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Volume 13 (2013): Edition Special-Edition (December 2013)

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The publishing of the present issue (Volume 13, No 4, 2013) of the journal “Cybernetics and Information Technologies” is financially supported by FP7 project “Advanced Computing for Innovation” (ACOMIN), grant agreement 316087 of Call FP7 REGPOT-2012-2013-1.

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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1314-4081
ISSN
1311-9702
Première publication
13 Mar 2012
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 13 (2013): Edition 2 (June 2013)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1314-4081
ISSN
1311-9702
Première publication
13 Mar 2012
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

10 Articles
Accès libre

Modeling and Simulation of Systems of Systems – a Survey

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 3 - 36

Résumé

Abstract

The paper surveys the current state of the art and perspectives in the theoretical and practical achievements at the area of Systems of Systems (SoS) and SoS Engineering (SoSE). The conceptions about SoS simulation modeling, subsystem integration and practical implementation issues in the face of main three tendencies for development (academic, military and industrial) are considered. Comprehensive generalized methodology for design, testing and efficiency evaluation of SoS, named DEVS Unified Process (DEVSUP), is briefly summarized.

Keywords

  • Systems of Systems
  • distributed simulation
  • experimental frames
  • System-of-Systems engineering
  • simulation modeling
  • discrete-event systems
Accès libre

Conditional Tsallis Entropy

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 37 - 42

Résumé

Abstract

In this paper, the conditional Tsallis entropy is defined on the basis of the conditional Renyi entropy. Regarding the fact that Renyi entropy is the monotonically increasing function of Tsallis entropy, a relationship has also been presented between the joint Tsallis entropy and conditional Tsallis entropy.

Keywords

  • Shannon entropy
  • Conditional Shannon entropy
  • Conditional Tsallis entropy
  • Conditional Renyi entropy
  • Chain rule
Accès libre

On a New Csiszar’s f-Divergence Measure

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 43 - 57

Résumé

Abstract

A new parametric probabilistic measure of information and a corresponding symmetric divergence (distance) measure is proposed. The information measure is useful to study the uncertainty and the corresponding divergence measure is useful for comparing two probability distributions. The proposed parametric divergence measure belongs to the family of Csiszar’s f-divergence measures. The bounds of this divergence measures are obtained in terms of some well known divergence measures. Some properties of the proposed information and divergence measures are studied.

Mots clés

  • Csiszar’s f-Divergence
  • distance measure information
  • information bounds
Accès libre

Some Results on Point Set Domination of Fuzzy Graphs

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 58 - 62

Résumé

Abstract

Let G be a fuzzy graph. Let γ(G), γp(G) denote respectively the domination number, the point set domination number of a fuzzy graph. A dominating set D of a fuzzy graph is said to be a point set dominating set of a fuzzy graph if for every S⊆V-D there exists a node d∈D such that 〈S ∪ {d}〉 is a connected fuzzy graph. The minimum cardinality taken over all minimal point set dominating set is called a point set domination number of a fuzzy graph G and it is denoted by γp(G). In this paper we concentrate on the point set domination number of a fuzzy graph and obtain some bounds using the neighbourhood degree of fuzzy graphs.

Keywords

  • Fuzzy graph
  • fuzzy star
  • point set dominating set of a fuzzy graph
Accès libre

Study on Deployment of Web Services for User Interaction in Multimedia Networks

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 63 - 74

Résumé

Abstract

The paper studies issues concerning the deployment of third party control on user interactions by Web Services. A mapping of Web Service interfaces onto control protocols in multimedia networks is described. Models of user interaction session are proposed. It is proved that both models expose equivalent behaviour. A use-case example is provided.

Keywords

  • Web Services
  • Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem
  • Interface to protocol mapping
  • Labelled Transition Systems
  • Bisimulation
Accès libre

A Combined Encryption Compression Scheme Using Chaotic Maps

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 75 - 81

Résumé

Abstract

The intent of this paper is to propose an encryption compression scheme using multiple chaotic maps along with the concept of Galois field. This method improves the security of the encrypted data and a significant compression is also achieved. The obtained high security architectures are ideal for many real life applications such as medical images, legal documents and military and other operation

Keywords

  • Encryption scheme
  • data compression
  • security architectures
Accès libre

A Software System for Classification of Archaeological Artefacts Represented by 2D Plans

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 82 - 96

Résumé

Abstract

The paper presents a method for representing whole and fragmented ceramic vessels depicted as two dimensional archaeological drawings. The process of construction of such a representation is described. It includes contour extraction from a vessel cross-section, splitting the contour into inner and outer profiles and converting them to tangent representation, is described. Some initial results of experiments, using the proposed representation for solving the task of identification of ancient Greek amphorae are discussed.

