Ediciones

Revista y Edición

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volumen 16 (2022): Edición 1 (June 2022)

Volumen 15 (2021): Edición 2 (December 2021)

Volumen 15 (2021): Edición 1 (June 2021)

Volumen 14 (2020): Edición 2 (December 2020)

Volumen 14 (2020): Edición 1 (June 2020)

Volumen 13 (2019): Edición 2 (December 2019)

Volumen 13 (2019): Edición 1 (June 2019)

Volumen 12 (2018): Edición 2 (December 2018)

Volumen 12 (2018): Edición 1 (June 2018)

Volumen 11 (2017): Edición 2 (December 2017)

Volumen 11 (2017): Edición 1 (June 2017)

Volumen 10 (2016): Edición 2 (December 2016)

Volumen 10 (2016): Edición 1 (June 2016)

Volumen 9 (2015): Edición 2 (December 2015)

Volumen 9 (2015): Edición 1 (May 2015)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
1802-4866
Publicado por primera vez
16 Apr 2015
Periodo de publicación
2 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

Volumen 9 (2015): Edición 1 (May 2015)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
1802-4866
Publicado por primera vez
16 Apr 2015
Periodo de publicación
2 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

9 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Public Policy in the Czech Republic

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 4 - 5

Resumen

Acceso abierto

Czech Study of Public Policy in the Perspective of Three Dominant Approaches

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 8 - 29

Resumen

Abstract

The Velvet Revolution in 1989 did not represent only a fundamental change of the political regime, but also the beginnings of contemporary Czech study of public policy and policy expertise. This article aims to present its significant institutional aspects on the basis of a systematic analysis drawing on deLeon, Trent and Stein’s models of (sub)discipline development. It assumes that the development of a field of study is driven by the interaction between its inner dynamics and the surrounding environment (society, state and international academic community). The article identifies three dominant approaches in the configuration of the Czech field - Prague public policy, Brno political science and Brno social policy - and it focuses on their supporting infrastructure, frames of reference and contacts with the international academic community. Finally, it outlines the study’s development stages, revealing that Czech study of public has been quickly catching up with its Western counterparts.

Keywords

  • study of public policy
  • public policy
  • policy analysis
  • policy research
  • policy expertise
  • history of science
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

Public Policy Programmes and Policy Analysis Instruction in the Czech Republic

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 50 - 63

Resumen

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to provide the first systematic review of instruction in public policy programmes (PPP) in the Czech Republic and examine the role and nature of policy analysis therein. First, the Czech higher education system is briefly described. Second, an overview of PPP in the Czech Republic is provided. This analysis is based upon a publicly available list of degree programmes accredited by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, an internet search, e-mail correspondence with public policy and policy analysis instructors, and syllabuses. It is shown that while a diverse set approaches is used, the classical “positivist” perspective is clearly dominant. Third, using survey data (N = 192) we analyse the views of Public and Social Policy graduates on the importance of competences in practice and the quality of actually learnt competences. Last, preliminary conclusions on public policy/policy analysis instruction in the Czech Republic are discussed. It is shown that public policy instruction is rather fragmented and is institutionalized under different disciplines. The respondents were most satisfied with gaining skills in the areas of policy analysis, ability to orient oneself and acquire new knowledge, and strategic and analytical thinking. In contrast, they were least satisfied with acquiring organizational skills, practical professional experience and skills, and computer literacy.

Keywords

  • public policy instruction
  • policy analysis instruction
  • graduates survey
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

E-government Policy and its Implementation in the Czech Republic: Selected Shortcomings

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 78 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

The paper summarizes the specifics and challenges of e-government policy, and then discusses the apparent shortcomings of policy implementation and challenges for further development in the Czech Republic. It draws attention to problems in national e-government policy and in practical policy implementation (instability of governance, low quality of evaluation, low involvement of stakeholders in project design, and public procurement issues).

