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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2001-5119
Première publication
01 Mar 2013
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 42 (2021): Edition s1 (March 2021)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2001-5119
Première publication
01 Mar 2013
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

8 Articles
Accès libre

Uncivility, racism, and populism: Discourses and interactive practices in anti- & post-democratic communication

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 3 - 15

Résumé

Accès libre

“I just want to be the friendly face of national socialism”: The turn to civility in the cultural expressions of neo-Nazism in Sweden

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 17 - 35

Résumé

Abstract

This article is based on a case study of the media narratives of the neo-Nazi organisation Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) and situates this particular actor within the broader landscape of violent extremism in Sweden today. Drawing on a qualitative content analysis informed by narrative inquiry, I examine various cultural expressions of neo-Nazi ideology in NRM's extensive repertoire of online media. Theoretically, I turn to cultural perspectives on violent extremism to bring to centre stage the role of popular culture and entertainment in the construction of a meaningful narrative of community and belonging built around neo-Nazism in Sweden today. The analysis explores the convergence between different genres, styles, and content into new cultural expressions of national socialism which bleed into mainstream Internet culture and political discourse in new ways. In the online universe of NRM, the extreme blends with the mainstream, the mundane and ordinary with the spectacular and provocative, and the serious with the silly. In this manner, the analysis lays bare the strategies through which NRM seeks to soften, trivialise, and normalise neo-Nazi discourse using the power and appeal of culture and entertainment.

Mots clés

  • Nordic Resistance Movement
  • neo-Nazism
  • violent extremism
  • online media practices
  • normalisation of racism and antisemitism
Accès libre

Recontextualising the news: How antisemitic discourses are constructed in extreme far-right alternative media

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 37 - 50

Résumé

Abstract

This study explores how an extreme far-right alternative media site uses content from professional media to convey uncivil news with an antisemitic message. Analytically, it rests on a critical discourse analysis of 231 news items, originating from established national and international news sources, published on Frihetskamp from 2011–2018. In the study, we explore how news items are recontextualised to portray both overt and covert antisemitic discourses, and we identify four antisemitic representations that are reinforced through the selection and adjustment of news: Jews as powerful, as intolerant and anti-liberal, as exploiters of victimhood, and as inferior. These conspiratorial and exclusionary ideas, also known from historical Nazi propaganda, are thus reproduced by linking them to contemporary societal and political contexts and the current news agenda. We argue that this kind of recontextualised, uncivil news can be difficult to detect in a digital public sphere.

Mots clés

  • alternative media
  • antisemitism
  • borderline discourse
  • recontextualisation
  • un-civility
Accès libre

Who are you, the people?: Constructing the people in MV-lehti's refugee coverage

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 51 - 65

Résumé

Abstract

One of the cornerstones of right-wing populist websites is their challenge to traditional mainstream media to give voice to “the people”. In Finland, one of the best known of these websites is MV-lehti [WTF-Magazine], which claims to exist for this reason. In this article, I investigate how MV-lehti constructs the people, in particular in texts about refugees. I approach the research data by using the concepts of right-wing populist rhetoric. The results show that, in MV-lehti, the people is a constructed and politicised concept reflecting ideas of ethnonationalism and antidemocratic values, illustrating the connection between uncivility, racism, and populism.

Mots clés

  • the people
  • right-wing populist online publication
  • ethnonationalism
  • right-wing populist rhetoric
  • refugee coverage
Accès libre

A populist turn?: News editorials and the recent discursive shift on immigration in Sweden

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 67 - 87

Résumé

Abstract

This article undertakes a critical discourse analysis of Swedish quality newspaper editorials and their evolving framing of immigration since the 2015 peak of the recent European “refugee crisis”. Positioned within the ongoing discursive shifts in the Swedish public sphere and the growth of discursive uncivility in its mainstream areas, the analysis highlights how xenophobic and racist discourses once propagated by the far and radical right gradually penetrate into the studied broadsheet newspapers. We argue that the examined editorials carry the tendency to normalise once radical perceptions of immigration. This takes place by incorporating various discursive strategies embedded in wider argumentative frames – or topoi – of demographic consequences, Islam and Islamisation, threat, and integration. All of these enable constructing claims against immigration now apparently prevalent in the examined strands of the Swedish “quality” press.

Mots clés

  • discursive shifts
  • editorials
  • journalism
  • immigration
  • racism
Accès libre

“The new extreme right”: Uncivility, irony, and displacement in the French re-information sphere

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 89 - 102

Résumé

Abstract

Contemporary France is a prolific arena for post-fascist actors, parties, and movements. Self-proclaimed alternative news outlets and publishing houses serve as forums for information and mobilisation, through various strategies, to resist an alleged onslaught by the enemies of the nation and its people: multiculturalism, feminism, political correctness, political corruption, and civilisational decay. In this article, I explore uncivility as a discursive logic within the French post-fascist media-ecology, focusing on the conspicuous use of irony and discursive displacement. More specifically, I discuss how sardonic irony as an uncivil discursive strategy is employed to navigate the legal boundaries of free speech and how discursive displacement, coupled with irony, is used as an affective identificatory technique in post-fascist discourse.

