1. bookVolume 22 (2014): Issue 3 (September 2014)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2284-5623
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Detection of the genetically modified organisms from food products/ Detecţia organismelor modificate genetic din produse alimentare

Published Online: 08 Oct 2014
Page range: 387 - 395
Received: 09 Apr 2014
Accepted: 29 Jun 2014
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2284-5623
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Since the release of the first genetically modified crop, scientists have pro and con opinion on cultivation and their use, because of potential health, and environmental risks. Current EU legislation (Directive 2003/18/EC) provides for public information, monitoring long-term effects, labelling and traceability at all stages of the placing on the market of GMOs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of the food products on the market, in which the detection of presence / absence of GMO. In this regard, two types of maize flour and four types of soy products were analysed during 2013. The kit used for detection of the presence / absence of GMO in the samples tested, comprising the step of DNA extraction, DNA amplification by PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis of amplified products and uses two GM associated sequences - promoter 35S and NOS terminator from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The presence of GMO was found in a corn sample, also in a soy sample the results illustrate the need for further analysis to identify the exact type and quantity of GMO (the limiting value imposed by European legislation being 0.9% at ingredient).

Keywords

Cuvinte cheie

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