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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2543-5361
Première publication
17 Oct 2014
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 43 (2014): Edition 1 (September 2014)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2543-5361
Première publication
17 Oct 2014
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

6 Articles
access type Accès libre

Trade Openness, Economic Growth and the Vicissitude of Labor-intensive Industries: The Case of China

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 7 - 31

Résumé

Abstract

In this paper, we use China’s 1986-2008 data to make an empirical analysis on the interrelationship between trade openness, economic growth and the structural change of labor-intensive industries by using simultaneous equation models and a VAR model. Our empirical study leads to the three conclusions. First, trade openness has accelerated economic growth, though with some negative impact on the development of labor-intensive industries; Second, economic growth has had a positive effect on trade openness, but again negatively impacted the development of labor-intensive industries. Third, the expansion of labor-intensive industries has had negative effects on both trade openness and economic growth.

Methodologically we rely on the transformation theory of industrial structure as an analytical framework to empirically study these three paradoxical outcomes. We introduce the three variables: trade openness, economic growth and the change of labor-intensive industries, as dependent as well as independent variables into our empirical models. And then we use technological progress, the share of secondary industries to GDP, total employment and investment ratio as control variables in order to test the robustness of the empirical results. In addition to explaining the factors responsible for changes in labor-intensive export industries we also provide two policy implications: First, labor-intensive industries should be scaled down to improve the efficiency of resources allocation. Second, China should timely transform its industrial structure of the export sectors from the one that is dominated by labor-intensive industries to the one that is dominated by capital (technology)-intensive industries so as to induce the export sectors to move in the direction favorable to the transformation of China’s present outward pattern of economic development.

Keywords

  • trade openness
  • economic growth
  • labor‑intensive industries
  • transformation of outward pattern of economic development
  • simultaneous‑equations model
  • VAR model
access type Accès libre

Emotional Intelligence – Sales Performance Relationship: A Mediating Role of Adaptive Selling Behaviour

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 32 - 52

Résumé

Abstract

In this study, we examined the impact of emotional intelligence on sales performance. We posited that the impact of emotional intelligence (EI) on sales performance was mediated by adaptive selling behaviour (ASB). Data were collected from 281 sales people in the financial industries in Malaysia via the WLEIS emotional intelligence scale and ADAPTS adaptive selling behaviour scale, and were quantitatively analysed using structural equation modelling (SEM). Results were in keeping with the model. Three domains of EI were not found to impact sales performance directly but through ASB. Theoretical implications and managerial ramifications were also discussed.

Keywords

  • Emotional intelligence (EI)
  • adaptive selling behaviour (ASB)
  • sales performance
access type Accès libre

CSR and Financial Performance: The Case of Polish Small and Medium Manufacturers

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 53 - 73

Résumé

Abstract

The paper explores the hypothesized link between involvement in social responsibility and financial performance. In particular, it looks at this relationship among Polish small and medium manufacturing companies that operate in food, beverage and cosmetics industries. The statistical analysis involves developing and testing structural model on the basis of data from a survey of 187 managers supplemented by validated financial metrics from an external database. The outcomes suggests the existence of a weak but statistically significant positive correlation between the CSR involvement construct and sales profit margin (β=0.2). However, CSR seems to have no discernible direct effect on ROA. The study, as the first project of this kind in Poland, adds to the sparse body of literature on financial outcomes of CSR in small and medium enterprises from emerging economies. Another distinguishing feature of this research is its methodological approach which compares favorably to many previous studies in terms of robustness.

Keywords

  • CSR
  • social responsibility
  • financial performance
  • SMEs
  • manufacturing
  • Poland
access type Accès libre

How to Investigate Polish Clusters’ Attractiveness for Inward FDI? Addressing Ambiguity Problem

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 74 - 93

Résumé

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to assess whether, and in what fashion, managers of Polish cluster organizations perceive the attractiveness of foreign direct investment in Polish clusters This research is exploratory and qualitative in nature. The complex nature of Polish clusters, which can benefit from and be competitively challenged by, FDI are identified and a conceptual framework for assessing that nature is proposed; specifically, research using the grounded theory method (GTM).

Keywords

  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
  • cluster attractiveness
  • Grounded Theory Method (GTM)
  • Poland
access type Accès libre

Relationship Between Competitive Strategies and the Success Perception of Polish Born Globals

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 94 - 113

Résumé

Abstract

The key objective of this paper is to describe and evaluate the competitive strategies applied by Polish born global enterprises. To reveal these strategies, two competitive models developed by M.E. Porter are applied to an original data set obtained from 256 small and medium Polish enterprises through a survey employing the CATI technique. The outcomes of these strategies, as perceived by the companies applying them, are also evaluated against two hypotheses. We conclude that Polish firms apply both basic strategies of competition, i.e. cost leadership strategies and differentiation strategies and that a substantial majority of companies perceive themselves to have succeeded on the market.

Keywords

  • born globals
  • competitive strategy
  • managerial perception of companies’ success
access type Accès libre

Do Legal Barriers Really Protect the Labor Markets? Empirical Evidence of Polish Migrants after 2004

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 114 - 127

Résumé

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of intervening obstacles, understood as legal and policy barriers blocking immigrant access to foreign labor markets, in the international migration process. To do so, we use Polish international temporary emigrants in the years 2000-2012, which spans both the pre-accession period, when Polish citizens were not entitled to access other EU labor markets, as well as the post - accession period, when certain countries gradually removed intervening obstacles according to the transnational agreements.

The findings of this paper undermine the significance of intervening obstacles on Polish migration to EU countries. Instead, the primary driver of Polish migrants was the EU-15 business cycle - and not the opening of EU labor markets.