Mots clés

  • discourse
  • France
  • post-fascism
  • racism
  • uncivility
Accès libre

Unpacking uncivil society: Incivility and intolerance in the 2018 Irish abortion referendum discussions on Twitter

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 103 - 118

Résumé

Abstract

In the era of rising populist sentiment, deep social and political polarisations, and a growing crisis of online harms, numerous scholars share concern about the impact of such uncivil populist forces on the health of liberal democracy. This article argues that we should first normatively distinguish between incivility and intolerance. We contend that the core problem of uncivil society is intolerance, not incivility. We then empirically analyse incivility and intolerance during the 2018 Irish abortion referendum and its discussions on Twitter by conducting a content analysis and qualitative textual analysis of 3,000 tweets posted between April and June 2018. The results show that despite selecting a highly emotive and polarised issue, incivility and intolerance do not dominate the Twittersphere. Furthermore, gender and political position of users were found to be associated with use of incivility and intolerance, which increased as the referendum approached.

Mots clés

  • uncivil society
  • incivility
  • intolerance
  • Twitter public sphere
  • Irish abortion referendum
Accès libre

The institutionalisation of populist political discourse and conservative uncivil society in the European Union: From the margins to the mainstream?

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 119 - 133

Résumé

Abstract

This article analyses the ideational features of conservative civil society groups at EU level and compares them to progressive groups. Through a frame analysis of the textual materials of these two types of organisations, I examine their reactions to the success of populist formations in several European member states and at EU level. I argue that the long-established EU ethos of fostering progressive civil society is undergoing a redefinition, which impacts their strategies. I posit that in a changing political climate, EU institutions are less interested in some of the contributions progressive civil society offers, such as its contributions to public deliberation, governance, and the legitimacy of the EU. Progressive civil society reacts to the threat of a loss of standing and attempts to retain its historical centrality, legitimacy, and access. In contrast, conservative civil society groups seek to establish themselves in a political environment previously off-limits to them.

Mots clés

  • populist political discourse
  • civil society
  • public deliberation
  • frame analysis
  • EU
8 Articles
Accès libre

Uncivility, racism, and populism: Discourses and interactive practices in anti- & post-democratic communication

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 3 - 15

Résumé

Accès libre

“I just want to be the friendly face of national socialism”: The turn to civility in the cultural expressions of neo-Nazism in Sweden

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 17 - 35

Résumé

Abstract

This article is based on a case study of the media narratives of the neo-Nazi organisation Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) and situates this particular actor within the broader landscape of violent extremism in Sweden today. Drawing on a qualitative content analysis informed by narrative inquiry, I examine various cultural expressions of neo-Nazi ideology in NRM's extensive repertoire of online media. Theoretically, I turn to cultural perspectives on violent extremism to bring to centre stage the role of popular culture and entertainment in the construction of a meaningful narrative of community and belonging built around neo-Nazism in Sweden today. The analysis explores the convergence between different genres, styles, and content into new cultural expressions of national socialism which bleed into mainstream Internet culture and political discourse in new ways. In the online universe of NRM, the extreme blends with the mainstream, the mundane and ordinary with the spectacular and provocative, and the serious with the silly. In this manner, the analysis lays bare the strategies through which NRM seeks to soften, trivialise, and normalise neo-Nazi discourse using the power and appeal of culture and entertainment.

Mots clés

  • Nordic Resistance Movement
  • neo-Nazism
  • violent extremism
  • online media practices
  • normalisation of racism and antisemitism
Accès libre

Recontextualising the news: How antisemitic discourses are constructed in extreme far-right alternative media

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 37 - 50

Résumé

Abstract

This study explores how an extreme far-right alternative media site uses content from professional media to convey uncivil news with an antisemitic message. Analytically, it rests on a critical discourse analysis of 231 news items, originating from established national and international news sources, published on Frihetskamp from 2011–2018. In the study, we explore how news items are recontextualised to portray both overt and covert antisemitic discourses, and we identify four antisemitic representations that are reinforced through the selection and adjustment of news: Jews as powerful, as intolerant and anti-liberal, as exploiters of victimhood, and as inferior. These conspiratorial and exclusionary ideas, also known from historical Nazi propaganda, are thus reproduced by linking them to contemporary societal and political contexts and the current news agenda. We argue that this kind of recontextualised, uncivil news can be difficult to detect in a digital public sphere.

