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Volume 8 (2014): Edition 2 (December 2014)

Volume 8 (2014): Edition 1 (June 2014)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1802-1115
Première publication
26 Jun 2014
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 8 (2014): Edition 1 (June 2014)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1802-1115
Première publication
26 Jun 2014
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

4 Articles
Accès libre

The Determination of Main Obstacles for the Developing of Highquality Documentation during EIA Process on Natura 2000 Sites

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 1 - 8

Résumé

Abstract

The issues of protection and management of biodiversity has become one of main environmental policy tasks in Europe and elsewhere. As an application of precautionary principles the EU member states are required to assess projects and plans which alone or in combination with other plans or projects are likely to have significant negative effects on Natura 2000 sites. Several EU provisions set out the obligations for such assessment (the Birds and Habitat Directives, EIA and SEA Directives). One of the key steps in the assessment process is to carry out the EIS (Environmental Impact Statement) the final outcome of the assessment. If there is possibility of significant negative effects on Natura 2000 sites, the result of the process also has to be a part of EIS. The main goal of this study was to find out, what are the practitioners´ opinions and attitudes on the quality of EIS in Slovakia, especially in the case when the assessment process is related to Natura 2000 sites. Because it often involves practitioners from a very wide range of disciplinary and professional backgrounds, the contribution tries to show to what extent does the professional background or practitioners working positions influence their perception of EIS quality.

Mots clés

  • EIA
  • Natura 2000
  • quality of EIS
  • questionnaire
Accès libre

Viticulture in the Context of Historical Landscape Structure in the Small Carpathian Region – Model Area of Rača

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 9 - 16

Résumé

Abstract

The development of viticulture and wine producing has brought forward some unique elements of cultural land and introduced culture itself into the landscape. This culture has affected lives of many generations and determined the development of the society and the living environment. The form, the shape and the type of use of the respective elements of landscape structure has changed according to the change in technology, cultivation processes, orientation of production and the value system of the society. However, the recent viticultural rural land (together with residual areas of historical structure elements) in the vicinity of the capital city of Slovakia -- Bratislava has been under growing pressure caused by suburbanisation. This pressure directly threatens the existence of this kind of landscape and causes irreversible changes to landscape character. Landscape ecologists and architects have to face the issue of how to identify the valuable characteristics of the land and how to protects and keep them for the future generations. The main aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of viticulture in the formation, existence and change of the elements of historical structures of agricultural landscape (HSAL). In addition, this paper presents the layout of various types of these elements, the methodical approach to their mapping and their present status. The results show that out of 141 localities where the HSALs were present in 1951, they could have been located only in 25 localities in 2011. These localities are mainly situated in private properties. However, many of the mapped HSALs are no longer used and in the state of deterioration. The lack of their management gradually causes their demise.

Key words

  • historical structures of agricultural landscape (HSAL)
  • viticulture
  • forms of anthropogenic relief (FAR)
  • Rača
Accès libre

Patterns and Factors of Natural Hazard Induced Out-migration from Meghna Estuarine Islands of Bangladesh

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 17 - 31

Résumé

Abstract

Migration behaviour of the Inhabitants of Meghna Estuarine region has been affected by several social, economic and natural causes. This migration has been thought as a part of social behaviour in this region. It has been predicted in several international researches that, human migration is going to be the worst possible effect triggered by the changing climatic scenario (IPCC, 2007). Natural hazards are also very much responsible for human migration. Purpose of this research is to find out the pattern and factors of natural hazards induced outmigration in Meghna Estuarine Islands of Bangladesh. In this empirical research, primary data has been collected through threestage socioeconomic survey. From this research it has been seen that, natural hazards like river bank erosion, saline tide, flood, cyclone, storms cause extreme havoc to the life and livelihood of the inhabitants of Meghna Estuary islands. Many of these situations force inhabitants to migrate temporarily or permanently. Indirectly these hazards also affects migration behaviours by affecting natural resources and income sources of inhabitants of this region. Natural hazards have two types of effect on migration behaviour; one is forcing rapid migration by riverbank erosion, cyclone etc. and the other is making situations for slow migration decision by disturbing the regular economic, social and environmental system. Two types of outmigrations are prominent in these islands; permanent household migration and partial migration – and these migration behaviours have been influenced by natural hazards of these study areas.

Mots clés

  • Bangladesh
  • Meghna Estuarine Islands
  • Natural Hazard
  • Out Migration
Accès libre

Spatial Diversification of Selected Demographic Phenomena in Polish Communes

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 32 - 40

Résumé

Abstract

Demographic potential constitutes one of the most important aspects of socioeconomic development by exerting impact on the growth potential and directions of the policy carried out at local and regional level. The areas concentrating young people, characterized by high birth rate and a positive migration balance gain growth potential not only for their current but also longterm development. The objective of the article is to present spatial diversification of the selected demographic phenomena in the crosssection of Polish communes in 2011 as well as to indicate areas presenting high and low growth potential.

