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Volumen 26 (2022): Heft 3 (July 2022)
Thematic Heft: Contemporary world political geography - unity in diversity. Guest Editor: Marcin Solarz

Volumen 26 (2022): Heft 2 (April 2022)

Volumen 26 (2022): Heft 1 (January 2022)

Volumen 25 (2021): Heft 4 (October 2021)
Thematic Heft: “Innovation in geospatial and 3D data” focuses on the newest achievements in the field of Geodata, which are used in Geosciences and for various applications such as urban planning, territorial management, damage assessment, environmental monitoring, 3D city modelling, renewable energy assessment, land registry, heritage documentation.

Volumen 25 (2021): Heft 3 (July 2021)

Volumen 25 (2021): Heft 2 (April 2021)

Volumen 25 (2021): Heft 1 (January 2021)
Thematic Heft: Re-inventing territorial organization of the local tier: municipal splits in Central and Eastern Europe. Guest Editors: Pawel Swianiewicz, Katarzyna Szmigiel-Rawska

Volumen 24 (2020): Heft 4 (October 2020)

Volumen 24 (2020): Heft 3 (July 2020)
Thematic Heft: UTCI application in different spatial and temporal scales. Editors: Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Bożena Kicińska.

Volumen 24 (2020): Heft 2 (April 2020)

Volumen 24 (2020): Heft 1 (January 2020)

Volumen 23 (2019): Heft 4 (October 2019)

Volumen 23 (2019): Heft 3 (July 2019)
Thematic Heft: History and space: challenges, methods, applications. Editors: Piotr Werner, Izabela Gołębiowska, Izabela Karsznia

Volumen 23 (2019): Heft 2 (April 2019)

Volumen 23 (2019): Heft 1 (January 2019)

Volumen 22 (2018): Heft 4 (December 2018)
Thematic Heft: Organisation of Contemporary Urban Space. Towards Planning, Arrangement and Management of Cities. Guest Editors: Mikołaj Madurowicz, Andrzej Lisowski

Volumen 22 (2018): Heft 3 (September 2018)

Volumen 22 (2018): Heft 2 (June 2018)
Thematic Heft: Evolution of Cultural Landscapes. Longue duree of local wine landscapes. Guest Editors: Jerzy Makowski, Joanna Miętkiewska-Brynda

Volumen 22 (2018): Heft 1 (March 2018)

Volumen 21 (2017): Heft 4 (December 2017)

Volumen 21 (2017): Heft 3 (September 2017)

Volumen 21 (2017): Heft 2 (June 2017)
Thematic Heft: Innovations in Peripheral Regions. Guest Editor: Katarzyna Szmigiel-Rawska

Volumen 21 (2017): Heft 1 (March 2017)

Volumen 20 (2016): Heft 4 (December 2016)

Volumen 20 (2016): Heft 3 (September 2016)

Volumen 20 (2016): Heft 2 (June 2016)

Volumen 20 (2016): Heft 1 (March 2016)
Thematic Heft: APEX - new possibilities for airborne remote sensing

Volumen 19 (2015): Heft 4 (December 2015)

Volumen 19 (2015): Heft 3 (September 2015)

Volumen 19 (2015): Heft 2 (June 2015)
Thematic Heft: The Future of Islands

Volumen 19 (2015): Heft 1 (March 2015)

Volumen 18 (2014): Heft 4 (December 2014)

Volumen 18 (2014): Heft 3 (September 2014)

Volumen 18 (2014): Heft 2 (June 2014)
Thematic issue: Geoinformatics

Volumen 18 (2014): Heft 1 (March 2014)

Volumen 17 (2013): Heft 4 (December 2013)
Thematic Heft: Integrated Landscape Studies

Volumen 17 (2013): Heft 3 (September 2013)

Volumen 17 (2013): Heft 2 (June 2013)

Volumen 17 (2013): Heft 1 (March 2013)

Volumen 16 (2012): Heft 2 (December 2012)

Volumen 16 (2012): Heft 1 (October 2012)

Volumen 15 (2011): Heft 1 (January 2011)

Volumen 14 (2010): Heft 1 (December 2010)

Volumen 13 (2008): Heft 1 (December 2008)

Volumen 12 (2006): Heft 1 (December 2006)

Volumen 11 (2004): Heft 1 (December 2004)

Volumen 10 (2002): Heft 1 (December 2002)

Volumen 9 (2000): Heft 1 (March 2000)

Volumen 8 (1998): Heft 1 (March 1998)

Volumen 7 (1996): Heft 1 (March 1996)

Volumen 6 (1994): Heft 1 (March 1994)

Volumen 5 (1992): Heft 1 (March 1992)

Volumen 4 (1990): Heft 1 (March 1990)

Volumen 3 (1988): Heft 1 (March 1988)

Volumen 2 (1986): Heft 1 (March 1986)

Volumen 1 (1984): Heft 1 (March 1984)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2084-6118
Erstveröffentlichung
01 Jan 1984
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 24 (2020): Heft 3 (July 2020)
Thematic Heft: UTCI application in different spatial and temporal scales. Editors: Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Bożena Kicińska.

