flow and heat transfer factors are also influenced by other parameters such as the Hartmann number, Hall parameter, rotation parameter, thermal conductivity and viscosity ratio.

Keywords

  • unsteady flow
  • MHD
  • immiscible flow
  • heat transfer
  • Hall effect
  • plasma
  • rotating frame
  • conducting plates
Open Access

Influence of Multi Extrusion Die Process on Mechanical and Chemical Behavior of 2024-T3 Alloy

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 163 - 170

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper, a cold multi-pass extrusion process for a 15mm in diameter solid 2024-T3 aluminum alloy rod was carried out using three dies to obtain three different diameters of 14mm, 13mm, and 12mm. The microstructure, hardness, and corrosion behavior were investigated before and after the extrusion process. Load-Displacement data were recorded during each extrusion process. The electrochemical corrosion test was made in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution using potentiostat instrument under static potentials test. Corrosion current was recorded to determine the corrosion rate for specimens. The results showed that the extrusion load increased with the number of extrusion passes, which is also seen in hardness test results. In addition, the corrosion rate decreased with the increase in the number of extrusion passes. This is due to severe plastic deformation, which generates a fine grain structure of (AlCu) and (AlCuMg) components.

Keywords

  • Al 2024-T3
  • extrusion
  • plastic deformation
  • electrochemical corrosion
Open Access

Tensile Fault Dislocation in an Irregular-Layered Elastic Half-Space

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 171 - 198

Abstract

Abstract

In the present paper, an analytical solution for the static deformation of a two dimensional model consisting of an infinite homogeneous isotropic elastic layer of uniform thickness placed over an irregular isotropic elastic half-space due to movement of a long tensile fault has been obtained. The rectangular shaped irregularity is assumed to be present in the lower half-space and assuming that the fault lies in the elastic layer at a finite depth say ’h’ to the upper surface of the layer. For numerical computation, the expressions of displacements and stresses are calculated by using Sneddon’s method and the effect of source depth and irregularity on the displacements and stresses has been investigated graphically.

Keywords

  • deformation
  • tensile fault
  • layered half-space
  • rectangular irregularity
Open Access

Investigations of Couette Flow Unsteady Radiative Convective Heat Transfer in a Vertical Channel Using the Generalized Method of Lines (MOL)

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 199 - 211

Abstract

Abstract

This study describes a very efficient and fast numerical solution method for the non-steady free convection flow with radiation of a viscous fluid between two infinite vertical parallel walls. The method of lines (MOL) is used together with the Runge-Kutta ODE Matlab solver to investigate this problem numerically. The presence of radiation adds more stiffness and numerical complexity to the problem. A complete derivation in dimensionless form of the governing equations for momentum and energy is also included. A constant heat flux condition is applied at the left wall and a transient numerical solution is obtained for different values of the radiation parameter (R). The results are presented for dimensionless velocity, dimensionless temperature and Nusselt number for different values of the Prandtl number (Pr), Grashof number (Gr), and the radiation parameter (R). As expected, the results show that the convection heat transfer is high when the Nusselt number is high and the radiation parameter is low. It is also shown that the solution method used is simple and efficient and could be easily adopted to solve more complex problems.

Keywords

  • Vertical channel
  • radiation
  • natural convection
  • Method of lines (MOL)
  • Runge-Kutta method
  • Matlab ODE solvers
Open Access

Testing of Formed Joints on a Designed Prototype Station

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 212 - 223

Abstract

Abstract

In presented paper perform prototype machine which consist of two independent motion axis equipped with force sensors. Used force sensors provide control of forming connection. Special design of the machine provide to make tensile strength test on it. Prepared nine samples to carried out tests, which revealed the influence between change of jaws displacement during plastic deformation and strength of that joint. Created prototype stand base on two independent drive units allow to make that connection possible. Choosing right parameters leads to generate joints which are more than twice stronger than basic sample reaching more than 920N.

Keywords

  • formed joints
  • prototype stand
  • electric drives
  • clinching
  • designing of device and tooling
15 Articles
Open Access

System Vibration Control Using Linear Quadratic Regulator

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 1 - 8

Abstract

Abstract

Balancing a bipedal robot movement against external perturbations is considered a challenging and complex topic. This paper discusses how the vibration caused by external disturbance has been tackled by a Linear Quadratic Regulator, which aims to provide optimal control to the system. A simulation was conducted on MATLAB in order to prove the concept. Results have shown that the linear quadratic regulator was successful in stabilizing the system efficiently.

