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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2543-9391
Publicado por primera vez
15 Dec 2016
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
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Inglés

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Volumen 6 (2016): Edición 1 (December 2016)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2543-9391
Publicado por primera vez
15 Dec 2016
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

16 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Political cognition. Can scientific paradigms change cognitive status of anti-semitism and the Holocaust in the history of the jewish people?

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 11 - 54

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to look at selected positions devoted to issues of historical experience of the Jewish people for their research strategy and their corresponding or lack of dominant research paradigms. The basic intention is to indicate the path of political science to know the history of the nation, through limited exemplification as a response to the absolutization of the research results before they are published to be limited exclusively to the study of the Jews, as the people, especially experienced by the history, which enforces appropriate research approaches. If we reduce the judgment of contemporary phenomena and problems concerning the Jews to the stereotypical anti-Semitism, then any knowledge does not make much sense, because everything important is explained and closed in one cause. Something else is identifying antipathy as an act of anti-Semitism, and quite something else its formal manifestation. On the basis of science, you can examine any antipathy towards minorities alike, and if we assume a separate code for the Jews, then we forget that the function of science is discovering, not decreeing the result.

Palabras clave

  • anti-Semitism
  • Holocaust
  • political cognition
  • Jews
  • paradigm
Acceso abierto

Jewish philosophy and political theory to the shoah, some aspects

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 55 - 63

Resumen

Abstract

For many researchers, the new categorical imperative by philosopher Theodor Adorno about thinking and acting in the way so that Auschwitz is never repeated, has become the new starting point for rethinking the rules of practicing the humanities. In the article, I present the postwar history of Jewish thought that has been manifested in the discourse about the Shoah.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • Shoah
  • philosophy
  • history
  • totalitarianism
Acceso abierto

Polish Jews in Africa in the interwar period

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 65 - 73

Resumen

Abstract

The article presents the emigration of Polish Jewish community to the individual regions in Africa in the years 1918-1939. It is stated in it that Africa was not really popular among Polish immigrants. Before 1939 only about 4200 people who had Polish citizenship lived on this large continent. Polish Jews occupied an important place among the population.

Relatively the largest colonies of Polish Jews were then in North Africa (Egypt and the Maghreb) and in South Africa. Smaller ones were created in West, Central and East Africa. The wealthiest group of Polish Jews lived in Egypt and South Africa, where they were engaged in trade. In other regions, that group dealt with craft, had small shops or livied on hired labor.

Polish Jews were involved in the development of Polish and of Polish origin association life in Africa. They contributed also to establishing business contacts between Poland and African lands. Individuals received satisfactory material status and a good professional position or were engaged in political activities.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • Africa
  • Poland
  • emigration
Acceso abierto

The Jewish minority in the Second Polish Republic: the activities of the Board of the Jewish Community in Lvov during the years 1919–1924

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 75 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to analyze data on the functioning of the Jewish Community in Lvov during the years 1919-1924. The indicated problems will enable to show the functioning of the Jewish minority in the conditions of the reviving Polish state - both in socio-political terms, and in the organizational aspect. It is particularly important to show the Jewish minority opinion about the conditions of Second Polish Republic. Additionally, this article will help restore the memory of the individual members of the Jewish community in Lvov. The selected issue is a part of the research conducted on a larger scale, whose aim is to enrich knowledge and overcome the deficit of research in the science of politics on the concept of ethnic policy - proposed in the years 1939-1947 by the Polish government in exile. The fundamental finding of the analysis is the fact, that the Board accepted the Polish state and the dominant role of the Polish nation in the system of democratic political power.