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2084-6118
Erstveröffentlichung
01 Jan 1984
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

7 Artikel

This issue contains selected papers presented at the International Conference “UTCI - Assessment measure in human bioclimatology - 10 years of application” held in Warsaw in May 2019. The selection represents different areas of bioclimatic research. Moreover, the issue contains two papers as Varia.

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

UTCI field measurements in an urban park in Florence (Italy)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 111 - 117

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate human thermal comfort in different green area settings in the city of Florence by using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Field measurements of air temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, wind speed and black globe thermometer were collected during hot summer days in various parts of Cascine Park, the biggest urban park in Florence (Italy). UTCI was evaluated over different surfaces (asphalt, gravel and grass) completely exposed to the sun or shaded by a large lime tree (Tilia × europaea). The results showed strong differences in UTCI values depending on the exposure to tree shade, while no significant difference was found among ground-cover materials when all surfaces were equally exposed to solar radiation. Future studies are needed to investigate the microclimatic effects of different tree species on UTCI.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Thermal comfort
  • urban park
  • UTCI
  • biometeorology
  • tree shade
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Bioclimatic conditions of Lublin based on the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 118 - 127

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to describe bioclimatic conditions in Lublin and Radawiec in the period 1976–2015 using the UTCI index. The paper shows that in Lublin and Radawiec, the most frequent biometeorological conditions caused no heat stress and were neutral for the human organism. At the analysed stations, biometeorological conditions causing cold stress occurred more frequently than those causing heat stress. Biometeorological conditions in the analysed period were characterised by high year-to-year variability. We observed that in recent years there was an increase in frequency of conditions favouring heat stress and a decrease in conditions favouring cold stress.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Urban bioclimatology
  • bioclimatology
  • UTCI
  • Lublin
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Winter UTCI variability in Poland in the 21st century

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 128 - 137

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The study analyses spatial and temporal variability of the UTCI index during winter seasons in Poland in the 21st century. The most frequent UTCI thermal stress category was moderate cold stress with a frequency varying from 45.8% in Łeba (Coastal region) to 66.1% in Zielona Góra (Central region). In mountain areas, this class was less frequent (7.312.3%). The second most frequent class was strong cold stress with values from 11.1% in Zakopane (Carpathian region) to 43.4% in Suwałki (North-East region). In mountain areas, very strong cold stress and extreme cold stress occurred frequently (25.0-35.5% and 17.7-52.0%, respectively). Few cases of extreme cold stress were observed on other Polish stations. Thermoneutral zone was not recorded in the mountain area, although on other Polish stations its frequency ranged from 0.1% in Chojnice, Suwałki and Białystok located in northern part of Poland to 4.3% in Zakopane (Carpathian region).

Schlüsselwörter

  • UTCI
  • Universal Thermal Climate Index
  • biothermal conditions
  • cold stress
  • winter season
  • Poland
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Intensity of heat stress in 2015 and 2018 summer seasons in the region of the Lower Silesia (Poland)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 138 - 146

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The main goal of this paper was to assess the intensity of heat stress in Lower Silesia, Poland, during selected weather events characterized by high air temperatures. The complex impact of weather on the thermal load of the human organism is presented using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). The analysis was carried out for the 2015 and 2018 summer seasons and compared with the multiannual period of 1971–2018. It was based on meteorological data from the IMGW-PIB stations of Wrocław, Jelenia Góra and Śnieżka. In order to examine how heat conditions affect UTCI in different geographical regions, stations located at different altitudes and representing the lowlands, the lower mountain zone and the summit zone of the Sudetes Mountains were considered. The research showed that during the most extreme thermal events, UTCI values in the lowlands and the lower mountain zones can be among the highest heat stress classes. In the summit zone, the maximum UTCI values are usually classed as ‘no thermal stress’.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Bioclimate
  • heat stress
  • UTCI
  • Lower Silesia
  • south-west Poland
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Thermal stress in the northern Carpathians and air circulation

