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Volume 24 (2020): Issue 1 (June 2020)
CONTACT NETWORKS IN THE EASTERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN PERIPHERIES OF THE FUNNEL BEAKER CULTURE, 3700–3200 BC

Volume 23 (2018): Issue 1 (June 2018)

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 1 (October 2016)

Volume 20 (2015): Issue 1 (June 2015)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-5422
First Published
15 Dec 2013
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-5422
First Published
15 Dec 2013
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

11 Articles
Open Access

Spatial Analysis of Yampil Barrow Complex

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 7 - 29

Abstract

Abstract

The Yampil Region represents a concentration of densely populated barrow cemeteries. Some 156 mounds figure in the available cartographic studies, which are the basis of spatial analysis presented below. The aforementioned therefore shall involve an examination of parameters for the localisation of tumuli in respect to altitude, terrain surface incline, direction of exposition and distance from waterways and watershed ridges as well as an analysis of visibility for selected sites, which shall describe preferences in respect to the chosen place of construction.

Keywords

  • spatial analysis
  • Dniester
  • Eneolithic
  • Bronze Age
Open Access

The Eneolithic Ritual Barrow Complex in Prydnistrianske, Vinnystia Oblast: Magnetometric Surveys

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 30 - 40

Abstract

Abstract

The article presents the results of magnetometric surveys carried out in the village of Pridnistryanske on two barrow sites. In the site 1, the principal objectives were to capture the course of barrow ditches - not covered by the excavations - and investigate the space between the mounds. On site 2 relying on photographs was a group of nearby barrows selected for geophysical investigations.

Keywords

  • barrows
  • spatial analysis
  • magnetometric method
Open Access

Yampil Barrow Complex: Prydnistryanske 1 and Klembivka 1. Pedological-Environmental Aspects of Location

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 41 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents results of pedological studies of Klembivka site 1 and Prydnistryanske site 1 barrow IV and the reference soil profile Prydnistryanske site 1 in the context of pedostratigraphy, basic soil properties, construction material origin and palaeoenvironmental implications.

Keywords

  • Chernozems
  • forest-steppe zone
  • calcic horizon
  • kurgans (barrows)
  • pedoarchaeology
Open Access

Preservation of ancient DNA in human bones from the eneolithic and Bronze Age kurgan cemeteres in Yampil region, Ukraine

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 54 - 63

Abstract

Abstract

Ancient DNA was analyzed in altogether 28 Late Eneolithic and Bronze Age human skeletons form 4 sites in southern Ukraine. More than 0,3% of human DNA was preserved only in 13 skeletons. The results of our analyses provide evidence that recovery of DNA molecules suitable for genetic analyses is more dependent on the specificity of the archaeological site and is not strongly correlated with particular environmental factors.

Keywords

  • ancient DNA
  • Middle Dniester Area
  • barrows
Open Access

Ritual position and “tattooing ” techniques in the funeral practices of the “barrow cultures” of the Pontic-Caspian steppe / forest steppe area. Porohy 3A, Yampil Region, Vinnytsia Oblast : specialist analysis research perspectives

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 64 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

The present paper discusses the results of an interdisciplinary study of human remains in the form of two ulnae from a female skeleton found in grave 10, Porohy 3A site (Middle Dniester Area), dated to Early Bronze Age: 2650-2500 BC. The paper describes the technical aspects of applying the decorations revealed in the examination of the aforementioned bones.

Keywords

  • Yamnaya culture
  • funeral rites
  • tattoo
  • postmortem changes
Open Access

Builders and Users of Ritual Centres, Yampil Barrow Complex: Studies of Diet Based on Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Composition

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 91 - 125

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents δ13C and δ15N isotope content measurements in human bones from 16 graves, being part of the Yampil Barrow Complex. From the results, conclusions may be drawn about the diet of barrow builders and users. It was based on vegetable foodstuffs and characterised by a varied share of terrestrial animal meat, depending on the period. High δ13C values suggest a share of C4-type plants in the diet, possibly millet.

