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Volume 64 (2018): Issue 2 (June 2018)

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Volume 62 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 62 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 62 (2016): Issue 2 (June 2016)

Volume 62 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)

Volume 61 (2015): Issue 4 (December 2015)

Volume 61 (2015): Issue 3 (September 2015)

Volume 61 (2015): Issue 2 (June 2015)

Volume 61 (2015): Issue 1 (March 2015)

Volume 60 (2014): Issue 4 (December 2014)

Volume 60 (2014): Issue 3 (September 2014)

Volume 60 (2014): Issue 2 (June 2014)

Volume 60 (2014): Issue 1 (March 2014)

Volume 59 (2013): Issue 4 (December 2013)

Volume 59 (2013): Issue 3 (September 2013)

Volume 59 (2013): Issue 2 (June 2013)

Volume 59 (2013): Issue 1 (March 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2449-8343
First Published
04 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 60 (2014): Issue 3 (September 2014)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2449-8343
First Published
04 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

9 Articles
Open Access

Research on morphology and biology of germination of Salvia przewalskii Maxim

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 5 - 12

Abstract

Summary

In this paper, diaspores and seedlings of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. were described. The three-year cycle of monthly germination analyses of seeds was carried out. The best germination of seeds was observed in the turn of spring and summer (June, July). It was found that the germination of diaspores of Salvia przewalskii in laboratory analysis does not depend on the influence of light and fluctuations of temperature within the range 20-30°C. After 5 years of storage in unheated room conditions, the diaspores of Salvia przewalskii germinated about 20%.

Keywords

  • Salvia przewalskii
  • germination
  • seeds

Słowa kluczowe

  • Salvia przewalskii
  • kiełkowanie
  • nasiona
Open Access

Yield and chemical composition of essential oil from Salvia officinalis L. in third year of cultivation

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 13 - 22

Abstract

Summary

The study upon sage (Salvia officinalis L.) has been carried out at the Experimental Section of Department of Vegetables and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin. The aim of present study was to evaluate the yield and chemical composition of essential oil extracted from sage leaves harvested from a three-year plantation. The sage herb harvest date in the third year of cultivation had a significant impact on the yield of plants. Higher yield of fresh and dry herb, dry leaves, and essential oil was achieved in August (the second harvest time) than in May (the first harvest time). Chromatographic examination indicated the presence of 50 chemical compounds in sage essential oil. It was a variable percentage of essential oil components depending on the raw material harvest time. The main components of the sage essential oil were: 1,8-cineole (16.08-18.04%), α-thujone (10.40-21.51%) and camphor (5.24-18.08%).

Keywords

  • sage
  • GC/MS
  • 1,8-cineole
  • α-thujone
  • camphor

Słowa kluczowe

  • szałwia lekarska
  • GC/MS
  • 1,8-cyneol
  • α-tujon
  • kamfora
Open Access

Functional traits of selected clones of southern sweet-grass (Hierochloë australis /Schrad./ Roem. & Schult.)

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 23 - 33

Abstract

Summary

Southern sweet-grass (Hierochloë australis /Schrad./ Roem. & Schult., Poaceae), commonly known as a bison grass, is a perennial tuft grass rarely occurring in mixed forests in Eastern and Northern Europe. The raw material collected from this plant are leaves rich in coumarin compounds (especially coumarin) responsible for sweet, specific aroma of these organs. In Poland, southern sweet-grass leaves are used mainly for alcohol products aromatisation. Growing demand for the raw material results in uncontrolled and excessive collecting of this plant. The best way to solve this problem is to introduce this plant into cultivation. Since southern sweet-grass is allogamous and heterozigotic, strong intraspecific variability of the species is observed. Fourteen clones of selected individuals from one population of southern sweet-grass naturally occurring in East Poland were compared in respect of morphological traits as well as accumulation of biologically active compounds. The clones differed significantly in the weight of leaves (3.76-22.59 g of air-dry weight per plant). The total coumarin content (determined by a spectrophotometric method) in this raw material for investigated clones ranged from 1.49 to 1.94%, flavonoids - from 0.25 to 0.55%, and phenolic acids - from 0.20 to 0.42%. Three coumarin compounds were identified by HPLC, namely coumarin, 3,4-dihydrocoumarin, and o-coumaric acid. The content of coumarin ranged from 84.00 to 310.85, 3,4-dihydrocoumarin: from 17.80 to 168.45, and o-coumaric acid: from 37.50 to 70.00 mg · 100 g-1 dry matter.