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 147 - 160

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In mountain areas, air circulation plays a major role in the forming of the climate. This paper examines how it influences thermal stress in the northern Carpathians. The Niedźwiedź’s classification of air circulation was applied. Thermal stress was assessed by Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Daily meteorological and circulation data for the period 1986–2015 were used for 20 stations in Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine. Air circulation was found to have a significant impact on thermal stress. The highest UTCI values are observed at Ca+Ka (centre of the high and anticyclonic wedge or ridge of high pressure) and the lowest values at N+NE and W+NW circulation; at the Southward stations, UTCI is higher than in the Northward ones; thermoneutral days are more frequent on the southward than on the northward slopes; during N+NE, E+SE and W+NW circulation and for heat stress days, the greatest thermal privilege of the southward slopes is observed at E+SE, S+SW, Ca+Ka and Cc+Bc (centre of low and through of low pressure) types of circulation.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Northern Carpathians
  • thermal stress
  • UTCI
  • air circulation

Varia

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Macropolization in the People’s Republic of China, 1950–2015

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 161 - 175

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article concerns the process of population concentration in large urban centres in China. The authors conclude that this process is reflected in the increase in the number of cities of a million or more, and the increase in their share of China’s total population, as well as in the country’s total urban population; the process is here termed ‘macropolization’. We analyse and assess the process of macropolization and examine changes in the size structures of these cities (one million or more), and the accompanying transformation in the spatial differentiation of urban population concentrations in China. In addition, the effect that macropolization has on the level of urbanization of individual provinces is shown, as is its significance in the overall share of urban population. The macropolization process from 1950 to 2015 has been assessed. The data was collected from Chinese statistical offices, United Nations reports and the available literature on the subject.

Schlüsselwörter

  • China
  • urbanization
  • macropolization
  • concentration
  • ‘million cities’
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Accessibility of public services in districts of Warsaw: a comparative study

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 176 - 182

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this work is to verify whether accessibility to public services in city districts of Warsaw, corresponds to real-estate prices. We introduce a new index named the “Urban Services Accessibility Index” (USAI) which compares the availability of public services within districts of a city in three dimensions: access to healthcare, access to education, and availability of public transport. We found that the districts of Śródmieście, Ochota and Żoliborz have the highest apartment prices and USAI values. Warsaw exhibits a clear distance-decay pattern in USAI values which correlates well with average apartment prices. This pattern results from poor development of public services in peripheral city districts (e.g. Bemowo, Białołęka, Wilanów) while the central district of Śródmieście stands out as the unquestionable leader in terms of accessibility to the mentioned services. USAI proved itself to be a robust method in the comparative analysis of city districts’ development.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Socio-economic inequalities
  • public services
  • Warsaw
  • city districts
  • distance-decay pattern
7 Artikel

This issue contains selected papers presented at the International Conference “UTCI - Assessment measure in human bioclimatology - 10 years of application” held in Warsaw in May 2019. The selection represents different areas of bioclimatic research. Moreover, the issue contains two papers as Varia.

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

UTCI field measurements in an urban park in Florence (Italy)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 111 - 117

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate human thermal comfort in different green area settings in the city of Florence by using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Field measurements of air temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, wind speed and black globe thermometer were collected during hot summer days in various parts of Cascine Park, the biggest urban park in Florence (Italy). UTCI was evaluated over different surfaces (asphalt, gravel and grass) completely exposed to the sun or shaded by a large lime tree (Tilia × europaea). The results showed strong differences in UTCI values depending on the exposure to tree shade, while no significant difference was found among ground-cover materials when all surfaces were equally exposed to solar radiation. Future studies are needed to investigate the microclimatic effects of different tree species on UTCI.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Thermal comfort
  • urban park
  • UTCI
  • biometeorology
  • tree shade
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Bioclimatic conditions of Lublin based on the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 118 - 127

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to describe bioclimatic conditions in Lublin and Radawiec in the period 1976–2015 using the UTCI index. The paper shows that in Lublin and Radawiec, the most frequent biometeorological conditions caused no heat stress and were neutral for the human organism. At the analysed stations, biometeorological conditions causing cold stress occurred more frequently than those causing heat stress. Biometeorological conditions in the analysed period were characterised by high year-to-year variability. We observed that in recent years there was an increase in frequency of conditions favouring heat stress and a decrease in conditions favouring cold stress.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Urban bioclimatology
  • bioclimatology
  • UTCI
  • Lublin
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Winter UTCI variability in Poland in the 21st century

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 128 - 137

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The study analyses spatial and temporal variability of the UTCI index during winter seasons in Poland in the 21st century. The most frequent UTCI thermal stress category was moderate cold stress with a frequency varying from 45.8% in Łeba (Coastal region) to 66.1% in Zielona Góra (Central region). In mountain areas, this class was less frequent (7.312.3%). The second most frequent class was strong cold stress with values from 11.1% in Zakopane (Carpathian region) to 43.4% in Suwałki (North-East region). In mountain areas, very strong cold stress and extreme cold stress occurred frequently (25.0-35.5% and 17.7-52.0%, respectively). Few cases of extreme cold stress were observed on other Polish stations. Thermoneutral zone was not recorded in the mountain area, although on other Polish stations its frequency ranged from 0.1% in Chojnice, Suwałki and Białystok located in northern part of Poland to 4.3% in Zakopane (Carpathian region).

