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Journal & Issues

Volume 24 (2020): Issue 1 (June 2020)
CONTACT NETWORKS IN THE EASTERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN PERIPHERIES OF THE FUNNEL BEAKER CULTURE, 3700–3200 BC

Volume 23 (2018): Issue 1 (June 2018)

Volume 22 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 1 (October 2016)

Volume 20 (2015): Issue 1 (June 2015)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-5422
First Published
15 Dec 2013
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 21 (2016): Issue 1 (October 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-5422
First Published
15 Dec 2013
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

8 Articles
Open Access

Macrospatial Analysis of Early Scythian Fortified Settlements in the Right-Bank of Ukraine

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 7 - 26

Abstract

Abstract

The macrospatial analysis of fortified settlements in the right-bank of Ukraine allows for observations of a few regularities related to the location of sites along the rivers and watersheds. ‘Land’ settlements, e.g. Yakushyntsi or Mlynok, may have connected sites located along large watercourses, e.g. Trakhtemyriv, Rudkivtsi, which specialised in trade with the Greeks.

Keywords

  • macrospatial analysis
  • fortified settlements
  • Podolia
  • Scythian time
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Microspatial Analysis of Selected Early Scythian Fortified Settlements in Podolia

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 27 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

There are two levels of detailed characteristic of the aforementioned sites. The first is the construction aspect, such as the area of the site (within the fortifications only) and the shape of the fortifications. The second level of detailed characteristics is description and presentation of the natural factors surrounding the sites, such as landforms and its location regarding to watercourses and watersheds.

Keywords

  • microspatial analysis
  • fortified settlements
  • Podolia
  • Scythian time
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Photogrammetry-Based Spatial Analyses of Settlements in Severynivka and Nemyriv

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 54 - 68

Abstract

Abstract

During the Polish-Ukrainian archaeological project “Fortresses of Ukraine” it was proposed to study two of the most significant sites with the newest possible technology. The final decision was made to apply the digital photogrammetry that was acquired with the use of drones.

Keywords

  • photogrammetry
  • Scythian time
  • hillfort
  • fortification
  • defensive structures
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Defensive Structures of Severynivka Hillfort (Excavations of 2009 and 2012-2013)

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 69 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

The article focuses on the research results of Severynivka hillfort fortifications. In 2009 a rampart and a moat on a cliff on the south floor-level side. In 2012-2013 there was made a rampart and escarp sections in the north-eastern part of the fortification. Separate stages of its construction are distinguished; the possible reconstruction of the defensive structures is suggested.

Keywords

  • Black Sea region forest-steppe
  • Scythian time
  • hillfort
  • fortification
  • defensive structures
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Research in the Central Part of Severynivka Hillfort (Quadrats F80, F90, G71, G81)

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 91 - 218

Abstract

Abstract

The article deals with excavations in the central part of Severynivka hillfort. In the mentioned area there was found and studied a part of the large multi-layered complex, which is considered as the remains of probable public worship structure. In the complex filling there were revealed numerous finds of wares, including a number of complete tableware and miniature forms, tools, jewelry and weapons. Also there were traced the tracks of rites administering that is recorded by the physical layout of objects in the complex and a female jaw find.

Keywords

  • eastern European forest-steppe
  • Scythian period
  • hillfort
  • sanctuary
  • objects of worship
  • ritual practice
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

The Elements of the Horse Bridle from the Severynivka Hillfort

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 219 - 254

Abstract

Abstract

This article is devoted to horse bridle details. They are made from horn and belong to the Scythian time. Artefacts and associated materials are analysed in complex. The supposition of their local production is proposed.

Keywords

  • Eastern Podolia
  • Scythian time
  • horse bridle
  • horn carving
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Metal Artefacts from the Severynivka Hillfort

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 255 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

There is a considerable amount of bronze and iron products originating from the Severynivka hillfort. The findings were divided into groups according to function. Assumptions have been made about the source regions of their origin.

Keywords

  • Eastern Podolia
  • Scythian time hillfort
  • iron
  • bronze
  • weapons
  • household implements
  • ornaments
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

The Fortresses of Ukraine. The Builders of Early Iron Age Strongholds in Podolia

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 277 - 290

Abstract

Abstract

The most challenging question regarding the defensive settlements of the Pontic forest-steppe is the reason behind their construction at all and size. The most frequent interpretations centre around two questions: were they to protect from external threats (i.e. the nomads) or were they the result of a carefully planned construction strategy related to the economic and social pressure from the Greek colonies in the Black Sea region? It is also possible that both explanations are true.