Keywords

  • 2D image processing
  • curve representations
  • carve matching
  • ceramic profiles
Accès libre

Enhancing the Precision of Walsh Wavelet Based Approach for Color and Texture Feature Extraction in CBIR by Including a Shape Feature

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 97 - 106

Résumé

Abstract

This paper proposes a method for enhancing the performance of Content Based Image Retrieval, employing a shape feature along with color and texture of Walsh wavelet. The color and texture features of the images are extracted using Walsh Wavelet and the shape feature is extracted by edge detection using any of Roberts, Sobel, Prewitt or Canny Operator. The performance of the approach is tested based on the precision values on a database containing 44 images. The results show that the precision of retrieval is increased when a shape feature is employed in the second stage of a two-stage retrieval process. Adding the shape as a third feature in a single stage retrieval process does not provide any improvement in retrieval performance with respect to precision and recall. Performance comparison was also carried out with other existing approaches, namely Walshlet and Walsh transform. The experimental results show that Walsh Wavelet has higher precision than Walshlet and Walsh transform. Also, shape extraction with Sobel and Prewitt operators provides better performance when compared to Canny and Roberts.

Mots clés

  • Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR)
  • Walsh transform
  • Walshlet
  • Walsh wavelet
  • shape feature
  • edge detection
  • Roberts
  • Sobel
  • Prewitt
  • Canny
Accès libre

Discrete Time Sliding Mode Flow Controllers for Connection-Oriented Networks with Lossy Links

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 107 - 121

Résumé

Abstract

In this paper we propose two discrete-time sliding mode flow controllers for multisource connection-oriented networks. Each connection in the considered networks is characterized by a time delay and a packet loss ratio. The proposed controllers take advantage of appropriately designed sliding hyperplanes, which ensure the closed-loop system stability and finite-time error convergence to zero. Moreover, the proposed controllers ensure full utilization of the bottleneck link available bandwidth, guarantee bounded transmission rates, and eliminate the risk of buffer overflow in the bottleneck node. Since the primary controller may lead to excessive values of the transmission rate at the beginning of the control process, the modified controller is designed using the concept of the reaching law, which helps the removing of the undesirable effect.

Keywords

  • Congestion control
  • sliding mode control
  • discrete time systems
Accès libre

Diagnosis of Metallurgical Ladle Refractory Lining Based on Non-Stationary On-Line Data Processing

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 122 - 130

Résumé

Abstract

A new method for diagnosis of the remaining thickness of metallurgical ladle refractory lining working in a batch mode is proposed, where directly measured by a thermovision camera data about the amplitude and phase delay of the maximum surface temperature is used. Regression equations are obtained to determine the remaining thickness of the ladle refractory lining depending on the parameters of steady auto oscillations of the maximum surface temperature. It is shown that the data from nonstationary auto oscillations could be used for adaptation of the regression equations, predicting the remaining thickness of the ladle refractory lining in case of a local damage.

Mots clés

  • Infrared Thermography
  • metallurgical ladle
  • oscillation
  • regression
  • refractory lining
10 Articles
Accès libre

Modeling and Simulation of Systems of Systems – a Survey

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 3 - 36

Résumé

Abstract

The paper surveys the current state of the art and perspectives in the theoretical and practical achievements at the area of Systems of Systems (SoS) and SoS Engineering (SoSE). The conceptions about SoS simulation modeling, subsystem integration and practical implementation issues in the face of main three tendencies for development (academic, military and industrial) are considered. Comprehensive generalized methodology for design, testing and efficiency evaluation of SoS, named DEVS Unified Process (DEVSUP), is briefly summarized.

Keywords

  • Systems of Systems
  • distributed simulation
  • experimental frames
  • System-of-Systems engineering
  • simulation modeling
  • discrete-event systems
Accès libre

Conditional Tsallis Entropy

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 37 - 42

Résumé

Abstract

In this paper, the conditional Tsallis entropy is defined on the basis of the conditional Renyi entropy. Regarding the fact that Renyi entropy is the monotonically increasing function of Tsallis entropy, a relationship has also been presented between the joint Tsallis entropy and conditional Tsallis entropy.

Keywords

  • Shannon entropy
  • Conditional Shannon entropy
  • Conditional Tsallis entropy
  • Conditional Renyi entropy
  • Chain rule
Accès libre

On a New Csiszar’s f-Divergence Measure

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 43 - 57

Résumé

Abstract

A new parametric probabilistic measure of information and a corresponding symmetric divergence (distance) measure is proposed. The information measure is useful to study the uncertainty and the corresponding divergence measure is useful for comparing two probability distributions. The proposed parametric divergence measure belongs to the family of Csiszar’s f-divergence measures. The bounds of this divergence measures are obtained in terms of some well known divergence measures. Some properties of the proposed information and divergence measures are studied.

Mots clés

  • Csiszar’s f-Divergence
  • distance measure information
  • information bounds
Accès libre

Some Results on Point Set Domination of Fuzzy Graphs

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 58 - 62

Résumé

Abstract

Let G be a fuzzy graph. Let γ(G), γp(G) denote respectively the domination number, the point set domination number of a fuzzy graph. A dominating set D of a fuzzy graph is said to be a point set dominating set of a fuzzy graph if for every S⊆V-D there exists a node d∈D such that 〈S ∪ {d}〉 is a connected fuzzy graph. The minimum cardinality taken over all minimal point set dominating set is called a point set domination number of a fuzzy graph G and it is denoted by γp(G). In this paper we concentrate on the point set domination number of a fuzzy graph and obtain some bounds using the neighbourhood degree of fuzzy graphs.