Keywords

  • linear quadratic regulator
  • inverted pendulum on cart
Open Access

Roughness Effects of Textured Surfaces in Hydrodynamic Lubrication

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 9 - 21

Abstract

Abstract

Several studies have been conducted to improve and model the lubricated contact between surfaces. The main subjects were defining the hydrodynamic parameters to reduce energy losses and protect the environment. Some of the proposed models have studied the effect of textures in hydrodynamic lubrication and have proved that adapted shapes and geometries can improve the performance of lubricated contacts. A hydrodynamic model was developed by assuming the roughness of the textured surface and considering the cavitation in a steady-state regime. The proposed model was validated and compared with the analytical model of Fowell et al. [1]. Three different textures shapes were considered. The results showed that the rough-textured thrust affects the hydrodynamic performance significantly. Thus, by increasing the arithmetic roughness of textured surfaces, the hydrodynamic pressure, and the lifting force increase depending on the texture shape. A rougher surface slightly increases the friction force for the three considered textures.

Keywords

  • finite difference
  • texture
  • roughness
  • HD pressure
  • lifting force
  • friction
  • leakage
Open Access

Evaluation of Velocity and Acceleration Effect on Mecanum Wheel Robot Positioning

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 22 - 35

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper, a Mecanum wheel omnidirectional robotic platform made for taking measurements in harsh and dangerous conditions is introduced. Due to the necessity of highly accurate displacement of the platform for measuring the conditions at the exact measurement point and due to known Mecanum wheel slippage and relatively poor position accuracy, a calibration procedure for minimizing positioning error had to be implemented. For this task, a highly accurate stereographic digital image correlation (DIC) system was used to measure platform displacement. A series of parameters, namely linear maximum velocity and acceleration/deceleration values, were taken into account during the calibration procedure to find the best combination allowing precise movement of the robot. It was found that low acceleration values were the main causes of the robot’s poor positioning accuracy and could cause the robot’s motors to stall. Max speed values proved to have little effect on the robot’s positioning.

Keywords

  • robot
  • Mecanum wheel
  • calibration
  • optical measurements
Open Access

Chemically Reacting Jeffrey Fluid Flow Over a Deformable Porous Layer with Entropy Generation Analysis

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 36 - 48

Abstract

Abstract

Entropy generation of a steady Jeffrey fluid flow over a deformable vertical porous layer is analysed with consideration of a first-order chemical reaction and thermal diffusion. The porous material is modelled as a homogeneous binary mixture of fluid and solid phases where each point in the binary mixture is occupied concurrently by the fluid and solid. The combined phenomenon of solid deformation and fluid movement is taken into account. The impact of relevant parameters on the fluid velocity, solid displacement, temperature and concentration profiles is discussed. It is noticed that the Jeffrey fluid parameter enhances the entropy generation number, fluid velocity and solid displacement profiles, but a reverse effect is seen for the Bejan number. Further, entropy generation, fluid velocity and solid displacement reduce due to the higher estimates of the chemical reaction parameter, while the Bejan number enhances.

Keywords

  • deformable porous layer
  • Jeffrey fluid
  • entropy generation
  • Bejan number
  • thermal diffusion
Open Access

Application of Reanalysis Methods in Structural Mechanics

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 49 - 62

Abstract

Abstract

When designing structures, it is often necessary to re-analyse a structure that is different in some parts from the original one. As real structures are often complex, their analysis is therefore very challenging. In such cases, reanalysis methods are advantageously used. The aim of this paper is to approach the problem of solving the constructions using reanalysis method in which the time taken in solving algebraic equations is reduced. In particular, the purpose of this work is to demonstrate on a chosen system the time savings and the advantages of the chosen direct efficient reanalysis method for a given design problem. A basic condition for meeting these criteria is the modernization of computational procedures in the mechanics of compliant solids.

Keywords

  • structural reanalysis
  • algebraic equations
  • computational efficiency
  • change in the design variables
Open Access

Heat and Mass Transfer in a Vertical Channel Flow Through a Porous Medium in the Presence of Radiation

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 63 - 78

Abstract

Abstract

An analysis is made of heat and mass transfer in a three dimensional flow between two vertical porous plates through a porous medium. Analytical solutions have been obtained using the perturbation technique. The effect of non-dimensional parameters on velocity, temperature and concentration field are shown graphically. It is seen that the main flow velocity decreases with an increase in both the radiation parameter and Schmidt number but increases with an increase in the thermal Grashoff number, mass Grashoff number as well as the permeability parameter. Variations of the shear stress at the left plate are given in a tabular form. It is seen that the shear stress due to the primary flow at the left plate increases with an increase in the Reynolds number but decrease with an increase in the Schmidt number. With the increase of both the radiation parameter and Reynolds number the temperature decreases. The concentration field also decreases with an increase of the Schmidt number. Variations of mass flux at the left plate are given in tabular form. It is seen that the mass flux at the left plate increases with increase in both Schmidt number or Reynolds number.