Keywords

  • e-government
  • implementation
  • ICT
  • public administration
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

Health policy in the Czech Republic: General character and selected interesting aspects

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 102 - 113

Resumen

Abstract

Transformation of the health care system was a task faced by all formerly socialist Central and Eastern European countries. The years of changes revealed a large number of problems, including those induced by the limited capacity of governments to formulate and implement health care reforms. The goal of this article is to reflect the Czech situation. We start by summarizing the historical development of the Czech health care system in the context of government capacity for implementing health policy. In the core parts of this article, we highlight the main features of Czech health policy making and implementation and present an in-depth analysis of two selected country-specific issues - a low level of patient co-payments and a pluralistic insurance-based financing of health services.

Keywords

  • health policy
  • health care
  • reforms
  • Czech Republic
  • government
  • cabinet
  • failure
  • implementation
Acceso abierto

Dropout Policy in Czech Higher Education: Can Universities Serve Several Masters?

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 126 - 136

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the way higher education institutions adapt to environmental pressures. These pressures can be represented either by various demands or by specific policies. Dropout policy is examined on a Czech case study in order to demonstrate that at the end of the day, higher education institutions respond mainly to the most pressing challenges of an economic nature in the most rational way. As a result, their traditional mission (teaching, research, the third mission), and mainly the social function of the higher education system, may be at stake. At the same time, this study illustrates how difficult it is to introduce any higher education policy without thorough evaluation of other policies in place and of various factors affecting institutional behaviour.

Keywords

  • Demands
  • dropout
  • environmental pressure
  • higher education policy
  • organization
  • social mission
  • study success
  • teaching
  • third mission
  • university
Acceso abierto

A policy fiasco: The institutional (non-)reform of Czech public employment services in 2011

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 148 - 158

Resumen

Abstract

The article deals with an institutional reform of public employment services implemented in the Czech Republic in 2011. By merging social benefits administration with employment services into the newly established Labour Office of the Czech Republic, the right-wing government attempted to reduce the staffing and administrative costs of these services and to improve the governance of local labour offices. Using the theoretical concept of “policy fiasco” and taking an interpretive perspective thereon, we analyse these organisational changes in the functioning of public employment services in the Czech Republic. Our data consist of interviews with experts on labour market policy in the Czech Republic and two focus groups with employees of labour offices who had participated in the reform process. We conclude that the institutional reform of public employment services in the Czech Republic in 2011 can be referred to as a policy fiasco in the sense of the theoretical concept used in the work of Bovens and t’Hart (1998).

Keywords

  • public employment services
  • Czech Republic
  • institutional reform
  • policy fiasco
  • interpretive paradigm
Acceso abierto

Czech pension reform: how to reconcile equivalence with fiscal discipline

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 170 - 182

Resumen

Abstract

One of the recent changes in the Czech Republic’s pension system was provoked by a petition to the Constitutional Court. The setting of bend points for determining the amount of pensions depending on the insured person’s previous earnings was contested as discrimination against higher income categories. The Constitutional Court granted the petition. The result was an approval and implementation of an amendment to Act No. 155/1995 Coll., on Pension Insurance, that for the purposes of calculating the level of old-age pensions favoured the highest income decile at the expense of most other insured persons, namely those with middle incomes. Simultaneously, the political criterion of fiscal discipline was applied to ensure the financial sustainability of the pension system. In analysing this case, we critically adopt the theory of actor-centred institutionalism and the theory of the policy cycle. From the nature of the analysed case it follows that we pay attention mainly to the legislative process which resulted in the amendment. Our methodology is dominated by analysis of documents (legal norms, court decisions, political programmes, official publications) and political and administrative communication (including debates on legislative drafts in the executive and legislature).