Schlüsselwörter

  • UTCI
  • Universal Thermal Climate Index
  • biothermal conditions
  • cold stress
  • winter season
  • Poland
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Intensity of heat stress in 2015 and 2018 summer seasons in the region of the Lower Silesia (Poland)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 138 - 146

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The main goal of this paper was to assess the intensity of heat stress in Lower Silesia, Poland, during selected weather events characterized by high air temperatures. The complex impact of weather on the thermal load of the human organism is presented using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). The analysis was carried out for the 2015 and 2018 summer seasons and compared with the multiannual period of 1971–2018. It was based on meteorological data from the IMGW-PIB stations of Wrocław, Jelenia Góra and Śnieżka. In order to examine how heat conditions affect UTCI in different geographical regions, stations located at different altitudes and representing the lowlands, the lower mountain zone and the summit zone of the Sudetes Mountains were considered. The research showed that during the most extreme thermal events, UTCI values in the lowlands and the lower mountain zones can be among the highest heat stress classes. In the summit zone, the maximum UTCI values are usually classed as ‘no thermal stress’.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Bioclimate
  • heat stress
  • UTCI
  • Lower Silesia
  • south-west Poland
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Thermal stress in the northern Carpathians and air circulation

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 147 - 160

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In mountain areas, air circulation plays a major role in the forming of the climate. This paper examines how it influences thermal stress in the northern Carpathians. The Niedźwiedź’s classification of air circulation was applied. Thermal stress was assessed by Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Daily meteorological and circulation data for the period 1986–2015 were used for 20 stations in Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine. Air circulation was found to have a significant impact on thermal stress. The highest UTCI values are observed at Ca+Ka (centre of the high and anticyclonic wedge or ridge of high pressure) and the lowest values at N+NE and W+NW circulation; at the Southward stations, UTCI is higher than in the Northward ones; thermoneutral days are more frequent on the southward than on the northward slopes; during N+NE, E+SE and W+NW circulation and for heat stress days, the greatest thermal privilege of the southward slopes is observed at E+SE, S+SW, Ca+Ka and Cc+Bc (centre of low and through of low pressure) types of circulation.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Northern Carpathians
  • thermal stress
  • UTCI
  • air circulation

Varia

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Macropolization in the People’s Republic of China, 1950–2015

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 161 - 175

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article concerns the process of population concentration in large urban centres in China. The authors conclude that this process is reflected in the increase in the number of cities of a million or more, and the increase in their share of China’s total population, as well as in the country’s total urban population; the process is here termed ‘macropolization’. We analyse and assess the process of macropolization and examine changes in the size structures of these cities (one million or more), and the accompanying transformation in the spatial differentiation of urban population concentrations in China. In addition, the effect that macropolization has on the level of urbanization of individual provinces is shown, as is its significance in the overall share of urban population. The macropolization process from 1950 to 2015 has been assessed. The data was collected from Chinese statistical offices, United Nations reports and the available literature on the subject.

Schlüsselwörter

  • China
  • urbanization
  • macropolization
  • concentration
  • ‘million cities’
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Accessibility of public services in districts of Warsaw: a comparative study

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Jul 2020
Seitenbereich: 176 - 182

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this work is to verify whether accessibility to public services in city districts of Warsaw, corresponds to real-estate prices. We introduce a new index named the “Urban Services Accessibility Index” (USAI) which compares the availability of public services within districts of a city in three dimensions: access to healthcare, access to education, and availability of public transport. We found that the districts of Śródmieście, Ochota and Żoliborz have the highest apartment prices and USAI values. Warsaw exhibits a clear distance-decay pattern in USAI values which correlates well with average apartment prices. This pattern results from poor development of public services in peripheral city districts (e.g. Bemowo, Białołęka, Wilanów) while the central district of Śródmieście stands out as the unquestionable leader in terms of accessibility to the mentioned services. USAI proved itself to be a robust method in the comparative analysis of city districts’ development.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Socio-economic inequalities
  • public services
  • Warsaw
  • city districts
  • distance-decay pattern

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