Keywords

  • plant variability
  • morphological traits
  • coumarins
  • flavonoids
  • phenolic acids

Słowa kluczowe

  • zmienność roślin
  • cechy morfologiczne
  • kumaryny
  • flawonoidy
  • fenolokwasy
Open Access

Diversity of Eleutherococcus genus in respect of biologically active compounds accumulation

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 34 - 43

Abstract

Summary

Eight species of Eleutherococcus genus grown at Rogów Arboretum collection were compared in respect of biologically active compounds accumulation, i.e. eleutheroside B and E, phenolic acids and sterols. For the determination of content of these compounds in underground organs and stem bark high performance liquid chromatography was applied. The highest content of the sum of eleutherosides B and E was observed in underground organs and stem bark of E. leucorrhizus (322.0 and 300.8 mg × 100 g-1, respectively) and E. nodiflorus (218.9 and 363.5 mg × 100g-1, respectively). In the raw materials from E. senticosus, the content of these compounds was significantly lower (177.4 and 159.3 mg × 100 g-1, respectively). E divaricatus and E. setchuenensis were characterized by the lowest accumulation of these compounds in underground organs whereas E. divaricatus, E. sessiliflorus and E. giraldii - in stem bark. Four phenolic acids were identified in the investigated species, namely: chlorogenic, rosmarinic, ferulic and caffeic acids. The main phenolic acid in the analyzed species was chlorogenic acid. The content of this compound in underground organs varied from 102.1 (E. henryi) to 958.7 mg × 100 g-1 (E. leucorrhizus) and in stem bark from 26.7 (E. giraldii) to 542.5 mg × 100 g-1 (E. setchuenensis). The content of identified sterol compounds (sitosterol 3-O-β-D-glucoside /eleutheroside A / campesterol, stigmasterol) was relatively low, but higher in underground organs in comparison with stem bark.

Keywords

  • Eleutherococcus genus
  • eleutherosides B and E
  • phenolic acids
  • sterols
  • HPLC

Słowa kluczowe

  • Eleutherococcus
  • eleuterozydy B i E
  • kwasy fenolowe
  • sterole
  • HPLC
Open Access

Accumulation of biomass and phenolic compounds in Polish and Mongolian great burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis L.) populations

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 44 - 55

Abstract

Summary

Eight Polish and six Mongolian great burnet populations were evaluated ex situ in respect of the mass of underground organs and accumulation of biologically active compounds. In the raw materials collected in autumn of the second year of plant vegetation, total content of tannins and phenolic acids as well as the content of phenolic compounds identified by HPLC were determined. Distinct differences between Polish and Mongolian populations and their high intraspecific variability, concerning analysed parameters, was observed. The mass of underground organs of Polish populations was higher than in Mongolian ones (595.0 and 523.5 g × plant-1, respectively, for fresh mass). Polish populations were characterised by significantly higher total content of tannins and phenolic acids (6.02 and 1.60%, respectively) in comparison with Mongolian ones (2.89 and 0.97%, respectively). In the investigated raw materials eight phenolic compounds were identified, namely: /-/-epigallocatechin, /+/-catechin, /-/-epicatechin, /-/-epicatechin gallate, /-/-epigallocatechin gallate, astragalin, ellagic and gallic acids. In all populations, the dominating compound, was /-/-epigallocatechin. The contents of /-/-epigallocatechin, /-/-epicatechin gallate and gallic acid were distinctly higher in Polish populations.

Keywords

  • great burnet
  • populations
  • phenolic compounds
  • HPLC

Słowa kluczowe

  • krwiściąg lekarski
  • populacje
  • związki fenolowe
  • HPLC
Open Access

Capsaicinoid profile of soft-flesh Capsicum spp. genotypes according to the purée production method

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 56 - 65

Abstract

Summary

Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin concentration was evaluated using the HPLC method in the whole fruit, pericarp, and purée obtained by rubbing fruit through a strainer, purée obtained by fruit expressing, and in the waste following the two above processes. The highest content of each compound was noted in purée and the lowest one in pericarp and waste. Concentration of capsaicin was higher than concentration of dihydrocapsaicin in all of the analysed material. Reciprocal relations between contents of two compounds ranged from 1.4 to 5.3. Capsaicinoid contents in purée obtained by rubbing plus in the waste of the process and in the expressed purée plus the waste of the process were highly similar. Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin contents in purée obtained as a result of mechanical separation of soft tissue from the inedible fruit parts was significantly higher than in pericarp and stable, regardless of the processing method.