Keywords

  • international migration
  • Polish migrants
  • legal barriers
  • labor markets
  • migration policy
6 Articles
access type Accès libre

Trade Openness, Economic Growth and the Vicissitude of Labor-intensive Industries: The Case of China

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 7 - 31

Résumé

Abstract

In this paper, we use China’s 1986-2008 data to make an empirical analysis on the interrelationship between trade openness, economic growth and the structural change of labor-intensive industries by using simultaneous equation models and a VAR model. Our empirical study leads to the three conclusions. First, trade openness has accelerated economic growth, though with some negative impact on the development of labor-intensive industries; Second, economic growth has had a positive effect on trade openness, but again negatively impacted the development of labor-intensive industries. Third, the expansion of labor-intensive industries has had negative effects on both trade openness and economic growth.

Methodologically we rely on the transformation theory of industrial structure as an analytical framework to empirically study these three paradoxical outcomes. We introduce the three variables: trade openness, economic growth and the change of labor-intensive industries, as dependent as well as independent variables into our empirical models. And then we use technological progress, the share of secondary industries to GDP, total employment and investment ratio as control variables in order to test the robustness of the empirical results. In addition to explaining the factors responsible for changes in labor-intensive export industries we also provide two policy implications: First, labor-intensive industries should be scaled down to improve the efficiency of resources allocation. Second, China should timely transform its industrial structure of the export sectors from the one that is dominated by labor-intensive industries to the one that is dominated by capital (technology)-intensive industries so as to induce the export sectors to move in the direction favorable to the transformation of China’s present outward pattern of economic development.

Keywords

  • trade openness
  • economic growth
  • labor‑intensive industries
  • transformation of outward pattern of economic development
  • simultaneous‑equations model
  • VAR model
access type Accès libre

Emotional Intelligence – Sales Performance Relationship: A Mediating Role of Adaptive Selling Behaviour

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 32 - 52

Résumé

Abstract

In this study, we examined the impact of emotional intelligence on sales performance. We posited that the impact of emotional intelligence (EI) on sales performance was mediated by adaptive selling behaviour (ASB). Data were collected from 281 sales people in the financial industries in Malaysia via the WLEIS emotional intelligence scale and ADAPTS adaptive selling behaviour scale, and were quantitatively analysed using structural equation modelling (SEM). Results were in keeping with the model. Three domains of EI were not found to impact sales performance directly but through ASB. Theoretical implications and managerial ramifications were also discussed.

Keywords

  • Emotional intelligence (EI)
  • adaptive selling behaviour (ASB)
  • sales performance
access type Accès libre

CSR and Financial Performance: The Case of Polish Small and Medium Manufacturers

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 53 - 73

Résumé

Abstract

The paper explores the hypothesized link between involvement in social responsibility and financial performance. In particular, it looks at this relationship among Polish small and medium manufacturing companies that operate in food, beverage and cosmetics industries. The statistical analysis involves developing and testing structural model on the basis of data from a survey of 187 managers supplemented by validated financial metrics from an external database. The outcomes suggests the existence of a weak but statistically significant positive correlation between the CSR involvement construct and sales profit margin (β=0.2). However, CSR seems to have no discernible direct effect on ROA. The study, as the first project of this kind in Poland, adds to the sparse body of literature on financial outcomes of CSR in small and medium enterprises from emerging economies. Another distinguishing feature of this research is its methodological approach which compares favorably to many previous studies in terms of robustness.

Keywords

  • CSR
  • social responsibility
  • financial performance
  • SMEs
  • manufacturing
  • Poland
access type Accès libre

How to Investigate Polish Clusters’ Attractiveness for Inward FDI? Addressing Ambiguity Problem

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 74 - 93

Résumé

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to assess whether, and in what fashion, managers of Polish cluster organizations perceive the attractiveness of foreign direct investment in Polish clusters This research is exploratory and qualitative in nature. The complex nature of Polish clusters, which can benefit from and be competitively challenged by, FDI are identified and a conceptual framework for assessing that nature is proposed; specifically, research using the grounded theory method (GTM).

Keywords

  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
  • cluster attractiveness
  • Grounded Theory Method (GTM)
  • Poland
access type Accès libre

Relationship Between Competitive Strategies and the Success Perception of Polish Born Globals

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 94 - 113

Résumé

Abstract

The key objective of this paper is to describe and evaluate the competitive strategies applied by Polish born global enterprises. To reveal these strategies, two competitive models developed by M.E. Porter are applied to an original data set obtained from 256 small and medium Polish enterprises through a survey employing the CATI technique. The outcomes of these strategies, as perceived by the companies applying them, are also evaluated against two hypotheses. We conclude that Polish firms apply both basic strategies of competition, i.e. cost leadership strategies and differentiation strategies and that a substantial majority of companies perceive themselves to have succeeded on the market.

Keywords

  • born globals
  • competitive strategy
  • managerial perception of companies’ success
access type Accès libre

Do Legal Barriers Really Protect the Labor Markets? Empirical Evidence of Polish Migrants after 2004

Publié en ligne: 27 Jan 2015
Pages: 114 - 127

Résumé

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of intervening obstacles, understood as legal and policy barriers blocking immigrant access to foreign labor markets, in the international migration process. To do so, we use Polish international temporary emigrants in the years 2000-2012, which spans both the pre-accession period, when Polish citizens were not entitled to access other EU labor markets, as well as the post - accession period, when certain countries gradually removed intervening obstacles according to the transnational agreements.

The findings of this paper undermine the significance of intervening obstacles on Polish migration to EU countries. Instead, the primary driver of Polish migrants was the EU-15 business cycle - and not the opening of EU labor markets.

Keywords

  • international migration
  • Polish migrants
  • legal barriers
  • labor markets
  • migration policy

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