Palabras clave

  • national issue
  • The Jews
  • The Second Republic of Poland
Acceso abierto

Jewish problem in the Polish Communist Party

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 91 - 96

Resumen

Abstract

Jews accounted for approx. 8-10% of the population of the Second Republic and in the communist movement (Polish Communist Party and Polish Communist Youth Union) the rate was approx, 30%, while in subsequent years it much fluctuated. The percentage of Jews was the highest in the authorities of the party and in the KZMP. This had a negative impact on the position of the KPP on many issues, especially in its relation to the Second Republic.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • the Communist Party of Poland
  • separatism
  • The Second Republic of Poland
Acceso abierto

Institutional autonomy of jews in Poland after world war II on the example of the cooperative movement

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 97 - 113

Resumen

Abstract

The article presents the origins, development and liquidation of the Jewish cooperative movement in Poland after the Second World War. It outlines the socio-political background, which contributed to the creation of a kind of national-cultural autonomy for the Jews, including one of its pillars - the cooperative movement. The functioning of cooperative institutions was analyzed for the structure of the industry, distribution and their number, and the number of workers employed there. I also assessed the role that their own cooperatives played in the reconstruction of post-war life of the Jewish population in Poland, both in the material as well as social and psychological fields, and also in the development of the cooperative movement in general.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • cooperatives
  • post-war period
  • the national-cultural autonomy
Acceso abierto

Twenty years of diplomatic relations between Vatican City state and Israel

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 115 - 134

Resumen

Abstract

Basic Agreement concluded between the Vatican City State and Israel in 1993 was an important step for the establishment of diplomatic relations. The conclusion of this Agreement is not a question of interreligious and diplomatic, which was associated with the efforts of the Vatican normalization of political relations with various countries. The author has analyzed the document and assess the relations in the perspective of twenty years. He also pointed to the fundamental problems in bilateral relations, and presented an assessment of contemporary relationships. The challenge for the future relations both states will be a consequence of the recognition in 2015 by the Vatican City State independence of Palestine.

Palabras clave

  • Israel
  • Vatican City State
  • relations
  • Basic Agreement
Acceso abierto

The Determinants of the Israeli Strategic Culture

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 135 - 146

Resumen

Abstract

The notion of strategic culture concentrates on intangible aspects that shape foreign and security policies of every state. The article presents the determinants of Israeli strategic culture considering both Israeli geopolitical situation, and the factors modeling its social landscape.

Palabras clave

  • strategic culture
  • security threats
  • qualitative edge
Acceso abierto

Israeli-Palestinian conflict – a catalog of problems to solve

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 147 - 159

Resumen

Abstract

Article refers to basic problem connected with Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Author divided this catalog into two groups. The first catalog includes all objective obstacles: Jerusalem issue, Jewish settlement question and Palestinian refugees concern. The second catalog is less precise. Author indicates: political scene of two societies, Israel ability to manage the conflict, international conditions and mutual distrust of both Parties.

Palabras clave

  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict
  • Jerusalem
  • Jewish settlement
  • Palestinian refugees
Acceso abierto

„Western“ Israel in the system of the oriental civilization

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 161 - 194

Resumen

Abstract

The article concentrates on defining of the civilization creature of the state Israel on the Middle East scene and on conditionings belongings of Israel both to the western system as and the eastern oriental world. The author gets to the bottom of the dynamics of the evolution of the demographic matter states as and into his scene of party-political which determines the external strategy and the policy. Finds, with foundations of State created by David Ben Gurion, evidenced the double character of Israel: on one hand on the lay structure created by the Ashkenazic party Mapai and later Labor Party, and on the other hand on the strong presence of the religion and the synagogue to which one gave back civil cases. The promotion of Sephardim from the half of years 70, the height of the meaning of rightist Likud and small orthodox formations, caused that Israel more and more modern and technologically modernized, so western, had simultaneously stood up an oriental state, in compliance with a membership the regional and unstable authority which demanded religious coalition members that to rank. The work composition focus on facts concerning both the internal situation as and subregional, mostly in the collation context with Iran and his regional allies.