Keywords

  • paleodiet
  • stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes
  • barrows
  • Eneolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Middle Dniester
Open Access

Use of wood in Yampil Barrow Complex funerary rituals IV-II mill. BC

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 126 - 165

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents the results of analyses of relics made out of wood that were discovered during the investigation of the Yampil Barrow Complex (Ukraine, Vinnitsa Oblast) in the period 2010-2015 in respect to the graves of Eneolithic communities, Yamnaya culture, Catacomb culture, Noua culture and the Iron Age. The research has documented a process of the selection of wood used in funerary rituals in the 4th to 2nd mill. BC and the choice of tree species present in stenothermal climax forests (Quercus sp., Fraxinus sp.).

Keywords

  • kurgan cultures
  • Late Eneolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Middle Dniester Area
  • wood
  • charcoal
Open Access

Barrow Culture Textiles and Mats in the Middle Dniester Area

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 166 - 190

Abstract

Abstract

The article describes an attempt to identify the raw material of the organic layers - mats identified within the roofs and floors of the graves in the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex. The use of gas chromatography and infrared spectroscopy combined with microscopic analysis of the extracted “mat” sections significantly supplements our knowledge in the field of weaving of the studied communities.

Keywords

  • mats
  • textiles
  • nomads
  • Bronze Age
  • Eurasian steppe
Open Access

Status of Animals in Funerary Rituals of Founders and Users of Ceremonial Centres of the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex(4th/3rd-2nd Millenium BC). A Zooarchaeological Perspective

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 191 - 225

Abstract

Abstract

This study discusses the issue of ‘animal deposits’ in funerary practices of early barrow communities settling the Black Sea steppe and forest-steppe in the 4rd/3nd-2nd millennium. The focus of analytical studies is directly on the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex situated along the left bank of the Dniester, between the Murafa and Markivka rivers, or what is the Yampil Region (Vinnitsa Oblast) now. The chorological system developed by N.Ya. Merpert in his “Yamnaya Cultural-Historical Area” places this area within the Southwestern Variant (between the Southern Bug and Danube rivers) as the Yampil (Podolia) territorial centre. From the perspective of the research programme exploring the ‘bio-cultural border land between the West and East of Europe’, the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex is of special scholarly interest because of its western most location on the Dniester route of exchange for cultural patterns developed by communities settling the drainage basins of the Black and Baltic seas. The investigations followed the excavations of 23 barrows between 1984 and 2014.

Keywords

  • Eneolithic
  • Yamnaya culture
  • Catacomb culture
  • Babyno culture
  • Noua culture
  • Globular Amphora culture
  • Corded Ware culture
  • barrows
  • funerary deposits
  • ‘animal deposits’
Open Access

Yamnaya Culture Hoard of Metal Objects, Ivanivka, Lower Murafa: Autogenesis of ‘Dniester Copper/Bronze Metallurgy’

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 226 - 245

Abstract

Abstract

In 2015 near the village of Ivonivka, Mohyliv-Podilskyi Region, Vinnytsia Oblast, a hoard of copper objects was found by chance by the River Murafa. The majority of objects belonging to the hoard were fashioned out of a rather pure copper with a combination of admixtures, which can be named ‘the Ivonivka group’.

Keywords

  • hoard
  • yamnaya culture
  • Middle Dniester Area
Open Access

Kurgan rites in the Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age Podolia in light of materials from the funeraryceremonial centre at Yampil

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 246 - 283

Abstract

Abstract

The paper discusses the kurgan burial rites observed by communities inhabiting the eastern part of the Podolie Region in the second half of the 4th and first half of the 3rd millennia BC. The presented data concern finds from four areas: Yampil, Kamienka, Mocra, and Tymkove. The research made it possible to distinguish among the examined material assemblages linked with Late Eneolithic communities. They included graves of the Zhivolitovka-Volchansk type, burials in the extended position, as well as burials representing other cultural traditions (Nizhnaya Mikhailovka, Post-Stog). Materials attributed to the Yamnaya culture prevailed, and their analysis allowed us to trace changes in funeral rituals, reflected in the architecture of graves, arrangement of burials, and grave goods. Materials linked with the late phase of this cultural unit have not been recorded.