Keywords

  • pension reform
  • Czech Republic
  • equivalence principle
  • pension system
  • actor-centred institutionalism
  • policy cycle
Acceso abierto

Laboratory Experiments in Teaching Public Economics and Policy

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 196 - 206

Resumen

Abstract

This paper deals with classroom experiments in economics, which have been derived from laboratory experiments. These experiments cover a broad range of topics, from strictly economic ones (like market games or auctions) to those with overlaps to other domains such as public policy. The paper discusses different methodologies of research and classroom experiments, introduces the benefits of the latter and presents a concrete teaching experiment used in public economics courses at the Faculty of Economics and Administration of Masaryk University. Another link between economic experiments and public policy is outlined here as well, namely the importance of experimental results for public policy makers.

Keywords

  • experimental economics
  • public policy
  • classroom experiment
9 Artículos
Acceso abierto

Public Policy in the Czech Republic

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 4 - 5

Resumen

Acceso abierto

Czech Study of Public Policy in the Perspective of Three Dominant Approaches

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 8 - 29

Resumen

Abstract

The Velvet Revolution in 1989 did not represent only a fundamental change of the political regime, but also the beginnings of contemporary Czech study of public policy and policy expertise. This article aims to present its significant institutional aspects on the basis of a systematic analysis drawing on deLeon, Trent and Stein’s models of (sub)discipline development. It assumes that the development of a field of study is driven by the interaction between its inner dynamics and the surrounding environment (society, state and international academic community). The article identifies three dominant approaches in the configuration of the Czech field - Prague public policy, Brno political science and Brno social policy - and it focuses on their supporting infrastructure, frames of reference and contacts with the international academic community. Finally, it outlines the study’s development stages, revealing that Czech study of public has been quickly catching up with its Western counterparts.

Keywords

  • study of public policy
  • public policy
  • policy analysis
  • policy research
  • policy expertise
  • history of science
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

Public Policy Programmes and Policy Analysis Instruction in the Czech Republic

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 50 - 63

Resumen

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to provide the first systematic review of instruction in public policy programmes (PPP) in the Czech Republic and examine the role and nature of policy analysis therein. First, the Czech higher education system is briefly described. Second, an overview of PPP in the Czech Republic is provided. This analysis is based upon a publicly available list of degree programmes accredited by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, an internet search, e-mail correspondence with public policy and policy analysis instructors, and syllabuses. It is shown that while a diverse set approaches is used, the classical “positivist” perspective is clearly dominant. Third, using survey data (N = 192) we analyse the views of Public and Social Policy graduates on the importance of competences in practice and the quality of actually learnt competences. Last, preliminary conclusions on public policy/policy analysis instruction in the Czech Republic are discussed. It is shown that public policy instruction is rather fragmented and is institutionalized under different disciplines. The respondents were most satisfied with gaining skills in the areas of policy analysis, ability to orient oneself and acquire new knowledge, and strategic and analytical thinking. In contrast, they were least satisfied with acquiring organizational skills, practical professional experience and skills, and computer literacy.

Keywords

  • public policy instruction
  • policy analysis instruction
  • graduates survey
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

E-government Policy and its Implementation in the Czech Republic: Selected Shortcomings

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 78 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

The paper summarizes the specifics and challenges of e-government policy, and then discusses the apparent shortcomings of policy implementation and challenges for further development in the Czech Republic. It draws attention to problems in national e-government policy and in practical policy implementation (instability of governance, low quality of evaluation, low involvement of stakeholders in project design, and public procurement issues).

Keywords

  • e-government
  • implementation
  • ICT
  • public administration
  • Czech Republic
Acceso abierto

Health policy in the Czech Republic: General character and selected interesting aspects

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 102 - 113

Resumen

Abstract

Transformation of the health care system was a task faced by all formerly socialist Central and Eastern European countries. The years of changes revealed a large number of problems, including those induced by the limited capacity of governments to formulate and implement health care reforms. The goal of this article is to reflect the Czech situation. We start by summarizing the historical development of the Czech health care system in the context of government capacity for implementing health policy. In the core parts of this article, we highlight the main features of Czech health policy making and implementation and present an in-depth analysis of two selected country-specific issues - a low level of patient co-payments and a pluralistic insurance-based financing of health services.