The author is convinced, with the civilization visage of regional actors, he most put on weight manifests itself within a period of crises and wars. Because many places devoted to the Lebanese war with Hezbollah in 2006 as and later with Hamas organization (so called three-week) war. In them came to light opportunism political elites of Israel and minimalized strategic thinking. The work avoids prognoses even on nearest future. The author denies prognosing as the indispensable condition of the scientific correctness of the text.

Palabras clave

  • the political system
  • constitutional conditionings
  • political arena
  • the foreign strategy
  • the demography
Acceso abierto

Polish contemporary art to the anti-semitism of Poles and its political significance

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 195 - 221

Resumen

Abstract

This article presents artistic creativity which worked through the problem of Polish anti-Semitism. Almost all discussed works, performances, films, projects appeared after 2000, when Jan Tomasz Gross published his book Neighbors, in which he described the massacre in the village of Jedwabne (1941) launching a public debate about the responsibility of Poles in the Holocaust of the Jews. In the text, I showed as art, which is conventionally called “post-Jedwabne” was part of this debate. Its political status on possibly general level was associated primarily with the revision of conventionalized historical memory and national identity formed on romantic patterns.

The text shows that the debate with the participation of artists formed part of the rules of socalled ritual chaos, so the highly polarized positions, in which anti-Semitism was considered as an obvious and determining such events as the ones in Jedwabne (the opinion was adopted by artists), or it was denied. Even those works that sought to break away from this dichotomy, as Ida by Paweł Pawlikowski were placed secondarily in it as a part of the public debate. In the text, I explained that the post-Jedwabne art worked through primarily so-called secondary anti-Semitism. The political potential of these gestures was related to the disclosure of social antagonisms and tensions arising from the fact that Poles denied phenomenon of their own anti-Semitism and put the blame on the Jews for the fate, which they met. A very important aspect (political as well) also proved the psychotherapeutic function of post-Jedwabne art. In this perspective, events such as the pogrom in Jedwabne appear like trauma, which disintegrates the national identity. Translating it into artistic strategies many artists applied measures that were to deprive the viewer the secure role of an observer in favor of an active, working through participant.

Palabras clave

  • the political
  • art and politics
  • anti-Semitism
  • discourse symbolic
Acceso abierto

Initiated into Subordination. On Joyce Carol Oates’s I’ll Take You There

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 223 - 260

Resumen

Abstract

The article proposes a sociological reading of the novel I’ll Take You There by Joyce Carol Oates. Though the book can be classified as an initiation novel, it also constitutes an accusation of the very procedure of initiation as forcing individuals to agree and adapt to unfair social mechanisms. The context of the protagonist’s struggles is provided by the social structure of the early-1960s United States, with its inherent misogyny, anti-Semitism, racism and classism. All these factors shape her destiny in accordance with the logic of social reproduction. A destiny of overwhelming power of allocation, which the heroine is trying to resist. As an academic novel, I’ll Take You There is also an insightful deconstruction of the universalism preached within the Western academic world, and especially philosophy.

Palabras clave

  • Joyce Carol Oates
  • I’ll Take You There
  • anti-Semitism
  • racism
  • misogyny
Acceso abierto

Seeing things by Anna Margolin

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 261 - 267

Resumen

Abstract

If we recall the most important words for the poetry, we should begin the story with the stones, lily, hands and blood, which, if you look at them with the philological accuracy, are interrelated: situate themselves clearly on opposite banks of the creative process. They talk about the construction of the building consisting of perceptions about their own strength and weakness, ecstasy and congealing in what for centuries the classics poets have tried to fathom: the harmony and clarity, driven by the hope that in life they should above all stick to be beauty. And in addition, they ought to go further than discipline, practice eye and expand the field of view, should not shun from the gusts of the heart, because the heart grows more powerful due to great ideas, passions. Spacious becomes the vision of writing, it is the weave of contradictions - this is how one of the most important twentieth-century poets, who wrote in Yiddish, Anna Margolin sees it. Margolin’s poetry is a clear return towards neoclassicism, building up topics, theses, allusions, ideas taken from ideologically close to her artists of great individuality, Anna Akhmatova (from whom she took her name), Osip Mandelstam, Rainer Maria Rilke, Ezra Pound.