Keywords

  • Eneolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Yamnaya culture
  • Podolia
  • Ukraine
  • funeral rite
11 Articles
Open Access

Spatial Analysis of Yampil Barrow Complex

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 7 - 29

Abstract

Abstract

The Yampil Region represents a concentration of densely populated barrow cemeteries. Some 156 mounds figure in the available cartographic studies, which are the basis of spatial analysis presented below. The aforementioned therefore shall involve an examination of parameters for the localisation of tumuli in respect to altitude, terrain surface incline, direction of exposition and distance from waterways and watershed ridges as well as an analysis of visibility for selected sites, which shall describe preferences in respect to the chosen place of construction.

Keywords

  • spatial analysis
  • Dniester
  • Eneolithic
  • Bronze Age
Open Access

The Eneolithic Ritual Barrow Complex in Prydnistrianske, Vinnystia Oblast: Magnetometric Surveys

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 30 - 40

Abstract

Abstract

The article presents the results of magnetometric surveys carried out in the village of Pridnistryanske on two barrow sites. In the site 1, the principal objectives were to capture the course of barrow ditches - not covered by the excavations - and investigate the space between the mounds. On site 2 relying on photographs was a group of nearby barrows selected for geophysical investigations.

Keywords

  • barrows
  • spatial analysis
  • magnetometric method
Open Access

Yampil Barrow Complex: Prydnistryanske 1 and Klembivka 1. Pedological-Environmental Aspects of Location

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 41 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents results of pedological studies of Klembivka site 1 and Prydnistryanske site 1 barrow IV and the reference soil profile Prydnistryanske site 1 in the context of pedostratigraphy, basic soil properties, construction material origin and palaeoenvironmental implications.

Keywords

  • Chernozems
  • forest-steppe zone
  • calcic horizon
  • kurgans (barrows)
  • pedoarchaeology
Open Access

Preservation of ancient DNA in human bones from the eneolithic and Bronze Age kurgan cemeteres in Yampil region, Ukraine

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 54 - 63

Abstract

Abstract

Ancient DNA was analyzed in altogether 28 Late Eneolithic and Bronze Age human skeletons form 4 sites in southern Ukraine. More than 0,3% of human DNA was preserved only in 13 skeletons. The results of our analyses provide evidence that recovery of DNA molecules suitable for genetic analyses is more dependent on the specificity of the archaeological site and is not strongly correlated with particular environmental factors.

Keywords

  • ancient DNA
  • Middle Dniester Area
  • barrows
Open Access

Ritual position and “tattooing ” techniques in the funeral practices of the “barrow cultures” of the Pontic-Caspian steppe / forest steppe area. Porohy 3A, Yampil Region, Vinnytsia Oblast : specialist analysis research perspectives

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 64 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

The present paper discusses the results of an interdisciplinary study of human remains in the form of two ulnae from a female skeleton found in grave 10, Porohy 3A site (Middle Dniester Area), dated to Early Bronze Age: 2650-2500 BC. The paper describes the technical aspects of applying the decorations revealed in the examination of the aforementioned bones.

Keywords

  • Yamnaya culture
  • funeral rites
  • tattoo
  • postmortem changes
Open Access

Builders and Users of Ritual Centres, Yampil Barrow Complex: Studies of Diet Based on Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Composition

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 91 - 125

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents δ13C and δ15N isotope content measurements in human bones from 16 graves, being part of the Yampil Barrow Complex. From the results, conclusions may be drawn about the diet of barrow builders and users. It was based on vegetable foodstuffs and characterised by a varied share of terrestrial animal meat, depending on the period. High δ13C values suggest a share of C4-type plants in the diet, possibly millet.