Keywords

  • health policy
  • health care
  • reforms
  • Czech Republic
  • government
  • cabinet
  • failure
  • implementation
Acceso abierto

Dropout Policy in Czech Higher Education: Can Universities Serve Several Masters?

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 126 - 136

Resumen

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the way higher education institutions adapt to environmental pressures. These pressures can be represented either by various demands or by specific policies. Dropout policy is examined on a Czech case study in order to demonstrate that at the end of the day, higher education institutions respond mainly to the most pressing challenges of an economic nature in the most rational way. As a result, their traditional mission (teaching, research, the third mission), and mainly the social function of the higher education system, may be at stake. At the same time, this study illustrates how difficult it is to introduce any higher education policy without thorough evaluation of other policies in place and of various factors affecting institutional behaviour.

Keywords

  • Demands
  • dropout
  • environmental pressure
  • higher education policy
  • organization
  • social mission
  • study success
  • teaching
  • third mission
  • university
Acceso abierto

A policy fiasco: The institutional (non-)reform of Czech public employment services in 2011

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 148 - 158

Resumen

Abstract

The article deals with an institutional reform of public employment services implemented in the Czech Republic in 2011. By merging social benefits administration with employment services into the newly established Labour Office of the Czech Republic, the right-wing government attempted to reduce the staffing and administrative costs of these services and to improve the governance of local labour offices. Using the theoretical concept of “policy fiasco” and taking an interpretive perspective thereon, we analyse these organisational changes in the functioning of public employment services in the Czech Republic. Our data consist of interviews with experts on labour market policy in the Czech Republic and two focus groups with employees of labour offices who had participated in the reform process. We conclude that the institutional reform of public employment services in the Czech Republic in 2011 can be referred to as a policy fiasco in the sense of the theoretical concept used in the work of Bovens and t’Hart (1998).

Keywords

  • public employment services
  • Czech Republic
  • institutional reform
  • policy fiasco
  • interpretive paradigm
Acceso abierto

Czech pension reform: how to reconcile equivalence with fiscal discipline

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 170 - 182

Resumen

Abstract

One of the recent changes in the Czech Republic’s pension system was provoked by a petition to the Constitutional Court. The setting of bend points for determining the amount of pensions depending on the insured person’s previous earnings was contested as discrimination against higher income categories. The Constitutional Court granted the petition. The result was an approval and implementation of an amendment to Act No. 155/1995 Coll., on Pension Insurance, that for the purposes of calculating the level of old-age pensions favoured the highest income decile at the expense of most other insured persons, namely those with middle incomes. Simultaneously, the political criterion of fiscal discipline was applied to ensure the financial sustainability of the pension system. In analysing this case, we critically adopt the theory of actor-centred institutionalism and the theory of the policy cycle. From the nature of the analysed case it follows that we pay attention mainly to the legislative process which resulted in the amendment. Our methodology is dominated by analysis of documents (legal norms, court decisions, political programmes, official publications) and political and administrative communication (including debates on legislative drafts in the executive and legislature).

Keywords

  • pension reform
  • Czech Republic
  • equivalence principle
  • pension system
  • actor-centred institutionalism
  • policy cycle
Acceso abierto

Laboratory Experiments in Teaching Public Economics and Policy

Publicado en línea: 16 Feb 2016
Páginas: 196 - 206

Resumen

Abstract

This paper deals with classroom experiments in economics, which have been derived from laboratory experiments. These experiments cover a broad range of topics, from strictly economic ones (like market games or auctions) to those with overlaps to other domains such as public policy. The paper discusses different methodologies of research and classroom experiments, introduces the benefits of the latter and presents a concrete teaching experiment used in public economics courses at the Faculty of Economics and Administration of Masaryk University. Another link between economic experiments and public policy is outlined here as well, namely the importance of experimental results for public policy makers.

Keywords

  • experimental economics
  • public policy
  • classroom experiment

Planifique su conferencia remota con Sciendo