Keywords

  • Fuzzy graph
  • fuzzy star
  • point set dominating set of a fuzzy graph
Accès libre

Study on Deployment of Web Services for User Interaction in Multimedia Networks

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 63 - 74

Résumé

Abstract

The paper studies issues concerning the deployment of third party control on user interactions by Web Services. A mapping of Web Service interfaces onto control protocols in multimedia networks is described. Models of user interaction session are proposed. It is proved that both models expose equivalent behaviour. A use-case example is provided.

Keywords

  • Web Services
  • Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem
  • Interface to protocol mapping
  • Labelled Transition Systems
  • Bisimulation
Accès libre

A Combined Encryption Compression Scheme Using Chaotic Maps

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 75 - 81

Résumé

Abstract

The intent of this paper is to propose an encryption compression scheme using multiple chaotic maps along with the concept of Galois field. This method improves the security of the encrypted data and a significant compression is also achieved. The obtained high security architectures are ideal for many real life applications such as medical images, legal documents and military and other operation

Keywords

  • Encryption scheme
  • data compression
  • security architectures
Accès libre

A Software System for Classification of Archaeological Artefacts Represented by 2D Plans

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 82 - 96

Résumé

Abstract

The paper presents a method for representing whole and fragmented ceramic vessels depicted as two dimensional archaeological drawings. The process of construction of such a representation is described. It includes contour extraction from a vessel cross-section, splitting the contour into inner and outer profiles and converting them to tangent representation, is described. Some initial results of experiments, using the proposed representation for solving the task of identification of ancient Greek amphorae are discussed.

Keywords

  • 2D image processing
  • curve representations
  • carve matching
  • ceramic profiles
Accès libre

Enhancing the Precision of Walsh Wavelet Based Approach for Color and Texture Feature Extraction in CBIR by Including a Shape Feature

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 97 - 106

Résumé

Abstract

This paper proposes a method for enhancing the performance of Content Based Image Retrieval, employing a shape feature along with color and texture of Walsh wavelet. The color and texture features of the images are extracted using Walsh Wavelet and the shape feature is extracted by edge detection using any of Roberts, Sobel, Prewitt or Canny Operator. The performance of the approach is tested based on the precision values on a database containing 44 images. The results show that the precision of retrieval is increased when a shape feature is employed in the second stage of a two-stage retrieval process. Adding the shape as a third feature in a single stage retrieval process does not provide any improvement in retrieval performance with respect to precision and recall. Performance comparison was also carried out with other existing approaches, namely Walshlet and Walsh transform. The experimental results show that Walsh Wavelet has higher precision than Walshlet and Walsh transform. Also, shape extraction with Sobel and Prewitt operators provides better performance when compared to Canny and Roberts.

Mots clés

  • Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR)
  • Walsh transform
  • Walshlet
  • Walsh wavelet
  • shape feature
  • edge detection
  • Roberts
  • Sobel
  • Prewitt
  • Canny
Accès libre

Discrete Time Sliding Mode Flow Controllers for Connection-Oriented Networks with Lossy Links

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 107 - 121

Résumé

Abstract

In this paper we propose two discrete-time sliding mode flow controllers for multisource connection-oriented networks. Each connection in the considered networks is characterized by a time delay and a packet loss ratio. The proposed controllers take advantage of appropriately designed sliding hyperplanes, which ensure the closed-loop system stability and finite-time error convergence to zero. Moreover, the proposed controllers ensure full utilization of the bottleneck link available bandwidth, guarantee bounded transmission rates, and eliminate the risk of buffer overflow in the bottleneck node. Since the primary controller may lead to excessive values of the transmission rate at the beginning of the control process, the modified controller is designed using the concept of the reaching law, which helps the removing of the undesirable effect.

Keywords

  • Congestion control
  • sliding mode control
  • discrete time systems
Accès libre

Diagnosis of Metallurgical Ladle Refractory Lining Based on Non-Stationary On-Line Data Processing

Publié en ligne: 21 May 2013
Pages: 122 - 130

Résumé

Abstract

A new method for diagnosis of the remaining thickness of metallurgical ladle refractory lining working in a batch mode is proposed, where directly measured by a thermovision camera data about the amplitude and phase delay of the maximum surface temperature is used. Regression equations are obtained to determine the remaining thickness of the ladle refractory lining depending on the parameters of steady auto oscillations of the maximum surface temperature. It is shown that the data from nonstationary auto oscillations could be used for adaptation of the regression equations, predicting the remaining thickness of the ladle refractory lining in case of a local damage.

Mots clés

  • Infrared Thermography
  • metallurgical ladle
  • oscillation
  • regression
  • refractory lining

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