Keywords

  • mass transfer
  • permeability
  • porous medium
  • periodic suction
  • radiation
Open Access

A Numerical Approximation of 2D Coupled Burgers’ Equation Using Modified Cubic Trigonometric B-Spline Differential Quadrature Method

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 79 - 102

Abstract

Abstract

In the present paper, trigonometric B-spline DQM is applied to get the approximated solution of coupled 2D non-linear Burgers’ equation. This technique, named modified cubic trigonometric B-spline DQM, has been used to obtain accurate and effective numerical approximations of the above-mentioned partial differential equation. For checking the compatibility of results, different types of test examples are discussed. A comparison is done between L2 and L error norms with the previous, present results and with the exact solution. The resultant set of ODEs has been solved by employing the SSP RK 43 method. It is observed that the obtained results are improved compared to the previous numerical results in the literature.

Keywords

  • trigonometric B-spline
  • differential quadrature method (DQM)
  • strong stability preserving Runge-Kutta 43 (SSP-RK43) scheme
  • and error norms
  • coupled 2D non-linear Burgers’ equation
Open Access

Development of Dynamic Load Factors for Human Walking Excitation for Floor Vibration Design

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 103 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

This paper discusses the derivation of a set of dynamic load factors for calculation of walking response on the basis of measurements made during a biomechanics research carried out with young adults. Firstly, a quite large number of experimental data on single footstep force were collected. The single footstep forces were then superimposed to generate the force time history for a continuous walk. This was followed by the transformation of the resultant force to the frequency domain from which the dynamic load factors for the first ten harmonics of a pacing rate can be extracted. A statistical analysis was employed on the dynamic load factors to acquire their design values in terms of the 90-th or 95-th percentile. The waking force function recommended by various design guides and that developed in the paper were then used in a comprehensive finite element model to predict the vibration level of a building floor. Current design guides on floor vibration normally suggest using four harmonics in the walking force whereas load factors for ten harmonics were developed in this paper. The acceleration response of the floor was found to increase by 5-33% when walking harmonics beyond the fourth harmonic were considered. The inclusion of higher harmonics would therefore lead to a more conservative estimation of the floor response.

Keywords

  • walking excitation
  • step frequency
  • dynamic load factor
  • floor vibration
  • design guide
Open Access

Radiation and Magnetohydrodynamic Effects on Convective Nanofluid Past an Inclined Plate in the Presence of a Chemical Reaction

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 115 - 126

Abstract

Abstract

This computational work explores the heat and mass transfer of copper water nanofluid flowing along an inclined plate with varying surface temperature and concentration in the presence of a magnetic field and radiation through a permeable medium. The dimensionless governing equations are solved numerically using an efficient finite-difference technique, which is fast convergent and unconditionally stable. The findings are reviewed and illustrated through graphs for pertinent parameters.

Keywords

  • finite difference
  • nanofluids
  • viscous dissipation
  • heat source
  • porous medium
Open Access

MHD Free Convective Heat and Mass Transfer Flow from a Vertical Porous Surface with Variable Thermal Conductivity, Variable Mass Diffusivity and Thermal Diffusion Including Viscous Dissipation and Chemical Reaction

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 127 - 136

Abstract

Abstract

An analysis is carried out to study chemically reactive, viscous dissipative effects of an incompressible and electrically conducting fluid with MHD free convection adjacent to a vertical surface with variable thermal conductivity (VTD) and variable mass diffusivity (VMD). An approximate numerical solution for the steady laminar boundary layer flow over a wall of the surface in the presence of species concentration and thermal mass diffusion has been studied. Using numerical techniques the governing boundary layer equations are solved to get the exact solution. Numerical calculations are carried out for different values of dimensionless parameters. The results are exhibited through various graphs and it is observed from the analysis of the results that the velocity field is appreciably influenced by the magnetic effect, porous effect, chemical reaction and buoyancy ratio between the species and thermal diffusion at the wall of the surface.