Mots clés

  • alternative media
  • antisemitism
  • borderline discourse
  • recontextualisation
  • un-civility
Accès libre

Who are you, the people?: Constructing the people in MV-lehti's refugee coverage

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 51 - 65

Résumé

Abstract

One of the cornerstones of right-wing populist websites is their challenge to traditional mainstream media to give voice to “the people”. In Finland, one of the best known of these websites is MV-lehti [WTF-Magazine], which claims to exist for this reason. In this article, I investigate how MV-lehti constructs the people, in particular in texts about refugees. I approach the research data by using the concepts of right-wing populist rhetoric. The results show that, in MV-lehti, the people is a constructed and politicised concept reflecting ideas of ethnonationalism and antidemocratic values, illustrating the connection between uncivility, racism, and populism.

Mots clés

  • the people
  • right-wing populist online publication
  • ethnonationalism
  • right-wing populist rhetoric
  • refugee coverage
Accès libre

A populist turn?: News editorials and the recent discursive shift on immigration in Sweden

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 67 - 87

Résumé

Abstract

This article undertakes a critical discourse analysis of Swedish quality newspaper editorials and their evolving framing of immigration since the 2015 peak of the recent European “refugee crisis”. Positioned within the ongoing discursive shifts in the Swedish public sphere and the growth of discursive uncivility in its mainstream areas, the analysis highlights how xenophobic and racist discourses once propagated by the far and radical right gradually penetrate into the studied broadsheet newspapers. We argue that the examined editorials carry the tendency to normalise once radical perceptions of immigration. This takes place by incorporating various discursive strategies embedded in wider argumentative frames – or topoi – of demographic consequences, Islam and Islamisation, threat, and integration. All of these enable constructing claims against immigration now apparently prevalent in the examined strands of the Swedish “quality” press.

Mots clés

  • discursive shifts
  • editorials
  • journalism
  • immigration
  • racism
Accès libre

“The new extreme right”: Uncivility, irony, and displacement in the French re-information sphere

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 89 - 102

Résumé

Abstract

Contemporary France is a prolific arena for post-fascist actors, parties, and movements. Self-proclaimed alternative news outlets and publishing houses serve as forums for information and mobilisation, through various strategies, to resist an alleged onslaught by the enemies of the nation and its people: multiculturalism, feminism, political correctness, political corruption, and civilisational decay. In this article, I explore uncivility as a discursive logic within the French post-fascist media-ecology, focusing on the conspicuous use of irony and discursive displacement. More specifically, I discuss how sardonic irony as an uncivil discursive strategy is employed to navigate the legal boundaries of free speech and how discursive displacement, coupled with irony, is used as an affective identificatory technique in post-fascist discourse.

Mots clés

  • discourse
  • France
  • post-fascism
  • racism
  • uncivility
Accès libre

Unpacking uncivil society: Incivility and intolerance in the 2018 Irish abortion referendum discussions on Twitter

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 103 - 118

Résumé

Abstract

In the era of rising populist sentiment, deep social and political polarisations, and a growing crisis of online harms, numerous scholars share concern about the impact of such uncivil populist forces on the health of liberal democracy. This article argues that we should first normatively distinguish between incivility and intolerance. We contend that the core problem of uncivil society is intolerance, not incivility. We then empirically analyse incivility and intolerance during the 2018 Irish abortion referendum and its discussions on Twitter by conducting a content analysis and qualitative textual analysis of 3,000 tweets posted between April and June 2018. The results show that despite selecting a highly emotive and polarised issue, incivility and intolerance do not dominate the Twittersphere. Furthermore, gender and political position of users were found to be associated with use of incivility and intolerance, which increased as the referendum approached.

Mots clés

  • uncivil society
  • incivility
  • intolerance
  • Twitter public sphere
  • Irish abortion referendum
Accès libre

The institutionalisation of populist political discourse and conservative uncivil society in the European Union: From the margins to the mainstream?

Publié en ligne: 03 Mar 2021
Pages: 119 - 133

Résumé

Abstract

This article analyses the ideational features of conservative civil society groups at EU level and compares them to progressive groups. Through a frame analysis of the textual materials of these two types of organisations, I examine their reactions to the success of populist formations in several European member states and at EU level. I argue that the long-established EU ethos of fostering progressive civil society is undergoing a redefinition, which impacts their strategies. I posit that in a changing political climate, EU institutions are less interested in some of the contributions progressive civil society offers, such as its contributions to public deliberation, governance, and the legitimacy of the EU. Progressive civil society reacts to the threat of a loss of standing and attempts to retain its historical centrality, legitimacy, and access. In contrast, conservative civil society groups seek to establish themselves in a political environment previously off-limits to them.

Mots clés

  • populist political discourse
  • civil society
  • public deliberation
  • frame analysis
  • EU

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