Palabras clave

  • feminine Yiddish poetry of the twentieth century
  • the poetry of Anna Margolin (Róża Lebensbojm)
  • Neoclassicism
  • Acmeism
  • Dinggedicht
Acceso abierto

The Jewish symbols

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 269 - 285

Resumen

Abstract

In every culture, people have always used symbols giving them sense and assigning them a specific meaning. Over the centuries, with the passage of time religious symbols have mingled with secular symbols. The charisms of Judaism have mutually intermingled with the Christian ones taking on a new tribal or national form with influences of their own culture.

The aim of this article is to analyze and determine the influence of Judaic symbols on religious and social life of the Jews. The article indicates the sources of symbols from biblical times to the present day. I analyzed the symbols derived from Jewish culture, and those borrowed within the framework of acculturation with other communities as well. By showing examples of the interpenetration of cultures, the text is an attempt to present a wide range of meanings symbols: from the utilitarian, through religious, to national ones. It also describes their impact on the religious sphere, the influence on nurturing and preserving the national-ethnic traditions, sense of identity and state consciousness. The political value of a symbol as one of the elements of the genesis of the creation of the state of Israel is also discussed.

Palabras clave

  • Jew
  • Judaism
  • symbol
  • archetype
  • Judaica
Acceso abierto

Jerzy Ogonowski, Sytuacja prawna Żydów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 1918–1939. Prawa cywilne i polityczne, Żydowski Instytut Historyczny, warszawa 2012, pp. 161

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 289 - 291

Resumen

Acceso abierto

Raul Hilberg, Zagłada Żydów Europejskich, Centrum Badań nad Zagładą Żydów, warszawa 2014, pp. 1680

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 293 - 296

Resumen

16 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Political cognition. Can scientific paradigms change cognitive status of anti-semitism and the Holocaust in the history of the jewish people?

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 11 - 54

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to look at selected positions devoted to issues of historical experience of the Jewish people for their research strategy and their corresponding or lack of dominant research paradigms. The basic intention is to indicate the path of political science to know the history of the nation, through limited exemplification as a response to the absolutization of the research results before they are published to be limited exclusively to the study of the Jews, as the people, especially experienced by the history, which enforces appropriate research approaches. If we reduce the judgment of contemporary phenomena and problems concerning the Jews to the stereotypical anti-Semitism, then any knowledge does not make much sense, because everything important is explained and closed in one cause. Something else is identifying antipathy as an act of anti-Semitism, and quite something else its formal manifestation. On the basis of science, you can examine any antipathy towards minorities alike, and if we assume a separate code for the Jews, then we forget that the function of science is discovering, not decreeing the result.

Palabras clave

  • anti-Semitism
  • Holocaust
  • political cognition
  • Jews
  • paradigm
Acceso abierto

Jewish philosophy and political theory to the shoah, some aspects

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 55 - 63

Resumen

Abstract

For many researchers, the new categorical imperative by philosopher Theodor Adorno about thinking and acting in the way so that Auschwitz is never repeated, has become the new starting point for rethinking the rules of practicing the humanities. In the article, I present the postwar history of Jewish thought that has been manifested in the discourse about the Shoah.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • Shoah
  • philosophy
  • history
  • totalitarianism
Acceso abierto

Polish Jews in Africa in the interwar period

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 65 - 73

Resumen

Abstract

The article presents the emigration of Polish Jewish community to the individual regions in Africa in the years 1918-1939. It is stated in it that Africa was not really popular among Polish immigrants. Before 1939 only about 4200 people who had Polish citizenship lived on this large continent. Polish Jews occupied an important place among the population.

