1. bookVolume 23 (2015): Issue 1 (March 2015)
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Journal
eISSN
2284-5623
First Published
08 Aug 2013
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4 times per year
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English
access type Open Access

TNF-α Gene Polymorphisms and Primary Open Angle Glaucoma in Romanian Population / Polimorfisme ale genei TNF-α în populația română cu glaucom primar cu unghi deschis

Published Online: 25 Mar 2015
Page range: 47 - 58
Received: 27 Oct 2014
Accepted: 29 Jan 2015
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2284-5623
First Published
08 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) represents the most common form of a heterogeneous group of glaucomatous optic neuropathies which are a worldwide cause of irreversible blindness. Immune dysregulation and the genetic background are considered important risk factors. The influence on susceptibility to POAG of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was intensively studied, mostly on Asian population. We investigated the possible association of two TNF-α SNPs (-308G/A and -857C/T) with susceptibility to POAG and its clinical characteristics. A case-control association study of aforementioned TNF-α SNPs was performed on 197 POAG patients (divided into two subgroups: high-tension and normal-tension glaucoma - HTG/ NTG) versus 208 ethnically matched controls. This is the first study performed on Romanian population. No significant differences were found in terms of allelic frequencies, genotype distribution of the studied SNPs, or their haplotypes between POAG and healthy control groups. In the subgroup analysis, TT genotype of TNF-α -857T-allele was found to be associated with higher values of central corneal thickness (CCT) in NTG subgroup (p-value 0.032). In order to confirm the association between -857C/T SNP of TNF-α and CCT in NTG subgroup of POAG patients, additional studies on different populations should be performed.

Keywords

Cuvinte cheie

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