Keywords

  • Black Sea region forest-steppe
  • eastern European forest-steppe
  • fortified settlements
  • Podolia
  • Scythian time
8 Articles
Open Access

Macrospatial Analysis of Early Scythian Fortified Settlements in the Right-Bank of Ukraine

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 7 - 26

Abstract

Abstract

The macrospatial analysis of fortified settlements in the right-bank of Ukraine allows for observations of a few regularities related to the location of sites along the rivers and watersheds. ‘Land’ settlements, e.g. Yakushyntsi or Mlynok, may have connected sites located along large watercourses, e.g. Trakhtemyriv, Rudkivtsi, which specialised in trade with the Greeks.

Keywords

  • macrospatial analysis
  • fortified settlements
  • Podolia
  • Scythian time
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Microspatial Analysis of Selected Early Scythian Fortified Settlements in Podolia

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 27 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

There are two levels of detailed characteristic of the aforementioned sites. The first is the construction aspect, such as the area of the site (within the fortifications only) and the shape of the fortifications. The second level of detailed characteristics is description and presentation of the natural factors surrounding the sites, such as landforms and its location regarding to watercourses and watersheds.

Keywords

  • microspatial analysis
  • fortified settlements
  • Podolia
  • Scythian time
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Photogrammetry-Based Spatial Analyses of Settlements in Severynivka and Nemyriv

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 54 - 68

Abstract

Abstract

During the Polish-Ukrainian archaeological project “Fortresses of Ukraine” it was proposed to study two of the most significant sites with the newest possible technology. The final decision was made to apply the digital photogrammetry that was acquired with the use of drones.

Keywords

  • photogrammetry
  • Scythian time
  • hillfort
  • fortification
  • defensive structures
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Defensive Structures of Severynivka Hillfort (Excavations of 2009 and 2012-2013)

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 69 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

The article focuses on the research results of Severynivka hillfort fortifications. In 2009 a rampart and a moat on a cliff on the south floor-level side. In 2012-2013 there was made a rampart and escarp sections in the north-eastern part of the fortification. Separate stages of its construction are distinguished; the possible reconstruction of the defensive structures is suggested.

Keywords

  • Black Sea region forest-steppe
  • Scythian time
  • hillfort
  • fortification
  • defensive structures
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Research in the Central Part of Severynivka Hillfort (Quadrats F80, F90, G71, G81)

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 91 - 218

Abstract

Abstract

The article deals with excavations in the central part of Severynivka hillfort. In the mentioned area there was found and studied a part of the large multi-layered complex, which is considered as the remains of probable public worship structure. In the complex filling there were revealed numerous finds of wares, including a number of complete tableware and miniature forms, tools, jewelry and weapons. Also there were traced the tracks of rites administering that is recorded by the physical layout of objects in the complex and a female jaw find.

Keywords

  • eastern European forest-steppe
  • Scythian period
  • hillfort
  • sanctuary
  • objects of worship
  • ritual practice
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

The Elements of the Horse Bridle from the Severynivka Hillfort

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 219 - 254

Abstract

Abstract

This article is devoted to horse bridle details. They are made from horn and belong to the Scythian time. Artefacts and associated materials are analysed in complex. The supposition of their local production is proposed.

Keywords

  • Eastern Podolia
  • Scythian time
  • horse bridle
  • horn carving
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

Metal Artefacts from the Severynivka Hillfort

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 255 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

There is a considerable amount of bronze and iron products originating from the Severynivka hillfort. The findings were divided into groups according to function. Assumptions have been made about the source regions of their origin.

Keywords

  • Eastern Podolia
  • Scythian time hillfort
  • iron
  • bronze
  • weapons
  • household implements
  • ornaments
  • Early Iron Age
Open Access

The Fortresses of Ukraine. The Builders of Early Iron Age Strongholds in Podolia

Published Online: 30 Dec 2017
Page range: 277 - 290

Abstract

Abstract

The most challenging question regarding the defensive settlements of the Pontic forest-steppe is the reason behind their construction at all and size. The most frequent interpretations centre around two questions: were they to protect from external threats (i.e. the nomads) or were they the result of a carefully planned construction strategy related to the economic and social pressure from the Greek colonies in the Black Sea region? It is also possible that both explanations are true.

Keywords

  • Black Sea region forest-steppe
  • eastern European forest-steppe
  • fortified settlements
  • Podolia
  • Scythian time

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