Relatively the largest colonies of Polish Jews were then in North Africa (Egypt and the Maghreb) and in South Africa. Smaller ones were created in West, Central and East Africa. The wealthiest group of Polish Jews lived in Egypt and South Africa, where they were engaged in trade. In other regions, that group dealt with craft, had small shops or livied on hired labor.

Polish Jews were involved in the development of Polish and of Polish origin association life in Africa. They contributed also to establishing business contacts between Poland and African lands. Individuals received satisfactory material status and a good professional position or were engaged in political activities.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • Africa
  • Poland
  • emigration
Acceso abierto

The Jewish minority in the Second Polish Republic: the activities of the Board of the Jewish Community in Lvov during the years 1919–1924

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 75 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to analyze data on the functioning of the Jewish Community in Lvov during the years 1919-1924. The indicated problems will enable to show the functioning of the Jewish minority in the conditions of the reviving Polish state - both in socio-political terms, and in the organizational aspect. It is particularly important to show the Jewish minority opinion about the conditions of Second Polish Republic. Additionally, this article will help restore the memory of the individual members of the Jewish community in Lvov. The selected issue is a part of the research conducted on a larger scale, whose aim is to enrich knowledge and overcome the deficit of research in the science of politics on the concept of ethnic policy - proposed in the years 1939-1947 by the Polish government in exile. The fundamental finding of the analysis is the fact, that the Board accepted the Polish state and the dominant role of the Polish nation in the system of democratic political power.

Palabras clave

  • national issue
  • The Jews
  • The Second Republic of Poland
Acceso abierto

Jewish problem in the Polish Communist Party

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 91 - 96

Resumen

Abstract

Jews accounted for approx. 8-10% of the population of the Second Republic and in the communist movement (Polish Communist Party and Polish Communist Youth Union) the rate was approx, 30%, while in subsequent years it much fluctuated. The percentage of Jews was the highest in the authorities of the party and in the KZMP. This had a negative impact on the position of the KPP on many issues, especially in its relation to the Second Republic.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • the Communist Party of Poland
  • separatism
  • The Second Republic of Poland
Acceso abierto

Institutional autonomy of jews in Poland after world war II on the example of the cooperative movement

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 97 - 113

Resumen

Abstract

The article presents the origins, development and liquidation of the Jewish cooperative movement in Poland after the Second World War. It outlines the socio-political background, which contributed to the creation of a kind of national-cultural autonomy for the Jews, including one of its pillars - the cooperative movement. The functioning of cooperative institutions was analyzed for the structure of the industry, distribution and their number, and the number of workers employed there. I also assessed the role that their own cooperatives played in the reconstruction of post-war life of the Jewish population in Poland, both in the material as well as social and psychological fields, and also in the development of the cooperative movement in general.

Palabras clave

  • Jews
  • cooperatives
  • post-war period
  • the national-cultural autonomy
Acceso abierto

Twenty years of diplomatic relations between Vatican City state and Israel

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 115 - 134

Resumen

Abstract

Basic Agreement concluded between the Vatican City State and Israel in 1993 was an important step for the establishment of diplomatic relations. The conclusion of this Agreement is not a question of interreligious and diplomatic, which was associated with the efforts of the Vatican normalization of political relations with various countries. The author has analyzed the document and assess the relations in the perspective of twenty years. He also pointed to the fundamental problems in bilateral relations, and presented an assessment of contemporary relationships. The challenge for the future relations both states will be a consequence of the recognition in 2015 by the Vatican City State independence of Palestine.

Palabras clave

  • Israel
  • Vatican City State
  • relations
  • Basic Agreement
Acceso abierto

The Determinants of the Israeli Strategic Culture

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 135 - 146

Resumen

Abstract

The notion of strategic culture concentrates on intangible aspects that shape foreign and security policies of every state. The article presents the determinants of Israeli strategic culture considering both Israeli geopolitical situation, and the factors modeling its social landscape.