Keywords

  • MHD
  • VTD
  • VMD
  • viscous dissipation and chemical reaction
Open Access

The Hall Effect on MHD 2-Fluid Unsteady Heat Transfer Flow of Plasma in a Rotating System Via a Straight Channel Between Conducting Plates

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 137 - 162

Abstract

Abstract

Hall currents are used to investigate MHD unsteady two fluid flows and heat transport of plasma along a straight channel of conducting plates. In the two liquid zones, the velocity and temperature fields for the case of conducting side plates are obtained by solving the governing equations using a two-term series under the specified conditions. The distribution profiles are graphically resolved and examined. The distributions are thought to be dependent on the electron-to-total pressure ratio. The flow and heat transfer factors are also influenced by other parameters such as the Hartmann number, Hall parameter, rotation parameter, thermal conductivity and viscosity ratio.

Keywords

  • unsteady flow
  • MHD
  • immiscible flow
  • heat transfer
  • Hall effect
  • plasma
  • rotating frame
  • conducting plates
Open Access

Influence of Multi Extrusion Die Process on Mechanical and Chemical Behavior of 2024-T3 Alloy

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 163 - 170

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper, a cold multi-pass extrusion process for a 15mm in diameter solid 2024-T3 aluminum alloy rod was carried out using three dies to obtain three different diameters of 14mm, 13mm, and 12mm. The microstructure, hardness, and corrosion behavior were investigated before and after the extrusion process. Load-Displacement data were recorded during each extrusion process. The electrochemical corrosion test was made in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution using potentiostat instrument under static potentials test. Corrosion current was recorded to determine the corrosion rate for specimens. The results showed that the extrusion load increased with the number of extrusion passes, which is also seen in hardness test results. In addition, the corrosion rate decreased with the increase in the number of extrusion passes. This is due to severe plastic deformation, which generates a fine grain structure of (AlCu) and (AlCuMg) components.

Keywords

  • Al 2024-T3
  • extrusion
  • plastic deformation
  • electrochemical corrosion
Open Access

Tensile Fault Dislocation in an Irregular-Layered Elastic Half-Space

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 171 - 198

Abstract

Abstract

In the present paper, an analytical solution for the static deformation of a two dimensional model consisting of an infinite homogeneous isotropic elastic layer of uniform thickness placed over an irregular isotropic elastic half-space due to movement of a long tensile fault has been obtained. The rectangular shaped irregularity is assumed to be present in the lower half-space and assuming that the fault lies in the elastic layer at a finite depth say ’h’ to the upper surface of the layer. For numerical computation, the expressions of displacements and stresses are calculated by using Sneddon’s method and the effect of source depth and irregularity on the displacements and stresses has been investigated graphically.

Keywords

  • deformation
  • tensile fault
  • layered half-space
  • rectangular irregularity
Open Access

Investigations of Couette Flow Unsteady Radiative Convective Heat Transfer in a Vertical Channel Using the Generalized Method of Lines (MOL)

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 199 - 211

Abstract

Abstract

This study describes a very efficient and fast numerical solution method for the non-steady free convection flow with radiation of a viscous fluid between two infinite vertical parallel walls. The method of lines (MOL) is used together with the Runge-Kutta ODE Matlab solver to investigate this problem numerically. The presence of radiation adds more stiffness and numerical complexity to the problem. A complete derivation in dimensionless form of the governing equations for momentum and energy is also included. A constant heat flux condition is applied at the left wall and a transient numerical solution is obtained for different values of the radiation parameter (R). The results are presented for dimensionless velocity, dimensionless temperature and Nusselt number for different values of the Prandtl number (Pr), Grashof number (Gr), and the radiation parameter (R). As expected, the results show that the convection heat transfer is high when the Nusselt number is high and the radiation parameter is low. It is also shown that the solution method used is simple and efficient and could be easily adopted to solve more complex problems.

Keywords

  • Vertical channel
  • radiation
  • natural convection
  • Method of lines (MOL)
  • Runge-Kutta method
  • Matlab ODE solvers
Open Access

Testing of Formed Joints on a Designed Prototype Station

Published Online: 29 Aug 2022
Page range: 212 - 223

Abstract

Abstract

In presented paper perform prototype machine which consist of two independent motion axis equipped with force sensors. Used force sensors provide control of forming connection. Special design of the machine provide to make tensile strength test on it. Prepared nine samples to carried out tests, which revealed the influence between change of jaws displacement during plastic deformation and strength of that joint. Created prototype stand base on two independent drive units allow to make that connection possible. Choosing right parameters leads to generate joints which are more than twice stronger than basic sample reaching more than 920N.

Keywords

  • formed joints
  • prototype stand
  • electric drives
  • clinching
  • designing of device and tooling

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