Keywords

  • paleodiet
  • stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes
  • barrows
  • Eneolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Middle Dniester
Open Access

Use of wood in Yampil Barrow Complex funerary rituals IV-II mill. BC

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 126 - 165

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents the results of analyses of relics made out of wood that were discovered during the investigation of the Yampil Barrow Complex (Ukraine, Vinnitsa Oblast) in the period 2010-2015 in respect to the graves of Eneolithic communities, Yamnaya culture, Catacomb culture, Noua culture and the Iron Age. The research has documented a process of the selection of wood used in funerary rituals in the 4th to 2nd mill. BC and the choice of tree species present in stenothermal climax forests (Quercus sp., Fraxinus sp.).

Keywords

  • kurgan cultures
  • Late Eneolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Middle Dniester Area
  • wood
  • charcoal
Open Access

Barrow Culture Textiles and Mats in the Middle Dniester Area

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 166 - 190

Abstract

Abstract

The article describes an attempt to identify the raw material of the organic layers - mats identified within the roofs and floors of the graves in the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex. The use of gas chromatography and infrared spectroscopy combined with microscopic analysis of the extracted “mat” sections significantly supplements our knowledge in the field of weaving of the studied communities.

Keywords

  • mats
  • textiles
  • nomads
  • Bronze Age
  • Eurasian steppe
Open Access

Status of Animals in Funerary Rituals of Founders and Users of Ceremonial Centres of the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex(4th/3rd-2nd Millenium BC). A Zooarchaeological Perspective

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 191 - 225

Abstract

Abstract

This study discusses the issue of ‘animal deposits’ in funerary practices of early barrow communities settling the Black Sea steppe and forest-steppe in the 4rd/3nd-2nd millennium. The focus of analytical studies is directly on the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex situated along the left bank of the Dniester, between the Murafa and Markivka rivers, or what is the Yampil Region (Vinnitsa Oblast) now. The chorological system developed by N.Ya. Merpert in his “Yamnaya Cultural-Historical Area” places this area within the Southwestern Variant (between the Southern Bug and Danube rivers) as the Yampil (Podolia) territorial centre. From the perspective of the research programme exploring the ‘bio-cultural border land between the West and East of Europe’, the Yampil Barrow Cemetery Complex is of special scholarly interest because of its western most location on the Dniester route of exchange for cultural patterns developed by communities settling the drainage basins of the Black and Baltic seas. The investigations followed the excavations of 23 barrows between 1984 and 2014.

Keywords

  • Eneolithic
  • Yamnaya culture
  • Catacomb culture
  • Babyno culture
  • Noua culture
  • Globular Amphora culture
  • Corded Ware culture
  • barrows
  • funerary deposits
  • ‘animal deposits’
Open Access

Yamnaya Culture Hoard of Metal Objects, Ivanivka, Lower Murafa: Autogenesis of ‘Dniester Copper/Bronze Metallurgy’

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 226 - 245

Abstract

Abstract

In 2015 near the village of Ivonivka, Mohyliv-Podilskyi Region, Vinnytsia Oblast, a hoard of copper objects was found by chance by the River Murafa. The majority of objects belonging to the hoard were fashioned out of a rather pure copper with a combination of admixtures, which can be named ‘the Ivonivka group’.

Keywords

  • hoard
  • yamnaya culture
  • Middle Dniester Area
Open Access

Kurgan rites in the Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age Podolia in light of materials from the funeraryceremonial centre at Yampil

Published Online: 24 Aug 2018
Page range: 246 - 283

Abstract

Abstract

The paper discusses the kurgan burial rites observed by communities inhabiting the eastern part of the Podolie Region in the second half of the 4th and first half of the 3rd millennia BC. The presented data concern finds from four areas: Yampil, Kamienka, Mocra, and Tymkove. The research made it possible to distinguish among the examined material assemblages linked with Late Eneolithic communities. They included graves of the Zhivolitovka-Volchansk type, burials in the extended position, as well as burials representing other cultural traditions (Nizhnaya Mikhailovka, Post-Stog). Materials attributed to the Yamnaya culture prevailed, and their analysis allowed us to trace changes in funeral rituals, reflected in the architecture of graves, arrangement of burials, and grave goods. Materials linked with the late phase of this cultural unit have not been recorded.

Keywords

  • Eneolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Yamnaya culture
  • Podolia
  • Ukraine
  • funeral rite

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