Keywords

  • capsaicin
  • dihydrocapsaicin
  • soft-flesh Capsicum spp.
  • pericarp
  • purée

Słowa kluczowe

  • kapsaicyna
  • dihydrokapsaicyna
  • soft-flesh Capsicum spp.
  • perykarp
  • purée
Open Access

Influence of cadmium on protein profile of flax varieties (Linum usitatissimum L.)

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 66 - 76

Abstract

Summary

The aim of the study was the evaluation of the influence of cadmium on protein profile of flax varieties (Linum usitatissimum L.). Linola and Norlin explants were cultured on control medium Dorothy and with addition of 25 and 75 mg/l Cd(NO3)2. Extracts were separated on DEAE-Cellulose (20 mM Tris-HCl buffer, 0.2-1 M NaCl). Protein content was evaluated by measuring the absorbance at wavelengths 280 and 254 nm. Linola was characterized by proteins occurrence in fractions eluted by 0.4 and 0.6 M NaCl at 25 mg/l of Cd(NO3)2, at 75 mg/l and additionally by 0.3 M NaCl. Norlin showed response in the form of proteins appeared at 0.2, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6 M NaCl gradient at 25 mg/l of cadmium, at higher concentration in fractions eluted by 0.2, 0.5 and 0.6 M NaCl. Electrophoretic analysis showed an increase in the protein bands intensity above 60 kDa and under 52 kDa in extracts from flax cultivated with Cd(NO3)2. Studies showed appearance of new proteins during stress condition.

Keywords

  • flax
  • protein extracts
  • cadmium

Słowa kluczowe

  • len
  • ekstrakty białkowe
  • kadm
Open Access

Diet based on oil of seeds of Brassica napus. Implications for the prevention and treatment of prostate diseases

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 77 - 88

Abstract

Summary

In last centuries, human diet has been modified due to changes in the technological, economic, and cultural mode of the social life. The rapid development of the technology and advances in food production and processing of plants resulted in changes in the structure of consumption. The consequence is an growing interest among researchers, but also among consumers in searching for new alternatives to classical pharmacology, preventive solutions, and therapeutic strategies of age related, chronic diseases and cancer. In this paper, the authors have attempted to assess the benefits of usage in diet cold-pressed oils extracted from the seeds of Brassica napus (oilseed rape) with particular emphasis on the evidence of possible use of B. napus oil, and other bio-active substances contained therein, in the prevention and symptomatic treatment of prostate diseases, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The authors postulate that the information presented in this paper may be important and helpful in the development of new, effective and safe forms of prevention and treatment of progressive age-related disorders (phytotherapeutics) and nutritional strategies (dietary supplements) based on seeds oil of Brassicace family representatives, especially Brassica napus (pollen).

Keywords

  • diet
  • cold+pressed oil
  • chemoprevention
  • Brassicaceae
  • Brassica napus

słowa kluczowe

  • dieta
  • olej tłoczony na zimno
  • chemoprewencja
  • Brassicaceae
  • Brassica napus
Open Access

Discovering herbalism through art. Plants in Polish symbolic painting (1890–1914)

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 89 - 100

Abstract

Summary

The article focuses on the historical link between herbalism and art at the turn of the twentieth century. The aim of this investigation is to recognize medicinal plants shown as symbols in Polish painting between 1890 and 1914 and find some cultural context of their presence in artworks. In this qualitative study online art galleries and museum collections were analyzed to select Polish symbolists’ artworks including plant images. Next, their botanical classification and medicinal context were examined. Twenty wild-growing plant species were recognized. Some of them had been used in traditional medicine (Alcea rosea, Angelica archangelica, Artemisia abrotanum, Betula pendula, Carduus marianus, Convallaria majalis, Crocus sativus, Lilium candidum, Matricaria chamomilla, Nuphar lutea, Paeonia officinalis, Papaver somniferum, Pelargonium hortorum, Populus nigra, Primula veris, Sorbus aucuparia, Taraxacum officinale, and Verbascum thapsus) and two species grown in the Carpathians (Digitalis purpurea, Lilium bulbiferum) at the time. Used to paint realistic objects, the symbolists made free-hand drawings in nature and in this way they recorded some wild-growing plants typical for surroundings of the town of Cracow and the Carpathian Mountains. Artistic images of plants were not intentionally aimed at taxonomic identification, however, sometimes classification was possible.