Palabras clave

  • strategic culture
  • security threats
  • qualitative edge
Acceso abierto

Israeli-Palestinian conflict – a catalog of problems to solve

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 147 - 159

Resumen

Abstract

Article refers to basic problem connected with Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Author divided this catalog into two groups. The first catalog includes all objective obstacles: Jerusalem issue, Jewish settlement question and Palestinian refugees concern. The second catalog is less precise. Author indicates: political scene of two societies, Israel ability to manage the conflict, international conditions and mutual distrust of both Parties.

Palabras clave

  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict
  • Jerusalem
  • Jewish settlement
  • Palestinian refugees
Acceso abierto

„Western“ Israel in the system of the oriental civilization

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 161 - 194

Resumen

Abstract

The article concentrates on defining of the civilization creature of the state Israel on the Middle East scene and on conditionings belongings of Israel both to the western system as and the eastern oriental world. The author gets to the bottom of the dynamics of the evolution of the demographic matter states as and into his scene of party-political which determines the external strategy and the policy. Finds, with foundations of State created by David Ben Gurion, evidenced the double character of Israel: on one hand on the lay structure created by the Ashkenazic party Mapai and later Labor Party, and on the other hand on the strong presence of the religion and the synagogue to which one gave back civil cases. The promotion of Sephardim from the half of years 70, the height of the meaning of rightist Likud and small orthodox formations, caused that Israel more and more modern and technologically modernized, so western, had simultaneously stood up an oriental state, in compliance with a membership the regional and unstable authority which demanded religious coalition members that to rank. The work composition focus on facts concerning both the internal situation as and subregional, mostly in the collation context with Iran and his regional allies.

The author is convinced, with the civilization visage of regional actors, he most put on weight manifests itself within a period of crises and wars. Because many places devoted to the Lebanese war with Hezbollah in 2006 as and later with Hamas organization (so called three-week) war. In them came to light opportunism political elites of Israel and minimalized strategic thinking. The work avoids prognoses even on nearest future. The author denies prognosing as the indispensable condition of the scientific correctness of the text.

Palabras clave

  • the political system
  • constitutional conditionings
  • political arena
  • the foreign strategy
  • the demography
Acceso abierto

Polish contemporary art to the anti-semitism of Poles and its political significance

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 195 - 221

Resumen

Abstract

This article presents artistic creativity which worked through the problem of Polish anti-Semitism. Almost all discussed works, performances, films, projects appeared after 2000, when Jan Tomasz Gross published his book Neighbors, in which he described the massacre in the village of Jedwabne (1941) launching a public debate about the responsibility of Poles in the Holocaust of the Jews. In the text, I showed as art, which is conventionally called “post-Jedwabne” was part of this debate. Its political status on possibly general level was associated primarily with the revision of conventionalized historical memory and national identity formed on romantic patterns.

The text shows that the debate with the participation of artists formed part of the rules of socalled ritual chaos, so the highly polarized positions, in which anti-Semitism was considered as an obvious and determining such events as the ones in Jedwabne (the opinion was adopted by artists), or it was denied. Even those works that sought to break away from this dichotomy, as Ida by Paweł Pawlikowski were placed secondarily in it as a part of the public debate. In the text, I explained that the post-Jedwabne art worked through primarily so-called secondary anti-Semitism. The political potential of these gestures was related to the disclosure of social antagonisms and tensions arising from the fact that Poles denied phenomenon of their own anti-Semitism and put the blame on the Jews for the fate, which they met. A very important aspect (political as well) also proved the psychotherapeutic function of post-Jedwabne art. In this perspective, events such as the pogrom in Jedwabne appear like trauma, which disintegrates the national identity. Translating it into artistic strategies many artists applied measures that were to deprive the viewer the secure role of an observer in favor of an active, working through participant.

