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Growth and Development of the Main Greek Oriental Tobacco Cultivars

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A microwave generator and a closed-circuit wind tunnel were used to study thermoregulatory responses of tobacco leaf. Heating and cooling curves at various wind velocities showed the maximum reduction of steady-state temperature occurred at 10 cm / s. Wind gusts of high intermittency were very effective in transferring heat from leaf tissue; gust interval and dynamic equilibrium leaf temperature were found to be linearly related. Thermal-time constant and half-cooling time of a tobacco leaf were determined as a function of wind velocity under the conditions of the Newtonian law of cooling. It was determined that transpirational cooling of tobacco leaf in total darkness could occur if leaf temperature was raised above 40°C. This study confirmed that microwaves can be effectively used to study heat exchanges of flue-cured tobacco leaves in vivo under both continuous and fluctuating wind conditions.

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General Interest, Life Sciences, other, Physics