Keywords

  • herbalism
  • botany
  • pharmacy
  • wild growing plants
  • Symbolism
  • Carpathians
  • nineteenth century

Słowa kluczowe

  • zielarstwo
  • botanika
  • farmacja
  • rośliny dziko rosnące
  • symbolizm
  • Karpaty
  • dziewiętnasty wiek
9 Articles
Open Access

Research on morphology and biology of germination of Salvia przewalskii Maxim

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 5 - 12

Abstract

Summary

In this paper, diaspores and seedlings of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. were described. The three-year cycle of monthly germination analyses of seeds was carried out. The best germination of seeds was observed in the turn of spring and summer (June, July). It was found that the germination of diaspores of Salvia przewalskii in laboratory analysis does not depend on the influence of light and fluctuations of temperature within the range 20-30°C. After 5 years of storage in unheated room conditions, the diaspores of Salvia przewalskii germinated about 20%.

Keywords

  • Salvia przewalskii
  • germination
  • seeds

Słowa kluczowe

  • Salvia przewalskii
  • kiełkowanie
  • nasiona
Open Access

Yield and chemical composition of essential oil from Salvia officinalis L. in third year of cultivation

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 13 - 22

Abstract

Summary

The study upon sage (Salvia officinalis L.) has been carried out at the Experimental Section of Department of Vegetables and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin. The aim of present study was to evaluate the yield and chemical composition of essential oil extracted from sage leaves harvested from a three-year plantation. The sage herb harvest date in the third year of cultivation had a significant impact on the yield of plants. Higher yield of fresh and dry herb, dry leaves, and essential oil was achieved in August (the second harvest time) than in May (the first harvest time). Chromatographic examination indicated the presence of 50 chemical compounds in sage essential oil. It was a variable percentage of essential oil components depending on the raw material harvest time. The main components of the sage essential oil were: 1,8-cineole (16.08-18.04%), α-thujone (10.40-21.51%) and camphor (5.24-18.08%).

Keywords

  • sage
  • GC/MS
  • 1,8-cineole
  • α-thujone
  • camphor

Słowa kluczowe

  • szałwia lekarska
  • GC/MS
  • 1,8-cyneol
  • α-tujon
  • kamfora
Open Access

Functional traits of selected clones of southern sweet-grass (Hierochloë australis /Schrad./ Roem. & Schult.)

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 23 - 33

Abstract

Summary

Southern sweet-grass (Hierochloë australis /Schrad./ Roem. & Schult., Poaceae), commonly known as a bison grass, is a perennial tuft grass rarely occurring in mixed forests in Eastern and Northern Europe. The raw material collected from this plant are leaves rich in coumarin compounds (especially coumarin) responsible for sweet, specific aroma of these organs. In Poland, southern sweet-grass leaves are used mainly for alcohol products aromatisation. Growing demand for the raw material results in uncontrolled and excessive collecting of this plant. The best way to solve this problem is to introduce this plant into cultivation. Since southern sweet-grass is allogamous and heterozigotic, strong intraspecific variability of the species is observed. Fourteen clones of selected individuals from one population of southern sweet-grass naturally occurring in East Poland were compared in respect of morphological traits as well as accumulation of biologically active compounds. The clones differed significantly in the weight of leaves (3.76-22.59 g of air-dry weight per plant). The total coumarin content (determined by a spectrophotometric method) in this raw material for investigated clones ranged from 1.49 to 1.94%, flavonoids - from 0.25 to 0.55%, and phenolic acids - from 0.20 to 0.42%. Three coumarin compounds were identified by HPLC, namely coumarin, 3,4-dihydrocoumarin, and o-coumaric acid. The content of coumarin ranged from 84.00 to 310.85, 3,4-dihydrocoumarin: from 17.80 to 168.45, and o-coumaric acid: from 37.50 to 70.00 mg · 100 g-1 dry matter.