Mots clés

  • demographic changes
  • natural increase
  • migration balance
  • age dependency ratio
  • municipalities
  • Poland
4 Articles
Accès libre

The Determination of Main Obstacles for the Developing of Highquality Documentation during EIA Process on Natura 2000 Sites

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 1 - 8

Résumé

Abstract

The issues of protection and management of biodiversity has become one of main environmental policy tasks in Europe and elsewhere. As an application of precautionary principles the EU member states are required to assess projects and plans which alone or in combination with other plans or projects are likely to have significant negative effects on Natura 2000 sites. Several EU provisions set out the obligations for such assessment (the Birds and Habitat Directives, EIA and SEA Directives). One of the key steps in the assessment process is to carry out the EIS (Environmental Impact Statement) the final outcome of the assessment. If there is possibility of significant negative effects on Natura 2000 sites, the result of the process also has to be a part of EIS. The main goal of this study was to find out, what are the practitioners´ opinions and attitudes on the quality of EIS in Slovakia, especially in the case when the assessment process is related to Natura 2000 sites. Because it often involves practitioners from a very wide range of disciplinary and professional backgrounds, the contribution tries to show to what extent does the professional background or practitioners working positions influence their perception of EIS quality.

Mots clés

  • EIA
  • Natura 2000
  • quality of EIS
  • questionnaire
Accès libre

Viticulture in the Context of Historical Landscape Structure in the Small Carpathian Region – Model Area of Rača

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 9 - 16

Résumé

Abstract

The development of viticulture and wine producing has brought forward some unique elements of cultural land and introduced culture itself into the landscape. This culture has affected lives of many generations and determined the development of the society and the living environment. The form, the shape and the type of use of the respective elements of landscape structure has changed according to the change in technology, cultivation processes, orientation of production and the value system of the society. However, the recent viticultural rural land (together with residual areas of historical structure elements) in the vicinity of the capital city of Slovakia -- Bratislava has been under growing pressure caused by suburbanisation. This pressure directly threatens the existence of this kind of landscape and causes irreversible changes to landscape character. Landscape ecologists and architects have to face the issue of how to identify the valuable characteristics of the land and how to protects and keep them for the future generations. The main aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of viticulture in the formation, existence and change of the elements of historical structures of agricultural landscape (HSAL). In addition, this paper presents the layout of various types of these elements, the methodical approach to their mapping and their present status. The results show that out of 141 localities where the HSALs were present in 1951, they could have been located only in 25 localities in 2011. These localities are mainly situated in private properties. However, many of the mapped HSALs are no longer used and in the state of deterioration. The lack of their management gradually causes their demise.

Key words

  • historical structures of agricultural landscape (HSAL)
  • viticulture
  • forms of anthropogenic relief (FAR)
  • Rača
Accès libre

Patterns and Factors of Natural Hazard Induced Out-migration from Meghna Estuarine Islands of Bangladesh

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 17 - 31

Résumé

Abstract

Migration behaviour of the Inhabitants of Meghna Estuarine region has been affected by several social, economic and natural causes. This migration has been thought as a part of social behaviour in this region. It has been predicted in several international researches that, human migration is going to be the worst possible effect triggered by the changing climatic scenario (IPCC, 2007). Natural hazards are also very much responsible for human migration. Purpose of this research is to find out the pattern and factors of natural hazards induced outmigration in Meghna Estuarine Islands of Bangladesh. In this empirical research, primary data has been collected through threestage socioeconomic survey. From this research it has been seen that, natural hazards like river bank erosion, saline tide, flood, cyclone, storms cause extreme havoc to the life and livelihood of the inhabitants of Meghna Estuary islands. Many of these situations force inhabitants to migrate temporarily or permanently. Indirectly these hazards also affects migration behaviours by affecting natural resources and income sources of inhabitants of this region. Natural hazards have two types of effect on migration behaviour; one is forcing rapid migration by riverbank erosion, cyclone etc. and the other is making situations for slow migration decision by disturbing the regular economic, social and environmental system. Two types of outmigrations are prominent in these islands; permanent household migration and partial migration – and these migration behaviours have been influenced by natural hazards of these study areas.

Mots clés

  • Bangladesh
  • Meghna Estuarine Islands
  • Natural Hazard
  • Out Migration
Accès libre

Spatial Diversification of Selected Demographic Phenomena in Polish Communes

Publié en ligne: 26 Jun 2014
Pages: 32 - 40

Résumé

Abstract

Demographic potential constitutes one of the most important aspects of socioeconomic development by exerting impact on the growth potential and directions of the policy carried out at local and regional level. The areas concentrating young people, characterized by high birth rate and a positive migration balance gain growth potential not only for their current but also longterm development. The objective of the article is to present spatial diversification of the selected demographic phenomena in the crosssection of Polish communes in 2011 as well as to indicate areas presenting high and low growth potential.

Mots clés

  • demographic changes
  • natural increase
  • migration balance
  • age dependency ratio
  • municipalities
  • Poland

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