Palabras clave

  • the political
  • art and politics
  • anti-Semitism
  • discourse symbolic
Acceso abierto

Initiated into Subordination. On Joyce Carol Oates’s I’ll Take You There

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 223 - 260

Resumen

Abstract

The article proposes a sociological reading of the novel I’ll Take You There by Joyce Carol Oates. Though the book can be classified as an initiation novel, it also constitutes an accusation of the very procedure of initiation as forcing individuals to agree and adapt to unfair social mechanisms. The context of the protagonist’s struggles is provided by the social structure of the early-1960s United States, with its inherent misogyny, anti-Semitism, racism and classism. All these factors shape her destiny in accordance with the logic of social reproduction. A destiny of overwhelming power of allocation, which the heroine is trying to resist. As an academic novel, I’ll Take You There is also an insightful deconstruction of the universalism preached within the Western academic world, and especially philosophy.

Palabras clave

  • Joyce Carol Oates
  • I’ll Take You There
  • anti-Semitism
  • racism
  • misogyny
Acceso abierto

Seeing things by Anna Margolin

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 261 - 267

Resumen

Abstract

If we recall the most important words for the poetry, we should begin the story with the stones, lily, hands and blood, which, if you look at them with the philological accuracy, are interrelated: situate themselves clearly on opposite banks of the creative process. They talk about the construction of the building consisting of perceptions about their own strength and weakness, ecstasy and congealing in what for centuries the classics poets have tried to fathom: the harmony and clarity, driven by the hope that in life they should above all stick to be beauty. And in addition, they ought to go further than discipline, practice eye and expand the field of view, should not shun from the gusts of the heart, because the heart grows more powerful due to great ideas, passions. Spacious becomes the vision of writing, it is the weave of contradictions - this is how one of the most important twentieth-century poets, who wrote in Yiddish, Anna Margolin sees it. Margolin’s poetry is a clear return towards neoclassicism, building up topics, theses, allusions, ideas taken from ideologically close to her artists of great individuality, Anna Akhmatova (from whom she took her name), Osip Mandelstam, Rainer Maria Rilke, Ezra Pound.

Palabras clave

  • feminine Yiddish poetry of the twentieth century
  • the poetry of Anna Margolin (Róża Lebensbojm)
  • Neoclassicism
  • Acmeism
  • Dinggedicht
Acceso abierto

The Jewish symbols

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 269 - 285

Resumen

Abstract

In every culture, people have always used symbols giving them sense and assigning them a specific meaning. Over the centuries, with the passage of time religious symbols have mingled with secular symbols. The charisms of Judaism have mutually intermingled with the Christian ones taking on a new tribal or national form with influences of their own culture.

The aim of this article is to analyze and determine the influence of Judaic symbols on religious and social life of the Jews. The article indicates the sources of symbols from biblical times to the present day. I analyzed the symbols derived from Jewish culture, and those borrowed within the framework of acculturation with other communities as well. By showing examples of the interpenetration of cultures, the text is an attempt to present a wide range of meanings symbols: from the utilitarian, through religious, to national ones. It also describes their impact on the religious sphere, the influence on nurturing and preserving the national-ethnic traditions, sense of identity and state consciousness. The political value of a symbol as one of the elements of the genesis of the creation of the state of Israel is also discussed.

Palabras clave

  • Jew
  • Judaism
  • symbol
  • archetype
  • Judaica
Acceso abierto

Jerzy Ogonowski, Sytuacja prawna Żydów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 1918–1939. Prawa cywilne i polityczne, Żydowski Instytut Historyczny, warszawa 2012, pp. 161

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 289 - 291

Resumen

Acceso abierto

Raul Hilberg, Zagłada Żydów Europejskich, Centrum Badań nad Zagładą Żydów, warszawa 2014, pp. 1680

Publicado en línea: 13 May 2017
Páginas: 293 - 296

Resumen

Planifique su conferencia remota con Sciendo