Keywords

  • plant variability
  • morphological traits
  • coumarins
  • flavonoids
  • phenolic acids

Słowa kluczowe

  • zmienność roślin
  • cechy morfologiczne
  • kumaryny
  • flawonoidy
  • fenolokwasy
Open Access

Diversity of Eleutherococcus genus in respect of biologically active compounds accumulation

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 34 - 43

Abstract

Summary

Eight species of Eleutherococcus genus grown at Rogów Arboretum collection were compared in respect of biologically active compounds accumulation, i.e. eleutheroside B and E, phenolic acids and sterols. For the determination of content of these compounds in underground organs and stem bark high performance liquid chromatography was applied. The highest content of the sum of eleutherosides B and E was observed in underground organs and stem bark of E. leucorrhizus (322.0 and 300.8 mg × 100 g-1, respectively) and E. nodiflorus (218.9 and 363.5 mg × 100g-1, respectively). In the raw materials from E. senticosus, the content of these compounds was significantly lower (177.4 and 159.3 mg × 100 g-1, respectively). E divaricatus and E. setchuenensis were characterized by the lowest accumulation of these compounds in underground organs whereas E. divaricatus, E. sessiliflorus and E. giraldii - in stem bark. Four phenolic acids were identified in the investigated species, namely: chlorogenic, rosmarinic, ferulic and caffeic acids. The main phenolic acid in the analyzed species was chlorogenic acid. The content of this compound in underground organs varied from 102.1 (E. henryi) to 958.7 mg × 100 g-1 (E. leucorrhizus) and in stem bark from 26.7 (E. giraldii) to 542.5 mg × 100 g-1 (E. setchuenensis). The content of identified sterol compounds (sitosterol 3-O-β-D-glucoside /eleutheroside A / campesterol, stigmasterol) was relatively low, but higher in underground organs in comparison with stem bark.

Keywords

  • Eleutherococcus genus
  • eleutherosides B and E
  • phenolic acids
  • sterols
  • HPLC

Słowa kluczowe

  • Eleutherococcus
  • eleuterozydy B i E
  • kwasy fenolowe
  • sterole
  • HPLC
Open Access

Accumulation of biomass and phenolic compounds in Polish and Mongolian great burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis L.) populations

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 44 - 55

Abstract

Summary

Eight Polish and six Mongolian great burnet populations were evaluated ex situ in respect of the mass of underground organs and accumulation of biologically active compounds. In the raw materials collected in autumn of the second year of plant vegetation, total content of tannins and phenolic acids as well as the content of phenolic compounds identified by HPLC were determined. Distinct differences between Polish and Mongolian populations and their high intraspecific variability, concerning analysed parameters, was observed. The mass of underground organs of Polish populations was higher than in Mongolian ones (595.0 and 523.5 g × plant-1, respectively, for fresh mass). Polish populations were characterised by significantly higher total content of tannins and phenolic acids (6.02 and 1.60%, respectively) in comparison with Mongolian ones (2.89 and 0.97%, respectively). In the investigated raw materials eight phenolic compounds were identified, namely: /-/-epigallocatechin, /+/-catechin, /-/-epicatechin, /-/-epicatechin gallate, /-/-epigallocatechin gallate, astragalin, ellagic and gallic acids. In all populations, the dominating compound, was /-/-epigallocatechin. The contents of /-/-epigallocatechin, /-/-epicatechin gallate and gallic acid were distinctly higher in Polish populations.

Keywords

  • great burnet
  • populations
  • phenolic compounds
  • HPLC

Słowa kluczowe

  • krwiściąg lekarski
  • populacje
  • związki fenolowe
  • HPLC
Open Access

Capsaicinoid profile of soft-flesh Capsicum spp. genotypes according to the purée production method

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 56 - 65

Abstract

Summary

Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin concentration was evaluated using the HPLC method in the whole fruit, pericarp, and purée obtained by rubbing fruit through a strainer, purée obtained by fruit expressing, and in the waste following the two above processes. The highest content of each compound was noted in purée and the lowest one in pericarp and waste. Concentration of capsaicin was higher than concentration of dihydrocapsaicin in all of the analysed material. Reciprocal relations between contents of two compounds ranged from 1.4 to 5.3. Capsaicinoid contents in purée obtained by rubbing plus in the waste of the process and in the expressed purée plus the waste of the process were highly similar. Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin contents in purée obtained as a result of mechanical separation of soft tissue from the inedible fruit parts was significantly higher than in pericarp and stable, regardless of the processing method.

Keywords

  • capsaicin
  • dihydrocapsaicin
  • soft-flesh Capsicum spp.
  • pericarp
  • purée

Słowa kluczowe

  • kapsaicyna
  • dihydrokapsaicyna
  • soft-flesh Capsicum spp.
  • perykarp
  • purée
Open Access

Influence of cadmium on protein profile of flax varieties (Linum usitatissimum L.)

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 66 - 76

Abstract

Summary

The aim of the study was the evaluation of the influence of cadmium on protein profile of flax varieties (Linum usitatissimum L.). Linola and Norlin explants were cultured on control medium Dorothy and with addition of 25 and 75 mg/l Cd(NO3)2. Extracts were separated on DEAE-Cellulose (20 mM Tris-HCl buffer, 0.2-1 M NaCl). Protein content was evaluated by measuring the absorbance at wavelengths 280 and 254 nm. Linola was characterized by proteins occurrence in fractions eluted by 0.4 and 0.6 M NaCl at 25 mg/l of Cd(NO3)2, at 75 mg/l and additionally by 0.3 M NaCl. Norlin showed response in the form of proteins appeared at 0.2, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6 M NaCl gradient at 25 mg/l of cadmium, at higher concentration in fractions eluted by 0.2, 0.5 and 0.6 M NaCl. Electrophoretic analysis showed an increase in the protein bands intensity above 60 kDa and under 52 kDa in extracts from flax cultivated with Cd(NO3)2. Studies showed appearance of new proteins during stress condition.

Keywords

  • flax
  • protein extracts
  • cadmium

Słowa kluczowe

  • len
  • ekstrakty białkowe
  • kadm
Open Access

Diet based on oil of seeds of Brassica napus. Implications for the prevention and treatment of prostate diseases

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 77 - 88

Abstract

Summary

In last centuries, human diet has been modified due to changes in the technological, economic, and cultural mode of the social life. The rapid development of the technology and advances in food production and processing of plants resulted in changes in the structure of consumption. The consequence is an growing interest among researchers, but also among consumers in searching for new alternatives to classical pharmacology, preventive solutions, and therapeutic strategies of age related, chronic diseases and cancer. In this paper, the authors have attempted to assess the benefits of usage in diet cold-pressed oils extracted from the seeds of Brassica napus (oilseed rape) with particular emphasis on the evidence of possible use of B. napus oil, and other bio-active substances contained therein, in the prevention and symptomatic treatment of prostate diseases, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The authors postulate that the information presented in this paper may be important and helpful in the development of new, effective and safe forms of prevention and treatment of progressive age-related disorders (phytotherapeutics) and nutritional strategies (dietary supplements) based on seeds oil of Brassicace family representatives, especially Brassica napus (pollen).

Keywords

  • diet
  • cold+pressed oil
  • chemoprevention
  • Brassicaceae
  • Brassica napus

słowa kluczowe

  • dieta
  • olej tłoczony na zimno
  • chemoprewencja
  • Brassicaceae
  • Brassica napus
Open Access

Discovering herbalism through art. Plants in Polish symbolic painting (1890–1914)

Published Online: 16 Jan 2015
Page range: 89 - 100

Abstract

Summary

The article focuses on the historical link between herbalism and art at the turn of the twentieth century. The aim of this investigation is to recognize medicinal plants shown as symbols in Polish painting between 1890 and 1914 and find some cultural context of their presence in artworks. In this qualitative study online art galleries and museum collections were analyzed to select Polish symbolists’ artworks including plant images. Next, their botanical classification and medicinal context were examined. Twenty wild-growing plant species were recognized. Some of them had been used in traditional medicine (Alcea rosea, Angelica archangelica, Artemisia abrotanum, Betula pendula, Carduus marianus, Convallaria majalis, Crocus sativus, Lilium candidum, Matricaria chamomilla, Nuphar lutea, Paeonia officinalis, Papaver somniferum, Pelargonium hortorum, Populus nigra, Primula veris, Sorbus aucuparia, Taraxacum officinale, and Verbascum thapsus) and two species grown in the Carpathians (Digitalis purpurea, Lilium bulbiferum) at the time. Used to paint realistic objects, the symbolists made free-hand drawings in nature and in this way they recorded some wild-growing plants typical for surroundings of the town of Cracow and the Carpathian Mountains. Artistic images of plants were not intentionally aimed at taxonomic identification, however, sometimes classification was possible.

Keywords

  • herbalism
  • botany
  • pharmacy
  • wild growing plants
  • Symbolism
  • Carpathians
  • nineteenth century

Słowa kluczowe

  • zielarstwo
  • botanika
  • farmacja
  • rośliny dziko rosnące
  • symbolizm
  • Karpaty
  • dziewiętnasty wiek

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